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Ensuring more transparent and predictable working conditions

11-04-2019

An employer's obligation to inform their employees on the conditions applicable to their contracts is regulated by Directive 91/533/EEC. Major shifts in the labour market due to demographic trends and digitalisation, spawning a growing number of non-standard employment relationships, have made it necessary to revise the directive. The European Commission has responded to the need for change with a proposal aimed at updating and extending the information on employment-related obligations and working ...

An employer's obligation to inform their employees on the conditions applicable to their contracts is regulated by Directive 91/533/EEC. Major shifts in the labour market due to demographic trends and digitalisation, spawning a growing number of non-standard employment relationships, have made it necessary to revise the directive. The European Commission has responded to the need for change with a proposal aimed at updating and extending the information on employment-related obligations and working conditions, and at creating new minimum standards for all employed workers, including those on atypical contracts. In the European Parliament, the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) has adopted a report focused on the scope of the directive, on employees' working hours and the conditions for making information available to them, and on employers' responsibilities. The provisional agreement concluded in trilogue between European Parliament and the Council negotiators sets, among other things, new rules on the scope of the directive, the date of providing information, the length of probatory periods, and regulates working conditions in the case of variable working schedules. This agreement now needs to be approved by Parliament in plenary.

Establishing the 'Customs' programme 2021-2027

30-11-2018

The impact assessment provides a good overview of the problems facing EU customs cooperation that need to be tackled after 2020, and sets out well the rationale for the new programme. However, the overall analysis is undermined by the limited range of viable options and the absence of a proper comparison of the options and assessment of their impacts, contrary to the Better Regulation guidelines. A more thorough assessment would have helped to better explain the choice of the preferred option.

The impact assessment provides a good overview of the problems facing EU customs cooperation that need to be tackled after 2020, and sets out well the rationale for the new programme. However, the overall analysis is undermined by the limited range of viable options and the absence of a proper comparison of the options and assessment of their impacts, contrary to the Better Regulation guidelines. A more thorough assessment would have helped to better explain the choice of the preferred option.

Research and innovation in the EU: Evolution, achievements, challenges

21-11-2018

Research and innovation have become indispensable elements in many areas of our daily lives, including health and wellbeing (e.g. radiotherapy, vaccinations), the search for a sustainable environment (e.g. weather forecasts, solar energy), safety and security (e.g. tsunami alerts, biometric border control) and end-user products (e.g. smart phones, e-cars). Despite the correlation between research, development, innovation and competitiveness, when it comes to international comparisons, most Member ...

Research and innovation have become indispensable elements in many areas of our daily lives, including health and wellbeing (e.g. radiotherapy, vaccinations), the search for a sustainable environment (e.g. weather forecasts, solar energy), safety and security (e.g. tsunami alerts, biometric border control) and end-user products (e.g. smart phones, e-cars). Despite the correlation between research, development, innovation and competitiveness, when it comes to international comparisons, most Member States lag behind the 'Barcelona target' to invest 3 % of national gross domestic product (GDP) in scientific research and innovation. Better coordination of transnational research activities and the completion of the European Research Area (ERA) could benefit the EU economy by an extra €16 billion per year. The instruments, governance and scope of the framework programmes (FP) for research have changed dramatically over time. These changes include the development of public-public and public-private partnerships, the establishment of the European Research Council (ERC) and the European Institute for Innovation and Technology (EIT), and the introduction of specific instruments for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), as well as individual mobility grants. To date, the current FP, Horizon 2020, has supported over 18 000 projects with more than €31 billion in funding. Nevertheless, Horizon 2020 has shortcomings, including complex procedures, a high administrative burden, a lack of flexibility when it comes to reacting to unforeseen circumstances, and insufficient synergies with other EU funds and public interventions and/or private finance.

