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résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
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Date

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: La pêche

28-06-2019

L’Union européenne est seule responsable de la conservation de ses ressources marines de pêche, lesquelles sont gérées dans le cadre de la politique commune de la pêche (PCP). Depuis sa création en 1983 et les réformes décennales régulièrement effectuées depuis, la PCP a parcouru un long chemin. Le cadre actuel est issu de la réforme de la PCP de 2013 et vise à garantir la viabilité environnementale, économique et sociale de la pêche de l’Union. La PCP comprend un instrument financier spécial à cet ...

L’Union européenne est seule responsable de la conservation de ses ressources marines de pêche, lesquelles sont gérées dans le cadre de la politique commune de la pêche (PCP). Depuis sa création en 1983 et les réformes décennales régulièrement effectuées depuis, la PCP a parcouru un long chemin. Le cadre actuel est issu de la réforme de la PCP de 2013 et vise à garantir la viabilité environnementale, économique et sociale de la pêche de l’Union. La PCP comprend un instrument financier spécial à cet effet, le Fonds européen pour les affaires maritimes et la pêche (FEAMP), doté d’un budget de 6,4 milliards d’euros pour la période 2014-2020. L’un des objectifs introduits par la réforme de 2013 est de parvenir à exploiter l’ensemble des stocks à des niveaux viables d’ici 2020. Elle prévoit également plusieurs grands instruments permettant de progresser en ce sens. L’adoption de plans pluriannuels est notamment devenue une priorité afin de garantir une gestion des stocks à long terme. Une obligation de débarquement de toutes les prises a été conçue afin de mettre un terme au rejet des poissons à la mer. La réforme a également introduit la régionalisation de la prise de décision ainsi que la possibilité d’adopter des mesures de conservation en fonction des recommandations communes des États membres concernés. L’application de la PCP réformée ayant été la principale caractéristique de la législature 2014-2019, les travaux législatifs ont avancé sur plusieurs sujets importants. Plusieurs plans pluriannuels ont été lancés et quatre d’entre eux, à savoir sur la pêche en mer Baltique, en mer du Nord, dans les eaux occidentales et en Méditerranée occidentale sont à présent en vigueur. L’obligation de débarquement a comme prévu été progressivement mise en œuvre entre 2015 et 2019. L’Union a adopté un cadre actualisé concernant la collecte de données sur la pêche afin de faciliter les décisions de gestion ainsi qu’un nouveau système d’autorisations de pêche, améliorant la surveillance des navires de l’Union qui pêchent hors des eaux de l’Union. Les activités de l’Union ont également porté sur divers aspects de la dimension externe de la PCP, tels que le passage d’accords de pêche avec des pays tiers et la participation à la gouvernance internationale en matière de pêche. À l’avenir, il convient de continuer à progresser sur des questions telles que l’adoption de plans pluriannuels et la révision du régime de contrôle de la pêche. Le FEAMP sera renouvelé dans le cadre du prochain budget pluriannuel de l’Union pour la période 2021-2027. Il conviendra également de faire le bilan des progrès accomplis quant à l’application de la dernière réforme et la réalisation de ses objectifs en vue des prochaines évolutions de la PCP. Le présent document est une mise à jour d’une note plus ancienne, publiée avant les élections européennes de 2019.

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund 2021-2027

22-05-2019

The European Commission has proposed a new regulation on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) as part of the next EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period. The European Parliament established its first-reading position on the proposal on 4 April 2019. The new fund will continue to support the EU common fisheries policy and the Union's maritime policy. The proposal aims to simplify the delivery of the fund compared to the very complex legal framework in use for the current EMFF. It ...

