36

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

A Ten-Year-Long “EU Mediation Paradox”- When an EU Directive Needs To Be More …Directive

21-11-2018

Ten years since its adoption, the EU Mediation Directive remains very far from reaching its stated goals. This briefing summarises the main achievements and failures in the implementation at national level. In addition, it assesses the conclusions of previous research and of the European Parliament's resolution on the implmentation of the Mediation Directive.

Ten years since its adoption, the EU Mediation Directive remains very far from reaching its stated goals. This briefing summarises the main achievements and failures in the implementation at national level. In addition, it assesses the conclusions of previous research and of the European Parliament's resolution on the implmentation of the Mediation Directive.

Auteur externe

Giuseppe De Palo, Professor of Alternative Dispute Resolution Law and Practice at Mitchell Hamline School of Law, St Paul, U.S.A

Modernising judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters: Implementation Appraisal

15-05-2018

The regulation on the service of documents and the regulation on taking of evidence are key instruments in the facilitation of cross-border cooperation between national civil courts. They have contributed to the effectiveness of cross-border litigation before civil and commercial courts by making civil proceedings in cross-border cases simpler, faster and cheaper. However, digitalisation and the use of electronic means of communication could boost their efficiency. This is why the European Commission ...

The regulation on the service of documents and the regulation on taking of evidence are key instruments in the facilitation of cross-border cooperation between national civil courts. They have contributed to the effectiveness of cross-border litigation before civil and commercial courts by making civil proceedings in cross-border cases simpler, faster and cheaper. However, digitalisation and the use of electronic means of communication could boost their efficiency. This is why the European Commission is aiming to align the two instruments with the e-government objectives of the digital single market strategy. The Commission's review process has also brought to light some other shortcomings in the application of the two regulations, such as uncertainties regarding their scope and issues relating to the protection of the rights of the defence. Current disparities in the procedural laws of the Member States lead to legal uncertainties in the application of the regulations. The Commission is seeking ways to modernise judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters, and in particular Regulations 1393/2007/EC and 1206/2001/EC. To that end, it is currently undertaking a combined evaluation and impact assessment for both regulations at once.

«CONVENTION SUR LES JUGEMENTS» DE LA CONFÉRENCE DE LA HAYE DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL PRIVÉ

16-04-2018

La présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission JURI, présente une évaluation des travaux en cours de la Conférence de La Haye de droit international privé sur la convention sur les jugements. L’analyse se concentre sur le projet de convention de novembre 2017, son interaction avec les instruments internationaux et de l’Union dans le domaine, ainsi que son incidence potentielle ...

La présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission JURI, présente une évaluation des travaux en cours de la Conférence de La Haye de droit international privé sur la convention sur les jugements. L’analyse se concentre sur le projet de convention de novembre 2017, son interaction avec les instruments internationaux et de l’Union dans le domaine, ainsi que son incidence potentielle future sur le règlement des litiges transfrontaliers en matière civile et commerciale.

Auteur externe

Pedro A. DE MIGUEL ASENSIO (coord.), Professor, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain Gilles CUNIBERTI, Professor, University of Luxembourg Pietro FRANZINA, Professor, University of Ferrara, Italy Christian HEINZE, Professor, Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany Marta REQUEJO ISIDRO, Senior Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute Luxembourg

La coopération judiciaire en matière civile

01-03-2018

La libre circulation des biens, des services, des capitaux et des personnes au-delà des frontières est en constant essor. Dans les matières civiles ayant une incidence transfrontalière, l’Union développe une coopération judiciaire et façonne des passerelles entre les différents systèmes juridiques. Ses objectifs principaux sont la sécurité juridique et un accès aisé et effectif à la justice, ce qui implique une identification facile de la juridiction compétente, une indication claire du droit applicable ...

La libre circulation des biens, des services, des capitaux et des personnes au-delà des frontières est en constant essor. Dans les matières civiles ayant une incidence transfrontalière, l’Union développe une coopération judiciaire et façonne des passerelles entre les différents systèmes juridiques. Ses objectifs principaux sont la sécurité juridique et un accès aisé et effectif à la justice, ce qui implique une identification facile de la juridiction compétente, une indication claire du droit applicable ainsi que des procédures de reconnaissance et d’exécution rapides et efficaces.

