61

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

The fight against terrorism

25-05-2018

Significant benefits could be achieved by the EU and its Member States by addressing the gaps and barriers in the area of the fight against terrorism, notably by developing an evidence-based EU criminal policy cycle involving the European Parliament and national parliaments. In this context, EU institutions should conduct comprehensive ex-ante assessments and ex-post evaluations of counterterrorism measures, in line with better law-making principles. The effectiveness and fundamental rights compliance ...

Significant benefits could be achieved by the EU and its Member States by addressing the gaps and barriers in the area of the fight against terrorism, notably by developing an evidence-based EU criminal policy cycle involving the European Parliament and national parliaments. In this context, EU institutions should conduct comprehensive ex-ante assessments and ex-post evaluations of counterterrorism measures, in line with better law-making principles. The effectiveness and fundamental rights compliance of counter-radicalisation programmes should continue to be monitored. The framework for countering terrorism requires further refinement. A European law enforcement culture with full respect for fundamental rights needs to be fostered in which relevant information is shared and analysed, judicial cooperation tools are properly utilised and seeking the support of EU agencies becomes a natural reflex. This also requires the allocation of significant resources aimed at training and exchanges. Beyond resulting in more relevant, coherent, effective and efficient action in the fight against terrorism, such measures could increase the wellbeing of the population, reduce the material and immaterial impacts of terrorism, and ensure protection of fundamental rights when impacted by counterterrorism measures.

Drugs package: Tackling new psychoactive substances

23-10-2017

Improving the EU's response to the rapid spread of new psychoactive substances has become urgent, and consequently Parliament is due to vote on a 'drugs package' during the October II plenary session. The package makes additions to the directive setting common minimum rules on criminal acts and penalties in the field of illicit drug trafficking, as well as corresponding amendments to the founding regulation of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA).

Improving the EU's response to the rapid spread of new psychoactive substances has become urgent, and consequently Parliament is due to vote on a 'drugs package' during the October II plenary session. The package makes additions to the directive setting common minimum rules on criminal acts and penalties in the field of illicit drug trafficking, as well as corresponding amendments to the founding regulation of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA).

Création du Parquet européen

28-09-2017

Le Parlement européen devrait, lors de la période de session d’octobre I, décider s'il donne ou non son approbation à la proposition de règlement concernant le Parquet européen, sur laquelle 20 États membres se sont accordés au titre de la coopération renforcée en juin 2017.

Le Parlement européen devrait, lors de la période de session d’octobre I, décider s'il donne ou non son approbation à la proposition de règlement concernant le Parquet européen, sur laquelle 20 États membres se sont accordés au titre de la coopération renforcée en juin 2017.

La corruption dans l’Union européenne : Prévalence de la corruption et lutte contre ce phénomène dans certains États membres de l’Union européenne

18-09-2017

La présente étude porte sur la prévalence de la corruption dans l’Union européenne et décrit les mesures prises pour lutter contre ce problème. Elle présente les initiatives et les politiques mises en place par les pouvoirs publics à l’échelle nationale, régionale et locale dans huit États membres, classés du nord au sud et de l’ouest à l’est: la Finlande, le Royaume-Uni, la France, l’Allemagne, l’Italie, la Croatie, la Roumanie et la Bulgarie. Pour mieux comprendre le contexte et les caractéristiques ...

La présente étude porte sur la prévalence de la corruption dans l’Union européenne et décrit les mesures prises pour lutter contre ce problème. Elle présente les initiatives et les politiques mises en place par les pouvoirs publics à l’échelle nationale, régionale et locale dans huit États membres, classés du nord au sud et de l’ouest à l’est: la Finlande, le Royaume-Uni, la France, l’Allemagne, l’Italie, la Croatie, la Roumanie et la Bulgarie. Pour mieux comprendre le contexte et les caractéristiques de la lutte anticorruption et fournir quelques exemples concluants quant aux actions envisageables, ce document présente la perception de la corruption par les citoyens, le cadre juridique, institutionnel et politique, ainsi que certaines des meilleures pratiques adoptées à différents niveaux d’administration.

Public expectations and EU policies - Fight against terrorism

30-06-2016

EU citizens show strong expectations for increased involvement of the EU in the fight against terrorism. The current EU legal framework is limited by the primary role of the Member States in this area. Nevertheless, there is still the scope and potential for increased EU involvement within the current legal framework. This briefing considers this and also covers current and potential relevant financing at EU level. Financial instruments that tackle counter-terrorism directly, indirectly or partially ...

