21

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Domaine politique
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Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: Politique régionale

28-06-2019

La politique régionale de l’Union, également appelée politique de cohésion, a pour objectif principal de réduire les déséquilibres territoriaux, sociaux et économiques entre les différentes régions de l’Union européenne. Elle couvre toutes les régions et toutes les villes de l’Union et favorise la création d’emplois, la compétitivité des entreprises, la croissance économique, le développement durable et l’amélioration de la qualité de vie des citoyens. Pour atteindre ces objectifs et répondre aux ...

La politique régionale de l’Union, également appelée politique de cohésion, a pour objectif principal de réduire les déséquilibres territoriaux, sociaux et économiques entre les différentes régions de l’Union européenne. Elle couvre toutes les régions et toutes les villes de l’Union et favorise la création d’emplois, la compétitivité des entreprises, la croissance économique, le développement durable et l’amélioration de la qualité de vie des citoyens. Pour atteindre ces objectifs et répondre aux besoins les plus variés en matière de développement dans l’ensemble des régions de l’Union, un montant de 351,8 milliards d’euros – près d’un tiers du budget total de l’Union européenne – a été prévu au titre de la politique de cohésion pour la période 2014-2020. Ce soutien financier est apporté au moyen de deux fonds principaux: le Fonds européen de développement régional (FEDER) et le Fonds de cohésion (FC). Ces deux fonds, ainsi que le Fonds social européen (FSE), le Fonds européen agricole pour le développement rural (Feader) et le Fonds européen pour les affaires maritimes et la pêche (FEAMP), forment les Fonds structurels et d’investissement européens (Fonds ESI). Cet ensemble de fonds offre un soutien qui peut réellement changer la vie des citoyens dans les régions de l’Union. Alors que la période de programmation actuelle (2014-2020) touche à sa fin, des travaux sont actuellement engagés afin de définir les priorités de la politique de cohésion pour la prochaine période de programmation (2020-2027). Au cours de la législature 2014-2019, le Parlement européen a été amené, à de nombreuses reprises, à adopter de nouveaux actes législatifs, à modifier des règles préexistantes et à fournir des avis sur de nombreux sujets qui touchent à la politique régionale de l’Union. Au sein du Parlement européen, la politique de développement régional et de cohésion de l’Union, telle que définie par les traités, relève de la compétence de la commission du développement régional (REGI). S’il quitte l’Union européenne comme prévu, le Royaume-Uni, qui était jusqu’alors un contributeur net au budget de l’Union, ne contribuera plus au budget de l’Union après 2020. L’Union disposera donc de moins de ressources pour financer ses politiques, notamment la politique de cohésion. Le Parlement européen a toutefois vigoureusement défendu le maintien, voire l’augmentation, du niveau de financement actuel en faveur de la politique de cohésion. Cette note d’information est une révision d’un document publié avant les élections européennes de 2019.

Common Provisions Regulation: New rules for cohesion policy for 2021-2027

22-03-2019

For the next EU budget, covering the 2021-2027 period, the European Commission proposes to update EU cohesion policy with a new set of rules. The proposal for a Common Provisions Regulation (CPR) sets out common provisions for seven shared management funds: the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Social Fund Plus, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, the Asylum and Migration Fund, the Internal Security Fund and the Border Management and Visa Instrument. Additional ...

For the next EU budget, covering the 2021-2027 period, the European Commission proposes to update EU cohesion policy with a new set of rules. The proposal for a Common Provisions Regulation (CPR) sets out common provisions for seven shared management funds: the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Social Fund Plus, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, the Asylum and Migration Fund, the Internal Security Fund and the Border Management and Visa Instrument. Additional specific regulations add certain provisions needed to cater for the particularities of individual funds, in order to take into account their different rationales, target groups and implementation methods. The proposed CPR is of the utmost importance as it will set the main rules that govern the above-mentioned funds for the forthcoming period. While the proposal builds upon the previous sets of rules covering the 2014-2020 period, it nevertheless introduces a number of innovations. It aims, amongst other things, to simplify and improve synergies between the different EU policy tools. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Women in local and regional government

07-03-2019

Local and regional institutions are vital for women's empowerment, being both the level of governance responsible for service delivery and a potential stepping-stone to a public office career at national and European level. Nevertheless, data show that it is not always easy for women to participate in local or regional government structures. The European Union has been a staunch advocate of women's participation in decision-making at all levels of governance.