International Agreements in Progress: EU-Singapore trade and investment agreements closer to conclusion

09-10-2018

On 18 April 2018, the European Commission proposed to the Council of the EU to sign and conclude two agreements with Singapore. These agreements were created by dividing the free trade agreement reached between the EU and Singapore (EUSFTA) in 2014, but not ratified, into separate trade and investment protection agreements. When presenting the agreements, the Commission underlined that they demonstrate the commitment of Singapore and the EU to fair trade and open markets. The Council of the EU is ...

On 18 April 2018, the European Commission proposed to the Council of the EU to sign and conclude two agreements with Singapore. These agreements were created by dividing the free trade agreement reached between the EU and Singapore (EUSFTA) in 2014, but not ratified, into separate trade and investment protection agreements. When presenting the agreements, the Commission underlined that they demonstrate the commitment of Singapore and the EU to fair trade and open markets. The Council of the EU is expected to authorise the signature of the agreements in October 2018. The Commission aims to have the trade agreement come into effect before the end of its mandate in 2019, after its approval by the Council and the European Parliament. Singapore will be the first member state of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to sign bilateral trade and investment agreements with the EU. The EU views bilateral agreements with ASEAN members as steps towards achieving the final objective of a region-to-region trade and investment agreement with ASEAN. Therefore, the EU Singapore agreements are considered a reference as regards the EU's ambition to conclude trade and investment agreements with other ASEAN members. Second edition. The ‘International Agreements in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the process, from initial discussions through to ratification. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 607.255, June 2017.

COLLECTIVE REDRESS IN THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

03-10-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs, aims to assess the current state of play of collective redress at national and European levels, evaluate the opportunity of a European intervention in the matter and provide the European Parliament with concrete recommendations. Both the assessment and the recommendations have been drafted keeping in mind the essential issue raised ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Legal Affairs, aims to assess the current state of play of collective redress at national and European levels, evaluate the opportunity of a European intervention in the matter and provide the European Parliament with concrete recommendations. Both the assessment and the recommendations have been drafted keeping in mind the essential issue raised by collective redress: access to justice. This principle, which is essential in a Union enforcing the rule of law, is currently challenged by the existing divergences. As such the creation of harmonised collective redress mechanism is becoming an increasingly pressing matter.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Rafael AMARO, Associate Professor at the University Paris-Descartes, France Maria José AZAR-BAUD, Associate Professor at Paris-Sud University, France Sabine CORNELOUP, Professor at the University Paris II Panthéon-Assas, France Bénédicte FAUVARQUE-COSSON, Professor at the University Paris II Panthéon-Assas, France Fabienne JAULT-SESEKE, Professor at the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France

Workshop on “Free Flow of Data - a Cornerstone of the Digital Single Market"

14-09-2018

This report summarises discussion which took place at the workshop “Free Flow of Data - A Cornerstone of the Digital Single Market”. The free flow of data is a complex issue with the potential to strongly influence the EU economy. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recently proposed draft regulation of the European Commission, the workshop was hosted by Ms Anna Maria CORAZZA BILDT (MEP), Vice-President of the IMCO Committee in the European Parliament. This ...

This report summarises discussion which took place at the workshop “Free Flow of Data - A Cornerstone of the Digital Single Market”. The free flow of data is a complex issue with the potential to strongly influence the EU economy. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recently proposed draft regulation of the European Commission, the workshop was hosted by Ms Anna Maria CORAZZA BILDT (MEP), Vice-President of the IMCO Committee in the European Parliament. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Dr Simon Forge, SCF Associates Dr Kristina Irion, University of Amsterdam Ms Zlatina Nikolova, Counsellor, Permanent Representation of the Republic of Bulgaria to the European Union Ms Agnes Courades Allebeck, Swedish National Board of Trade Mr Bertrand Deprez, Digital Europe Mr Christian Borggreen, CCIA Ms Danielle Jacobs, INTUG Mr Lenard Koschwitz, Allied for Startups Ms Gabriella Cattaneo, IDC - European Government Consulting

EU law for an open independent and efficient European administration

27-07-2018

The results of the public consultation clearly suggest - EU citizens want action. Citizens call for an action that wold turn their EU right to good administration into solution. The workable and enforceable solution that adds value. Europe needs innovation! Innovation not only in tools and technologies but also in how EU governs itself.