The European Commission has proposed a new regulation on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) as part of the next EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period. The European Parliament established its first-reading position on the proposal on 4 April 2019. The new fund will continue to support the EU common fisheries policy and the Union's maritime policy. The proposal aims to simplify the delivery of the fund compared to the very complex legal framework in use for the current EMFF. It therefore presents a more flexible architecture: this would allow Member States to use the funds where they see the greatest need, instead of being bound to a list of pre-defined measures and eligibility rules. Small-scale coastal fisheries and outermost regions would receive greater preferential treatment. It further proposes increased support for international ocean governance and stronger synergies with other EU policies. The fund is also expected to contribute to the development of the blue economy and support the EU's climate objectives. Negotiations with the Council on the proposal are expected to start in the new term. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund 2021-2027

21-01-2019

The 2021-2027 European Maritime and Fisheries Fund is the major financial tool supporting the EU common fisheries policy (CFP). The new EMFF is focused “on evolution rather than radical changes” - and is supposed to be simpler and more flexible for the stakeholders involved. The notes on quality, research and analysis of the impact assessment concluded that the range of options, the scope and analysis of impacts, and the stakeholder consultation seem to be not always in line with the Better Regulation ...

The 2021-2027 European Maritime and Fisheries Fund is the major financial tool supporting the EU common fisheries policy (CFP). The new EMFF is focused “on evolution rather than radical changes” - and is supposed to be simpler and more flexible for the stakeholders involved. The notes on quality, research and analysis of the impact assessment concluded that the range of options, the scope and analysis of impacts, and the stakeholder consultation seem to be not always in line with the Better Regulation Guidelines for financial programmes.

European Maritime Single Window environment

18-12-2018

This briefing analyses the impact assessment accompanying the legislative proposal of the Commission to establish the European Maritime Single Window environment (EMSWe). The goal of the EMSWe is to decrease and harmonise throughout the EU, the reporting formalities and obligations of the maritime operators when calling at ports in the EU. The IA provides the overview of the main problems of the existing legislation and the policy options considered by the Commission to deal with them. Despite some ...

This briefing analyses the impact assessment accompanying the legislative proposal of the Commission to establish the European Maritime Single Window environment (EMSWe). The goal of the EMSWe is to decrease and harmonise throughout the EU, the reporting formalities and obligations of the maritime operators when calling at ports in the EU. The IA provides the overview of the main problems of the existing legislation and the policy options considered by the Commission to deal with them. Despite some minor inconsistencies, the IA provides a solid analysis of the current problems related to reporting obligations of ships when calling at a port.

European Maritime Single Window

14-05-2018

Reporting formalities for ships arriving in and/or departing from ports of the Member States are currently set out in Directive 2010/65/EU – the Reporting Formalities Directive (RFD). The directive aims to simplify and harmonise administrative procedures in maritime transport by introducing a single window for reporting formalities for ships. The European Commission's ex-post evaluation of the functioning of the directive showed that, eight years after its adoption, several serious problems are hampering ...

Reporting formalities for ships arriving in and/or departing from ports of the Member States are currently set out in Directive 2010/65/EU – the Reporting Formalities Directive (RFD). The directive aims to simplify and harmonise administrative procedures in maritime transport by introducing a single window for reporting formalities for ships. The European Commission's ex-post evaluation of the functioning of the directive showed that, eight years after its adoption, several serious problems are hampering its harmonised application throughout the EU. The main problem drivers are (1) an unsatisfactory level of national and EU harmonisation, (2) the limited scope of the directive and (3) an inefficient use of the received data by national authorities of Member States. The European Parliament has already underlined the need for simplification and harmonisation of administrative requirements for ships in maritime transport. The European Commission intends to address the problems identified to date by submitting a legislative proposal to revise the RFD in the second quarter of 2018.

Safety rules and standards for passenger ships

15-02-2018

The European Commission has evaluated existing EU legislation on passenger ship safety and presented three proposals for directives, aimed at simplifying rules and cutting administrative costs, while at the same time making sea travel safer. This proposal sought to clarify the technical requirements introduced by Directive 2009/45/EC, which vessels must respect in areas of construction, stability and fire protection. The newly defined standards should provide for uniform national interpretations ...

The European Commission has evaluated existing EU legislation on passenger ship safety and presented three proposals for directives, aimed at simplifying rules and cutting administrative costs, while at the same time making sea travel safer. This proposal sought to clarify the technical requirements introduced by Directive 2009/45/EC, which vessels must respect in areas of construction, stability and fire protection. The newly defined standards should provide for uniform national interpretations and make the rules easier to update, monitor and enforce. After the negotiations between the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission concluded on 15 June 2017, the Parliament adopted the agreed text on 4 October 2017 and the Council on 23 October 2017. The deadline for Member States to transpose the final legislative act into their respective laws is 21 December 2019. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Registration of persons on board passenger ships

15-02-2018

The European Commission has evaluated existing EU legislation on passenger ship safety and presented three proposals for directives, aimed at simplifying rules and cutting administrative costs, while at the same time making sea travel safer. This proposal sought to amend the requirements set by Directive 98/41/EC for counting and registering passengers and crew on board passenger ships, and to remove any overlap in reporting obligations or disproportionate requirements. The main change introduced ...

