55

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Revising the European Citizens' Initiative

04-03-2019

The ECI enables European citizens to invite the Commission to table a proposal for a legal act. The detailed rules for such initiatives are laid down in a 2011 regulation, whose main stated aim is encouraging citizens’ participation in the political life of the European Union (EU). However, since the regulation became applicable in April 2012, numerous actors have raised concerns regarding the instrument’s functioning and have called for reform, aiming to simplify the existing procedures and increasing ...

The ECI enables European citizens to invite the Commission to table a proposal for a legal act. The detailed rules for such initiatives are laid down in a 2011 regulation, whose main stated aim is encouraging citizens’ participation in the political life of the European Union (EU). However, since the regulation became applicable in April 2012, numerous actors have raised concerns regarding the instrument’s functioning and have called for reform, aiming to simplify the existing procedures and increasing the tool’s usability. On 13 September 2017, the Commission presented a legislative proposal which would update the tool and replace the existing regulation on the European Citizens’ Initiative. Following interinstitutional negotiations between September and December 2018, the co-legislators reached provisional agreement on the proposal for revision of the ECI. The agreed text now needs to be approved by the Parliament and Council. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Libérer le potentiel des traités de l’Union européenne: Une analyse article par article des possibilités d’action

07-01-2019

L’opinion publique estime souvent que l’Union européenne devrait faire davantage d’efforts pour améliorer la vie des citoyens dans divers domaines politiques, mais les différences de vues entre les États membres quant aux changements souhaités, sans parler des obstacles susceptibles de se dresser entre eux au cours du processus de ratification, ainsi que d’autres facteurs rendent une réforme significative des traités européens peu probable à court terme. La présente étude répertorie et analyse 34 ...

L’opinion publique estime souvent que l’Union européenne devrait faire davantage d’efforts pour améliorer la vie des citoyens dans divers domaines politiques, mais les différences de vues entre les États membres quant aux changements souhaités, sans parler des obstacles susceptibles de se dresser entre eux au cours du processus de ratification, ainsi que d’autres facteurs rendent une réforme significative des traités européens peu probable à court terme. La présente étude répertorie et analyse 34 domaines d’action dans lesquels il pourrait être fait davantage en vertu des bases juridiques existantes fournies par les traités sans recourir à la moindre modification ni à la moindre mise à jour de ces textes, et examine les bases juridiques inutilisées ou sous-utilisées à l’heure actuelle en vue de les faire contribuer plus efficacement au processus politique de l’Union européenne.

Protecting the EU budget against generalised rule of law deficiencies

23-11-2018

On 3 May 2018 the Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation on the protection of the Union's budget in the event of generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law in a Member State. The proposal addresses, from a budgetary perspective, generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law, including threats to the independence of the judiciary, arbitrary or unlawful decisions by public authorities, limited availability and effectiveness of legal remedies, failure to implement judgments ...

On 3 May 2018 the Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation on the protection of the Union's budget in the event of generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law in a Member State. The proposal addresses, from a budgetary perspective, generalised deficiencies as regards the rule of law, including threats to the independence of the judiciary, arbitrary or unlawful decisions by public authorities, limited availability and effectiveness of legal remedies, failure to implement judgments, or limitations on the effective investigation, prosecution or sanctions for breaches of law. The proposal provides for the possibility for the Commission to make proposals to the Council on sanctions measures with regard to EU funding. These include suspension of payments, suspension, reduction or even termination of legal commitments (to pay), suspension of programmes, and the transfer of money to other programmes. Such a proposal would be deemed to have been adopted if the Council failed to reject it by a qualified majority. On 17 August 2018, the European Court of Auditors (ECA) delivered its opinion on the proposal and on 3 October 2018, Parliament's co-rapporteurs presented their draft report on the proposal. While sharing the broad objectives put forward by the Commission, they have proposed a number of amendments. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Relations between the European Council and the European Parliament

23-11-2018

This study explores the development of relations between the European Council (of Heads of State or Government) and the European Parliament, two institutions that have become increasingly central to the operation of the European Union political system, especially since the 2009 Lisbon Treaty. It explains the Treaty framework for relations between the two institutions and traces their practical evolution over time, including an analysis of the roles of the presidents of each institution in such interaction ...

This study explores the development of relations between the European Council (of Heads of State or Government) and the European Parliament, two institutions that have become increasingly central to the operation of the European Union political system, especially since the 2009 Lisbon Treaty. It explains the Treaty framework for relations between the two institutions and traces their practical evolution over time, including an analysis of the roles of the presidents of each institution in such interaction. It also examines points of contention in the relationship to date, including in relation to 'legislative trespassing' by the European Council and the Spitzenkandidaten process

Auteur externe

EPRS, DG

Shaping European Union: The European Parliament and Institutional Reform, 1979-1989

13-11-2018

Based on a large range of newly accessible archival sources, this study explores the European Parliament’s policies on the institutional reform of the European Communities between 1979 and 1989. It demonstrates how the Parliament fulfilled key functions in the process of constitutionalisation of the present-day European Union. These functions included defining a set of criteria for effective and democratic governance, developing legal concepts such as subsidiarity, and pressurising the Member States ...

