ThinkTank logo Les documents qui contribuent à déterminer la nouvelle législation de l'Union
Publié le 08-12-2016

EU-Russia people-to-people contacts

08-12-2016

With EU-Russia relations at a post-Cold War low, people-to-people contacts are an important means of overcoming mutual hostility. Individuals and organisations from the EU are continuing to cooperate with Russian counterparts, despite difficulties. On the other hand, there has been a significant downturn in personal travel, and public opinion mirrors frosty diplomatic relations.

With EU-Russia relations at a post-Cold War low, people-to-people contacts are an important means of overcoming mutual hostility. Individuals and organisations from the EU are continuing to cooperate with Russian counterparts, despite difficulties. On the other hand, there has been a significant downturn in personal travel, and public opinion mirrors frosty diplomatic relations.

The EU's new approach to funding peace and security

08-12-2016

The link between security, peace and development is recognised by both security and development communities. However, the practical implications of this nexus still pose challenges – especially in the light of a rapidly evolving security environment. While the EU's assistance for peace and security comes in different forms – for instance through budgetary support or under common security and defence policy – the existing rules of financing under the EU budget exclude activities aimed at enhancing ...

The link between security, peace and development is recognised by both security and development communities. However, the practical implications of this nexus still pose challenges – especially in the light of a rapidly evolving security environment. While the EU's assistance for peace and security comes in different forms – for instance through budgetary support or under common security and defence policy – the existing rules of financing under the EU budget exclude activities aimed at enhancing cooperation with the defence sector and the military in third countries. The proposed amendment to Regulation (EU) No 230/2014 of 11 March 2014 aims to remedy this situation by creating the conditions to allow EU budgetary support for capacity-building programmes in third countries aimed at training and mentoring, the provision of non-lethal equipment and assistance with infrastructure improvements, and help with strengthening the capacity of military actors in order to contribute to the achievement of peaceful and inclusive societies and sustainable development. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

CAP policy instruments: Issues and challenges for EU agricultural policy

08-12-2016

Over the years, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been subject to several reforms. Often described as being incremental in nature, these reforms have progressively resulted in significant changes in both the orientation and architecture of the CAP. Key changes have included a reorientation away from price support towards income support and a decoupling of support from production. The current system of direct payments provides a mechanism for farmers to provide a combination of both private ...

Over the years, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been subject to several reforms. Often described as being incremental in nature, these reforms have progressively resulted in significant changes in both the orientation and architecture of the CAP. Key changes have included a reorientation away from price support towards income support and a decoupling of support from production. The current system of direct payments provides a mechanism for farmers to provide a combination of both private and public goods. The latter element has been reinforced by measures aimed at 'greening' the CAP. Rural development policy, reformed along with the CAP in 2013, is now implemented through rural development legislation covering six strategic priorities sub-divided into 18 focus areas, offering greater flexibility in the choice of measures used. Set against this background, this briefing considers how some of the CAP’s policy instruments have been working, based on the experience of their implementation to date, including commentaries on both the previous reforms and the current policy, and taking account of the most recent evaluation evidence available. The implications of this broad overview for the orientation and architecture of the post-2020 CAP are examined. This discussion is set within the context of the main challenges facing agriculture and the rural economy, such as climate change, food security, territorial cohesion and price volatility. This analysis is timely, as the European Commission’s work programme for 2017 includes provision for consulting widely and progressing with work on the simplification and modernisation of the CAP.

Fighting conflict-related sexual violence

08-12-2016

Although both men and women are vulnerable when faced with armed conflict, they tend to be affected very differently. Women are exposed to many risks, sexual violence standing out as the most prominent among them. Despite efforts by the international community to ban it through internationally binding legal norms, conflicts since the end of the Cold War have displayed multiple, horrendous forms of violence against women, whether in Africa, former Yugoslavia or in present-day Iraq, Syria and Nigeria ...

Although both men and women are vulnerable when faced with armed conflict, they tend to be affected very differently. Women are exposed to many risks, sexual violence standing out as the most prominent among them. Despite efforts by the international community to ban it through internationally binding legal norms, conflicts since the end of the Cold War have displayed multiple, horrendous forms of violence against women, whether in Africa, former Yugoslavia or in present-day Iraq, Syria and Nigeria. To the scourge of gender-based violence brought about by conflict, the international community has responded by integrating it in the jurisdiction of international tribunals dealing with war crimes. The UN Security Council has strongly condemned all forms of gender-based violence in several resolutions, and has proposed a range of measures. Given the gravity of the crimes, the EU has emphasised the importance of a zero-tolerance policy, focusing on accountability and awareness-raising. Helping victims of gender-based violence deal with its long-lasting psychological and social consequences is increasingly recognised as a crucial measure. One of the most important steps is to break the culture of shame and silence that makes the vast majority of cases go unreported, and renders judicial recourse impossible. Women who speak out about their or others' ordeals face multiple risks and threats, and their courage deserves to be honoured. In recognition of such courage, the European Parliament granted the 2016 Sakharov Prize to two women from Iraq, who, having been victims of violence themselves, resolved to put their efforts into fighting off the scourge.