The European Commission has evaluated existing EU legislation on passenger ship safety and presented three proposals for directives, aimed at simplifying rules and cutting administrative costs, while at the same time making sea travel safer. This proposal sought to amend the requirements set by Directive 98/41/EC for counting and registering passengers and crew on board passenger ships, and to remove any overlap in reporting obligations or disproportionate requirements. The main change introduced was the digitalisation of reporting obligations. After the interinstitutional negotiations concluded on 14 June 2017, the European Parliament adopted the agreed text on 4 October 2017 and the Council on 23 October 2017. The new provisions will apply from 21 December 2019. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. See also briefings on the related proposals, on safety rules (PE 595.900) and vessel inspections (PE 595.902).

Inspections of ro-ro ferries and high-speed passenger craft

15-02-2018

The European Commission, in line with its regulatory fitness and performance programme (REFIT), has evaluated existing EU legislation on passenger ship safety and presented three proposals for directives, aimed at simplifying rules and cutting administrative costs, while at the same time making sea travel safer. This proposal seeks to rationalise inspections conducted by national administrations while ensuring a high level of passenger ship safety and without unnecessarily limiting the ship’s commercial ...

The European Commission, in line with its regulatory fitness and performance programme (REFIT), has evaluated existing EU legislation on passenger ship safety and presented three proposals for directives, aimed at simplifying rules and cutting administrative costs, while at the same time making sea travel safer. This proposal seeks to rationalise inspections conducted by national administrations while ensuring a high level of passenger ship safety and without unnecessarily limiting the ship’s commercial operations, making the inspections system for these ships simpler, more effective and cheaper. This would be achieved by changing focus from initial company-based inspections to ship-based ones and by ensuring that subsequent inspections occur at regular intervals. After interinstitutional negotiations concluded on 14 July 2017, the European Parliament adopted the agreed text on 4 October 2017 and the Council on 23 October 2017. The final act entered into force on 20 December 2017 and the new provisions will apply from 21 December 2019. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Transports maritimes: règles de trafic et de sécurité

01-02-2018

Plusieurs directives et règlements de l’Union ont considérablement amélioré les normes relatives à la sécurité des transports maritimes ces dernières années. Cela est plus particulièrement dû aux trois paquets législatifs qui ont été adoptés après les naufrages de l’Erika et du Prestige.

Plusieurs directives et règlements de l’Union ont considérablement amélioré les normes relatives à la sécurité des transports maritimes ces dernières années. Cela est plus particulièrement dû aux trois paquets législatifs qui ont été adoptés après les naufrages de l’Erika et du Prestige.

La politique maritime intégrée

01-01-2018

La politique maritime intégrée (PMI) constitue une approche globale de toutes les politiques de l'Union européenne relatives à la mer. Fondée sur l'idée qu'en coordonnant ses politiques, l'Union peut davantage tirer profit des mers et des océans tout en diminuant l'impact sur l'environnement, la PMI englobe des domaines aussi variés que la pêche et l'aquaculture, la navigation et les ports maritimes, le milieu marin, la recherche marine, la production d'énergie en mer, les chantiers navals et les ...

La politique maritime intégrée (PMI) constitue une approche globale de toutes les politiques de l'Union européenne relatives à la mer. Fondée sur l'idée qu'en coordonnant ses politiques, l'Union peut davantage tirer profit des mers et des océans tout en diminuant l'impact sur l'environnement, la PMI englobe des domaines aussi variés que la pêche et l'aquaculture, la navigation et les ports maritimes, le milieu marin, la recherche marine, la production d'énergie en mer, les chantiers navals et les industries liées à la mer, la surveillance maritime, le tourisme maritime et côtier, l'emploi, le développement des régions côtières et les relations extérieures concernant les affaires maritimes.

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