323

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - April 2019

15-04-2019

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Creative Europe programme 2021-2027

22-03-2019

Having considered the possibility of merging the Creative Europe programme with other programmes supporting European values, rights and justice, the European Commission has decided to continue the Creative Europe programme as a stand-alone programme and increase its budget by 17 %. The only programme focusing exclusively cultural and creative activities and enterprises, it falls under the 'Cohesion and values' heading of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. The existing programme focuses ...

Having considered the possibility of merging the Creative Europe programme with other programmes supporting European values, rights and justice, the European Commission has decided to continue the Creative Europe programme as a stand-alone programme and increase its budget by 17 %. The only programme focusing exclusively cultural and creative activities and enterprises, it falls under the 'Cohesion and values' heading of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. The existing programme focuses on the economic dimension of the cultural sector and its contribution to job creation and economic growth. Some stakeholders have voiced concern at taking such a strongly economic approach to culture. Under proposed programme, the economic dimension is one axis alongside the social dimension, and culture's contribution to international relations. The proposed framework for cultural policy therefore highlights not only the economic dimension of the cultural and creative sectors, but also the role of culture in social cohesion and its relation to creative and artistic freedom and diversity, and freedom and plurality of media. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Research for CULT Committee – Science and Scientific Literacy as an Educational Challenge

15-03-2019

European societies are faced with emerging threats relating to the spread of disinformation and pseudo-science. In this context, fostering scientific literacy can provide people with tools to navigate and critically address the vast amounts of information exchanged in public debate, and support democratic processes. Building on a review of academic and policy literature, this study aims to enable Members of the European Parliament to form their opinions on the state of scientific literacy in the ...

European societies are faced with emerging threats relating to the spread of disinformation and pseudo-science. In this context, fostering scientific literacy can provide people with tools to navigate and critically address the vast amounts of information exchanged in public debate, and support democratic processes. Building on a review of academic and policy literature, this study aims to enable Members of the European Parliament to form their opinions on the state of scientific literacy in the EU and on potential education policy responses to better prepare scientifically literate citizens.

Auteur externe

Hanna SIAROVA, Dalibor STERNADEL, Eszter SZŐNYI

Research for CULT Committee – How to tackle early school leaving in the EU

15-03-2019

This study is a concise update on early school leaving in the EU. It reviews the main developments and causes of the problem since the Council Recommendation of 2011 on policies to reduce early school leaving, and identifies policy initiatives taken by the Member States to address it. The study explores the interplay between early school leaving and public investment and lastly outlines recommendations to address future challenges. The study takes into consideration European and national literature ...

This study is a concise update on early school leaving in the EU. It reviews the main developments and causes of the problem since the Council Recommendation of 2011 on policies to reduce early school leaving, and identifies policy initiatives taken by the Member States to address it. The study explores the interplay between early school leaving and public investment and lastly outlines recommendations to address future challenges. The study takes into consideration European and national literature focusing on six Member States.

Auteur externe

Panteia: Amber VAN DER GRAAF, Paul VROONHOF, Georgios ROULLIS, Federica VELLI

How artificial intelligence works

14-03-2019

This briefing provides accessible introductions to some of the key techniques that come under the AI banner, grouped into three sections to give a sense the chronology of its development. The first describes early techniques, described as ‘symbolic AI’ while the second focusses on the ‘data driven’ approaches that currently dominate and the third looks towards possible future developments. By explaining what is ‘deep’ about deep learning and showing that AI is more maths than magic, the briefing ...

This briefing provides accessible introductions to some of the key techniques that come under the AI banner, grouped into three sections to give a sense the chronology of its development. The first describes early techniques, described as ‘symbolic AI’ while the second focusses on the ‘data driven’ approaches that currently dominate and the third looks towards possible future developments. By explaining what is ‘deep’ about deep learning and showing that AI is more maths than magic, the briefing aims to equip the reader with the understanding they need to engage in clear-headed reflection about AI’s opportunities and challenges, and meaningful debates about its development.

Why artificial intelligence matters

14-03-2019

This briefing explains why AI matters by reviewing some of the key opportunities and challenges it presents, but it does so with reference to the functionality and readiness of the technology. The first section focuses on the opportunities and challenges presented by today’s AI while the second explores longer-term speculative opportunities and challenges that are contingent upon future developments that may never happen.

