17

tulos(ta)

Hakusana(t)
Julkaisutyyppi
Toimiala
Laatija
Hakusana
Päivämäärä

Interlinks between migration and development

23-01-2019

The EU and its Member States have reshaped their external policies, including development cooperation, to place more focus on migration-related issues. Widely used in this context, political rhetoric on 'addressing root causes of migration' has been questioned by academics as creating unrealistic expectations. Indeed, a positive correlation between migration and narrowly understood economic development persists until countries reach middle-income country level. However, several key drivers of migration ...

The EU and its Member States have reshaped their external policies, including development cooperation, to place more focus on migration-related issues. Widely used in this context, political rhetoric on 'addressing root causes of migration' has been questioned by academics as creating unrealistic expectations. Indeed, a positive correlation between migration and narrowly understood economic development persists until countries reach middle-income country level. However, several key drivers of migration are related to discrepancies in levels of human development. Demographic pressures, youth unemployment, job opportunities in the country of destination, the growth of migrant networks and the desire to reunite families, all play roles in migration. A complex interaction between aid and migration also exists, which is far from a simple one-way causality. In general, poverty alleviation, the primary objective of development aid, tends to enhance rather than deter the realisation of the aspiration to migrate, in the short- and medium-term, by increasing household incomes. A more global approach to cooperation with third countries, such as the EU's already well-established assistance focusing on good governance, infrastructure, rural development and strengthening resilience, as well as going beyond development assistance to include trade and investment, appears promising in terms of deterring migration. On the other hand, studies confirm that international migration is an important path for development: remittances constitute a tool for poverty reduction, while diaspora skills and networks provide resources for economic and social progress. Nevertheless, EU policy integrating development aid as an instrument for curbing irregular migration is criticised by development stakeholders as undermining aid effectiveness, principles, and risks diverting aid from the most needy and indirectly prompting human rights violations. To avoid such outcomes, a contextual analysis must be the basis for identifying genuine synergies to be reinforced between development and migration management.

Monetary policy implications of transitory vs. permanently subdued growth prospects (“secular stagnation”)

29-11-2018

Since the start of the global financial crisis, per-capita income growth has stagnated in many advanced economies. Some scholars have interpreted the lack of growth as a temporary phenomenon caused by the legacy of the crisis. Others view the lower long-term growth as a consequence of an unfavourable evolution of the productive inputs (labour and capital) as well as of productivity. Against this background, the current paper examines the long-run evolution of the euro area economy, and suggests some ...

Since the start of the global financial crisis, per-capita income growth has stagnated in many advanced economies. Some scholars have interpreted the lack of growth as a temporary phenomenon caused by the legacy of the crisis. Others view the lower long-term growth as a consequence of an unfavourable evolution of the productive inputs (labour and capital) as well as of productivity. Against this background, the current paper examines the long-run evolution of the euro area economy, and suggests some causes for this low-growth phenomenon. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Eddie Gerba, London School of Economics

Research for REGI Committee - The economic, social and territorial situation of Northern Ireland

15-05-2018

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Northern Ireland from 21 to 23 March 2018 of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development (REGI).

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Northern Ireland from 21 to 23 March 2018 of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development (REGI).

Delegation note - Economic, social and territorial situation and policies in the United States of America (focus: Boston, Massachusetts)

15-05-2018

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Boston (Massachusetts) and Washington, DC from 7 to 11 May 2018 of a delegation from the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development (REGI).

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Boston (Massachusetts) and Washington, DC from 7 to 11 May 2018 of a delegation from the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development (REGI).

Empowering Africa's youth: The new focus of EU-Africa cooperation

14-11-2017

Africa is the world's youngest continent. With a rapidly growing population, Africa is forecast to make up for much of the population decline in other parts of the world in the coming decades. As a result, by 2050, one in four working-age persons in the world could be African. Today, over 60 % of Africans are under the age of 25. This demographic dynamism brings enormous challenges and opportunities. If well managed, it could drive an African economic miracle, which will shape the history of the ...

Africa is the world's youngest continent. With a rapidly growing population, Africa is forecast to make up for much of the population decline in other parts of the world in the coming decades. As a result, by 2050, one in four working-age persons in the world could be African. Today, over 60 % of Africans are under the age of 25. This demographic dynamism brings enormous challenges and opportunities. If well managed, it could drive an African economic miracle, which will shape the history of the 21st century. On the other hand, such unprecedented demographic growth does not come without specific challenges: the numerous children and young people must have their educational and health needs met, and enough jobs have to be created for the large cohorts entering the labour market every year. Large generations of young people who are politically excluded and deprived of economic opportunities can be an aggravating factor in conflicts, and can be prone to political and religious radicalisation. Instability and increasing poverty would also lead to mass migration to Europe and elsewhere. Europe cannot ignore the rising challenges and opportunities at its southern borders. Positive or negative spill-overs to Europe will be inevitable. It is therefore in the EU's own interest to help the continent steer the demographic boom towards an economic boom, providing young people with opportunities, alleviating poverty and bringing lasting peace and stability. As the EU prepares to redefine its cooperation with Africa, the issue of youth is thus inescapable. The most urgent challenge for the EU is to channel foreign investment and development efforts towards Africa's youngest populations, which are more than ever located in its most fragile states.

