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Domaine politique
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Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: Politique économique

28-06-2019

Bien qu’elle relève de la responsabilité de chaque État membre, la politique économique fait généralement l’objet d’une coordination multilatérale entre les différents pays de l’Union européenne. La crise financière mondiale et la crise de la dette souveraine européenne ont mis ce cadre à rude épreuve. C’est l’une des raisons pour lesquelles la reprise dans l’Union a été plus lente qu’aux États-Unis et ne s’est pas opérée de manière homogène dans tous les États membres. En outre, la reprise s’est ...

Bien qu’elle relève de la responsabilité de chaque État membre, la politique économique fait généralement l’objet d’une coordination multilatérale entre les différents pays de l’Union européenne. La crise financière mondiale et la crise de la dette souveraine européenne ont mis ce cadre à rude épreuve. C’est l’une des raisons pour lesquelles la reprise dans l’Union a été plus lente qu’aux États-Unis et ne s’est pas opérée de manière homogène dans tous les États membres. En outre, la reprise s’est principalement fondée sur des politiques budgétaires et monétaires accommodantes, qui n’occultent que partiellement les signes sous-jacents de la fragilité budgétaire ou financière de certains pays. Pour remédier à la situation, les institutions européennes ont lancé un double processus en 2011. Des initiatives ont été prises pour renforcer le cadre actuel de la gouvernance économique et faciliter la surveillance des banques de la zone euro. Parallèlement, des discussions ont débuté sur de possibles pistes pour réduire les divergences économiques entre les États membres, favoriser la réduction des risques et le partage des risques, accroître la transparence du processus de gouvernance et garantir la responsabilité démocratique. Dans le domaine de la responsabilité démocratique, plusieurs initiatives – qui ne nécessitaient aucune modification des traités de l’Union – ont été lancées entre 2015 et 2017. À l’été 2017, les échanges de vues sur l’approfondissement du cadre politique de l’Union économique et monétaire se sont intensifiés. Cette procédure, préconisée dans le rapport des cinq présidents (rédigé par les présidents des principales institutions européennes) et qui devrait s’achever à l’horizon 2025, est désormais examinée à l’échelle des États membres. L’état d’avancement actuel de ces travaux témoigne de deux principales préférences stratégiques, qui scindent les États membres en deux groupes: d’une part, ceux qui donnent la priorité aux mesures de partage des risques (comme la France) et, d’autre part, ceux qui prônent davantage d’initiatives de réduction des risques (tels que l’Allemagne). En raison de cette absence de consensus, le Conseil européen a été jusqu’à présent dans l’incapacité de trouver une solution. Le présent document est une mise à jour d’une note plus ancienne, publiée avant les élections européennes de 2019.

Outcome of the meetings of EU leaders on 28-29 June 2018

02-07-2018

On 28-29 June 2018 Heads of State or Government met, in different formats and constellations (i.e. a formal European Council, an article 50 European Council and a Euro summit), to discuss migration, security and defence, Brexit and the euro area. Migration topped the agenda of the European Council. The Euro Summit discussed further developments in the euro area, including potentially the creation of a special budget for the euro area.

On 28-29 June 2018 Heads of State or Government met, in different formats and constellations (i.e. a formal European Council, an article 50 European Council and a Euro summit), to discuss migration, security and defence, Brexit and the euro area. Migration topped the agenda of the European Council. The Euro Summit discussed further developments in the euro area, including potentially the creation of a special budget for the euro area.

Greece’s financial assistance programme - June 2018

22-06-2018

This briefing provides an overview of the economic situation in Greece and the main developments under the third financial assistance programme. This version updates the briefing published on 3 October 2017.

This briefing provides an overview of the economic situation in Greece and the main developments under the third financial assistance programme. This version updates the briefing published on 3 October 2017.

The ESM and the proposed EMF: a tabular comparison

14-06-2018

This paper presents some aspects of the draft Council Regulation on the establishment of a European Monetary Fund, proposed by the Commission in the context of the Roadmap to deepening Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union of December 2017. The paper includes a full comparison between the European Stabilisation Mechanism (ESM) Treaty and the Statute of the proposed EMF.

This paper presents some aspects of the draft Council Regulation on the establishment of a European Monetary Fund, proposed by the Commission in the context of the Roadmap to deepening Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union of December 2017. The paper includes a full comparison between the European Stabilisation Mechanism (ESM) Treaty and the Statute of the proposed EMF.