This briefing explains why AI matters by reviewing some of the key opportunities and challenges it presents, but it does so with reference to the functionality and readiness of the technology. The first section focuses on the opportunities and challenges presented by today’s AI while the second explores longer-term speculative opportunities and challenges that are contingent upon future developments that may never happen.

Gender equality in sport: Getting closer every day

07-03-2019

Traditionally, sport has been dominated by men, both in terms of participation and governance. Women were excluded from the first modern Olympic Games, held in Athens in 1896, and were only allowed to gradually start joining in four years later. Even though women's presence and involvement in the Olympic Movement have progressively evolved, girls and women across the world still get fewer opportunities and less investment, training and corporate attention when they play sport. Today, women's participation ...

Traditionally, sport has been dominated by men, both in terms of participation and governance. Women were excluded from the first modern Olympic Games, held in Athens in 1896, and were only allowed to gradually start joining in four years later. Even though women's presence and involvement in the Olympic Movement have progressively evolved, girls and women across the world still get fewer opportunities and less investment, training and corporate attention when they play sport. Today, women's participation in sports governance structures has slightly improved. The International Olympic Committee currently counts 33 female members and honorary members out of a total of 144. Moreover, fewer than 20 % of the members of the governing structures of affiliated bodies are women. Similarly, in 2015 only 14 % of all top decision-making positions in individual EU sports federations were occupied by women. In spite of the fact that the number of women actively involved in sport has increased dramatically over the past 50 years, female coaches across the globe are a statistical minority in nearly all sports, at all performance levels. In Europe, between 20 % and 30 % of all sports coaches are women. Even though the gender pay gap in sport has been narrowing over the years, it still very much exists. A total of 83 % of sports now award men and women equal prize money, with cricket, golf and football displaying the greatest pay gaps. There are also still significant differences in the media coverage of women's and men's sports. Research shows that sports journalism in the print media is a man's world, with over 90 % of the articles being written by male journalists and more than 85 % of the coverage being dedicated to male athletes. In 2010, in a bid to establish greater equality in the most popular sport for girls and women – football – the European football governing body UEFA launched its women's football development programme and funded an extensive series of projects across Europe to drive growth and sustainability in women's football. The European Parliament has also been consistently advocating for gender equality in sport. As part of the institution's campaign for the 2019 European elections, high-profile players such as Nilla Fischer will be encouraging women to vote on issues that matter to them.

And the prize goes to... European female filmmakers

28-02-2019

Supporting female film directors is not just an aim in itself. It has a very tangible impact. With more women in key positions, conditions for women in the industry will improve as a whole, and perceptions of women's roles will likely evolve as well. Turning political discourse into action, the Parliament has been steadily supporting the dissemination of film productions directed by women or portraying strong and inspiring female characters through its LUX Film Prize. Read our infographic to find ...

Supporting female film directors is not just an aim in itself. It has a very tangible impact. With more women in key positions, conditions for women in the industry will improve as a whole, and perceptions of women's roles will likely evolve as well. Turning political discourse into action, the Parliament has been steadily supporting the dissemination of film productions directed by women or portraying strong and inspiring female characters through its LUX Film Prize. Read our infographic to find out more interesting facts about female filmmakers.

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: Autonomisation des jeunes

28-02-2019

La proportion de jeunes (15 à 29 ans) dans l’ensemble de la population de l’Union est en déclin. Globalement, les jeunes ont un niveau d’éducation plus élevé que les adultes plus âgés, et le taux de chômage des jeunes a commencé à diminuer. Néanmoins, les jeunes demeurent plus exposés à la pauvreté et à l’exclusion sociale que d’autres catégories de population. Ils sont moins enclins à mettre en danger leur santé que les générations précédentes. Par exemple, moins de jeunes fument, s’enivrent, ou ...