Global Trendometer: Essays on medium- and long-term global trends - Summer 2017

06-09-2017

With the publication of the "Global Trendometer" the EPRS Global Trends Unit seeks to contribute to the process of identifying and addressing medium- and long-term trends, and their possible implications for policy-making in the European Union. In this latest edition, three essays and seven two-page vignettes on different geopolitical, economic, technological and social issues paint a broad-ranging picture of some developments that may shape Europe’s future.

With the publication of the "Global Trendometer" the EPRS Global Trends Unit seeks to contribute to the process of identifying and addressing medium- and long-term trends, and their possible implications for policy-making in the European Union. In this latest edition, three essays and seven two-page vignettes on different geopolitical, economic, technological and social issues paint a broad-ranging picture of some developments that may shape Europe’s future.

RESEARCH FOR REGI COMMITTEE - The economic, social and territorial situation of the Azores (Portugal)

14-04-2017

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to the Azores (Portugal) of 22 to 26 May 2017 of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development, the islands visited being São Miguel and Terceira.

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to the Azores (Portugal) of 22 to 26 May 2017 of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development, the islands visited being São Miguel and Terceira.

Maternity, paternity and parental leave in the EU

06-03-2017

The EU has been working on reforming family leave policies in Member States since the 1980s. Its efforts resulted in two currently valid directives: the 1992 Maternity Leave Directive and the 2010 Parental Leave Directive. Even though EU Member States’ transposition of the current directives has been mostly satisfactory technically, in 2015 the Commission announced a package on work-life balance which would replace the current legislation. The rationale for the new package is increasing female labour ...

The EU has been working on reforming family leave policies in Member States since the 1980s. Its efforts resulted in two currently valid directives: the 1992 Maternity Leave Directive and the 2010 Parental Leave Directive. Even though EU Member States’ transposition of the current directives has been mostly satisfactory technically, in 2015 the Commission announced a package on work-life balance which would replace the current legislation. The rationale for the new package is increasing female labour participation, bringing gender balance to care activities now predominantly performed by women, and improving negative demographic trends. The current legislative framework has been evaluated as inadequate to deal with these challenges. While the content of the Commission proposal is not yet fully known, an analysis of the current situation may shed light on the direction of change, as well as the obstacles that the new proposal may face. Even though Member States have transposed the current directives, they have also been given much freedom in deciding on elements which may be crucial in achieving the aims of the new Commission proposal. Why Member States decided to implement certain elements over others depends on their cultural, social and economic situations, which, according to experts, play a significant role in deciding policies of that type and may also influence the new proposal.

Demography and Family Policies from a Gender Perspective

07-12-2016

The European Union is in the midst of three crises: the economic, the demographic and the refugee. This study evaluates policies aiming at increasing fertility through work-life balance, reveals their interrelation with family policies and economic priorities and suggests ways of addressing challenges on all three fronts with the view to minimise their gendered outcomes.

The European Union is in the midst of three crises: the economic, the demographic and the refugee. This study evaluates policies aiming at increasing fertility through work-life balance, reveals their interrelation with family policies and economic priorities and suggests ways of addressing challenges on all three fronts with the view to minimise their gendered outcomes.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Konstantina DAVAKI (London School of Economics and Political Sciences, the UK)

OECD Factbook

06-05-2014

OECD’s dynamic and comprehensive statistical annual showing a wide range of key statistics for its member countries and major additional countries. For each indicator presented, there is explanatory text including a definition, explanation of long-term trends, and references; a table showing the indicator over a significant time span for all countries covered, and graphics showing the key messages contained in the data.

OECD’s dynamic and comprehensive statistical annual showing a wide range of key statistics for its member countries and major additional countries. For each indicator presented, there is explanatory text including a definition, explanation of long-term trends, and references; a table showing the indicator over a significant time span for all countries covered, and graphics showing the key messages contained in the data.

Tulevat tapahtumat

23-01-2020
'This is not Propaganda': Adventures in the War against Reality
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS
28-01-2020
Western Balkans: A rocky road to enlargement
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS

Kumppanit

Pysy ajan tasalla

email update imageSähköpostipäivitykset

Voit seurata ihmisiä ja asioita parlamentissa suoraan sähköpostiisi lähetettävien päivitysten avulla. Näin saat tuoreimmat uutiset muun muassa EP:n jäsenistä, valiokunnista, uutispalveluista ja Think Tank -osioista.

Järjestelmään pääsee miltä tahansa sivulta parlamentin verkkosivustolla. Se on helppo ottaa käyttöön: anna sähköpostiosoitteesi, valitse aihe, josta haluat saada ilmoituksia, ja ilmoita, kuinka usein haluat saada tietoa (päivittäin, viikoittain vai kuukausittain). Hetken kuluttua saat sähköpostin, jossa olevaa linkkiä napsauttamalla voit vahvistaa rekisteröitymisesi.

RSS imageRSS-syötteet

Voit seurata verkkosivustomme uutisia ja päivityksiä RSS-syötteiden avulla.

Napsauta alla olevaa linkkiä syötteiden konfiguroimiseksi.