ThinkTank logo Les documents qui contribuent à déterminer la nouvelle législation de l'Union
Publié le 18-01-2019

Plenary round-up – Strasbourg, January I 2019

18-01-2019

Highlights of the January I plenary session included the latest debate on the future of Europe, with Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón, Spain's prime minister, and a debate on the UK's withdrawal from the EU. Members also debated the reform of EU asylum and migration policy, reviewed the Austrian Council Presidency and discussed the incoming Romanian Presidency's programme. Among the subjects debated and voted, Parliament adopted positions on 12 more of the three dozen funding programmes proposed for ...

Highlights of the January I plenary session included the latest debate on the future of Europe, with Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón, Spain's prime minister, and a debate on the UK's withdrawal from the EU. Members also debated the reform of EU asylum and migration policy, reviewed the Austrian Council Presidency and discussed the incoming Romanian Presidency's programme. Among the subjects debated and voted, Parliament adopted positions on 12 more of the three dozen funding programmes proposed for the 2021-2027 period, enabling negotiations with the Council to be launched on each proposal as and when the latter has agreed its position.

Foreign policy and defence challenges [What Think Tanks are thinking]

18-01-2019

The European Union will face increasingly serious foreign policy and defence challenges in 2019. The current Administration in the United States seems to be abandoning its traditional role of ‘benign protector’ of the rules-based international order. Russia, according to many analysts, continues to try to undermine the democratic process in many Western countries, and China’s foreign policy is becoming more and more assertive, notably in the economic field. Furthermore, migration, Brexit and cybersecurity ...

The European Union will face increasingly serious foreign policy and defence challenges in 2019. The current Administration in the United States seems to be abandoning its traditional role of ‘benign protector’ of the rules-based international order. Russia, according to many analysts, continues to try to undermine the democratic process in many Western countries, and China’s foreign policy is becoming more and more assertive, notably in the economic field. Furthermore, migration, Brexit and cybersecurity, as well as a lack of EU unity on certain issues, also feature amongst key challenges. This note offers links to recent selected commentaries, studies and reports from major international think tanks on EU foreign and defence policies. Links to more reports on President Donald Trump’s policies, Russia, EU-China relations and NATO are available in previous items in this series, published last year.

Standard Essential Patents and the Internet of Things

15-01-2019

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, assesses the European Commission of (EC) Communication of 29 November 2017 on the EU approach to Standard Essential Patents. The report examines the principles identified in the Communication with respect to the Commission’s proposals on (i) increasing transparency on SEPs; (ii) determining valuation of SEPs( Standard Essential Patents ...

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, assesses the European Commission of (EC) Communication of 29 November 2017 on the EU approach to Standard Essential Patents. The report examines the principles identified in the Communication with respect to the Commission’s proposals on (i) increasing transparency on SEPs; (ii) determining valuation of SEPs( Standard Essential Patents) and FRAND ( Fair, Reasonable, and Non-Discriminatory) terms; and (iii) enforcement. The report evaluates the efficient resolution of licensing disputes over FRAND, including via litigation, arbitration and mediation, licensing pools and collective licensing. The current document also puts forward some policy recommendations to, inter alia, enhance the general environment of FRAND licencing in the context of SEPs.

Auteur externe

Dr Luke MCDONAGH Dr Enrico BONADIO

Contemporary forms of slavery

20-12-2018

This briefing aims to clarify the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and analyse the legal obligations of States, as well as recent international developments at global and EU levels. It highlights the inconsistent application of the concept by global governance actors and discusses the inclusion of various exploitative practices within this conceptual framework. It also examines the prevalence of contemporary forms of slavery and assesses the policy framework for EU external action. The briefing ...

This briefing aims to clarify the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and analyse the legal obligations of States, as well as recent international developments at global and EU levels. It highlights the inconsistent application of the concept by global governance actors and discusses the inclusion of various exploitative practices within this conceptual framework. It also examines the prevalence of contemporary forms of slavery and assesses the policy framework for EU external action. The briefing then recommends possible action by the EU, including: promotion of a more consistent definition and use of the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and further clarifications on the relationship with the human trafficking and forced labour frameworks; a role for the EU as catalyst in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and Targets in the field of all contemporary forms of slavery; support for standardising methods of data collection globally. Finally, the paper invites the EU to assess the possibility of drafting a new treaty on contemporary forms of slavery, as a way to fill some existing loopholes at the international level.

Auteur externe

Silvia SCARPA

Societal costs of “Fake news” in the Digital Single Market

14-12-2018

This in-depth analysis explores the mechanisms of “fake news” and its societal costs in the Digital Single Market. It describes the risks to the integrity of information and to the integrity of elections. It highlights the roles of the various actors involved in the production and amplification of such information disorders. Finally, it outlines responses that are being tested in different parts of Europe to deal with the issue. The document has been provided by Policy Department A at the request ...

