ThinkTank logo Les documents qui contribuent à déterminer la nouvelle législation de l'Union
Publié le 29-09-2016

What if blockchain technology revolutionised voting?

29-09-2016

Is blockchain the revolution in security and transparency that is needed to enable e-voting and, if so, what are the implications for the future of democracy? Despite the digitalisation of several important aspects of modern life, elections are still largely conducted offline, on paper. Since the turn of the century, e-voting has been considered a promising and (eventually) inevitable development, which could speed up, simplify and reduce the cost of elections, and might even lead to higher voter ...

Is blockchain the revolution in security and transparency that is needed to enable e-voting and, if so, what are the implications for the future of democracy? Despite the digitalisation of several important aspects of modern life, elections are still largely conducted offline, on paper. Since the turn of the century, e-voting has been considered a promising and (eventually) inevitable development, which could speed up, simplify and reduce the cost of elections, and might even lead to higher voter turnouts and the development of stronger democracies. E-voting could take many forms: using the internet or a dedicated, isolated network; requiring voters to attend a polling station or allowing unsupervised voting; using existing devices, such as mobile phones and laptops, or requiring specialist equipment. Now we have a further choice; to continue trusting central authorities to manage elections or to use blockchain technology to distribute an open voting record among citizens. Many experts agree that e-voting would require revolutionary developments in security systems. The debate is whether blockchain will represent a transformative or merely incremental development, and what its implications could be for the future of democracy.

Size of political groups in the EP - October 2016

29-09-2016

Our table shows the number of MEPs in each group, broken down by Member State, as well as the non-attached (NI) Members not in any group. The figures are supplied by our colleagues from the Members’ Administration Unit. This infographic updates an earlier edition, of 11 November 2015.

Our table shows the number of MEPs in each group, broken down by Member State, as well as the non-attached (NI) Members not in any group. The figures are supplied by our colleagues from the Members’ Administration Unit. This infographic updates an earlier edition, of 11 November 2015.

The New EU Blue Card Directive

29-09-2016

The Impact Assessment makes a convincing case for the need for action to overhaul the current Blue Card Directive. The IA is substantiated by sound and comprehensive research (in the form of 16 annexes) and external expertise, as well as wide consultation taking international immigration systems aiming to attract highly skilled workers into account. Although not all of the options presented appear viable, the European Commission makes a genuine attempt to identify solutions to the problem. The limited ...

The Impact Assessment makes a convincing case for the need for action to overhaul the current Blue Card Directive. The IA is substantiated by sound and comprehensive research (in the form of 16 annexes) and external expertise, as well as wide consultation taking international immigration systems aiming to attract highly skilled workers into account. Although not all of the options presented appear viable, the European Commission makes a genuine attempt to identify solutions to the problem. The limited data, about which the Commission is transparent, suggests that the quantitative evidence used in the IA, in particular regarding the economic impacts, might merit further exploration. Finally, it would have been useful if the IA had provided a link to the external IA study that underpins the Commission’s IA.

Decisive step for Colombian peace agreement

29-09-2016

The signature of the Final Peace Agreement in Colombia on 26 September 2016 brings a successful end to the negotiations between the Colombian government and the FARC guerrilla group. Negotiations between the two sides started in Havana four years ago, and they announced a final peace agreement on 24 August, and the declaration of a definitive ceasefire from 29 August 2016. This has thus raised expectations for a rapid end to the longest-running conflict in modern Latin America. Nevertheless, the ...

The signature of the Final Peace Agreement in Colombia on 26 September 2016 brings a successful end to the negotiations between the Colombian government and the FARC guerrilla group. Negotiations between the two sides started in Havana four years ago, and they announced a final peace agreement on 24 August, and the declaration of a definitive ceasefire from 29 August 2016. This has thus raised expectations for a rapid end to the longest-running conflict in modern Latin America. Nevertheless, the peace process is far from completed: Sunday 2 October 2016 will be a decisive date in the process, when the agreement is submitted to a popular referendum. The most unpopular part of the deal, the transitional justice system, could prove decisive for the outcome. If the agreement is approved by the Colombian people, the third and most difficult phase – the implementation of the agreement – will begin, and this poses numerous uncertainties about the future. International actors have played a major role since the beginning of the process, and will continue to do so during the peace-building phase. In particular, the United Nations and some of its agencies, UNASUR, the Organisation of American States, and the European Union (which has appointed a special envoy), are involved.

EU-India Relations — Keeping up the Momentum Needed for a Vital Strategic Partnership

06-09-2016

Relations between the EU and India seem to be back on track since leaders met in Brussels, on 30 March 2016, for their first summit in four years. They endorsed the EU-India Agenda for Action 2020 and their water, clean energy and climate partnerships; they welcomed the negotiations on a broad-based Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) and agreed that the fact that they are currently stalled should not stand in the way of the overall development of the relationship. They set a common agenda ...

Relations between the EU and India seem to be back on track since leaders met in Brussels, on 30 March 2016, for their first summit in four years. They endorsed the EU-India Agenda for Action 2020 and their water, clean energy and climate partnerships; they welcomed the negotiations on a broad-based Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) and agreed that the fact that they are currently stalled should not stand in the way of the overall development of the relationship. They set a common agenda on migration and mobility and they adopted a joint declaration on counter-terrorism. It is vital to keep up the momentum created at the summit. The strategic relationship is vital to both sides: India is Asia’s third-largest economy and the world’s fastest growing economy and the EU is India’s biggest trading partner. The EU is also the largest investor in India, with foreign direct investment stock valued at EUR 38.5 billion in 2014, and is the primary destination for Indian foreign investment.

