7

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Cities: Front line of climate action

16-02-2018

Cities have a crucial role to play in addressing the climate change challenge and delivering on the ambitions of the Paris Agreement. In the European Union (EU), where nearly three quarters of the population live in urban areas, many cities are leading the way in this regard, taking action in three areas central to increasing energy efficiency and reducing emissions – namely, buildings, energy supply, and transport – and acting as living laboratories of climate-change-related innovation. The EU supports ...

Cities have a crucial role to play in addressing the climate change challenge and delivering on the ambitions of the Paris Agreement. In the European Union (EU), where nearly three quarters of the population live in urban areas, many cities are leading the way in this regard, taking action in three areas central to increasing energy efficiency and reducing emissions – namely, buildings, energy supply, and transport – and acting as living laboratories of climate-change-related innovation. The EU supports cities in their efforts by providing guidance, promoting experience-and knowledge-sharing, fostering cooperation, and funding climate action. Climate-relevant initiatives are in place in various policy fields, from transport to the environment, research and innovation, the most high-profile being the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, which currently counts over 7 700 signatories. A supportive framework is essential to ensure city-level initiatives have enough resources and potential to effect meaningful change. Easing access to climate funding and strengthening the role of cities in climate governance are among the main challenges ahead, and the main demands of city associations. The latter issue is currently in the spotlight, notably in relation to the proposal for a regulation on energy union governance, part of the EU clean energy package. The European Parliament adopted amendments to the proposed regulation in January 2018. The role of EU regions and cities in implementing the Paris Agreement is also the subject of an own-initiative report, scheduled for debate during the March plenary session. This briefing is an update of an earlier one published in October 2017.

The Potential of Electricity Demand Response

15-09-2017

This report summarises the presentations and discussions made during a workshop on ‘The Potential of Electricity Demand Response’ organised on 30 May 2017 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The aim of the workshop was to highlight the role and potential of electricity demand response in achieving the EU energy and climate policy targets, to illustrate the current experiences and progress towards deployment of demand response across the EU and to identify ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions made during a workshop on ‘The Potential of Electricity Demand Response’ organised on 30 May 2017 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The aim of the workshop was to highlight the role and potential of electricity demand response in achieving the EU energy and climate policy targets, to illustrate the current experiences and progress towards deployment of demand response across the EU and to identify and evaluate possible legislative and regulatory initiatives to optimally deploy the potential. The presentations and proceedings of this workshop should support the ITRE members in their evaluation of the related legislative proposals in the “Clean Energy for All Europeans package”.

Auteur externe

Luc VAN NUFFEL, Jessica YEARWOOD

What if we were to build skyscrapers from wood?

03-04-2017

Can new technologies contribute to a revival of wood as a source for biomass and construction material, and play a leading role in the fight against climate change? Wood has been part of human civilisation for many thousands of years, playing a key role as fuel or construction material, as well as a material for the manufacture of furniture, machinery, means of transport and everyday objects.

Can new technologies contribute to a revival of wood as a source for biomass and construction material, and play a leading role in the fight against climate change? Wood has been part of human civilisation for many thousands of years, playing a key role as fuel or construction material, as well as a material for the manufacture of furniture, machinery, means of transport and everyday objects.

Boosting Building Renovation: What Potential and Value for Europe?

14-10-2016

Renovation of buildings is key to meet the EU’s energy efficiency targets. This paper reviews the literature on the state of the building stock and assesses various policy options and their potential for boosting the energy efficient renovation of buildings in Europe. This document has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) of the European Parliament.

Renovation of buildings is key to meet the EU’s energy efficiency targets. This paper reviews the literature on the state of the building stock and assesses various policy options and their potential for boosting the energy efficient renovation of buildings in Europe. This document has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) of the European Parliament.

Auteur externe

Irati ARTOLA, Koen RADEMAEKERS, Rob WILLIAMS and Jessica YEARWOOD

EU Heating and Cooling Strategy: A path to decarbonising homes and industry

11-05-2016

The EU Heating and Cooling Strategy, which is part of the European Commission's Sustainable Energy Security Package, presents a vision for an EU which has decarbonised buildings and industry, maximises the use of energy released from waste heat and cold in industry, and encourages district heating. Although the strategy does not announce any new legislative proposals, it presents some steps the European Commission may consider in the process of revising existing energy legislation, both to improve ...

