54

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: Approvisionnement et sécurité énergétiques

28-06-2019

La politique énergétique est une compétence partagée entre l’Union européenne et ses États membres. S’il appartient à l’Union, en vertu des traités, de garantir la sécurité de l’approvisionnement en énergie, les États membres sont compétents pour déterminer la structure de leur approvisionnement énergétique et choisir leurs sources d’énergie. La législation de l’Union en matière de sécurité de l’approvisionnement en énergie, qui se concentre sur les marchés du gaz naturel et de l’électricité, est ...

La politique énergétique est une compétence partagée entre l’Union européenne et ses États membres. S’il appartient à l’Union, en vertu des traités, de garantir la sécurité de l’approvisionnement en énergie, les États membres sont compétents pour déterminer la structure de leur approvisionnement énergétique et choisir leurs sources d’énergie. La législation de l’Union en matière de sécurité de l’approvisionnement en énergie, qui se concentre sur les marchés du gaz naturel et de l’électricité, est étroitement liée à d’autres objectifs de l’Union: la consolidation d’un marché unique de l’énergie, l’amélioration de l’efficacité énergétique ainsi que la promotion de sources d’énergie renouvelables afin de décarboner l’économie et d’atteindre les objectifs de l’accord de Paris. La législature 2014-2019 a vu naître de nombreuses initiatives en relation avec la sécurité de l’approvisionnement en énergie. Les institutions de l’Union sont parvenues à un accord concernant un règlement révisé sur la sécurité de l’approvisionnement en gaz, un règlement révisé sur la sécurité de l’approvisionnement en électricité, une décision révisée sur les accords intergouvernementaux dans le domaine de l’énergie, une révision ciblée de la directive sur le gaz en vue d’appliquer les principales dispositions de cette dernière aux gazoducs reliant l’Union européenne à des pays tiers, mais aussi de nouveaux objectifs relatifs à l’efficacité énergétique et aux énergies renouvelables à l’horizon 2030. Le Parlement a également adopté plusieurs résolutions d’initiative dans le domaine de l’énergie, y compris une résolution sur une nouvelle stratégie de l’Union pour le gaz naturel liquéfié et le stockage du gaz, élément primordial pour garantir la sécurité de l’approvisionnement en gaz. Entre-temps, des projets européens d’intérêt commun (PIC) financent des infrastructures énergétiques qui renforcent les interconnexions et consolident la sécurité de l’approvisionnement. Les citoyens européens attendent de plus en plus de l’Union qu’elle intervienne davantage dans le domaine de l’approvisionnement et de la sécurité énergétiques. Si ce point de vue était partagé par un peu plus de la moitié des citoyens de l’Union en 2016 (52 %), il est maintenant exprimé par environ deux tiers d’entre eux (65 %). L’Union conservera un rôle primordial dans le suivi de la sécurité de l’approvisionnement au cours de la transition énergétique depuis l’ancien système reposant sur une production centralisée dominée par les carburants fossiles et les marchés nationaux, vers un nouveau système caractérisé par une part élevée d’énergies renouvelables, par une production plus locale et par des marchés transfrontières. Cependant, si l’Union souhaitait intervenir directement dans la définition de l’approvisionnement en énergie de ses États membres, elle devrait suivre une procédure législative spéciale, exigeant l’unanimité du Conseil, et le Parlement serait amené à jouer un rôle consultatif uniquement. Le présent document est une mise à jour d’une note plus ancienne, publiée avant les élections européennes de 2019.

Ex Ante Conditionality in ESI Funds: State of Play and their potential impact on the Financial Implementation of the Funds

22-11-2018

This study is a detailed analysis of progress in the fulfilment of all Ex Ante Conditionalities in the Common Provision Regulation for ESI Funds. The process is almost complete (99%). A number of managing authorities have experienced delays during the process of compliance and in access to funds. This is manifested by a lower absorption rate, but that is believed to be temporary. Delays as a rule affected countries with lower administrative capacities; nevertheless, most authorities interviewed judged ...

This study is a detailed analysis of progress in the fulfilment of all Ex Ante Conditionalities in the Common Provision Regulation for ESI Funds. The process is almost complete (99%). A number of managing authorities have experienced delays during the process of compliance and in access to funds. This is manifested by a lower absorption rate, but that is believed to be temporary. Delays as a rule affected countries with lower administrative capacities; nevertheless, most authorities interviewed judged the framework beneficial (even if its costs were considered to be significant). Also the managing authorities in countries with better administrative capacities tended to see the process of proving compliance to be rather burdensome.

