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Poliitikaosakondade teenused (Keskkonna-, rahvatervise ja toiduohutuse komisjon)

14-06-2019

Poliitikaosakond A varustab kvaliteetse teabe, ajakohaste analüüside ja sõltumatute uuringutega järgmisi parlamendikomisjone: ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE ja IMCO. Käesolev brošüür keskendub teenustele, mida poliitikaosakond osutab ENVI-komisjonile.

Poliitikaosakond A varustab kvaliteetse teabe, ajakohaste analüüside ja sõltumatute uuringutega järgmisi parlamendikomisjone: ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE ja IMCO. Käesolev brošüür keskendub teenustele, mida poliitikaosakond osutab ENVI-komisjonile.

Study in focus: Sampling points for air quality

02-04-2019

Air quality monitoring at fixed sites is a major instrument provided for in the Ambient Air Quality Directive to check compliance with limit or target values, which have been set for the protection of human health. This study analyses the criteria for the location of monitoring sites in five Member States to identify ambiguous provisions that might lead to different assessments of air pollution exposure.

Air quality monitoring at fixed sites is a major instrument provided for in the Ambient Air Quality Directive to check compliance with limit or target values, which have been set for the protection of human health. This study analyses the criteria for the location of monitoring sites in five Member States to identify ambiguous provisions that might lead to different assessments of air pollution exposure.

Study in focus: International Climate Negotiations

05-11-2018

In view of the 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24) under the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) in Katowice, Poland, in December 2018, the study by Neier et al. 2018 provides an overview of the current state of play of International Climate Negotiations. While it introduces the UNFCCC, its bodies and key terms, as well as milestones and key players in international climate negotiations, it summarises the negotiation process under the UNFCCC, related international developments as ...

In view of the 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24) under the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) in Katowice, Poland, in December 2018, the study by Neier et al. 2018 provides an overview of the current state of play of International Climate Negotiations. While it introduces the UNFCCC, its bodies and key terms, as well as milestones and key players in international climate negotiations, it summarises the negotiation process under the UNFCCC, related international developments as well as the key issues ahead of COP24 and beyond.

Kliimamuutustevastane võitlus

01-02-2018

2015. aasta detsembris Pariisis toimunud ÜRO kliimakonverentsil leppisid osalejad kogu maailmast kokku, et globaalset soojenemist piiratakse nii, et temperatuuri tõus tööstusajastueelse tasemega võrreldes jääks kindlalt alla 2 °C. EL on võtnud kohustuse vähendada kasvuhoonegaaside heitkoguseid 2030. aastaks 1990. aastaga võrreldes vähemalt 40%, parandada energiatõhusust 27% ja suurendada taastuvate energiaallikate osakaalu lõpptarbimises 27%-ni. Peamine mehhanism, millega kliimamuutuste vastu võideldakse ...

2015. aasta detsembris Pariisis toimunud ÜRO kliimakonverentsil leppisid osalejad kogu maailmast kokku, et globaalset soojenemist piiratakse nii, et temperatuuri tõus tööstusajastueelse tasemega võrreldes jääks kindlalt alla 2 °C. EL on võtnud kohustuse vähendada kasvuhoonegaaside heitkoguseid 2030. aastaks 1990. aastaga võrreldes vähemalt 40%, parandada energiatõhusust 27% ja suurendada taastuvate energiaallikate osakaalu lõpptarbimises 27%-ni. Peamine mehhanism, millega kliimamuutuste vastu võideldakse, on ELi heitkogustega kauplemise süsteem.

Emission Measurements - Legal Obligations

15-02-2017

This study looks at the discrepancy in NOx emissions between type-approval tests and real-world driving. It examines the legal stakeholder obligations with regard to emission measurements in the European type-approval process and offers insights into the practical implementation of type-approval procedures throughout the EU. This study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector (EMIS).

This study looks at the discrepancy in NOx emissions between type-approval tests and real-world driving. It examines the legal stakeholder obligations with regard to emission measurements in the European type-approval process and offers insights into the practical implementation of type-approval procedures throughout the EU. This study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector (EMIS).

