34

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Big data and data analytics

28-09-2016

Advances in information and communication technologies, the increasing use of electronic devices and networks, and the digitalisation of production processes mean that vast quantities of data are generated daily by economic and social activities. This 'big data' can be transmitted, collected, aggregated and analysed to provide insights into processes and human behaviours. Big data analytics have the potential to identify efficiencies that can be made in a wide range of sectors, and to lead to innovative ...

Advances in information and communication technologies, the increasing use of electronic devices and networks, and the digitalisation of production processes mean that vast quantities of data are generated daily by economic and social activities. This 'big data' can be transmitted, collected, aggregated and analysed to provide insights into processes and human behaviours. Big data analytics have the potential to identify efficiencies that can be made in a wide range of sectors, and to lead to innovative new products and services, greater competitiveness and economic growth. Studies suggest that companies that adopt big data analytics can increase productivity by 5%-10% more than companies that do not, and that big data practices in Europe could add 1.9% to GDP between 2014 and 2020. However big data analytics also pose a number of challenges for policy makers. Whilst protecting privacy and personal data has arguably received the most attention, other big-data-related issues are expected to appear on the European Union policy agenda. These include 'data ownership' principles that determine who shares in the rights associated with big data; data localisation requirements that may unjustifiably interfere with the 'free flow of data'; labour shortages of skilled data workers and data-aware managers; and the creation of a new digital divide that risks marginalising those who do not make extensive use of information and communication technologies.

Regulating electronic communications: A level playing field for telecoms and OTTs?

31-08-2016

Telecommunications markets in the EU are changing rapidly in the face of growing demand for broadband access and the increasing importance of internet and mobile applications in modern life. Telecommunications network operators are facing challenges, including decreasing revenues and greater competition from companies that provide services that run 'over the top' of the internet and that compete directly or indirectly with their service offerings. Network operators argue that less stringent regulations ...

Telecommunications markets in the EU are changing rapidly in the face of growing demand for broadband access and the increasing importance of internet and mobile applications in modern life. Telecommunications network operators are facing challenges, including decreasing revenues and greater competition from companies that provide services that run 'over the top' of the internet and that compete directly or indirectly with their service offerings. Network operators argue that less stringent regulations imposed on these 'over the top' (OTT) players create difficulties in competing with these new services. Ensuring fair competition is particularly important as telecommunications companies must invest in new infrastructure if Europe is to meet increasing demand for high-speed, high-quality internet and achieve all of the EU's Digital Agenda goals. In September 2016, the European Commission is expected to release its conclusions from a review of the current EU telecoms regulation. Definitions of different types of digital services may need updating to reflect technological change and new market conditions. Whilst the recently adopted General Data Protection Regulation has now established stronger cross-sector regulation in the area of personal data, policy options that would help to create a level playing field for telecoms and OTT providers include extending some telecoms regulatory requirements to OTT services, and reducing sector-specific constraints on traditional network operators.

L'informatique en nuage: Une vue d’ensemble des enjeux économiques et politiques

26-05-2016

L'informatique en nuage est un modèle de fourniture de services dans le domaine des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) par l'intermédiaire de l'internet. Cette technologie peut profiter aux entreprises, aux organismes publics et aux particuliers, en leur permettant de réduire leurs coûts, d'accéder à leurs données et à leurs applications sans restrictions géographiques et suivant un modèle flexible, et d'innover sans devoir engager des capitaux importants. L'informatique en ...

L'informatique en nuage est un modèle de fourniture de services dans le domaine des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) par l'intermédiaire de l'internet. Cette technologie peut profiter aux entreprises, aux organismes publics et aux particuliers, en leur permettant de réduire leurs coûts, d'accéder à leurs données et à leurs applications sans restrictions géographiques et suivant un modèle flexible, et d'innover sans devoir engager des capitaux importants. L'informatique en nuage peut également avoir des effets bénéfiques sur la consommation d'énergie et les émissions de carbone. Elle suscite néanmoins des préoccupations concernant la protection des données et de la vie privée, la sécurité, l'interopérabilité et à la portabilité des données et des applications, et les dispositions contractuelles qui pourraient restreindre excessivement les droits des consommateurs. La Commission européenne estime que l'informatique en nuage constitue l'un des piliers de la compétitivité de l'Union et l'une des clefs de la croissance économique et de l'innovation. L'Union a apporté son soutien à la recherche dans le domaine de l'informatique en nuage. Dans le cadre de la stratégie pour le marché unique numérique, la Commission a pour tâche de déterminer comment répondre au mieux aux défis de l'informatique en nuage. La Commission a annoncé son intention de proposer une initiative en faveur de la libre circulation des données, afin d'éliminer les restrictions liées aux lieux de stockage des données, ainsi qu'une initiative pour un nuage européen qui prévoira une certification des services d'informatique en nuage, réduira le risque de dépendance vis-à-vis un fournisseur, et mettra un nuage à la disposition des chercheurs afin qu'ils puissent partager l'accès aux données.

