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Publié le 24-05-2017

Internet pour la croissance, la compétitivité et la cohésion : société européenne du gigabit et 5G

24-05-2017

En réponse à la communication de la Commission sur la société européenne du gigabit, la commission de l’industrie, de la recherche et de l’énergie (ITRE) du Parlement européen a adopté un rapport d’initiative, qui devrait être examiné en plénière en mai. Dans ce rapport, l’Union européenne est invitée à jouer un rôle de premier plan sur la scène mondiale dans le domaine de la 5G, la prochaine génération de communications sans fil. Attendue pour 2020, la 5G devrait ouvrir la voie à un éventail de ...

En réponse à la communication de la Commission sur la société européenne du gigabit, la commission de l’industrie, de la recherche et de l’énergie (ITRE) du Parlement européen a adopté un rapport d’initiative, qui devrait être examiné en plénière en mai. Dans ce rapport, l’Union européenne est invitée à jouer un rôle de premier plan sur la scène mondiale dans le domaine de la 5G, la prochaine génération de communications sans fil. Attendue pour 2020, la 5G devrait ouvrir la voie à un éventail de nouveaux services innovants qui révolutionneront des secteurs tels que l’industrie manufacturière, l’énergie, le secteur automobile et la santé, en les faisant entrer dans l’ère de l’internet des objets.

Ukraine : mesures commerciales autonomes temporaires

24-05-2017

Compte tenu de la situation économique difficile que connaît l’Ukraine et des réformes qu’elle a entreprises, la Commission propose d’améliorer l’accès de ce pays au marché de l’Union à l’égard de certains produits industriels et agricoles. Le vote du Parlement européen en séance plénière est prévu en mai.

Compte tenu de la situation économique difficile que connaît l’Ukraine et des réformes qu’elle a entreprises, la Commission propose d’améliorer l’accès de ce pays au marché de l’Union à l’égard de certains produits industriels et agricoles. Le vote du Parlement européen en séance plénière est prévu en mai.

Un même taux de TVA pour les publications imprimées et électroniques

24-05-2017

Le 1er décembre 2016, la Commission européenne a adopté une proposition relative à la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA) sur les livres, journaux et périodiques, modifiant la directive TVA et étendant la possibilité d’appliquer des taux réduits aux publications imprimés ou numériques. Dans le cadre de la procédure de consultation, le rapport fera l’objet d’un vote lors de la réunion plénière de mai.

Le 1er décembre 2016, la Commission européenne a adopté une proposition relative à la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA) sur les livres, journaux et périodiques, modifiant la directive TVA et étendant la possibilité d’appliquer des taux réduits aux publications imprimés ou numériques. Dans le cadre de la procédure de consultation, le rapport fera l’objet d’un vote lors de la réunion plénière de mai.

Passage au numérique des entreprises européennes

24-05-2017

En réponse aux efforts récents de la Commission européenne pour promouvoir le passage au numérique des entreprises européennes, la commission de l’industrie, de la recherche et de l’énergie (ITRE) du Parlement européen a rédigé un rapport d'initiative sur le sujet, qui sera débattu en plénière en mai. Ce rapport propose d’élaborer une stratégie intégrée visant à créer les conditions d’une réindustrialisation de l’économie européenne afin qu’elle puisse bénéficier pleinement des avantages du passage ...

En réponse aux efforts récents de la Commission européenne pour promouvoir le passage au numérique des entreprises européennes, la commission de l’industrie, de la recherche et de l’énergie (ITRE) du Parlement européen a rédigé un rapport d'initiative sur le sujet, qui sera débattu en plénière en mai. Ce rapport propose d’élaborer une stratégie intégrée visant à créer les conditions d’une réindustrialisation de l’économie européenne afin qu’elle puisse bénéficier pleinement des avantages du passage au numérique.

Mercury: Aligning EU legislation with Minamata

24-05-2017

The United Nations' Minamata Convention on mercury was agreed in 2013 with a view to protecting human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. Although mercury use has declined significantly in recent decades, mercury released into the air, water and land remains a serious threat to human health and the environment. EU policy banned exports of mercury, provided for the storage of mercury waste, restricted the use of mercury in various products and sought to address pollution ...

The United Nations' Minamata Convention on mercury was agreed in 2013 with a view to protecting human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. Although mercury use has declined significantly in recent decades, mercury released into the air, water and land remains a serious threat to human health and the environment. EU policy banned exports of mercury, provided for the storage of mercury waste, restricted the use of mercury in various products and sought to address pollution caused by it. However, there were some regulatory gaps between EU legislation and the Minamata Convention. In February 2016, the European Commission submitted a legislative proposal aiming to align this legislation with the Convention in view of its ratification. After completion of the legislative procedure at first reading in the European Parliament and the Council, the presidents of the co-legislators signed the final act on 17 May 2017. The regulation will apply from 1 January 2018.

Limitations of scope for aviation activities in the EU ETS

24-05-2017

The IA defines the problems and objectives of the proposed initiative clearly, and relies on comprehensive, and updated, sources of information. Overall, most of the objectives seem to be relevant, sufficiently measurable, and achievable, though not always specific or time-bound. The selection of policy options regarding the 2017-2020 period is not entirely convincing, especially considering that those included in the initial selection were quickly discarded. The IA assesses, with a considerable ...