Auteur externe

Jorge Nuñez Ferrer, Cinzia Alcidi, Matthias Busse, Roberto Musmeci, Noriko Fujiwara

Research for TRAN Committee - BREXIT: transport and tourism - the consequences of a no-deal scenario

26-09-2018

The study investigates the potential impacts on the EU-27 of a no-deal scenario in the Brexit process, focusing on the transport, postal and tourism sectors. The study analyses both the economic policy and legislative dimension, detailing the practical consequences of such a new status quo. Alternatives to safeguard the EU interests are also discussed in the document and a set of practical recommendations is formulated. A no-deal scenario would seriously hurt both the UK and the EU-27 at least in ...

The study investigates the potential impacts on the EU-27 of a no-deal scenario in the Brexit process, focusing on the transport, postal and tourism sectors. The study analyses both the economic policy and legislative dimension, detailing the practical consequences of such a new status quo. Alternatives to safeguard the EU interests are also discussed in the document and a set of practical recommendations is formulated. A no-deal scenario would seriously hurt both the UK and the EU-27 at least in a short-term perspective, although with different intensity among the Member States.

Auteur externe

José Francisco PAPÍ FERRANDO, Raffaele ALFONSI, Sabine LANGER, Miguel TRONCOSO

Research for REGI Committee – Future links between structural reforms and EU cohesion policy

14-09-2018

This study assesses the extent to which the EU’s structural reform agenda could support EU member states in the transition to a new global economic environment in a way that complements Cohesion Policy objectives. It looks at the future links between structural reforms and EU Cohesion Policy in the context of the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework.

This study assesses the extent to which the EU’s structural reform agenda could support EU member states in the transition to a new global economic environment in a way that complements Cohesion Policy objectives. It looks at the future links between structural reforms and EU Cohesion Policy in the context of the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework.

Auteur externe

Robin HUGUENOT-NOEL, Alison HUNTER, Fabian ZULEEG

Material use in the European Union: Towards a circular approach

11-09-2018

Global material use has tripled during the past four decades, in particular as a result of increasing living standards. The use of materials, which need to be extracted from our environment, can pose environmental challenges. It can also be threatened by resource scarcity and price volatility. This is particularly true for Europe, which is strongly dependent on imported materials. There are a number of ways to consider material use in the European Union (EU). The breakdown of material use by types ...

Global material use has tripled during the past four decades, in particular as a result of increasing living standards. The use of materials, which need to be extracted from our environment, can pose environmental challenges. It can also be threatened by resource scarcity and price volatility. This is particularly true for Europe, which is strongly dependent on imported materials. There are a number of ways to consider material use in the European Union (EU). The breakdown of material use by types of materials indicates that non-metallic minerals, which include sand and gravel, account for almost half of the materials used in the EU. Material flows provide an overall picture of how materials enter, are used and finally leave the economy. Some of these materials stay in stocks, which are growing year after year. However, the efficiency of material use, measured through resource productivity, has increased substantially since 2000, in part as a result of the economic crisis. Material use in the EU is steered by policies related to different areas such as energy, waste and industry. Relevant policy documents include the 2011 roadmap to a resource-efficient Europe, the 2013 seventh Environment Action Programme and the 2015 circular economy action plan. The EU supports these policies with funding. Funding channels include the Horizon 2020 framework programme for research and innovation, which allocated about €635 million between 2014 and 2020 for research on raw-material-related challenges. The European structural and investment funds also support developing more efficient material use practices. The European Parliament has advocated making the use of harmonised indicators for resource efficiency legally binding in the Member States and setting targets for increasing resource efficiency. Parliament has also supported broadening the scope of eco-design requirements to gradually include all relevant resource-efficiency features in product-design requirements.

The added value of European cohesion policy

06-09-2018

Cohesion policy provides the largest EU financial support, amounting to € 638 billion together with national co-financing for the period 2014-2020. Cohesion policy will help more than 7.4 million people find a job and over 8.9 million people gain new qualifications. 6.8 million children will get access to new or modernised schools and childcare facilities. For the European Parliament it is important that Cohesion Policy remains visible all over Europe.

Cohesion policy provides the largest EU financial support, amounting to € 638 billion together with national co-financing for the period 2014-2020. Cohesion policy will help more than 7.4 million people find a job and over 8.9 million people gain new qualifications. 6.8 million children will get access to new or modernised schools and childcare facilities. For the European Parliament it is important that Cohesion Policy remains visible all over Europe.

Research for REGI Committee - Digital agenda and cohesion policy

15-06-2018

This study provides a critical analysis of the contribution of Cohesion Policy and the European Structural Investment Funds to the Digital Agenda for Europe and the Digital Single Market. Based on the analysis of past and current patterns of ESIF digital investments and selected case studies, this study shows that Cohesion Policy should concentrate where its added value is highest, i.e., on support to the formulation of effective regional digital strategies and on the promotion of partnerships between ...

