878

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

What if algorithms could abide by ethical principles?

20-11-2018

Algorithms, are step-by-step procedure for solving a problem, usually expressed in computer code as a set of instructions for a computer to follow in order to complete a task. Day-to-day decisions around the world are increasingly based on data science techniques powered by machine learning algorithms that are gradually making a meaningful impact on human lives. For example, the operation of intermediary platforms that propose accommodation (AirBnB) or transportation alternatives (Uber) are extensively ...

Algorithms, are step-by-step procedure for solving a problem, usually expressed in computer code as a set of instructions for a computer to follow in order to complete a task. Day-to-day decisions around the world are increasingly based on data science techniques powered by machine learning algorithms that are gradually making a meaningful impact on human lives. For example, the operation of intermediary platforms that propose accommodation (AirBnB) or transportation alternatives (Uber) are extensively using algorithms. Algorithms implicitly or explicitly are not neutral as they comprise essential value-judgments that can potentially have race or sex biases. This raises an important question: is it possible to develop and ensure that algorithms are ethical?

CO2 standards for new cars and vans

20-11-2018

In November 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on reducing CO2 emissions from new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans). The proposed measures and targets are aligned with the 2030 climate and energy framework and with the energy union strategy, which envisages a reduction in transport emissions and energy consumption. The Commission sets new targets for the EU fleet-wide average CO2 emissions of new passenger cars and vans. Average CO2 emissions from ...

In November 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on reducing CO2 emissions from new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans). The proposed measures and targets are aligned with the 2030 climate and energy framework and with the energy union strategy, which envisages a reduction in transport emissions and energy consumption. The Commission sets new targets for the EU fleet-wide average CO2 emissions of new passenger cars and vans. Average CO2 emissions from new passenger cars and vans registered in the EU would have to be 15 % lower in 2025, and 30 % lower in 2030, compared to their respective limits in 2021. The proposal includes a dedicated incentive mechanism for zero- and low-emission vehicles, in order to accelerate their market uptake. Interinstitutional trilogue negotiations started on 10 October 2018, after the Parliament and the Council adopted their respective positions. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Global Trends to 2035 - Economy and Society

20-11-2018

This study maps and analyses current and future global trends in the fields of economics and society, covering the period to 2035. Drawing on and complementing existing literature, it summarises and analyses the findings of relevant foresight studies in relation to such global trends. It traces recent changes in the perceived trajectory of already-identified trends and identifies significant new or emerging trends. It also addresses potential policy implications of such trends for the EU.

This study maps and analyses current and future global trends in the fields of economics and society, covering the period to 2035. Drawing on and complementing existing literature, it summarises and analyses the findings of relevant foresight studies in relation to such global trends. It traces recent changes in the perceived trajectory of already-identified trends and identifies significant new or emerging trends. It also addresses potential policy implications of such trends for the EU.

Auteur externe

EPRS, DG

Climate change [What Think Tanks are thinking]

16-11-2018

World leaders are preparing for the ‘COP 24’ summit on tackling climate change in Katowice, Poland, in December, which is meant to debate how to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement. Meanwhile, a United Nations report has called for more measures to cut emissions of greenhouse gases: On 8 October, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published its latest findings, which indicate that limiting global warming to the 1.5˚C increase agreed in Paris would require rapid, far-reaching and ...

World leaders are preparing for the ‘COP 24’ summit on tackling climate change in Katowice, Poland, in December, which is meant to debate how to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement. Meanwhile, a United Nations report has called for more measures to cut emissions of greenhouse gases: On 8 October, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published its latest findings, which indicate that limiting global warming to the 1.5˚C increase agreed in Paris would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society. This note brings together commentaries, analyses and studies by major international think tanks and research institutes on climate talks and wider issues relating to climate change. Earlier publications on the issue can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are Thinking' published in November 2017.

Environmental Impact Assessment Directive 2011/92/EU

15-11-2018

Environmental Impact Assessment Directive 2011/92/EU defines the procedure of environmental impact assessment. By doing that, the directive intends to ensure that the environmental effects of public and private projects that are likely to have significant effect on the environment are, prior to their authorisation, assessed by Member States' competent authorities This note provides a brief overview of its implementation.

