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Accords internationaux en marche: Le futur partenariat de l’Union européenne avec les pays d’Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique

15-11-2018

L’accord de partenariat entre l’Union européenne et les pays d’Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (ACP) expire en 2020. Le principal défi pour l’Union européenne est de maintenir ses relations dans la région, tout en restant fidèle aux valeurs promues dans les Traités européens. La renégociation de cet « Accord de Cotonou » offre l’opportunité de rationaliser les relations entre les pays ACP et l’Union, en tenant compte des objectifs de développement durable des Nations unies, des nouvelles stratégies ...

L’accord de partenariat entre l’Union européenne et les pays d’Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (ACP) expire en 2020. Le principal défi pour l’Union européenne est de maintenir ses relations dans la région, tout en restant fidèle aux valeurs promues dans les Traités européens. La renégociation de cet « Accord de Cotonou » offre l’opportunité de rationaliser les relations entre les pays ACP et l’Union, en tenant compte des objectifs de développement durable des Nations unies, des nouvelles stratégies européennes dans les régions concernées, des nouvelles ambitions des pays ACP et de l’évolution de l’équilibre des pouvoirs au niveau mondial. La question du financement est également sur la table. Favoriser la prospérité, la stabilité et la démocratie chez les partenaires de l’UE permettrait, selon les services de l’UE, de mieux faire face aux causes profondes de la migration irrégulière et des déplacements forcés. Le groupe ACP a adopté son mandat de négociation en mai 2018. L’Union européenne a adopté le sien en juin 2018 et propose un accord-cadre complété par des partenariats spécifiques avec les trois sous-régions. Les négociations ont débuté en septembre 2018. Seconde édition. Les Briefings 'Accords internationaux en marche' sont actualisés à des étapes clés de la procédure de ratification. Pour voir les versions précédentes de ce briefing, voir PE 625.111, juillet 2018.

Multiannual plan for small pelagic fish stocks in the Adriatic Sea

09-11-2018

On 9 October 2018, Parliament’s Committee on Fisheries (PECH) adopted its report on a proposed multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagic fish stocks (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea. These stocks, which are in a poor state, are managed under a complex legal framework at EU, national and international level. They are exploited mainly by Italian and Croatian fishing vessels. Multiannual fisheries management plans are essential tools for the sustainable exploitation of marine resources ...

On 9 October 2018, Parliament’s Committee on Fisheries (PECH) adopted its report on a proposed multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagic fish stocks (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea. These stocks, which are in a poor state, are managed under a complex legal framework at EU, national and international level. They are exploited mainly by Italian and Croatian fishing vessels. Multiannual fisheries management plans are essential tools for the sustainable exploitation of marine resources, offering notably better predictability over time and a framework for improved cooperation between the Member States concerned at sea basin level. With the new plan for Adriatic small pelagic stocks, the Commission proposed to introduce a major shift in fisheries management in this area, currently based on fishing effort, by framing a system of setting total allowable catches (TACs). The PECH report, however, supports maintaining the current fishing effort regime and opposes the introduction of TACs. It also requires that catch limits for small pelagics are set in 2019 at the level of the 2014 catches, and reduced by 4 % annually between 2020 and 2022. Second edition of a briefing originally drafted by Jean Weissenberger. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

LIFE programme for 2021-2027: Financing environmental and climate objectives

09-11-2018

Launched in 1992, the LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. It supports the implementation of relevant EU legislation and the development of key policy priorities, by co-financing projects with European added value. To date, LIFE has co financed more than 4 500 projects. In June 2018, the European Commission submitted a proposal on a regulation establishing a new LIFE programme for 2021-2027. The programme would support projects in the areas ...

Launched in 1992, the LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. It supports the implementation of relevant EU legislation and the development of key policy priorities, by co-financing projects with European added value. To date, LIFE has co financed more than 4 500 projects. In June 2018, the European Commission submitted a proposal on a regulation establishing a new LIFE programme for 2021-2027. The programme would support projects in the areas of nature and biodiversity, circular economy and quality of life, clean energy transition, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. A total of €4.83 billion in 2018 prices (€5.45 billion in current prices) would be earmarked to the new programme. In the European Parliament, the proposal has been referred to the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). The Environment Council considered the information provided by the Commission on the proposal in a public session on 25 June 2018. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Horizon Europe – Specific programme: Implementing the framework programme

09-11-2018

In June 2018, the European Commission proposed a total budget allocation of €100 billion to finance science, research and innovation projects during the 2021-2027 period, of which the vast majority, €94.1 billion in current prices, would be allocated to the Horizon Europe framework programme. The main aims are to strengthen science and technology, to foster industrial competiveness, and to implement the sustainable development goals in the EU. Horizon Europe would introduce new features such as the ...

