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Revision of consumer law directives (including injunctions):the 'New Deal for Consumers'

17-04-2018

Following the creation of an internal market, in which goods should be able to circulate freely to the benefit of producers, traders and consumers alike, the digital revolution has both increased the chances for growth in trade and highlighted the existing obstacles, such as differences in the details of consumer protection legislation. Following an extensive evaluation exercise focused on a number of EU directives adopted over the years, the European Commission is keen to simplify, streamline and ...

Following the creation of an internal market, in which goods should be able to circulate freely to the benefit of producers, traders and consumers alike, the digital revolution has both increased the chances for growth in trade and highlighted the existing obstacles, such as differences in the details of consumer protection legislation. Following an extensive evaluation exercise focused on a number of EU directives adopted over the years, the European Commission is keen to simplify, streamline and modernise the existing EU consumer rules to ensure that they are future-proof, as well as to facilitate the necessary coordination and effective action from national authorities and public enforcement bodies. In its 2018 work programme, the European Commission announced that it would be introducing a package of legislative proposals including a wide range of proposed directives. The package is aimed at filling a number of very specific gaps in current EU consumer law, while also taking due account of ongoing legislative procedures related to online and offline sales of goods and digital content. This implementation appraisal aims to cover all the directives (cf. tables 1-7) that form the basis of the area targeted by the package.

Consumer sale of goods

12-03-2018

On 22 February 2018, the European Parliament's Committee for the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) adopted its report on the Commission proposal for a new directive on the consumer sale of goods. The Commission's original proposal, dating from 2015, was replaced on 31 October 2017 by an amended one which intends to replace the existing Consumer Sales Directive dating from 1999 entirely, instead of regulating only online and other distance contracts as had originally been planned. By ...

On 22 February 2018, the European Parliament's Committee for the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) adopted its report on the Commission proposal for a new directive on the consumer sale of goods. The Commission's original proposal, dating from 2015, was replaced on 31 October 2017 by an amended one which intends to replace the existing Consumer Sales Directive dating from 1999 entirely, instead of regulating only online and other distance contracts as had originally been planned. By contrast to the 1999 Consumer Sales Directive, the Commission's proposal would introduce a maximum-harmonisation approach, meaning that EU Member States could no longer introduce a higher level of consumer protection than set in the directive. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view previous versions of this briefing, please see: PE 599.286 (February 2017).

The Ecodesign Directive (2009/125/EC)

24-11-2017

This European Implementation Assessment (EIA) has been provided to accompany the work of the European Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety in scrutinising the implementation of the directive establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-related products ('Ecodesign Directive'). The EIA consists of an opening analysis and two briefing papers. The opening analysis, prepared in-house by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit within EPRS, situates ...

This European Implementation Assessment (EIA) has been provided to accompany the work of the European Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety in scrutinising the implementation of the directive establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-related products ('Ecodesign Directive'). The EIA consists of an opening analysis and two briefing papers. The opening analysis, prepared in-house by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit within EPRS, situates the directive in the EU policy context, provides key information on implementation of the directive and presents opinions of selected stakeholders on implementation. The paper contains also short overview of consumers' opinions and behaviour. Input to the assessment was received from CPMC SPRL and from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, both in the form of briefing papers: – the first paper gathers the opinions of EU-level and national stakeholders on successes in, failures of and challenges to the implementation of the directive and the underlying reasons. Experts from seven Member States were interviewed: Belgium, Denmark, Germany, the United Kingdom, Poland, Portugal and Finland. These interviews are complemented by a literature review of available studies, reports and position papers; – the second paper is based on three elements. The first part presents an analysis of the Ecodesign Directive, ecodesign working plans and related regulations, the second is based on an analysis of the scientific articles discussing the application of the directive to specific product groups and the third presents the results of the on-line surveys evaluating the application of the regulations of the directive for selected product groups.

Introduction of a lifespan guarantee in the proposed online sales and digital content directives

26-10-2017

This study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) as part of the Parliament’s general commitment to improving the quality of EU legislation, and in particular in undertaking to carry out impact assessments of its own substantial amendments when it considers it appropriate and necessary for the legislative process. The aim of this study is to conduct an ex-ante impact assessment of proposed substantial amendments from the IMCO and JURI ...

This study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) as part of the Parliament’s general commitment to improving the quality of EU legislation, and in particular in undertaking to carry out impact assessments of its own substantial amendments when it considers it appropriate and necessary for the legislative process. The aim of this study is to conduct an ex-ante impact assessment of proposed substantial amendments from the IMCO and JURI Committees which would introduce a commercial lifespan guarantee. The impacts of these amendments have been analysed through the development of specific policy options. Two non-legislative options, implying that none of the amendments are implemented, are first assessed: an Option zero and a soft law approach (Option 1). Three distinct legislative options are also defined, by integrating specific aspects of the amendments: Option 2 (Subjective duration of lifespan), Option 3 (Normal duration of lifespan) and Option 4 (Binding technical standards for the determination of the lifespan) For each legislative option, two sub-options are developed by considering liability solely on the manufacturer (2a, 3a and 4a), or joint liability with the trader (2b, 3b and 4b). The key findings of the impact assessment reveal that the preferred options are Options 2 and 4. The former is certainly less ambitious than the latter and would result in less benefit overall, but it would also involve less cost and, contrary to Option 4, could be implemented within a relatively short period of time.