Based on a large range of newly accessible archival sources, this study explores the European Parliament’s policies on the institutional reform of the European Communities between 1979 and 1989. It demonstrates how the Parliament fulfilled key functions in the process of constitutionalisation of the present-day European Union. These functions included defining a set of criteria for effective and democratic governance, developing legal concepts such as subsidiarity, and pressurising the Member States into accepting greater institutional deepening and more powers for the Parliament in the Single European Act and the Maastricht Treaty.

Auteur externe

This study has been written by Professor Dr Wolfram Kaiser of the University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom, at the request of the Historical Archives Unit of the DIrectorate for the Library within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

European political parties and political foundations – Statute and funding

07-09-2018

On 13 September 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend the rules on the statute and funding of European political parties and European political foundations. The proposal aimed to revise the existing, 2014, regulation ahead of the 2019 European elections, to address specific loopholes. The limited number of proposed amendments focus on providing more transparency, improving democratic legitimacy and strengthening enforcement. However, a more thorough revision will be considered ...

On 13 September 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend the rules on the statute and funding of European political parties and European political foundations. The proposal aimed to revise the existing, 2014, regulation ahead of the 2019 European elections, to address specific loopholes. The limited number of proposed amendments focus on providing more transparency, improving democratic legitimacy and strengthening enforcement. However, a more thorough revision will be considered at a later date. Stakeholders shared the view that the 2014 regulation needs revising in advance of the 2019 European elections. Furthermore, the proposal came as a direct response to the European Parliament resolution of 15 June 2017, which called for the revision of the current legislation. Following agreement in trilogue in March 2018, the new regulation entered into force on 4 May 2018. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

The European Council in 2017: Overview of decisions and discussions

29-06-2018

The year 2017 was good for the EU, politically and economically. For the first time in almost a decade, the EU was not beset by crises, although Brexit posed a difficult challenge. The European Council met the Brexit challenge by approving guidelines for the negotiations in April, and agreeing to move to a new stage in December, while convening in a new format: Article 50 (TEU) meetings of the EU-27. The European Council launched another new formal in 2017: Leaders’ Meetings, held under the auspices ...

The year 2017 was good for the EU, politically and economically. For the first time in almost a decade, the EU was not beset by crises, although Brexit posed a difficult challenge. The European Council met the Brexit challenge by approving guidelines for the negotiations in April, and agreeing to move to a new stage in December, while convening in a new format: Article 50 (TEU) meetings of the EU-27. The European Council launched another new formal in 2017: Leaders’ Meetings, held under the auspices of the Leader’ Agenda, to discuss challenging issues such as migration and EMU reform. By the end of the year, the European Council could look back at an eventful but largely successful twelve months.

Le principe de subsidiarité

01-01-2018

Dans le cadre des compétences non exclusives de l’Union, le principe de subsidiarité, inscrit dans le traité sur l’Union européenne, définit les conditions dans lesquelles l’Union dispose d’une priorité d’action par rapport aux États membres.

Dans le cadre des compétences non exclusives de l’Union, le principe de subsidiarité, inscrit dans le traité sur l’Union européenne, définit les conditions dans lesquelles l’Union dispose d’une priorité d’action par rapport aux États membres.

Politique sociale et de l’emploi: principes généraux

01-01-2018

L’intégration européenne a produit d’importantes évolutions en matière sociale au fil du temps. Le dernier exemple en date est la proclamation du socle européen des droits sociaux, qui réaffirme l’engagement de l’Union à assurer de meilleures conditions de vie et de travail dans toute l’Europe.

L’intégration européenne a produit d’importantes évolutions en matière sociale au fil du temps. Le dernier exemple en date est la proclamation du socle européen des droits sociaux, qui réaffirme l’engagement de l’Union à assurer de meilleures conditions de vie et de travail dans toute l’Europe.

Programme-cadre de l’Union européenne pour la recherche et l’innovation: Évolution et données clés depuis le premier programme-cadre jusqu’à Horizon 2020, dans la perspective du neuvième programme-cadre

20-09-2017

À l’origine, le programme-cadre pour la recherche a été mis en place dans les années 80 pour rationaliser l’adoption des programmes de recherche de la Communauté. Les versions consécutives du processus et les modifications du traité ont conduit à ce que le programme-cadre devienne un instrument financier et stratégique visant à soutenir les politiques de recherche et d’innovation de l’Union européenne et à les mettre en œuvre. Avec l’élargissement de la portée du programme-cadre et la multiplication ...

À l’origine, le programme-cadre pour la recherche a été mis en place dans les années 80 pour rationaliser l’adoption des programmes de recherche de la Communauté. Les versions consécutives du processus et les modifications du traité ont conduit à ce que le programme-cadre devienne un instrument financier et stratégique visant à soutenir les politiques de recherche et d’innovation de l’Union européenne et à les mettre en œuvre. Avec l’élargissement de la portée du programme-cadre et la multiplication des types d’instruments permettant sa mise en œuvre, le programme-cadre a progressivement soutenu toutes les activités du processus d’innovation, dont la recherche, mais pas seulement. Les débats sur la structure et le contenu du 9e PCRD devraient débuter durant l’automne 2017. Ce rapport présente l’évolution du programme-cadre depuis son origine et souligne les principaux enjeux qui feront l’objet de débats au cours des années à venir au sein des institutions européennes, des États membre et des parties prenantes concernant la structure, les objectifs et la mise en œuvre du programme-cadre.

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