Broadband as a universal service

25-04-2016

Universal service is the principle that all citizens should be provided with a range of basic but good quality services at affordable prices so that they are able to participate fully in society. Since 2010, functional internet access has been included in EU legislation on universal telecommunications service. However in the intervening years, the data volumes and connection speeds used by consumers have continued to increase. For some, designating broadband internet access as a universal service ...

Universal service is the principle that all citizens should be provided with a range of basic but good quality services at affordable prices so that they are able to participate fully in society. Since 2010, functional internet access has been included in EU legislation on universal telecommunications service. However in the intervening years, the data volumes and connection speeds used by consumers have continued to increase. For some, designating broadband internet access as a universal service could complement other EU measures to ensure the availability of faster internet connections and to encourage widespread internet use in the Digital Single Market. Designating broadband as a universal service could arguably help reduce social exclusion by overcoming the 'digital divide', as well as encouraging social and economic development, particularly in rural regions where the costs of providing broadband are higher than in urban areas. On the other hand, setting an EU-wide minimum speed could distort markets, reduce competition, and reduce private investment in infrastructure projects in some Member States. Financing this change could also be a problem, particularly in those countries where broadband access is below the EU average or where many households do not currently use the internet due to cost. The forthcoming review of telecommunications regulation in the EU promises to revive debate on this subject. A recent American decision to provide subsidies for low-income families for internet access at average broadband levels highlights differences in current approaches between the United States and the EU.

5G network technology: Putting Europe at the leading edge

04-01-2016

5G refers to a future, fifth generation of mobile network telecommunications technologies. While research on the technical characteristics and potential uses of 5G is ongoing, 5G is expected to represent a major leap forward from current telecommunications technologies, including revolutionary changes in radio interfaces and spectrum use. On the basis of current trends and potential uses, 5G networks will be faster, always accessible, highly reliable and efficient in handling a very large number ...

5G refers to a future, fifth generation of mobile network telecommunications technologies. While research on the technical characteristics and potential uses of 5G is ongoing, 5G is expected to represent a major leap forward from current telecommunications technologies, including revolutionary changes in radio interfaces and spectrum use. On the basis of current trends and potential uses, 5G networks will be faster, always accessible, highly reliable and efficient in handling a very large number of devices (including smart objects in the Internet of Things). By supporting a world in which 'anyone and anything will be connected at anytime and anywhere', 5G is expected to enable new applications in various domains, including entertainment, health, transport and industry. However deployment of this new generation of mobile technology in the decade starting in 2020 will also likely give rise to uses (and consequences) that are difficult to foresee at the current time. On the basis of past generations of mobile technology, the increased networking supported by 5G is likely to stimulate economic growth, not just in the information and communication technology sector, but in many areas of the economy. The EU is providing financial support to 5G research, and has concluded cooperation agreements on 5G development with South Korea, Japan and China. These efforts are intended to contribute to a strong European digital economy, by helping European companies win a significant share of markets related to the new generation of mobile networks. Other sectors of the European economy are also expected to benefit from the increased efficiency, new services and innovative business models that 5G networks should make possible.

L'interopérabilité pour un secteur public moderne

06-11-2015

Les services électroniques des administrations publiques européennes doivent interopérer afin de soutenir les particuliers qui étudient ou travaillent dans d'autres États membres ainsi que les entreprises qui exercent leurs activités dans d'autres États membres, et afin de réduire les coûts et d'assurer l'organisation rationnelle des administrations. Un programme renouvelé de l'Union pour la période 2016-2020 propose de continuer à soutenir les services d'administration en ligne interopérables, ...

Les services électroniques des administrations publiques européennes doivent interopérer afin de soutenir les particuliers qui étudient ou travaillent dans d'autres États membres ainsi que les entreprises qui exercent leurs activités dans d'autres États membres, et afin de réduire les coûts et d'assurer l'organisation rationnelle des administrations. Un programme renouvelé de l'Union pour la période 2016-2020 propose de continuer à soutenir les services d'administration en ligne interopérables, en mettant l'accent sur les données ouvertes et la réutilisation des solutions numériques.

OECD Global Parliamentary Network, October 2015

08-10-2015

The Global Parliamentary Network (GPN) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) provides a forum for Members of Parliament (from the EU as well as national and regional parliaments of member and non-member countries) to discuss current issues with OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, and other experts. The GPN meeting in Paris on 1 October 2015 focused on bribery, climate change, migration and employment.

The Global Parliamentary Network (GPN) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) provides a forum for Members of Parliament (from the EU as well as national and regional parliaments of member and non-member countries) to discuss current issues with OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, and other experts. The GPN meeting in Paris on 1 October 2015 focused on bribery, climate change, migration and employment.