La proportion de jeunes (15 à 29 ans) dans l’ensemble de la population de l’Union est en déclin. Globalement, les jeunes ont un niveau d’éducation plus élevé que les adultes plus âgés, et le taux de chômage des jeunes a commencé à diminuer. Néanmoins, les jeunes demeurent plus exposés à la pauvreté et à l’exclusion sociale que d’autres catégories de population. Ils sont moins enclins à mettre en danger leur santé que les générations précédentes. Par exemple, moins de jeunes fument, s’enivrent, ou sont impliqués dans des accidents de la route que par le passé, mais ils continuent de représenter une forte proportion des personnes blessées par suite d’accidents de la route. L’obésité découlant de mauvaises habitudes alimentaires et d’un manque d’activité physique demeure problématique. Les jeunes sont également moins enclins à voter ou à se présenter aux élections que les adultes plus âgés, bien que leur intérêt pour la politique et l’action politique ainsi que pour le bénévolat ait légèrement augmenté ces dernières années. Près de 80 % des jeunes de l’Union se qualifient de citoyens européens. Une enquête Eurobaromètre publiée en 2018 indique qu’ils placent l’éducation, les compétences et l’environnement au sommet de la liste de priorités de l’Union européenne. L’Union européenne s’efforce d’aider les États membres dans la gestion des besoins et des aspirations des jeunes grâce à une stratégie pour la jeunesse qui couvre des domaines tels que l’emploi, l’esprit d’entreprise, l’inclusion sociale, la participation, l’éducation, la formation, la santé, le bien-être, les activités de bénévolat, la dimension mondiale, la créativité et la culture. Un certain nombre de programmes de financement ciblant spécifiquement les jeunes soutiennent cette stratégie, en particulier l’initiative pour l’emploi des jeunes, Erasmus+ et le corps européen de solidarité, qui est en outre financée par des fonds destinés à d’autres domaines d’action spécifiques. L’action de l’Union dans le domaine de l’autonomisation des jeunes est surtout connue pour les possibilités de mobilité qu’elle a créées, en particulier grâce au programme Erasmus. Les défis à venir consisteront à parvenir à un plus large éventail de jeunes, en particulier ceux issus de milieux défavorisés et de groupes difficilement accessibles, à rendre plus tangibles les résultats dudit «dialogue structuré» (le processus consultatif mené auprès de la population), et à renforcer les synergies entre les domaines d’action pour gagner en efficacité.

Comment détecter des informations mensongères

19-02-2019

Les infox et la désinformation – fruit d’une manipulation délibérée des informations visant à tromper leurs destinataires – sont un phénomène de plus en plus visible, dans le monde entier. Les réseaux sociaux et leurs outils de personnalisation facilitent la tâche à ceux qui veulent diffuser des informations mensongères. Ils font souvent appel à l’émotion pour attirer l’attention et engranger des clics, pour des raisons économiques ou idéologiques. Même les utilisateurs jeunes et à l’aise avec les ...

Les infox et la désinformation – fruit d’une manipulation délibérée des informations visant à tromper leurs destinataires – sont un phénomène de plus en plus visible, dans le monde entier. Les réseaux sociaux et leurs outils de personnalisation facilitent la tâche à ceux qui veulent diffuser des informations mensongères. Ils font souvent appel à l’émotion pour attirer l’attention et engranger des clics, pour des raisons économiques ou idéologiques. Même les utilisateurs jeunes et à l’aise avec les technologies numériques ont du mal à repérer les informations manipulées. Ainsi, six fois sur dix, les articles partagés sur les réseaux sociaux n’ont même pas été lus préalablement par ceux qui les ont postés. Près de 85% des Européens estiment que les infox sont un problème dans leur pays, et 83 % sont d’avis qu’elles constituent une menace pour la démocratie de manière générale. Cette boussole vous aidera à vous repérer dans la masse d’informations et à séparer le bon grain de l’ivraie.

Evénements à venir

25-06-2019
Meeting EU energy and climate goals: Energy storage for grids and low-carbon mobility
Autre événement -
EPRS

Partenaires

Restez connectés

email update imageSystème d'alertes email

Le système d'alertes email, qui envoie directement les dernières informations à votre adresse électronique, vous permet de suivre toutes les personnes et tous les événements liés au Parlement. Ceci inclut les dernières nouvelles des députés, les services d'information ou le Think Tank.

Le système est accessible partout sur le site du Parlement. Pour vous abonner et recevoir les notifications du Think Tank, il suffit de communiquer votre adresse email, de sélectionner le thème qui vous intéresse, d'indiquer la fréquence (quotidienne, hebdomadaire ou mensuelle) et de confirmer votre enregistrement en cliquant sur le lien envoyé par email.

RSS imageFlux RSS

Ne manquez aucune information ou mise à jour du site du Parlement européen grâce à notre flux RSS.

Veuillez cliquer sur le lien ci-dessous afin de configurer votre flux.