66

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Domaine politique
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Fight against fraud: Pericles 2020, Hercule III and AFIS

09-04-2019

Pericles 2020 is an exchange, assistance and training programme for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting. Hercule III is a programme aimed at supporting action to combat irregularities, fraud and corruption affecting the EU budget. AFIS is a collection of applications for the exchange of anti-fraud information between OLAF and national administrations.

Pericles 2020 is an exchange, assistance and training programme for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting. Hercule III is a programme aimed at supporting action to combat irregularities, fraud and corruption affecting the EU budget. AFIS is a collection of applications for the exchange of anti-fraud information between OLAF and national administrations.

Discharge for 2017 budget – EU decentralised agencies and joint undertakings

22-03-2019

During the March II plenary session, Parliament is due to vote on discharge to EU decentralised agencies and joint research undertakings for their implementation of the 2017 budget. The Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) proposes to grant discharge to all joint undertakings and agencies, save for the European Asylum Support Office whose discharge would be postponed due to serious irregularities.

During the March II plenary session, Parliament is due to vote on discharge to EU decentralised agencies and joint research undertakings for their implementation of the 2017 budget. The Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) proposes to grant discharge to all joint undertakings and agencies, save for the European Asylum Support Office whose discharge would be postponed due to serious irregularities.

Rapport 2017 sur la protection des intérêts financiers de l’Union européenne – lutte contre la fraude

28-01-2019

En septembre 2018, la Commission européenne a publié son rapport annuel sur la lutte contre la fraude portant atteinte aux intérêts financiers de l’Union en 2017. La valeur totale des 15 213 irrégularités signalées en 2017 s’élevait à 2,58 milliards d’euros, ce qui représente une baisse de 8,6 % par rapport à 2016. Toutefois, la valeur des irrégularités frauduleuses signalées en 2017 s’élevait à 467 millions d’euros, ce qui constitue une hausse de 19,4 % par rapport à 2016.

En septembre 2018, la Commission européenne a publié son rapport annuel sur la lutte contre la fraude portant atteinte aux intérêts financiers de l’Union en 2017. La valeur totale des 15 213 irrégularités signalées en 2017 s’élevait à 2,58 milliards d’euros, ce qui représente une baisse de 8,6 % par rapport à 2016. Toutefois, la valeur des irrégularités frauduleuses signalées en 2017 s’élevait à 467 millions d’euros, ce qui constitue une hausse de 19,4 % par rapport à 2016.

Customs 2020 and Fiscalis 2020 (2014-2020)

13-12-2018

The Customs 2020 programme was established by Regulation No 1294/2013 and is aimed at supporting the functioning of the customs union. The Fiscalis 2020 programme was established by Regulation No 1286/2013 and is aimed at improving the operation of the taxation systems in the internal market and supporting cooperation between the EU Member States.

The Customs 2020 programme was established by Regulation No 1294/2013 and is aimed at supporting the functioning of the customs union. The Fiscalis 2020 programme was established by Regulation No 1286/2013 and is aimed at improving the operation of the taxation systems in the internal market and supporting cooperation between the EU Member States.

Action for damages against the EU

07-12-2018

Most legal systems, both of states and of international organisations, provide for the liability of public administrations for damage done to individuals. This area of the law, known as 'public tort law', varies considerably from country to country, even within the European Union (EU). The EU Treaties have, from the outset, provided for liability of the EU for public torts (wrongs), in the form of action for damages against the EU, now codified in the second and third paragraphs of Article 340 of ...

Most legal systems, both of states and of international organisations, provide for the liability of public administrations for damage done to individuals. This area of the law, known as 'public tort law', varies considerably from country to country, even within the European Union (EU). The EU Treaties have, from the outset, provided for liability of the EU for public torts (wrongs), in the form of action for damages against the EU, now codified in the second and third paragraphs of Article 340 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). However, these rules are notoriously vague and brief, and refer to the 'general principles common to the laws of the Member States' as the source for the rules of EU public tort law. Since the laws of the Member States on public torts differ significantly, the reference has been treated by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) as empowerment to develop EU public tort law in its own case law. The rules developed by the CJEU have been criticised by some academics as being very complex, non-transparent and unpredictable. Experts have also pointed out that the threshold of liability is set so high that actions for damages prove successful in very few cases only. According to the data available, from the establishment of the EU until 2014, the Court only actually granted compensation to applicants in 39 cases. As a result, some scholars have even pointed out that the principle of EU liability for public torts is 'illusory' and that action for damages is not an effective means of protecting fundamental rights. Other academics add that the question of establishing the principles of EU public tort law is not merely a technical issue, but a political one, as it touches upon fundamental questions of distributive justice and the form of government in the Union, and therefore should be the subject of democratic debate. This Briefing is one in a series aimed at explaining the activities of the CJEU.

Règlement accéléré des litiges commerciaux

05-12-2018

La valeur annuelle des litiges civils transfrontières s’établit à quelque 7,7 milliards d’euros. Toutefois, il est compliqué de se tourner vers le juge national pour obtenir l’exécution des contrats commerciaux transfrontières car la durée des procédures civiles s’en trouve souvent allongée et les règles de procédure diffèrent d’un État à l’autre. La commission des affaires juridiques propose de remédier à cette situation en mettant en place une procédure civile européenne accélérée et en instituant ...