The IA defines the problems and objectives of the proposed initiative clearly, and relies on comprehensive, and updated, sources of information. Overall, most of the objectives seem to be relevant, sufficiently measurable, and achievable, though not always specific or time-bound. The selection of policy options regarding the 2017-2020 period is not entirely convincing, especially considering that those included in the initial selection were quickly discarded. The IA assesses, with a considerable level of depth, the environmental, economic, and social impacts of the options retained. The analysis is, in general, balanced, clear and comprehensive, and is supported by two quantitative models (AERO-MS, and PRIMES) previously used by the Commission. However, the choice of these models is not entirely convincing, for reasons highlighted in this briefing. The analysis of the competitiveness of small emitters (SMEs) is sufficiently broad, and includes specific sections dealing with competition between direct city-pair routes, between one-stop services, and between tourist destinations. However, it is not always easy to read and, at least in the case when the IA describes the impact of an increase in fuel prices, is sometimes not very clear. The Commission consulted a broad range of stakeholders, whose views are described and analysed extensively. The IA seems to have addressed most of the RSB's recommendations. However, it keeps the full scope of the EU ETS as the baseline, whereas the RSB recommended the continuation of the current policy as a more realistic choice. In addition, sufficient information about EU and ICAO policies on aircraft technologies, operational measures and sustainable alternative fuels, as recommended by the RSB, still seems to be missing.

Preventive restructuring, second chance and efficient restructuring, insolvency and discharge procedures

24-05-2017

This Commission impact assessment is based on a wealth of information drawing from both research and consultation. Research quoted spans the last decade and encompasses international organisation, academic and think tank work. The consultation performed by the Commission has been essential to prioritising the issues to be further harmonised and in choosing the detailed sub-options. Among the strengths of the IA, there is a genuine attempt to comply as much as possible with the Commission Better Regulation ...

This Commission impact assessment is based on a wealth of information drawing from both research and consultation. Research quoted spans the last decade and encompasses international organisation, academic and think tank work. The consultation performed by the Commission has been essential to prioritising the issues to be further harmonised and in choosing the detailed sub-options. Among the strengths of the IA, there is a genuine attempt to comply as much as possible with the Commission Better Regulation Guidelines and transparency in providing information. This is particularly evident in the broad range of options presented and in the presentation of the territorial impacts of the initiative. In this regard, for instance, the IA provides a useful legal analysis of the most important issues for most Member States. Nevertheless, economic impacts appear to be analysed more in depth than social and employment outcomes. Among the additional weaknesses, the numerous objectives identified are not time-bound and may be difficult to measure. Finally, although the IA states that Member States should not incur significant monitoring costs, the requirements in the IA appear to be shorter and less detailed than the ones in the Commission proposal.

From TPP to new trade arrangements in the Asia-Pacific region

24-05-2017

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), signed in February 2016 by the representatives of its 12 member countries, is a comprehensive regional agreement dealing with a wide range of trade and trade-related issues. In January 2017, President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the TPP, making it impossible for the agreement, as it is currently drafted, to take effect. Despite the US withdrawal, the remaining TPP participating countries are determined to salvage the benefits of the agreement, ...

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), signed in February 2016 by the representatives of its 12 member countries, is a comprehensive regional agreement dealing with a wide range of trade and trade-related issues. In January 2017, President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the TPP, making it impossible for the agreement, as it is currently drafted, to take effect. Despite the US withdrawal, the remaining TPP participating countries are determined to salvage the benefits of the agreement, and are working to develop alternative approaches to bring the trade deal into force. The failure of the TPP is likely to influence the way that other economic and trade cooperation initiatives, including the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), will develop in the Asia-Pacific region. The US withdrawal also represents an opportunity for the EU, which is strongly committed to a robust trade policy and an open trading system, to advance its interests in the region. The EU is currently working on or has already concluded bilateral trade agreements with almost all TPP member countries.

Circular economy package: Four legislative proposals on waste

24-05-2017

Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent decades, over a quarter of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse ...

Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent decades, over a quarter of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling, strengthening provisions on waste prevention and extended producer responsibility, and streamlining definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. This updates an earlier edition, of September 2016; PE 589.797.

Research for AGRI Committee - Preserving agricultural soils in the EU

15-03-2017

This study explains how threats to soils and soil services are linked to agricultural soil management, how threats can be mitigated, and which barriers complicate this. It highlights trade-offs and synergies that exist between different interests affected by soil management, such as climate change mitigation, water and air quality, biodiversity, food security and farm income. Conservation of peatland and extensive agro-forestry systems, and protecting soils against sealing, erosion and compaction ...

This study explains how threats to soils and soil services are linked to agricultural soil management, how threats can be mitigated, and which barriers complicate this. It highlights trade-offs and synergies that exist between different interests affected by soil management, such as climate change mitigation, water and air quality, biodiversity, food security and farm income. Conservation of peatland and extensive agro-forestry systems, and protecting soils against sealing, erosion and compaction are ranked as highest priorities. Potential policy elements are suggested.

Auteur externe

H.F.M. ten Berge, J.J. Schröder, J.E. Olesen, J.-V. Giraldez Cervera

Evénements à venir

29-05-2017
The future of OLAF
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30-05-2017
The potential of electricity demand response
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The current challenges of fighting terrorism and serious crime
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LIBE

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