Local and regional institutions are vital for women's empowerment, being both the level of governance responsible for service delivery and a potential stepping-stone to a public office career at national and European level. Nevertheless, data show that it is not always easy for women to participate in local or regional government structures. The European Union has been a staunch advocate of women's participation in decision-making at all levels of governance.

Demographic trends in EU regions

29-01-2019

The European Union has seen its population grow substantially – by around a quarter in the five and a half decades since 1960 – to a current level of over 500 million people. However, this population is now growing too slowly, and is even expected to decline in the longer term. Issues of demography are likely to have a considerable impact on EU society. Most models used for analysing population trends suggest that, in the coming years, the EU's population will continue to age as a result of consistently ...

The European Union has seen its population grow substantially – by around a quarter in the five and a half decades since 1960 – to a current level of over 500 million people. However, this population is now growing too slowly, and is even expected to decline in the longer term. Issues of demography are likely to have a considerable impact on EU society. Most models used for analysing population trends suggest that, in the coming years, the EU's population will continue to age as a result of consistently low levels of fertility and extended longevity. Although migration may play an important role in the population dynamics within many of the EU Member States, it is unlikely that it can reverse the ongoing trend of population ageing. Demographic developments have various implications for European regions. Some of them, especially rural and remote ones, are experiencing a considerable decline in population numbers. This situation may further exacerbate the economic decline regions are already facing, and thereby widen the gap between wealthy and poor ones. Therefore, demography also severely affects the social, economic and territorial cohesion of the EU. On the other hand, the heavy concentration of population in urban centres also creates certain negative consequences, such as pollution and lack of affordable housing. Recent migration trends have improved the demographic balance in various EU regions; that said, migration affects EU regions in an uneven manner. The European structural and investment funds are mainly used for boosting economic growth in European regions, but they may also serve, in combination with other EU funds, to address issues stemming from demographic challenges. The EU also uses a number of instruments to address migration-related issues in its territories most affected by the issue.

The regions in the digital single market: ICT and digital opportunities for European regions

19-04-2018

The digital economy is growing at seven times the rate of the rest of the economy. The European Commission estimates that completing the digital single market could contribute €415 billion per year to Europe's economy, create 3.8 million jobs and transform public services. In addition, many future jobs will require information and communications technologies (ICT) skills, rendering the process of acquiring digital skills an imperative. The European Commission has presented several initiatives to ...

The digital economy is growing at seven times the rate of the rest of the economy. The European Commission estimates that completing the digital single market could contribute €415 billion per year to Europe's economy, create 3.8 million jobs and transform public services. In addition, many future jobs will require information and communications technologies (ICT) skills, rendering the process of acquiring digital skills an imperative. The European Commission has presented several initiatives to boost the use of ICT in Europe. The Digital Agenda for Europe, announced in 2010 in the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy, aimed at promoting economic recovery and improving social inclusion through a more digitally proficient Europe. The Digital Single Market strategy, introduced in 2015, complements the Digital Agenda for Europe. Achieving a digital single market will ensure that Europe maintains its position as a world leader in the digital economy, helping European companies to grow globally. In 2016, the European Commission adopted a new Skills Agenda for Europe which includes measures on the acquisition of digital skills. Although many of the digital single market priorities are primarily dealt with at national level, various initiatives can be explored at the local and regional level. Regions and cities can plan and pursue their own digital strategies in the interests of enhancing economic growth and to promote their citizens' wellbeing. Enhanced use of digital technologies can improve citizens' access to information and culture, promote open government, equality and non-discrimination. However, a number of challenges need to be addressed to fully reap the benefits of digitalisation. Personnel with ICT skills are still lacking in Europe and many European citizens are not adequately trained to carry out ICT-related tasks. In addition, broadband connectivity in some parts of Europe remains slow. Although certain EU regions and local authorities experiment with new technologies, not all of them have managed to provide a high-level range of digital services and ICT related activities. This briefing is an update of an earlier edition, published in October 2015.