Parlamendiväline autor

EPRS, DG

Online and other distance sales of goods

14-07-2017

This study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee for Internal Market and Consumer Protection as part of the Parliament’s general commitment to improving the quality of EU legislation, and in particular in undertaking to carry out impact assessments of its own substantial amendments when it considers it appropriate and necessary for the legislative process. The aim of this ex-ante impact assessment is to evaluate two substantial amendments being proposed to the Commission proposal for ...

This study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee for Internal Market and Consumer Protection as part of the Parliament’s general commitment to improving the quality of EU legislation, and in particular in undertaking to carry out impact assessments of its own substantial amendments when it considers it appropriate and necessary for the legislative process. The aim of this ex-ante impact assessment is to evaluate two substantial amendments being proposed to the Commission proposal for a directive on certain aspects concerning contracts for the online and other distance sales of goods. The amendments would extend the scope of the proposed directive to any sale contract concluded between the consumer and the seller, and would repeal the Consumer Sales Directive. The findings of the study indicate that the harmonisation of rules across Member States and sales channels would reduce the fragmentation of the legal framework and enhance the clarity and transparency of applicable rules to the benefit of both consumers and businesses. Most importantly, one single regime for online and face-to-face transactions could contribute to increased consumers’ and traders’ awareness and confidence in purchasing/selling online and offline, domestically and across borders. There would be a general increase in consumer protection throughout the EU, with the exception of some Member States where consumers’ rights would be weakened. This could, however, translate into increased costs for businesses in relation to remedies provided to consumers. The importance of having a single regime for online and offline sales has been strongly supported by all stakeholders consulted for this study. Nonetheless, consumer and business organisations have different views with regard to the aspects of consumer protection under examination. Finding a balance between the interests of consumers and businesses remains, thus, crucial.

Contracts for online and other distance sales of goods

20-02-2017

The Commission proposal for a directive on contracts for online and other distance sales of goods, part of the digital single market strategy, would partly replace the existing Consumer Sales Directive. The Parliament's rapporteur believes this would create a fragmented legal framework, and that there is a need to introduce uniform rules for both online and face-to-face consumer sales. Unlike the existing Consumer Sales Directive, the proposed Online Sale of Goods Directive would provide for maximum ...

The Commission proposal for a directive on contracts for online and other distance sales of goods, part of the digital single market strategy, would partly replace the existing Consumer Sales Directive. The Parliament's rapporteur believes this would create a fragmented legal framework, and that there is a need to introduce uniform rules for both online and face-to-face consumer sales. Unlike the existing Consumer Sales Directive, the proposed Online Sale of Goods Directive would provide for maximum harmonisation, thereby prohibiting Member States from introducing a higher level of consumer protection within the scope of the directive. The rapporteur agrees with this approach and suggests moving to maximum harmonisation for both online and offline consumer sales. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view previous versions of this briefing, please see: PE 577.962, 15 February 2016.

A snapshot of industry in Europe

14-11-2014

This document draws on the recently published study. How can European Industry contribute to growth and foster European competitiveness, aiming to complement it by presenting an overview of specific indicators that further illustrate the current situation of Europe’s industry.

This document draws on the recently published study. How can European Industry contribute to growth and foster European competitiveness, aiming to complement it by presenting an overview of specific indicators that further illustrate the current situation of Europe’s industry.

Nanomaterials in Consumer Products

08-04-2007

Parlamendiväline autor

S. Dekkers, C. de Heer,W.H. de Jong, A.J.A.M. Sips and J.G.M. van Engelen National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), P.O. Box 1, NL - 3720 BA Bilthoven

Directive 1999/44/EC of 25 May 1999 - The Sale of Consumer Goods and Associated Guarantees - Situation on 1.9.2001

01-12-2001

Directive 1999/44 on certain aspects of the sale of consumer goods and associated guarantees is without doubt well-founded in relation to the objectives and logic of the EC Treaty. Yet two questions arise in relation to its transposition into the national legal systems. The first concerns the actual capacity of most Member States to observe the deadline for transposition of 1 January 2002 laid down in the directive. The second concerns the costs European enterprises will incur in transposing the ...

Directive 1999/44 on certain aspects of the sale of consumer goods and associated guarantees is without doubt well-founded in relation to the objectives and logic of the EC Treaty. Yet two questions arise in relation to its transposition into the national legal systems. The first concerns the actual capacity of most Member States to observe the deadline for transposition of 1 January 2002 laid down in the directive. The second concerns the costs European enterprises will incur in transposing the directive. National and Community studies have certainly contradicted some of the rather alarmist estimates of increased costs from those in the various trades and professions, but there is still some doubt as to the reliability of the forecasts from any source. It could, therefore, be useful to conduct a legal and economic follow-up as from 1 January 2002.

Parlamendiväline autor

Olivier Delattre, Robert Schuman Scholar

Eelseisvad üritused

21-01-2020
Outlook for the MENA Region: What future for stabilisation and reconstruction?
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