La valeur annuelle des litiges civils transfrontières s’établit à quelque 7,7 milliards d’euros. Toutefois, il est compliqué de se tourner vers le juge national pour obtenir l’exécution des contrats commerciaux transfrontières car la durée des procédures civiles s’en trouve souvent allongée et les règles de procédure diffèrent d’un État à l’autre. La commission des affaires juridiques propose de remédier à cette situation en mettant en place une procédure civile européenne accélérée et en instituant, le cas échéant, un tribunal européen de commerce. Le rapport d’initiative législative de la commission devrait être examiné lors de la session plénière de décembre.

Protecting the EU budget against generalised rule of law deficiencies

23-11-2018

On 3 May 2018 the Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation on the protection of the Union's budget in the event of generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law in a Member State. The proposal addresses, from a budgetary perspective, generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law, including threats to the independence of the judiciary, arbitrary or unlawful decisions by public authorities, limited availability and effectiveness of legal remedies, failure to implement judgments ...

On 3 May 2018 the Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation on the protection of the Union's budget in the event of generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law in a Member State. The proposal addresses, from a budgetary perspective, generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law, including threats to the independence of the judiciary, arbitrary or unlawful decisions by public authorities, limited availability and effectiveness of legal remedies, failure to implement judgments, or limitations on the effective investigation, prosecution or sanctions for breaches of law. The proposal provides for the possibility for the Commission to make proposals to the Council on sanctions measures with regard to EU funding. These include suspension of payments, suspension, reduction or even termination of legal commitments (to pay), suspension of programmes, and the transfer of money to other programmes. Such a proposal would be deemed to have been adopted if the Council failed to reject it by a qualified majority. On 17 August 2018, the European Court of Auditors (ECA) delivered its opinion on the proposal and on 3 October 2018, Parliament's co-rapporteurs presented their draft report on the proposal. While sharing the broad objectives put forward by the Commission, they have proposed a number of amendments. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Revision of EU financial rules

28-06-2018

In September 2016, the Commission tabled a proposal for a new Financial Regulation which would replace the current one (together with its Rules of Application), as well as amend 15 other sectoral instruments each containing financial rules. The Commission justifies its proposal by the need to simplify EU financial rules and make them more flexible. In April 2018, the BUDG and CONT committees approved the outcome of trilogue negotiations on the main part of the proposal for a new Financial Regulation ...

In September 2016, the Commission tabled a proposal for a new Financial Regulation which would replace the current one (together with its Rules of Application), as well as amend 15 other sectoral instruments each containing financial rules. The Commission justifies its proposal by the need to simplify EU financial rules and make them more flexible. In April 2018, the BUDG and CONT committees approved the outcome of trilogue negotiations on the main part of the proposal for a new Financial Regulation, and that is expected to be voted in plenary in July 2018. Prior to that, in December 2017, the co-legislators had already adopted part of the proposal relating to the reform of five sectoral regulations within the common agricultural policy. See separate EPRS ‘At a glance’ note on the agricultural part, 2016/0282B(COD). Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Révision des règles financières de l’Union européenne

27-06-2018

Pendant sa session plénière de juillet, le Parlement doit approuver le texte de compromis du nouveau règlement financier, à la suite de l’adoption des conclusions des négociations en trilogue en avril 2018 par les commissions BUDG et CONT. Avant cela, en décembre 2017, les colégislateurs avaient déjà adopté séparément la partie de la proposition originale relative à la réforme de cinq règlements sectoriels concernant la politique agricole commune.

Pendant sa session plénière de juillet, le Parlement doit approuver le texte de compromis du nouveau règlement financier, à la suite de l’adoption des conclusions des négociations en trilogue en avril 2018 par les commissions BUDG et CONT. Avant cela, en décembre 2017, les colégislateurs avaient déjà adopté séparément la partie de la proposition originale relative à la réforme de cinq règlements sectoriels concernant la politique agricole commune.

Rapport annuel 2016: Protection des intérêts financiers de l’Union européenne – Lutte contre la fraude

25-04-2018

En 2016, 19 080 irrégularités portant atteinte au budget de l’Union ont été signalées, soit une baisse de 15 % par rapport à 2015. En outre, la valeur financière de ces irrégularités a diminué de 8 %, passant de 3,21 milliards d’euros en 2015 à 2,97 milliards d’euros en 2016. Sur ce total, on dénombre 1 410 irrégularités signalées qui étaient frauduleuses et représentaient un montant de 391 millions d’euros.

En 2016, 19 080 irrégularités portant atteinte au budget de l’Union ont été signalées, soit une baisse de 15 % par rapport à 2015. En outre, la valeur financière de ces irrégularités a diminué de 8 %, passant de 3,21 milliards d’euros en 2015 à 2,97 milliards d’euros en 2016. Sur ce total, on dénombre 1 410 irrégularités signalées qui étaient frauduleuses et représentaient un montant de 391 millions d’euros.

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