Challenges for EU cohesion policy: Issues in the forthcoming post-2020 reform

16-02-2018

The departure of the United Kingdom from the EU will have a significant impact on the EU budget. The next Multiannual Financial Framework, to be presented in May 2018, could make fewer resources available for cohesion policy in the post-2020 period. At this critical juncture, the discussion amongst policy-makers on the future priorities of cohesion policy is now heating up. Among the topics widely debated are the need to make cohesion funds simpler and more flexible for beneficiaries to use, while ...

The departure of the United Kingdom from the EU will have a significant impact on the EU budget. The next Multiannual Financial Framework, to be presented in May 2018, could make fewer resources available for cohesion policy in the post-2020 period. At this critical juncture, the discussion amongst policy-makers on the future priorities of cohesion policy is now heating up. Among the topics widely debated are the need to make cohesion funds simpler and more flexible for beneficiaries to use, while also strengthening the contribution of cohesion policy to the EU's economic governance and increasing its added value. One point of the debate relates to the way cohesion policy addresses new or growing challenges such as migration, environment and digitalisation. Yet another includes finding the most efficient form of support for beneficiaries: should it be grants, financial instruments, or possibly a mix of all of these? Other specific matters raised relate to the urban dimension in cohesion policy and the impact that the policy can have upon growth, jobs and innovation in rural areas, regions lagging behind, as well as regions with special geographical characteristics. Last but not least, the relationship between cohesion policy and the European Fund for Strategic Investment is much debated. The European Commission (EC) has published a number of white papers on the future of the EU that provide further ideas for reflection on the priorities of the Union. These reflections also have repercussions for cohesion policy. In addition, the 7th EC Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion also provides insights into the direction cohesion policy is likely to take. This briefing is an update of an earlier edition, published in September 2017, PE 608.722.

Challenges for EU cohesion policy: Issues in the forthcoming post-2020 reform

29-09-2017

The debate on the shape of the post-2020 cohesion policy is well under way. Stakeholders have identified a number of principal issues or questions in this regard, relating to the operation of the policy itself as well as its impact and relationship with other EU polices and with the wider goals and objectives of the Union. One issue debated is how cohesion policy can best contribute to the twin objectives of competitiveness and cohesion. Finding the most efficient form of support is another important ...

The debate on the shape of the post-2020 cohesion policy is well under way. Stakeholders have identified a number of principal issues or questions in this regard, relating to the operation of the policy itself as well as its impact and relationship with other EU polices and with the wider goals and objectives of the Union. One issue debated is how cohesion policy can best contribute to the twin objectives of competitiveness and cohesion. Finding the most efficient form of support is another important point of discussion: should it be grants, repayable assistance, financial instruments, or possibly a mix of all of these along with further thematic concentration? In addition, the way that cohesion policy addresses new or growing challenges such as migration has been raised. Simplification of the policy for beneficiaries, flexibility, the importance of achieving better governance, and the contribution of cohesion policy to the EU's economic governance are all widely debated. Other specific matters raised relate to the urban dimension in cohesion policy and the impact that the policy can have upon growth, jobs and innovation in sparsely populated areas, regions lagging behind and regions with special geographical characteristics. The departure of the United Kingdom from the EU will have a significant impact on the EU budget and consequently on the financial envelope for cohesion policy. Finally, the European Commission (EC) has published a number of white papers on the future of the EU that provide further ideas for reflection on the overall functioning and priorities of the Union. These reflections also have repercussions for cohesion policy. This briefing is an update of an earlier edition, published in February 2017.