This in-depth analysis explores the mechanisms of “fake news” and its societal costs in the Digital Single Market. It describes the risks to the integrity of information and to the integrity of elections. It highlights the roles of the various actors involved in the production and amplification of such information disorders. Finally, it outlines responses that are being tested in different parts of Europe to deal with the issue. The document has been provided by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Auteur externe

Prof. Dr. Divina Frau-Meigs

Implementation of the Daphne programme and other funds aimed at fighting violence against women and girls

15-01-2019

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee reviews the effectiveness of European Union funding targeting the elimination of gender-based violence. It investigates the relevance of the priorities and actions funded, and the extent to which the results address programme objectives and provide direct support to victims of violence. The study concludes with policy recommendations on the priorities ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee reviews the effectiveness of European Union funding targeting the elimination of gender-based violence. It investigates the relevance of the priorities and actions funded, and the extent to which the results address programme objectives and provide direct support to victims of violence. The study concludes with policy recommendations on the priorities for the next cycle of EU funding for fighting violence against women and girls.

Auteur externe

Birte BOOK, Meena FERNANDES, Zrinjka DOLIC

Publié le 17-01-2019

Study in focus: Financial Supervision and Regulation in the US - Dodd-Frank Reform

15-01-2019

This paper, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee, gives an overview of the key provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act which were presented in the study on Financial Supervision and Regulation in the US.

This paper, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee, gives an overview of the key provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act which were presented in the study on Financial Supervision and Regulation in the US.

Connecting Europe Facility 2021-2027: Financing key EU infrastructure networks

17-01-2019

The EU supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and interconnected trans-European networks in the areas of transport, energy and digital infrastructure. The trans-European networks policy was consolidated in 2013, and the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) set up as a dedicated financing instrument to channel EU funding into the development of infrastructure networks, help eliminate market failures and attract further investment from the public and private sectors. Following a mid-term ...

The EU supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and interconnected trans-European networks in the areas of transport, energy and digital infrastructure. The trans-European networks policy was consolidated in 2013, and the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) set up as a dedicated financing instrument to channel EU funding into the development of infrastructure networks, help eliminate market failures and attract further investment from the public and private sectors. Following a mid-term evaluation, which confirmed the CEF programme's capacity to bring significant EU added value, the European Commission proposed to renew the programme under the next long term EU budget. The Transport Council of 3 December 2018 agreed a partial general approach on the proposal, excluding financial and horizontal issues for the moment, which are still under discussion as part of the EU budget for 2021-2027. The European Parliament adopted its position for negotiations on 12 December 2018, and interinstitutional negotiations on the proposal can thus now start. The European Parliament and Council are expected to discuss the proposal and its budget, so as to ensure that, once adopted, the programme can stimulate the necessary infrastructure development, while also helping to achieve the EU's climate change objectives. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Acceptance of electronic freight transport information

17-01-2019

In freight transport, handling of paper documents creates administrative burden and inefficiency to transport logistics chains. The use of electronic documents in this respect would improve the efficiency of transport, especially in multimodal and cross-border transport, and facilitate the functioning of the single market. The IA accompanying the Commission’s legislative proposal, which aims to foster the electronic exchange of documents and information, provides a good presentation of the problems ...

In freight transport, handling of paper documents creates administrative burden and inefficiency to transport logistics chains. The use of electronic documents in this respect would improve the efficiency of transport, especially in multimodal and cross-border transport, and facilitate the functioning of the single market. The IA accompanying the Commission’s legislative proposal, which aims to foster the electronic exchange of documents and information, provides a good presentation of the problems, objectives and policy options. It appears that the stakeholders’ views have been taken into account when making a choice of the preferred option. On the other hand, the IA could have explained estimated impacts of the initiative in more depth, in particular concerning the expected social and environmental impacts.

Establishing a European Investment Stabilisation Function

17-01-2019

The European Commission has proposed to establish a European Investment Stabilisation Function. The accompanying IA focusses on the expected positive effects of the proposal, rather than providing a balanced assessment of different policy options and all their relevant impacts. The mostly qualitative analysis is complemented by some quantifications that are, to the Commission’s own admission, based on uncertain assumptions. The caveats, methods and models of the IA could have been better explained ...

The European Commission has proposed to establish a European Investment Stabilisation Function. The accompanying IA focusses on the expected positive effects of the proposal, rather than providing a balanced assessment of different policy options and all their relevant impacts. The mostly qualitative analysis is complemented by some quantifications that are, to the Commission’s own admission, based on uncertain assumptions. The caveats, methods and models of the IA could have been better explained to increase its transparency. The selection of the preferred option seems to be based on political considerations.

Evénements à venir

21-01-2019
Public Hearing on “European Added Value”
Audition -
CONT
22-01-2019
Harmonisation as a principle for Single Market legislation
Audition -
IMCO
23-01-2019
Implementation of EU Funds aimed at fighting violence against women & girls – Hearing
Audition -
FEMM

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