Comparing EU and US Car Emissions Legislation

15-02-2017

This study was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the committee of inquiry into emission measurements in the automotive sector (EMIS). It provides a comparative study on the differences between the EU and US legislation on emissions in the automotive sector, covering the emissions standards themselves; the systems for their implementation and enforcement, including approval systems for vehicles; and the respective regimes for prohibiting the use of defeat devices.

This study was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the committee of inquiry into emission measurements in the automotive sector (EMIS). It provides a comparative study on the differences between the EU and US legislation on emissions in the automotive sector, covering the emissions standards themselves; the systems for their implementation and enforcement, including approval systems for vehicles; and the respective regimes for prohibiting the use of defeat devices.

Implementing the Paris Agreement - COP 22

07-11-2016

Study in focus: The study summarises the developments leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 and provides an overview of its contents. The further implementation process and the roles of the main Parties and other stakeholders are discussed, as well as related international developments and the challenges of the climate change conference in Marrakesh (COP 22) from 7 to 18 November 2016.

Study in focus: The study summarises the developments leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 and provides an overview of its contents. The further implementation process and the roles of the main Parties and other stakeholders are discussed, as well as related international developments and the challenges of the climate change conference in Marrakesh (COP 22) from 7 to 18 November 2016.

Study in Focus - Implementation: Ambient Air Quality

15-06-2016

Exposure to elevated air pollution levels has substantial negative impacts on human health and the environment. The main pollutants are particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3). The Ambient Air Quality Directive therefore sets limit and target values for the concentration of air pollutants. Thresholds for particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide are exceeded in several Member States.

Exposure to elevated air pollution levels has substantial negative impacts on human health and the environment. The main pollutants are particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3). The Ambient Air Quality Directive therefore sets limit and target values for the concentration of air pollutants. Thresholds for particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide are exceeded in several Member States.

Key Issues at Stake at the 69th Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 69)

15-04-2016

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be six times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C. Without considerable contributions of the shipping sector to global mitigation efforts this goal will be much harder to achieve. In 2011, the IMO adopted two efficiency measures to address greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) sets compulsory ...

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be six times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C. Without considerable contributions of the shipping sector to global mitigation efforts this goal will be much harder to achieve. In 2011, the IMO adopted two efficiency measures to address greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) sets compulsory energy efficiency standards for new ships built after 2013, and the Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) requires ships to develop a plan to monitor and possibly improve their energy efficiency; shipping was the first sector to set global efficiency standards; earlier efforts to establish a Market-based Mechanism (MBM) have not been successful to date and are still in limbo. The main issues at stake at MEPC 69 are the review of the EEDI target values, the potential adoption of a GHG data collection system and proposals for a work programme geared to determining a fair share for international shipping in global GHG mitigation efforts. Particularly the outcome of the latter will reveal the extent to which IMO Member States consider the Paris Agreement as a mandate to enhance GHG mitigation efforts under the IMO. It is recommended that the ENVI delegation use opportunities such as bilateral meetings with delegations from other countries, informal conversations or the side events to promote the adoption of an ambitious data collection system and to highlight the importance of a work programme geared to determining international shipping’s fair share in global GHG mitigation efforts.

Dubai, Paris and Beyond - Some ENVI Studies and Their Key Findings

08-12-2015

This briefing highlights the keyfindings of the ENVI studies in view of the international conferences on ozone depleting substances (Dubai) and on climate change (COP21 in Paris) taking place end of 2015, as well as their crucial interaction. The third study goes beyond by suggesting potential CO2 mitigation targets for international aviation and maritime transport that would be compatible with the global long-term target of keeping the temperature increase below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels ...

This briefing highlights the keyfindings of the ENVI studies in view of the international conferences on ozone depleting substances (Dubai) and on climate change (COP21 in Paris) taking place end of 2015, as well as their crucial interaction. The third study goes beyond by suggesting potential CO2 mitigation targets for international aviation and maritime transport that would be compatible with the global long-term target of keeping the temperature increase below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels.

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