The Victims' Rights Directive 2012/29/EU

14-12-2017

Directive 2012/29/EU establishing minimum standards for the rights, support and protection of victims of crime is an instrument of harmonisation that sets basic standards to be applied across the EU. It makes important procedural provisions regarding, for instance, the right to be heard, to understand and be understood, and the right to receive information, make a complaint and access support services. This study assesses the implementation of the directive and various aspects of its application: ...

Directive 2012/29/EU establishing minimum standards for the rights, support and protection of victims of crime is an instrument of harmonisation that sets basic standards to be applied across the EU. It makes important procedural provisions regarding, for instance, the right to be heard, to understand and be understood, and the right to receive information, make a complaint and access support services. This study assesses the implementation of the directive and various aspects of its application: legal transposition measures at Member State level, the practical implementation of the directive on the ground, and the benefits it has provided for victims, as well as the challenges encountered.

Auteur externe

The opening analysis of the study (Part I) has been prepared by Amandine Scherrer and Ivana Kiendl Krišto (EPRS, EVAL Unit) . Part II of the study was prepared by the Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP (CSES).

Effective access to justice

15-11-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by PETI Committee, aims to identify and understand the issues affecting effective access to justice raised by the EU citizens and residents in some Member States with the main aim to frame the analysis and obtain a fair representation of recurring issues pertaining to access to justice across the EU. It seeks to understand why citizens have turned to the EU institutions ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by PETI Committee, aims to identify and understand the issues affecting effective access to justice raised by the EU citizens and residents in some Member States with the main aim to frame the analysis and obtain a fair representation of recurring issues pertaining to access to justice across the EU. It seeks to understand why citizens have turned to the EU institutions to seek access to justice, and looks at a large range of factors, including legal and procedural issues as well as practical, social, historical and political factors that underpin the issues raised in these petitions. More broadly, the study intends to assess the relevance of the petitions system to address access to justice issues experienced by citizens at national level.

Auteur externe

Ms Nathy Rass-Masson, Ms Virginie Rouas (Milieu)

Judicial remedies for individuals before the highest jurisdictions, a comparative law perspective - The United Kingdom

09-10-2017

The study presented below forms part of a larger project whose aim is to provide a comparative analysis of the rights of individuals in law proceedings before the highest courts of different States and before certain international courts. The objective is to describe the various remedies developed under domestic law that are available through the UK courts including the Supreme Court which, though not a constitutional court in the classic Kelsenian model, does sits at the apex of the appellate court ...

The study presented below forms part of a larger project whose aim is to provide a comparative analysis of the rights of individuals in law proceedings before the highest courts of different States and before certain international courts. The objective is to describe the various remedies developed under domestic law that are available through the UK courts including the Supreme Court which, though not a constitutional court in the classic Kelsenian model, does sits at the apex of the appellate court structure in the UK. The study commences with an historical introduction which stresses the absence in domestic law of a clearly delineated sense of what counts as ‘constitutional’ .In traditional accounts of the UK Constitution there is no hierarchy of higher order ‘constitutional’ and ‘ordinary’ Acts of Parliament. Neither has a separate court structure developed to handle exclusively constitutional claims, although specialised ad hoc tribunals do exist in public law contexts. The underpinning principles remain (i) the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty and (ii) the rule of law. After this introduction, a review is provided of the main remedies and procedures used for the redress of grievances against public bodies. In a subsequent section of materials, a table of the main sources of individual rights against the state is provided. The domestic status of constitutional conventions and international law are dealt with in this part. Then, an account of the substantive norms informing the standards of effective protection for the individual is given, including some critical commentary on the operation of key provisions. The concluding section compares the benefits and drawbacks of specialised tribunal adjudication, the ‘politicised’ nature of certain judicial review proceedings against a background of increasing privately-owned provision of services to the public and the continuing relevance of private law tort claims where compensation for mistreatment at the hands of the state is sought.

Auteur externe

null, EPRS-ComparativeLaw

Recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions, une perspective de droit comparé - Canada

06-10-2017

Cette étude fait partie d'un projet plus global qui a pour but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé les recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions de différents États ainsi que devant certaines juridictions internationales. L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner les différents recours à disposition des particuliers en droit canadien, et en particulier devant la Cour suprême du Canada. Pour ce faire, le texte est divisé en cinq parties. L’introduction offre un survol ...