The results of the public consultation clearly suggest - EU citizens want action. Citizens call for an action that wold turn their EU right to good administration into solution. The workable and enforceable solution that adds value. Europe needs innovation! Innovation not only in tools and technologies but also in how EU governs itself.

Review of the Directive on the Re-use of Public Sector Information (Directive 2013/37/EU)

25-04-2018

The Directive on the re-use of public sector information 2013/37/EU (PSI Directive) provides a common legal framework for a European market for public sector information. It entered into force on 17 July 2013 following a review of the initial PSI Directive of 17 November 2003. This implementation appraisal is written in anticipation of the second review of the directive, the plans for which are likely to be presented by the end of April 2018 as part of a broader package targeting the data economy ...

The Directive on the re-use of public sector information 2013/37/EU (PSI Directive) provides a common legal framework for a European market for public sector information. It entered into force on 17 July 2013 following a review of the initial PSI Directive of 17 November 2003. This implementation appraisal is written in anticipation of the second review of the directive, the plans for which are likely to be presented by the end of April 2018 as part of a broader package targeting the data economy. The upcoming review will attempt to identify opportunities for reducing regulatory costs and for simplifying the existing legislation without negatively affecting the achievements of the underlying policy goals. The ongoing evaluation of the Directive on the legal protection of databases 96/9/EC (Database Directive) will feed into the review by identifying potential issues with the interplay between the PSI and Database Directives. The Commission has also announced that the PSI review will be aligned with the follow-up actions to the REFIT mid-term policy evaluation of Directive 2007/2/EC, 'INSPIRE' (Directive establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community). For these reasons, both these directives have been included in this appraisal.

The added value of the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI), and its revision

13-04-2018

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) is aimed at bringing the EU closer to its citizens, by enabling them to invite the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. Introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon, the ECI should provide every citizen with the right to participate in the democratic life of the Union. However, the ECI in practice has had various procedural hurdles, preventing the fulfilment of the regulation's objectives. The ECI is thus not fulfilling its potential with regard to ...

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) is aimed at bringing the EU closer to its citizens, by enabling them to invite the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. Introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon, the ECI should provide every citizen with the right to participate in the democratic life of the Union. However, the ECI in practice has had various procedural hurdles, preventing the fulfilment of the regulation's objectives. The ECI is thus not fulfilling its potential with regard to bringing the EU closer to its citizens. Against this background, the present study outlines the weaknesses in the existing ECI procedure. Moreover, it assesses, with a view to their added value, the main reform proposals that have been put forward to improve the ECI's functioning.

Viestintäpolitiikka

01-04-2018

Tehokkaan viestinnän tarpeen oikeusperusta on EU:n perusoikeuskirjassa, jolla turvataan kaikkien kansalaisten oikeus saada tietoa unionia koskevista asioista. Unionin toimielimet ovat kehittäneet erilaisia välineitä ja palveluja, jotka mahdollistavat yhteydenpidon kansalaisiin ja heille tiedottamisen. Vuonna 2012 virallisesti käyttöön otettu eurooppalainen kansalaisaloite antaa kansalaisille mahdollisuuden osallistua suoremmin lainsäädäntään ja unionia koskeviin asioihin.

Tehokkaan viestinnän tarpeen oikeusperusta on EU:n perusoikeuskirjassa, jolla turvataan kaikkien kansalaisten oikeus saada tietoa unionia koskevista asioista. Unionin toimielimet ovat kehittäneet erilaisia välineitä ja palveluja, jotka mahdollistavat yhteydenpidon kansalaisiin ja heille tiedottamisen. Vuonna 2012 virallisesti käyttöön otettu eurooppalainen kansalaisaloite antaa kansalaisille mahdollisuuden osallistua suoremmin lainsäädäntään ja unionia koskeviin asioihin.

Tulevat tapahtumat

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS

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