Harnessing globalisation for local and regional authorities: Challenges and possible solutions

29-09-2017

Globalisation has various positive and negative aspects. On the positive side, economic opportunities can emerge. Exports may flourish, companies may find new global customers, knowledge may be easily circulated, and trade may pick up, thus stimulating economic growth. Interaction through new technological instruments helps to interconnect people in different parts of the world. However, globalisation may also have disadvantages. For instance, various EU industries (e.g. coal, steel, iron, shipbuilding ...

Globalisation has various positive and negative aspects. On the positive side, economic opportunities can emerge. Exports may flourish, companies may find new global customers, knowledge may be easily circulated, and trade may pick up, thus stimulating economic growth. Interaction through new technological instruments helps to interconnect people in different parts of the world. However, globalisation may also have disadvantages. For instance, various EU industries (e.g. coal, steel, iron, shipbuilding, automotive and textiles) have been affected by global competition, and have had to downsize their activities. Cheap imports of non-EU manufacturing goods have led to the decline of various EU industrial sectors, but also to relocations, closures and redundancies. In addition, globalisation has an environmental, demographic, technological and cultural dimension. The impact of globalisation therefore affects the activities and development of regional and local entities within the EU. In order to address all these issues, the European Commission has presented a reflection paper on harnessing globalisation. This briefing addresses some of the most important challenges that globalisation brings to EU regions, and sets out ideas that may be useful in tackling these challenges. Harnessing globalisation requires a holistic approach. European, national and local synergies will have to be established to address the multi-layered challenges stemming from globalisation. Serious thinking will have to be done on how to empower local and regional authorities in order to address these challenges successfully.

Sources de financement de l?Union pour les activites liees au tourisme

05-07-2017

Le secteur du tourisme en tant que tel ne dispose pas de son propre fonds européen. Cependant, de nombreux fonds de l’Union qui ne lui sont pas explicitement consacrés peuvent contribuer à le stimuler et l’aider à faire face aux difficultés qu’il rencontre. En fonction des priorités propres à chaque programme de financement, différentes entités juridiques (telles que des organismes publics, des entreprises, des PME, des organismes de recherche, des universités, des organisations non gouvernementales ...

Le secteur du tourisme en tant que tel ne dispose pas de son propre fonds européen. Cependant, de nombreux fonds de l’Union qui ne lui sont pas explicitement consacrés peuvent contribuer à le stimuler et l’aider à faire face aux difficultés qu’il rencontre. En fonction des priorités propres à chaque programme de financement, différentes entités juridiques (telles que des organismes publics, des entreprises, des PME, des organismes de recherche, des universités, des organisations non gouvernementales et des projets de pôles touristiques) peuvent bénéficier des fonds européens pour financer des activités pouvant avoir des effets positifs sur le tourisme.

Éléments fondamentaux de la politique de cohésion pour l’après-2020

07-06-2017

L’article 174 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l’Union européenne dispose que l'Union poursuit son action tendant au renforcement de sa cohésion économique, sociale et territoriale et à réduire l'écart entre les niveaux de développement des diverses régions. La politique de cohésion de l’Union est le moyen d’atteindre ces objectifs. Lors de la plénière de juin, un rapport d'initiative sur les éléments fondamentaux d’une politique de cohésion de l’Union pour l’après-2020 sera mis aux voix. Il propose ...

L’article 174 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l’Union européenne dispose que l'Union poursuit son action tendant au renforcement de sa cohésion économique, sociale et territoriale et à réduire l'écart entre les niveaux de développement des diverses régions. La politique de cohésion de l’Union est le moyen d’atteindre ces objectifs. Lors de la plénière de juin, un rapport d'initiative sur les éléments fondamentaux d’une politique de cohésion de l’Union pour l’après-2020 sera mis aux voix. Il propose une vue d’ensemble des priorités pour l’avenir de la politique de cohésion.

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