Cette étude fait partie d'un projet plus global qui a pour but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé les recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions de différents États ainsi que devant certaines juridictions internationales. L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner les différents recours à disposition des particuliers en droit canadien, et en particulier devant la Cour suprême du Canada. Pour ce faire, le texte est divisé en cinq parties. L’introduction offre un survol de l’histoire constitutionnelle canadienne — laquelle explique la coexistence de droits issus de plusieurs traditions juridiques. Elle présente ensuite le système fédéral, les origines du contrôle de constitutionnalité et les bases de l’organisation judiciaire (I). Le Canada pratiquant un contrôle « diffus » de constitutionnalité, la seconde partie traite des différents types de recours ouverts aux particuliers en matière de justice constitutionnelle, tant devant les instances administratives que judiciaires, tout en mettant l’accent sur les recours devant la Cour suprême du Canada. La discussion porte notamment sur les « réparations » que peuvent accorder les tribunaux dans ce contexte (II). Suit un examen des dispositions utilisées comme normes de référence pour la protection des droits des particuliers (III), de même que des moyens élaborés tant par le pouvoir judiciaire que les branches législatives et administratives afin d’assurer une protection juridictionnelle effective des droits (IV). Une conclusion trace un bilan des recours ouverts aux particuliers en matière de « justice constitutionnelle ». Essentiellement, si les justiciables canadiens jouissent d’un large éventail de droits et de recours en matière constitutionnelle, l’accès à la plus haute juridiction du pays est restreint, en raison du nombre limité d’affaires que la Cour choisit d’entendre chaque année. De manière plus générale, l’accès à la justice continue de poser de réels défis au Canada, non pas en raison d’un déficit de sources de droits ou de défaillance judiciaire, mais en raison des coûts souvent faramineux des procédures et des délais judiciaires.

Auteur externe

EPRS, Comparative Law; Professor Johanne Poirier of McGill University, Montreal

Judicial remedies for individuals before the highest jurisdictions, a comparative law perspective - United States of America

06-10-2017

This study is part of a larger project whose aim is to provide a comparative analysis of the rights of individuals in law proceedings before the highest courts of different States and before certain international courts. The objective is to describe the various remedies developed under domestic law that are available to individuals in American law, and in particular before this country’s highest courts. To that end, after a general introduction setting out the historical background, we will consider ...

This study is part of a larger project whose aim is to provide a comparative analysis of the rights of individuals in law proceedings before the highest courts of different States and before certain international courts. The objective is to describe the various remedies developed under domestic law that are available to individuals in American law, and in particular before this country’s highest courts. To that end, after a general introduction setting out the historical background, we will consider the various remedies available to individuals at both administrative and judicial level. The next step will be to look at the rules used as reference standards for the protection of individuals, and the case law of the highest courts regarding effective legal protection. Finally, we will draw some conclusions on the situation as a whole, with some suggestions for improvements. The immediate study describes the American model of judicial review, a decentralized model in which all courts have the authority to adjudicate constitutional matters alongside other types of litigation. Judicial review has been a part of major controversies throughout American history. The study describes how federal courts may hear constitutional claims of plaintiffs meeting the jurisdictional requirement for a concrete "case or controversy." It further describes the need for a plaintiff to demonstrate a cause of action in order to enforce his or her constitutional right. Remedies for constitutional violations include injunctive relief, declaratory judgments, damages, suppression of evidence, and post-conviction relief. The study also describes the absence in American law of a right to an effective remedy.

Auteur externe

EPRS-ComparativeLaw

European Protection Order Directive 2011/99/EU

28-09-2017

Directive 2011/99/EU on the European Protection Order establishes a mechanism for the mutual recognition of protection measures for victims of crime. This study examines the implementation of the Directive and analyses the practices of the Member States in this area. It identifies specific challenges and deficiencies that help to explain why this EU instrument is very rarely used. The assessment has been produced to support the implementation report being prepared on the subject by the European Parliament's ...

Directive 2011/99/EU on the European Protection Order establishes a mechanism for the mutual recognition of protection measures for victims of crime. This study examines the implementation of the Directive and analyses the practices of the Member States in this area. It identifies specific challenges and deficiencies that help to explain why this EU instrument is very rarely used. The assessment has been produced to support the implementation report being prepared on the subject by the European Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs and the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality.

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