The EU Heating and Cooling Strategy, which is part of the European Commission's Sustainable Energy Security Package, presents a vision for an EU which has decarbonised buildings and industry, maximises the use of energy released from waste heat and cold in industry, and encourages district heating. Although the strategy does not announce any new legislative proposals, it presents some steps the European Commission may consider in the process of revising existing energy legislation, both to improve implementation and to align it with 2030 climate and energy targets. The Commission has announced it would look to improve the financing of building stock renovations and simplify improvements in rented apartments and multi-apartment buildings. The Commission suggests industry could achieve efficiency gains of 4-10% with existing technologies, but does not introduce any binding targets. However, according to its vision, surplus heat and cold from industrial processes would in future be reused in district heating and cooling systems, with a special contribution from cogeneration plants producing heat and power in a highly energy-efficient process. Today, biomass is the most widely used renewable source for heating in all sectors, yet its use is not problem-free. Furthermore, some stakeholders question the economic feasibility of investing in new district and cooling systems, while others point to inconsistencies between the Heating and Cooling Strategy and the Energy Security Package in its sections referring to the security of gas supply.

Biomass for electricity and heating: Opportunities and challenges

17-09-2015

Biomass is a renewable energy source which can be used to produce electricity, heat and transport fuels. It accounts for roughly two thirds of renewable energy in the European Union (EU). Although biomass can come from many different sources, wood is by far the most common. Under EU legislation, biomass is carbon neutral, based on the assumption that the carbon released when solid biomass is burned will be re-absorbed during tree growth. Current EU policies provide incentives to use biomass for power ...

Biomass is a renewable energy source which can be used to produce electricity, heat and transport fuels. It accounts for roughly two thirds of renewable energy in the European Union (EU). Although biomass can come from many different sources, wood is by far the most common. Under EU legislation, biomass is carbon neutral, based on the assumption that the carbon released when solid biomass is burned will be re-absorbed during tree growth. Current EU policies provide incentives to use biomass for power generation. At present, there are no binding sustainability criteria for biomass at EU level, although some exist at national and industry level. Opportunities and challenges related to biomass have to do with greenhouse gas emissions (biomass can contribute to reducing carbon emissions, but emissions may not be fully accounted for); resource availability (biomass can contribute to energy security, but its sources are finite); environment and human health (increased use of biomass for energy can have adverse effects on air quality, soil properties and biodiversity). To address sustainability concerns, different responses have been put forward, including the principle of the cascading use of biomass, whereby it is used more than once, with energy conversion typically as the last step. The European Parliament has called for EU sustainability criteria but has opposed legally binding rules for prioritising uses of wood. Stakeholders have expressed opinions on greenhouse-gas accounting, sustainability criteria and the cascading use of biomass.

Atelier consacré à l’efficacité énergétique - Obligations en matière d’économies d’énergie, objectifs à atteindre pour les bâtiments publics et promotion de la PCCE

14-10-2011

L’atelier s’est penché sur des exemples de meilleures pratiques en oeuvre dans les États membres, et sur le coût de l’application de diverses mesures destinées à améliorer l’efficacité énergétique. Il s’est articulé autour de trois thèmes principaux: les mécanismes d’obligations en matière d’efficacité énergétique, le potentiel, les coûts et les difficultés liés au taux de rénovation de 3 % proposé pour les bâtiments publics et la promotion de la production combinée de chaleur et d’électricité (PCCE ...

L’atelier s’est penché sur des exemples de meilleures pratiques en oeuvre dans les États membres, et sur le coût de l’application de diverses mesures destinées à améliorer l’efficacité énergétique. Il s’est articulé autour de trois thèmes principaux: les mécanismes d’obligations en matière d’efficacité énergétique, le potentiel, les coûts et les difficultés liés au taux de rénovation de 3 % proposé pour les bâtiments publics et la promotion de la production combinée de chaleur et d’électricité (PCCE).

Auteur externe

Bruno Lapillone (ENERDATA) ; Silvia Rezessy and Paolo Bertoldi (European Commission, Directorate General JRC) ; Achim Neuhaueser (Berliner Energieagentur GmbH) ; Yamina Saheb (International Energy Agency) ; Jesper Møller Larsen (DH Aalborg) and Vaclovas Kveselis (Lithuanian Energy Institute)

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