Structured Dialogue with the Commission on Suspension of European Structural and Investment Funds to Spain and Portugal

29-09-2016

Following the Council decision of 12 July 2016 establishing that Spain and Portugal did not take effective action under the Excessive Deficit Procedure, the Commission shall make a proposal to suspend, part or all, of the commitments and payments for the programmes related to the European Structural and Investment Funds for these two Member States. In this context, the European Parliament invited the Commission for a structured dialogue.

Following the Council decision of 12 July 2016 establishing that Spain and Portugal did not take effective action under the Excessive Deficit Procedure, the Commission shall make a proposal to suspend, part or all, of the commitments and payments for the programmes related to the European Structural and Investment Funds for these two Member States. In this context, the European Parliament invited the Commission for a structured dialogue.

Monitoring the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals – The Role of the Data Revolution

04-07-2016

The paper examines the transition from monitoring the Millennium Development Goals to monitoring the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the implications for developing countries, and the support that the data revolution could provide. The indicators agreed for the SDG targets are discussed in terms of data requirements and the different types of data currently collected. The potential for the data revolution to strengthen open data and access to data in terms of connectivity is also explored. ...

The paper examines the transition from monitoring the Millennium Development Goals to monitoring the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the implications for developing countries, and the support that the data revolution could provide. The indicators agreed for the SDG targets are discussed in terms of data requirements and the different types of data currently collected. The potential for the data revolution to strengthen open data and access to data in terms of connectivity is also explored. The latter is seen as being central to increasing accountability as part of the monitoring process. The paper looks into the areas that the EU might prioritise and how these could contribute to the broader Follow-Up and Review framework proposed by the UN Secretary General for consideration by the UN General Assembly, as well as offering recommendations for EU support to its development partner countries.

Publié le 28-09-2016

Economic impact of Big Data

28-09-2016

An EP resolution of 10 March 2016 quotes the benefits of a data driven economy and its expected impact on GDP growth and on job creation according to different worldwide studies. While the volume and the variety of big data is increasing exponentially, its value for the European economy has been highlighted by the creation of the Big Data Public and Private Partnership, which was set up to support both technical and non-technical priority areas in the value chain. A number of indicators covering ...

An EP resolution of 10 March 2016 quotes the benefits of a data driven economy and its expected impact on GDP growth and on job creation according to different worldwide studies. While the volume and the variety of big data is increasing exponentially, its value for the European economy has been highlighted by the creation of the Big Data Public and Private Partnership, which was set up to support both technical and non-technical priority areas in the value chain. A number of indicators covering the European data market are presented in this infographic, in particular regarding its size and expected developments in terms of companies, employment and revenues with a 2020 horizon.

Big data and data analytics

28-09-2016

Advances in information and communication technologies, the increasing use of electronic devices and networks, and the digitalisation of production processes mean that vast quantities of data are generated daily by economic and social activities. This 'big data' can be transmitted, collected, aggregated and analysed to provide insights into processes and human behaviours. Big data analytics have the potential to identify efficiencies that can be made in a wide range of sectors, and to lead to innovative ...

Advances in information and communication technologies, the increasing use of electronic devices and networks, and the digitalisation of production processes mean that vast quantities of data are generated daily by economic and social activities. This 'big data' can be transmitted, collected, aggregated and analysed to provide insights into processes and human behaviours. Big data analytics have the potential to identify efficiencies that can be made in a wide range of sectors, and to lead to innovative new products and services, greater competitiveness and economic growth. Studies suggest that companies that adopt big data analytics can increase productivity by 5%-10% more than companies that do not, and that big data practices in Europe could add 1.9% to GDP between 2014 and 2020. However big data analytics also pose a number of challenges for policy makers. Whilst protecting privacy and personal data has arguably received the most attention, other big-data-related issues are expected to appear on the European Union policy agenda. These include 'data ownership' principles that determine who shares in the rights associated with big data; data localisation requirements that may unjustifiably interfere with the 'free flow of data'; labour shortages of skilled data workers and data-aware managers; and the creation of a new digital divide that risks marginalising those who do not make extensive use of information and communication technologies.

Publié le 27-09-2016

Mesures de lutte de l'Union européenne contre la torture dans le domaine du commerce international

27-09-2016

Le renforcement du règlement de 2005 interdisant le commerce de certains biens susceptibles d'être utilisés à des fins de torture ou d'exécution dans les pays tiers doit faire l'objet d'un vote lors de la session plénière d'octobre, à la suite d'un compromis conclu en trilogue qui comprend la plupart des recommandations du Parlement. Le rapport de la commission du commerce international (INTA), examiné en plénière en octobre 2015, avait constaté que les propositions initiales de la Commission n'étaient ...

Le renforcement du règlement de 2005 interdisant le commerce de certains biens susceptibles d'être utilisés à des fins de torture ou d'exécution dans les pays tiers doit faire l'objet d'un vote lors de la session plénière d'octobre, à la suite d'un compromis conclu en trilogue qui comprend la plupart des recommandations du Parlement. Le rapport de la commission du commerce international (INTA), examiné en plénière en octobre 2015, avait constaté que les propositions initiales de la Commission n'étaient pas suffisamment avancées pour combler les lacunes du règlement existant.

Evénements à venir

04-10-2016
100 Books on Europe to Remember
Autre événement - EPRS
11-10-2016
Hearing on Obstacles to EU citizen’s freedom to move and work in the Internal Market
Audition - PETI
11-10-2016
13:00 - 15:00 Europe's migration-security nexus: The role of the EU and UN
Autre événement - EPRS

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