Economic Dialogue with the Commission on 2017 Draft Budgetary Plans

08-12-2016

Vice-president Dombrovskis and Commissioner Moscovici have been invited to an Economic Dialogue on the European Commission Opinions on the 2017 Draft Budgetary Plans of the Euro Area Member States based on Articles 7 and 15 of EU Regulation 473/2013.

Vice-president Dombrovskis and Commissioner Moscovici have been invited to an Economic Dialogue on the European Commission Opinions on the 2017 Draft Budgetary Plans of the Euro Area Member States based on Articles 7 and 15 of EU Regulation 473/2013.

Economic Dialogue with the Commission on the Launch of the 2017 European Semester Cycle

08-12-2016

Vice-President Dombrovskis, Commissioner Moscovici and Commissioner Thyssen are participating in an Economic Dialogue on the “2017 European Semester Autumn Package”, based on the provisions of the economic governance framework. This document gives an overview of the elements of the package and presents the next steps.

Vice-President Dombrovskis, Commissioner Moscovici and Commissioner Thyssen are participating in an Economic Dialogue on the “2017 European Semester Autumn Package”, based on the provisions of the economic governance framework. This document gives an overview of the elements of the package and presents the next steps.

Publié le 07-12-2016

What if electric cars became an affordable and convenient way to travel?

07-12-2016

Are electric cars on the verge of becoming the norm, should we encourage this transition, and what would be the consequences for the environment, the automobile industry and our electricity grid? Over the past century, cars have become an integral part of our society. They generally offer greater flexibility than alternative modes of transport, and they are affordable to a large proportion of people. Ever since cars were first mass-produced, they have almost exclusively been powered by ICEs (internal ...

Are electric cars on the verge of becoming the norm, should we encourage this transition, and what would be the consequences for the environment, the automobile industry and our electricity grid? Over the past century, cars have become an integral part of our society. They generally offer greater flexibility than alternative modes of transport, and they are affordable to a large proportion of people. Ever since cars were first mass-produced, they have almost exclusively been powered by ICEs (internal combustion engines), which burn fossil fuels, such as petrol and diesel, to provide the energy required to turn the cars’ wheels and perform auxiliary tasks. However, in recent years concerns about climate change and dependence on oil have led to a great deal of effort and attention being invested in developing alternative ways of providing this energy.

Accord UE-Norvège sur les activités de pêche dans le Skagerrak

07-12-2016

L’accord UE-Norvège sur le Skagerrak, qui permet l'accès des navires de pêche du Danemark, de la Norvège et de la Suède aux eaux respectives de ces États a été mis à jour. Le nouvel accord, destiné à harmoniser la gestion de la pêche dans le Skagerrak avec les principes internationaux de la juridiction de l’État côtier, a été signé au mois de janvier 2015 et a été appliqué provisoirement dans l’attente de son entrée en vigueur. L'approbation du Parlement est nécessaire pour la conclusion de cet accord ...

L’accord UE-Norvège sur le Skagerrak, qui permet l'accès des navires de pêche du Danemark, de la Norvège et de la Suède aux eaux respectives de ces États a été mis à jour. Le nouvel accord, destiné à harmoniser la gestion de la pêche dans le Skagerrak avec les principes internationaux de la juridiction de l’État côtier, a été signé au mois de janvier 2015 et a été appliqué provisoirement dans l’attente de son entrée en vigueur. L'approbation du Parlement est nécessaire pour la conclusion de cet accord.

Accès au marché des services portuaires

07-12-2016

Afin d’améliorer l’efficacité commerciale et d’accroître la transparence financière des principaux ports maritimes européens, la Commission européenne a proposé un nouveau règlement en 2013. Un accord avec le Conseil ayant été trouvé lors du trilogue, le nouveau règlement doit maintenant être mis aux voix lors de la session plénière de décembre. À la différence des propositions précédentes relatives aux ports, qui ont été rejetées, la présente proposition n’aura pas d’incidence sur les réglementations ...

Afin d’améliorer l’efficacité commerciale et d’accroître la transparence financière des principaux ports maritimes européens, la Commission européenne a proposé un nouveau règlement en 2013. Un accord avec le Conseil ayant été trouvé lors du trilogue, le nouveau règlement doit maintenant être mis aux voix lors de la session plénière de décembre. À la différence des propositions précédentes relatives aux ports, qui ont été rejetées, la présente proposition n’aura pas d’incidence sur les réglementations des États membres en matière sociale et d’emploi.

Regulation of lobbying across the EU

07-12-2016

The infographic illustrates in broad terms the differences between Member States’ approaches to regulating lobbying (legislation or soft-regulation), as well as the existence of codes of conduct for lobbyists (either provided for by legislation, or through self-regulation by lobbyists’ organisations), and registers of lobbyists (mandatory or voluntary).

The infographic illustrates in broad terms the differences between Member States’ approaches to regulating lobbying (legislation or soft-regulation), as well as the existence of codes of conduct for lobbyists (either provided for by legislation, or through self-regulation by lobbyists’ organisations), and registers of lobbyists (mandatory or voluntary).

Infographies

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