In June 2018, the European Commission proposed a total budget allocation of €100 billion to finance science, research and innovation projects during the 2021-2027 period, of which the vast majority, €94.1 billion in current prices, would be allocated to the Horizon Europe framework programme. The main aims are to strengthen science and technology, to foster industrial competiveness, and to implement the sustainable development goals in the EU. Horizon Europe would introduce new features such as the European Innovation Council, missions to promote research results, and new forms of partnerships. While the proposal for the framework programme sets out the general and specific objective of Horizon Europe as well as the structure and the broad lines of the activities to be carried out, the specific programme aims to define the operational objectives and activities, especially for missions, the European Research Council, the European Innovation Council, work programmes, and the committee procedure. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Own resources of the European Union: Reforming the EU's financing system

09-11-2018

The EU budget is financed by the system of own resources and cannot run a deficit. The current system provides sufficient revenue to cover EU expenditure, but has often been criticised as opaque and unfair. The European Parliament, which has little say in the design of the system, has long pushed for its reform, with a view to shifting the focus of budgetary negotiations from geographically pre-allocated expenditure to the policies with the highest European added value. The European Commission is ...

The EU budget is financed by the system of own resources and cannot run a deficit. The current system provides sufficient revenue to cover EU expenditure, but has often been criticised as opaque and unfair. The European Parliament, which has little say in the design of the system, has long pushed for its reform, with a view to shifting the focus of budgetary negotiations from geographically pre-allocated expenditure to the policies with the highest European added value. The European Commission is proposing to modify the financing of the EU budget as of 2021, when the next multiannual financial framework should start. Proposed changes include: the simplification of existing own resources; the introduction of three new own resources linked to EU policies on climate, environment and the single market; the reduction of the share of revenue provided by the GNI-based resource, which is perceived as national contributions; the abolition of the UK rebate (following that country’s withdrawal from the EU); and the phasing-out of corrections currently granted to other five Member States. A special legislative procedure applies to the principal decision, requiring unanimity in the Council. This is considered a major obstacle to reform of the system, which has remained substantially unchanged for 30 years. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Visas humanitaires

07-11-2018

Les visas humanitaires sont l’un des instruments que les pays peuvent utiliser pour permettre aux personnes dans le besoin d’accéder légalement et en toute sécurité à la protection internationale. À l’heure actuelle, le droit de l’Union ne prévoit pas de procédures claires pour l’admission dans l’Union de personnes demandant une protection internationale. Cette situation a des incidences négatives en termes de coût, de confiance mutuelle, d’application uniforme des règles et des droits fondamentaux ...

Les visas humanitaires sont l’un des instruments que les pays peuvent utiliser pour permettre aux personnes dans le besoin d’accéder légalement et en toute sécurité à la protection internationale. À l’heure actuelle, le droit de l’Union ne prévoit pas de procédures claires pour l’admission dans l’Union de personnes demandant une protection internationale. Cette situation a des incidences négatives en termes de coût, de confiance mutuelle, d’application uniforme des règles et des droits fondamentaux, pour n’en citer que quelques-unes, et entraîne une fragmentation des pratiques et des politiques des États membres. Le Parlement devrait voter en novembre 2018 sur un rapport d’initiative législative invitant la Commission à présenter un acte législatif distinct établissant un visa humanitaire.

Droits et obligations des voyageurs ferroviaires dans l’Union européenne

07-11-2018

C’est le règlement (CE) nº 1371/2007 qui régit les droits et obligations des voyageurs ferroviaires dans l’Union européenne (UE). Applicable depuis fin 2009, il prévoit un niveau d’information, d’assistance et de protection harmonisé. En septembre 2017, la Commission européenne a adopté une nouvelle proposition visant à trouver un meilleur équilibre entre le renforcement des droits des voyageurs et l’allègement de la charge pesant sur les entreprises ferroviaires. Le Parlement européen adoptera sa ...