EU citizens show strong expectations for increased involvement of the EU in the fight against terrorism. The current EU legal framework is limited by the primary role of the Member States in this area. Nevertheless, there is still the scope and potential for increased EU involvement within the current legal framework. This briefing considers this and also covers current and potential relevant financing at EU level. Financial instruments that tackle counter-terrorism directly, indirectly or partially are spread across the EU budget and are increasing.

The rights of LGBTI people in the European Union

17-05-2016

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons persists throughout the EU, taking various forms including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as a ground of discrimination. However, the scope of these provisions is limited and does not cover social protection, healthcare, education and ...

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons persists throughout the EU, taking various forms including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as a ground of discrimination. However, the scope of these provisions is limited and does not cover social protection, healthcare, education and access to goods and services, leaving LGBTI people particularly vulnerable in these areas. Moreover, EU competence does not extend to recognition of marital or family status. In this area, national regulations vary, with some Member States offering same-sex couples the right to marry, others allowing alternative forms of registration, and yet others not providing any legal status for same-sex couples. Same-sex couples may or may not have the right to adopt children and to access assisted reproduction. These divergent legal statuses have implications, for instance, for partners from two Member States with different standards who want to formalise/legalise their relationship or for same-sex couples and their families wishing to move to another Member State. Combating discrimination has become part of EU internal and external policies and the subject of numerous resolutions of the European Parliament. However, action in this area remains problematic when it touches on issues pertaining to areas traditionally reserved to Member States, such as marital status and family law. This is an updated version of a briefing published in May 2015.

Foreign fighters – Member State responses and EU action

09-03-2016

As the hostilities in Syria and Iraq continue, and terrorist activities worldwide appear to be on the rise, EU Member States are increasingly confronted with the problem of aspiring and returning 'foreign fighters'. Whereas the phenomenon is not new, its scale certainly is, explaining the wide perception that these individuals are a serious threat to the security of both individual Member States and the EU as a whole. International fora, including the United Nations, have addressed the problem, ...

As the hostilities in Syria and Iraq continue, and terrorist activities worldwide appear to be on the rise, EU Member States are increasingly confronted with the problem of aspiring and returning 'foreign fighters'. Whereas the phenomenon is not new, its scale certainly is, explaining the wide perception that these individuals are a serious threat to the security of both individual Member States and the EU as a whole. International fora, including the United Nations, have addressed the problem, with the UN adopting a binding resolution in 2014 specifically addressing the issue of foreign fighters. The EU is actively engaged in international initiatives to counter the threat. Within the EU, security in general, and counter-terrorism in particular, have traditionally remained within the Member States' remit. The EU has, however, coordinated Member State activities regarding the prevention of radicalisation, the detection of travel for suspicious purposes, the criminal justice response, and cooperation with third countries. The EU is seeking to strengthen its role, given the public feeling of insecurity in the wake of recent terrorist attacks. The EU's role as a forum to discuss security issues has consequently grown during 2015. Individual Member States have stepped up their efforts to address the problem, using various tools including criminal law, administrative measures and 'soft tools', such as counter-radicalisation campaigns. The Member States most affected have also cooperated with each other outside the EU framework. The United States has a particularly developed counter-terrorism framework, now used to deal with foreign fighters. Since 9/11, the EU and the USA cooperate on counter-terrorism, despite differing philosophies on issues such as data protection. This briefing substantially updates an earlier one, PE 548.980, from February 2015.

Renforcement de la présomption d'innocence dans l'Union européenne

11-01-2016

Bien que la présomption d'innocence soit garantie par le droit international, le droit de l'Union et les législations nationales, il est fait état de violations répétées de ce principe par les États membres de l'Union. La Commission entend remédier à ce problème par le biais d'une proposition qui doit être mise aux voix en plénière en janvier 2016.

Bien que la présomption d'innocence soit garantie par le droit international, le droit de l'Union et les législations nationales, il est fait état de violations répétées de ce principe par les États membres de l'Union. La Commission entend remédier à ce problème par le biais d'une proposition qui doit être mise aux voix en plénière en janvier 2016.