Industry 4.0: Digitalisation for productivity and growth

22-09-2015

Many observers believe that Europe is at the beginning of a new industrial revolution, considered to be the fourth such leap forward and hence labelled Industry 4.0. The ubiquitous use of sensors, the expansion of wireless communication and networks, the deployment of increasingly intelligent robots and machines – as well as increased computing power at lower cost and the development of 'big data' analytics – has the potential to transform the way goods are manufactured in Europe. This new, digital ...

Many observers believe that Europe is at the beginning of a new industrial revolution, considered to be the fourth such leap forward and hence labelled Industry 4.0. The ubiquitous use of sensors, the expansion of wireless communication and networks, the deployment of increasingly intelligent robots and machines – as well as increased computing power at lower cost and the development of 'big data' analytics – has the potential to transform the way goods are manufactured in Europe. This new, digital industrial revolution holds the promise of increased flexibility in manufacturing, mass customisation, increased speed, better quality and improved productivity. However to capture these benefits, enterprises will need to invest in equipment, information and communication technologies (ICTs) and data analysis as well as the integration of data flows throughout the global value chain. The EU supports industrial change through its industrial policy and through research and infrastructure funding. Member States are also sponsoring national initiatives such as Industrie 4.0 in Germany, the Factory of the Future in France and Italy, and Catapult centres in the UK. However challenges remain. The need for investment, changing business models, data issues, legal questions of liability and intellectual property, standards, and skills mismatches are among the challenges that must be met if benefits are to be gained from new manufacturing and industrial technologies. If these obstacles can be overcome, Industry 4.0 may help to reverse the past decline in industrialisation and increase total value added from manufacturing to a targeted 20% of all value added by 2020. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Administration en ligne: Utiliser la technologie pour améliorer les services publics et renforcer la participation démocratique

01-09-2015

Les administrations mettent en oeuvre des politiques d'administration en ligne et d'administration numérique afin de réaliser des gains d'efficacité, de réduire les charges administratives qui pèsent sur les particuliers et les entreprises, de stimuler la croissance économique et de favoriser la participation de la population à la vie publique démocratique. L'Union européenne facilite la mise en place des services transfrontaliers pour les citoyens mobiles et les entreprises qui proposent des services ...

Les administrations mettent en oeuvre des politiques d'administration en ligne et d'administration numérique afin de réaliser des gains d'efficacité, de réduire les charges administratives qui pèsent sur les particuliers et les entreprises, de stimuler la croissance économique et de favoriser la participation de la population à la vie publique démocratique. L'Union européenne facilite la mise en place des services transfrontaliers pour les citoyens mobiles et les entreprises qui proposent des services dans le marché unique, et encourage l'échange de meilleures pratiques entre les autorités nationales, régionales et locales dans les États membres. Les progrès réalisés par l'Europe au cours des 15 dernières années n'ont pas été suffisants pour qu'elle puisse atteindre ses propres objectifs en matière d'adoption des services d'administration numérique. Il reste encore beaucoup à faire, notamment pour renforcer la sécurité et la confiance, promouvoir l'interopérabilité des services transfrontaliers, encourager les citoyens à coopérer avec les pouvoirs publics en utilisant les canaux numériques, exploiter les données ouvertes, et assurer l'utilisation efficace des technologies comme l'informatique en nuage.

Infrastructure à large bande: Un appui à l'économie numérique dans l'Union européenne

01-09-2015

Une connexion à large bande est une connexion capable de transporter des informations à des vitesses élevées, utilisant diverses technologies fixes ou sans fil. La rapidité d'accès est importante pour le développement d'une économie numérique dans l'Union européenne: les économistes estiment que le développement des réseaux à large bande stimule l'emploi et la croissance économique. Pratiquement tous les citoyens de l'Union européenne ont accès à des services de base à large bande, mais des progrès ...

Une connexion à large bande est une connexion capable de transporter des informations à des vitesses élevées, utilisant diverses technologies fixes ou sans fil. La rapidité d'accès est importante pour le développement d'une économie numérique dans l'Union européenne: les économistes estiment que le développement des réseaux à large bande stimule l'emploi et la croissance économique. Pratiquement tous les citoyens de l'Union européenne ont accès à des services de base à large bande, mais des progrès restent à accomplir en matière de couverture et de pénétration des connexions rapides et ultrarapides si l'Union souhaite atteindre ses objectifs d'ici à 2020. Les décideurs peuvent influencer le déploiement des réseaux à large bande par une palette assez large de politiques, notamment les objectifs et les politiques numériques, les règlements applicables aux télécommunications, et les règles relatives aux aides d'État. À côté des efforts déployés par les autorités des États membres, les fonds publics de l'Union peuvent également être utilisés pour soutenir la construction d'infrastructures dans les zones où la densité de population peut ne pas suffire à attirer les investissements privés seuls, par exemple les communautés rurales.

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