C’est le règlement (CE) nº 1371/2007 qui régit les droits et obligations des voyageurs ferroviaires dans l’Union européenne (UE). Applicable depuis fin 2009, il prévoit un niveau d’information, d’assistance et de protection harmonisé. En septembre 2017, la Commission européenne a adopté une nouvelle proposition visant à trouver un meilleur équilibre entre le renforcement des droits des voyageurs et l’allègement de la charge pesant sur les entreprises ferroviaires. Le Parlement européen adoptera sa position sur cette proposition lors de la première période de session de novembre (novembre I).

Rail passengers' rights and obligations in the EU

07-11-2018

In 2007, the EU established a set of basic rights for rail passengers, which became applicable at the end of 2009. These rights provided for all passengers, including those with reduced mobility, a harmonised minimum level of protection, information and assistance. While the implementation of these rights has generally been smooth, recent reports have concluded that this is not done uniformly across the EU. Moreover, other shortcomings have prevented these rights from being used to their full potential ...

In 2007, the EU established a set of basic rights for rail passengers, which became applicable at the end of 2009. These rights provided for all passengers, including those with reduced mobility, a harmonised minimum level of protection, information and assistance. While the implementation of these rights has generally been smooth, recent reports have concluded that this is not done uniformly across the EU. Moreover, other shortcomings have prevented these rights from being used to their full potential. On 27 September 2017, the European Commission presented a new proposal to address these shortcomings and to strike a new balance between keeping rail operators competitive and providing adequate passenger protection. The EP’s Committee on Transport and Tourism responsible for the file, published its draft report in February 2018 and adopted it on 9 October 2018. The report is due to be discussed in plenary during November 2018, with a view to reaching a position for trilogue negotiations with the Council, which has not yet reached a position for its part. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

CAP horizontal regulation: Financing, management and monitoring of the common agricultural policy for 2021-2027

07-11-2018

As part of the preparation of the EU budget for 2021-2027, the European Commission put forward a new set of regulations to shape the future EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. The proposal for a regulation on the financing, management and monitoring of the CAP provides the legislative framework for adapting the financing, management and monitoring rules to a new CAP delivery model. This seeks to achieve more subsidiarity and simplification, with greater responsibility given to Member ...

As part of the preparation of the EU budget for 2021-2027, the European Commission put forward a new set of regulations to shape the future EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. The proposal for a regulation on the financing, management and monitoring of the CAP provides the legislative framework for adapting the financing, management and monitoring rules to a new CAP delivery model. This seeks to achieve more subsidiarity and simplification, with greater responsibility given to Member States, a shift from ensuring single transaction compliance to monitoring system performance in each Member State, and reduced 'red tape', among other things. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Electronic freight transport information

07-11-2018

The movement of goods in the European Union has increased by almost 25 % over the last 20 years, and this growth is projected to continue. A large amount of information accompanies this movement, exchanged mostly in paper format. Yet the digitalisation of information exchange could make the transport of goods much more efficient and reliable, and yield significant savings. As one way to speed up the digitalisation of freight transport, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on ...

The movement of goods in the European Union has increased by almost 25 % over the last 20 years, and this growth is projected to continue. A large amount of information accompanies this movement, exchanged mostly in paper format. Yet the digitalisation of information exchange could make the transport of goods much more efficient and reliable, and yield significant savings. As one way to speed up the digitalisation of freight transport, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on electronic freight transport information on 17 May 2018. The aim of this regulation is to provide for a fully digital and harmonised environment for information exchanges between transport operators and authorities. The legislative proposal is part of the Commission's third 'Europe on the Move' package, which is designed to complete its agenda for the modernisation of mobility. In the European Parliament, the file was assigned to the Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN). On 25 October 2018, the TRAN committee rapporteur published her draft report on the Commission proposal, in which she proposes to extend somewhat the scope of the regulation. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Evénements à venir

19-11-2018
Workshop "EU preparedness against CBRN weapons"
Atelier -
SEDE
19-11-2018
European Cultural Heritage
Autre événement -
CULT
19-11-2018
Hearing: Cross-border family disputes: safeguarding children’s rights
Audition -
JURI

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