The ESM and the IMF: comparison of the main features

27-04-2018

This document provides a comparison of the main objectives, tools and governance structures of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It contributes to the debate on recent proposal regarding the possible evolution of the ESM into a “European Monetary Fund”, in the wider context of the discussions on how to strengthen the governance of Economic and Monetary Union. The note also presents summaries of three external papers prepared in spring 2017, upon ...

This document provides a comparison of the main objectives, tools and governance structures of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It contributes to the debate on recent proposal regarding the possible evolution of the ESM into a “European Monetary Fund”, in the wider context of the discussions on how to strengthen the governance of Economic and Monetary Union. The note also presents summaries of three external papers prepared in spring 2017, upon a request of the Economic and Monetary Committee on this subject.

The ESM and the EIB: comparison of some features

25-04-2018

Following the Commission proposal to transform the European Stability Mechanism into the European Monetary Fund, and the statement by the ESM’s Chair to model the new body similarly to the European Investment Bank, this paper presents in a tabular format the main characteristics of these two institutions.

Following the Commission proposal to transform the European Stability Mechanism into the European Monetary Fund, and the statement by the ESM’s Chair to model the new body similarly to the European Investment Bank, this paper presents in a tabular format the main characteristics of these two institutions.

European Stability Mechanism

12-12-2017

A proposal to transform the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) into a European Monetary Fund (EMF) within EU law was adopted by the Commission on 6 December 2017. The publication of the proposal was announced in Annex I of the 2018 Commission work programme, as one of the actions within the item 'Completing the Economic and Monetary Union'. In the context of the proposal, this briefing provides information on the functioning of the ESM, which recently celebrated its fifth anniversary. The European ...

A proposal to transform the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) into a European Monetary Fund (EMF) within EU law was adopted by the Commission on 6 December 2017. The publication of the proposal was announced in Annex I of the 2018 Commission work programme, as one of the actions within the item 'Completing the Economic and Monetary Union'. In the context of the proposal, this briefing provides information on the functioning of the ESM, which recently celebrated its fifth anniversary. The European Stability Mechanism is an intergovernmental organisation that began operating on 8 October 2012, with the aim of providing financial assistance to euro-area countries experiencing or threatened by severe financing problems, and with a lending capacity of €500 billion. During the last five years, five EU countries: Ireland, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus and Spain have received support from the ESM. Around 33 % of the ESM's lending capacity has been committed.

Economic Dialogue with the President of the Eurogroup - ECON on 7 December 2017

05-12-2017

Jeroen Dijsselbloem, President of the Eurogroup, has been invited to a regular Economic Dialogue, in particular, in accordance with Article 2ab of Regulation 1466/97 as amended. This briefing provides an overview of the ongoing work of the Eurogroup as regards public finances, macro-economic imbalances, financial adjustment programmes and the banking union. Mr Dijsselbloem has been the Eurogroup President since January 2013. As the President of the Eurogroup, he is also chairing the Board of Governors ...

Jeroen Dijsselbloem, President of the Eurogroup, has been invited to a regular Economic Dialogue, in particular, in accordance with Article 2ab of Regulation 1466/97 as amended. This briefing provides an overview of the ongoing work of the Eurogroup as regards public finances, macro-economic imbalances, financial adjustment programmes and the banking union. Mr Dijsselbloem has been the Eurogroup President since January 2013. As the President of the Eurogroup, he is also chairing the Board of Governors of the European Stability Mechanism. His mandate ends on 13 January 2018 when his successor Mário Centeno, Portugal’s Minister of Finance, will take office.

Greece's financial assistance programme (September 2017)

04-10-2017

This briefing provides an overview of the economic situation in Greece and the main elements of the third financial assistance programme. This briefing is regularly updated (this version replaces the version published on 22 June 2017).

This briefing provides an overview of the economic situation in Greece and the main elements of the third financial assistance programme. This briefing is regularly updated (this version replaces the version published on 22 June 2017).

An evolutionary path for a European Monetary Fund?

31-08-2017

The ECON Committee requested the opinion of three external experts on the possible set up of a ‘European Monetary Fund’. This note provides the general background and summarizes the experts’ contributions.

The ECON Committee requested the opinion of three external experts on the possible set up of a ‘European Monetary Fund’. This note provides the general background and summarizes the experts’ contributions.

Evénements à venir

21-01-2020
Outlook for the MENA Region: What future for stabilisation and reconstruction?
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