Organised crime in the European Union

21-10-2015

It is impossible to measure accurately the socio-economic cost of crime. However, the estimates available invariably quote very high figures, which lead to reflection in times of financial crisis and austerity. Numerous organised crime groups are active in the EU, often with cross-border reach and multi-ethnic composition. There is a clear tendency of rigid and hierarchical structures being replaced by loose networks of small and volatile groups. These may be better adapted to the modern world with ...

It is impossible to measure accurately the socio-economic cost of crime. However, the estimates available invariably quote very high figures, which lead to reflection in times of financial crisis and austerity. Numerous organised crime groups are active in the EU, often with cross-border reach and multi-ethnic composition. There is a clear tendency of rigid and hierarchical structures being replaced by loose networks of small and volatile groups. These may be better adapted to the modern world with its rapid changes. Some groups, having established a strong position in their countries of origin, go on to engage in illicit markets throughout the EU. They make use of their reputations and sophistication in certain types of crime to form profitable alliances with other groups. Italian, Russian and Albanian-speaking organisations are but a few of the 'leaders' in transnational crime in the EU. It is difficult to think of a criminal activity that would not be considered by organised crime, with the profit and risk involved being the major criteria for their possible involvement. Apart from 'traditional' crime, including drug trafficking, such groups increasingly engage in legal business activities, which enables them to launder illegal gains, while benefiting from attractive licit markets. In any case, collusion of corrupt officials and dishonest businessmen is crucial to the success of such criminal enterprises. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

La gestion des flux migratoires, un défi pour l'Union: Réponses possibles à la crise des réfugiés

04-09-2015

Des centaines de milliers de personnes entreprennent un périple dangereux dans l'espoir de passer les frontières de l'Union, qui doit ainsi faire face à une crise migratoire sans précédent. Le présent document envisage des réponses possibles, fondées soit sur la législation existante, soit sur une réforme en profondeur du système en vigueur. Il part du constat que l'application du "système de Dublin" – qui permet de désigner, au cas par cas, l'État membre compétent pour examiner une demande d'asile ...

Des centaines de milliers de personnes entreprennent un périple dangereux dans l'espoir de passer les frontières de l'Union, qui doit ainsi faire face à une crise migratoire sans précédent. Le présent document envisage des réponses possibles, fondées soit sur la législation existante, soit sur une réforme en profondeur du système en vigueur. Il part du constat que l'application du "système de Dublin" – qui permet de désigner, au cas par cas, l'État membre compétent pour examiner une demande d'asile – a entraîné une surcharge des États membres situés aux frontières méridionales de l'Union. Par ailleurs, les disparités entre les normes en matière d'asile dans les différents pays européens conduisent un grand nombre de demandeurs d'asile à gagner des États membres proposant des conditions d'accueil plus favorables. Les solutions proposées sont par conséquent axées, d'une part, sur l'harmonisation des régimes nationaux d'asile et, d'autre part, sur une répartition plus équilibrée des demandeurs d'asile sur le territoire de l'Union. La question de l'immigration clandestine est traitée dans de récents documents de l'Union ; il est proposé de lutter contre la traite des migrants par une action concertée, notamment par des opérations militaires. En outre, des voies légales d'entrée dans l'Union pourraient être proposées aux personnes ayant besoin d'une protection internationale, de manière à réduire le nombre d'immigrés clandestins. Il serait par exemple envisageable d'activer la directive sur la protection temporaire et de recourir aux admissions humanitaires, ainsi qu'aux visas humanitaires. Toute admission supplémentaire s'accompagne néanmoins de coûts supplémentaires pour les États membres. Afin de les limiter, il pourrait être fait recours au parrainage privé des réfugiés, solution mise en place par le Canada dans le cadre de son programme de parrainage privé de réfugiés. En sus de telles actions concrètes sur le territoire de l'Union, une coopération pourrait être instaurée hors de l'Union avec des pays tiers. L'objectif est de traiter les causes profondes de l'immigration irrégulière, de prévenir et de combattre le trafic de migrants et la traite des êtres humains, ainsi que de prévoir des politiques efficaces de retour, de réadmission et de réintégration pour ceux qui ne répondent pas aux critères requis pour bénéficier d'une protection.

Evénements à venir

05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
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06-11-2019
Where next for Europe’s economy? The latest IMF European Regional Economic Outlook[.]
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06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
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EPRS

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