ThinkTank logo Les documents qui contribuent à déterminer la nouvelle législation de l'Union
Publié le 21-09-2018

Amending capital requirements: The 'CRD-V package'

21-09-2018

In June 2018, the Parliament's Economic & Monetary Affairs Committee (ECON) voted its report on the legislative proposals amending the current Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (the 'CRD-IV package') which set the prudential framework for financial institutions operating in the EU. The Council (Ecofin) achieved agreement on its position on the initiative in May. The proposed amendments to the package, now being discussed by the two institutions in trilogue, implement the most recent international ...

In June 2018, the Parliament's Economic & Monetary Affairs Committee (ECON) voted its report on the legislative proposals amending the current Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (the 'CRD-IV package') which set the prudential framework for financial institutions operating in the EU. The Council (Ecofin) achieved agreement on its position on the initiative in May. The proposed amendments to the package, now being discussed by the two institutions in trilogue, implement the most recent international regulatory standards for banks, set by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision ('Basel III framework'). They also address some regulatory shortcomings and aim to contribute to sustainable bank financing of the economy.

Languages and the Digital Single Market

21-09-2018

The citizens of the European Union communicate in its 24 official languages, approximately 60 regional and minority languages, and 31 national and regional sign languages. Some of these have many millions of native and foreign speakers, whereas others are spoken by just a few thousand people each. Dominant languages can threaten the survival of 'smaller' ones with many fewer native speakers and which thus need protection. Multilingualism policy in areas such as language teaching and learning, and ...

The citizens of the European Union communicate in its 24 official languages, approximately 60 regional and minority languages, and 31 national and regional sign languages. Some of these have many millions of native and foreign speakers, whereas others are spoken by just a few thousand people each. Dominant languages can threaten the survival of 'smaller' ones with many fewer native speakers and which thus need protection. Multilingualism policy in areas such as language teaching and learning, and translation and interpretation, is necessary to facilitate communication among various language communities and for supporting languages with fewer speakers. Moreover, unaddressed language barriers hinder the economy of individual Member States and the EU in general. The digital shift and ICT technologies open rich possibilities of expression and business, yet these are not spread equally across language communities. Smaller languages are under-represented in digital environments, which could entail their digital extinction. New technologies can facilitate language learning, translation and interpretation. However, paradoxically, the smaller languages, which could benefit the most from these technologies, are the least resourced in data, in researchers specialising in both language and technology, and in human and financial means. Some solutions to these challenges could emerge from EU-supported and coordinated projects, a clear focus on language technologies in EU policies, and dedicated funding, provided in the clear awareness that these challenges not only have a human dimension but also economic implications for the digital single market and the economy of the EU as a whole.

Promoting fairness and transparency in the online platform environment

21-09-2018

How to promote fairness and transparency in the online platform environment? The Commission's answer to this question can be found in its recent legislative proposal. It stipulates that providers of online intermediation services (e.g. Amazon) and online search engines (e.g. Google search) have to implement certain measures to ensure transparency and fairness in the contractual relations they have with online businesses which use such platforms to provide their services to customers in the EU. This ...

How to promote fairness and transparency in the online platform environment? The Commission's answer to this question can be found in its recent legislative proposal. It stipulates that providers of online intermediation services (e.g. Amazon) and online search engines (e.g. Google search) have to implement certain measures to ensure transparency and fairness in the contractual relations they have with online businesses which use such platforms to provide their services to customers in the EU. This briefing provides you with an appraisal of the quality of the impact assessment, which accompanies the Commission's proposal.

Russia [What Think Tanks are thinking]

21-09-2018

In September, Russia held its largest military exercise since 1981, the height of the Cold War, deploying 300 000 troops and also inviting Chinese forces to participate. The event highlighted Russia’s growing assertiveness in security and foreign policy, following its annexation of Crimea and military intervention in Syria. The policies of President Vladimir Putin, who was re-elected earlier this year, pose a dilemma for the European Union and the United States, with some observers accusing him of ...

In September, Russia held its largest military exercise since 1981, the height of the Cold War, deploying 300 000 troops and also inviting Chinese forces to participate. The event highlighted Russia’s growing assertiveness in security and foreign policy, following its annexation of Crimea and military intervention in Syria. The policies of President Vladimir Putin, who was re-elected earlier this year, pose a dilemma for the European Union and the United States, with some observers accusing him of trying to sabotage Western liberal democracy and others saying that he wants to regain the position of global player that the Soviet Union once occupied. This note offers links to commentaries and studies by major international think tanks, which discuss Russia's policies and how to respond to them. More reports on the topic can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are Thinking', published in March 2018. Some more papers on US-Russian relations are available in another edition from the series published in August 2018.

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

21-09-2018

In today's context of renewed tensions on the European continent, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has an opportunity to play a stronger role as a forum for all Europe's security actors, helping to prevent a logic of confrontation between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the EU versus Russia from prevailing. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) came into being during the detente of 1962-1979. It transformed the zero-sum game of ...