This study provides a critical analysis of the contribution of Cohesion Policy and the European Structural Investment Funds to the Digital Agenda for Europe and the Digital Single Market. Based on the analysis of past and current patterns of ESIF digital investments and selected case studies, this study shows that Cohesion Policy should concentrate where its added value is highest, i.e., on support to the formulation of effective regional digital strategies and on the promotion of partnerships between relevant stakeholders, at regional level and beyond.

Auteur externe

CSIL: Julie PELLEGRIN, Louis COLNOT supported by: Łukasz ARENDT, Luca BISASCHI, Gelsomina CATALANO, Žilvinas MARTINAITIS, Giorgio MICHELETTI

Étude réalisée pour la commission CULT – Les Fonds ESI et la culture, l’éducation, la jeunesse et le sport: utilisation des Fonds structurels et d’investissement européens dans les domaines d’action de la commission de la culture et de l’éducation

15-05-2018

La présente étude porte sur la nature et l’ampleur du financement alloué au titre des Fonds structurels et d’investissement européens (Fonds ESI) à l’éducation et à la formation, à la culture, au sport et à la jeunesse, ainsi que sur la base juridique de ce soutien. Une grande partie des activités menées dans ces domaines est occultée dans les données officielles, sous d’autres rubriques, mais tous ces secteurs contribuent d’ores et déjà considérablement au développement économique et social. L’étude ...

La présente étude porte sur la nature et l’ampleur du financement alloué au titre des Fonds structurels et d’investissement européens (Fonds ESI) à l’éducation et à la formation, à la culture, au sport et à la jeunesse, ainsi que sur la base juridique de ce soutien. Une grande partie des activités menées dans ces domaines est occultée dans les données officielles, sous d’autres rubriques, mais tous ces secteurs contribuent d’ores et déjà considérablement au développement économique et social. L’étude se termine par une recommandation en faveur d’une meilleure reconnaissance, à l’avenir, de la contribution humaine de ces domaines à la politique de cohésion.

Auteur externe

The Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP (CSES): Mike Coyne, Malin Carlberg, Caroline Chandler, Eugenie Lale-Demoz

Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027: Commission Proposal - Initial comparison with the current MFF

04-05-2018

On 2 May, the Commission presented its proposal for the Multiannual Financial Framework for the 2021-2027 period (2021-2027 MFF), outlining the structure of the EU budget and the policy priorities of the EU for a period of seven years, together with proposals on own resources financing the EU budget and a proposal to link the EU budget and the rule of law. A series of further legislative proposals presenting the individual spending programmes is expected later in May and June. The Commission proposes ...

On 2 May, the Commission presented its proposal for the Multiannual Financial Framework for the 2021-2027 period (2021-2027 MFF), outlining the structure of the EU budget and the policy priorities of the EU for a period of seven years, together with proposals on own resources financing the EU budget and a proposal to link the EU budget and the rule of law. A series of further legislative proposals presenting the individual spending programmes is expected later in May and June. The Commission proposes that the 2021-2027 MFF (commitment appropriations) amounts to €1 135 billion in 2018 prices or 1.11 % of EU GNI. The previous MFF, converted into 2018 prices and including the European Development Fund (EDF) for comparative purposes, amounted to €1 138 billion or 1.03 % of EU GNI. Note, however, that this comparison does not take account of the various changes in programmes proposed or the impact of Brexit. The number of headings grows from the 2014-2020 MFF to 2021-2027 MFF, from five to seven, and some programmes change place from one heading to another. Regarding the structure of the 2021-2027 MFF, the Commission proposals have the ambition to align the budget closer to the political priorities, to simplify the structure of the EU budget (i.e. a reduced number of programmes), and to increase the flexibility within and between programmes.

Research for REGI Committee - Control and Simplification of Procedures within European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF)

16-04-2018

This study assesses the relationship between two components of European Structural and Investment Funds – control and audit systems, and simplification measures designed to reduce the complexity of implementation – and explores how this relationship conditions performance. It sets out financial control and audit systems and tasks in 2014-2020, and assesses the causes of complexity before exploring how issues are being addressed in the simplification agenda. The study reviews the treatment of control ...

This study assesses the relationship between two components of European Structural and Investment Funds – control and audit systems, and simplification measures designed to reduce the complexity of implementation – and explores how this relationship conditions performance. It sets out financial control and audit systems and tasks in 2014-2020, and assesses the causes of complexity before exploring how issues are being addressed in the simplification agenda. The study reviews the treatment of control and simplification in the post-2020 debate before drawing together conclusions and recommendations for ESIF stakeholders.

Auteur externe

European Policies Research Centre, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow: Martin FERRY and Laura POLVERARI

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