In today's context of renewed tensions on the European continent, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has an opportunity to play a stronger role as a forum for all Europe's security actors, helping to prevent a logic of confrontation between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the EU versus Russia from prevailing. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) came into being during the detente of 1962-1979. It transformed the zero-sum game of the Cold War into a positive-sum game between European states, becoming a forum for discussion between the two superpowers and European countries. However, the main achievement of the Helsinki process that formed the CSCE was that it brought all the participating countries to the negotiating table. The main outcome of the Helsinki process was less the Final Act itself than the original process of negotiations between all the participating states. After the fall of the USSR and the subsequent EU and NATO enlargements, the OSCE (as the CSCE was renamed in 1994) was redesigned as a forum for resolving Cold War tensions and it became gradually less relevant. The main elements of the European security framework established by the CSCE (Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe, Vienna Document, Open Skies Treaty) lost their ability to secure effective arms control and build confidence. There was a shift towards soft security cooperation (election monitoring, peace processes, the protection of minorities, and action to ensure a safe environment for journalists). Initiatives to reform the OSCE over the past decade have largely failed because of disagreements between member states on the objectives and the organisation's legal and financial means. Nevertheless, it remains a necessary forum when it comes to resolving a growing number of crises.

The impact of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 on innovation and development of alternatives and new plant protection products

18-09-2018

This brief presents a view, based on evidence, that on balance, the impact of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 on innovation and development of new chemical and alternative biological PPPs has been negative. It outlines the current process leading from the submission of the registration dossier to the authorisation of plant protection products (PPPs), and describes how various technical and regulatory issues cause costly delays and discourage investment in research and development (R & D) of new PPPs ...

This brief presents a view, based on evidence, that on balance, the impact of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 on innovation and development of new chemical and alternative biological PPPs has been negative. It outlines the current process leading from the submission of the registration dossier to the authorisation of plant protection products (PPPs), and describes how various technical and regulatory issues cause costly delays and discourage investment in research and development (R & D) of new PPPs. Finally, the brief concludes with a number of recommendations for consideration.

Auteur externe

Nazim Punja

Publié le 20-09-2018

Review of the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR): Updated rules on supervision of central counterparties (CCPs)

20-09-2018

The increasing importance of central counterparties (CCPs) and challenges such as the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the EU call for a more comprehensive supervision of CCPs in EU and non-EU countries to secure financial market infrastructure and build confidence. In June 2017, the Commission proposed amendments to Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010 (ESMA – European Securities and Markets Authority) and Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 (EMIR – European Market Infrastructure), to strengthen the regulatory ...

The increasing importance of central counterparties (CCPs) and challenges such as the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the EU call for a more comprehensive supervision of CCPs in EU and non-EU countries to secure financial market infrastructure and build confidence. In June 2017, the Commission proposed amendments to Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010 (ESMA – European Securities and Markets Authority) and Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 (EMIR – European Market Infrastructure), to strengthen the regulatory framework: EU CCPs would be supervised by national authorities in agreement with ESMA, and third-country CCPs subject to different requirements depending on whether (or not) they are systemically important. The European Parliament Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee (ECON) adopted its report in May 2018. Review in Council is ongoing.

Publié le 19-09-2018

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund 2021-2027

19-09-2018

As part of the next EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period, the European Commission published its proposal for a regulation on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) on 12 June 2018. The new fund will continue to support the EU common fisheries policy and the Union's maritime policy. The proposal aims to simplify the delivery of the fund compared to the very complex legal framework in use for the current EMFF. It therefore presents a more flexible architecture: this would allow Member ...

As part of the next EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period, the European Commission published its proposal for a regulation on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) on 12 June 2018. The new fund will continue to support the EU common fisheries policy and the Union's maritime policy. The proposal aims to simplify the delivery of the fund compared to the very complex legal framework in use for the current EMFF. It therefore presents a more flexible architecture: this would allow Member States to use the funds where they see the greatest need, instead of being bound to a list of pre-defined measures and eligibility rules. Small-scale coastal fisheries and outermost regions would receive an increased preferential treatment. It further proposes increased support for international ocean governance and stronger synergies with other EU policies. The fund is also expected to contribute to the development of the blue economy and support the EU's climate objectives.

Road infrastructure safety management

19-09-2018

On 17 May 2018, the Commission adopted the proposal for a directive amending Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management. It is part of the third and last 'Europe on the Move' package that includes initiatives supporting the transition towards a safe, clean, automated and connected mobility for all. The revision, consistent with the goals laid down in the 2011 White Paper on Transport and in the Policy Orientations for Road Safety 2011-2020, was presented together with another legislative ...

On 17 May 2018, the Commission adopted the proposal for a directive amending Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management. It is part of the third and last 'Europe on the Move' package that includes initiatives supporting the transition towards a safe, clean, automated and connected mobility for all. The revision, consistent with the goals laid down in the 2011 White Paper on Transport and in the Policy Orientations for Road Safety 2011-2020, was presented together with another legislative proposal on vehicle and pedestrian safety and non-legislative initiatives to promote safe mobility. The general objective of the proposal, which seeks to address the shortcomings of the existing legislation, is to reduce both road fatalities and serious injuries by improving the safety performance of road infrastructure. It proposes key changes to strengthen road infrastructure safety management procedures and extends the scope of the directive beyond the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Member States with Excessive Macroeconomic Imbalances

19-09-2018

This note provides an overview on the state-of-play of the surveillance of the three Member States that have been assessed as part of the 2018 European Semester cycle as experiencing excessive macroeconomic imbalances in the context of the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure. Separate notes describe the state of play of the MIP implementation and the MIP procedure.

This note provides an overview on the state-of-play of the surveillance of the three Member States that have been assessed as part of the 2018 European Semester cycle as experiencing excessive macroeconomic imbalances in the context of the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure. Separate notes describe the state of play of the MIP implementation and the MIP procedure.

Evénements à venir

24-09-2018
Brexit and industry and space policy
Atelier -
ITRE
24-09-2018
Third meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group (JPSG) on Europol
Autre événement -
LIBE
24-09-2018
Education in the digital era
Audition -
CULT

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