Environmental Impact Assessment Directive 2011/92/EU defines the procedure of environmental impact assessment. By doing that, the directive intends to ensure that the environmental effects of public and private projects that are likely to have significant effect on the environment are, prior to their authorisation, assessed by Member States' competent authorities This note provides a brief overview of its implementation.

LIFE programme for 2021-2027: Financing environmental and climate objectives

09-11-2018

Launched in 1992, the LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. It supports the implementation of relevant EU legislation and the development of key policy priorities, by co-financing projects with European added value. To date, LIFE has co financed more than 4 500 projects. In June 2018, the European Commission submitted a proposal on a regulation establishing a new LIFE programme for 2021-2027. The programme would support projects in the areas ...

Launched in 1992, the LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. It supports the implementation of relevant EU legislation and the development of key policy priorities, by co-financing projects with European added value. To date, LIFE has co financed more than 4 500 projects. In June 2018, the European Commission submitted a proposal on a regulation establishing a new LIFE programme for 2021-2027. The programme would support projects in the areas of nature and biodiversity, circular economy and quality of life, clean energy transition, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. A total of €4.83 billion in 2018 prices (€5.45 billion in current prices) would be earmarked to the new programme. In the European Parliament, the proposal has been referred to the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). The Environment Council considered the information provided by the Commission on the proposal in a public session on 25 June 2018. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Single-use plastics and fishing gear: Reducing marine litter

19-10-2018

Most of the plastic in our oceans originates from land-based sources. On European beaches, plastics make up 80-85 % of marine litter, which is considered a major threat to marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine litter also costs the European Union economy an estimated €259 million to €695 million per year. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a legislative proposal seeking to address the issue of marine litter from plastics. The proposal would introduce a series of measures regarding ...

Most of the plastic in our oceans originates from land-based sources. On European beaches, plastics make up 80-85 % of marine litter, which is considered a major threat to marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine litter also costs the European Union economy an estimated €259 million to €695 million per year. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a legislative proposal seeking to address the issue of marine litter from plastics. The proposal would introduce a series of measures regarding the top 10 single-use plastics found on European beaches, as well as fishing gear, with a view to reducing their impact on the environment and ensuring a functional internal market. In the European Parliament, the report by the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) is expected to be the subject of a vote in plenary in October 2018. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides

19-10-2018

The study presents the results of evaluation of the implementation of the Directive 2009/128/EC establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides. The study was outsourced and prepared by a consortium led by ÖIR GmbH, in collaboration with Arcadia International, t33 and external experts. The study covers the implementation of the directive as a whole. Furthermore, it concentrates on the implementation of the integrated pest management principles in the individual ...

The study presents the results of evaluation of the implementation of the Directive 2009/128/EC establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides. The study was outsourced and prepared by a consortium led by ÖIR GmbH, in collaboration with Arcadia International, t33 and external experts. The study covers the implementation of the directive as a whole. Furthermore, it concentrates on the implementation of the integrated pest management principles in the individual Member States. In addition, it also provides an analysis concerning of a the development of harmonised risk indicators, the imposition of limitation and bans of on the usage of pesticides in sensitive specific sensitive areas, and the impacts that of the use of pesticides has on drinking water. The analysis is accompanied by recommendations on how to improve the implementation processes.

Déchets marins: plastiques à usage unique et engins de pêche

17-10-2018

Les déchets marins, pour la plupart constitués de plastique, sont une menace grave pour la biodiversité marine et côtière; ils entraînent aussi des conséquences socio-économiques lourdes. En mai 2018, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition législative concernant les dix articles en plastique à usage unique les plus présents sur les plages européennes, ainsi que les engins de pêche, dans le but de réduire leur incidence sur l’environnement et de garantir le bon fonctionnement du marché ...

Les déchets marins, pour la plupart constitués de plastique, sont une menace grave pour la biodiversité marine et côtière; ils entraînent aussi des conséquences socio-économiques lourdes. En mai 2018, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition législative concernant les dix articles en plastique à usage unique les plus présents sur les plages européennes, ainsi que les engins de pêche, dans le but de réduire leur incidence sur l’environnement et de garantir le bon fonctionnement du marché intérieur. Le Parlement européen devrait adopter sa position sur la proposition lors de sa deuxième période de session plénière d’octobre.

Conférence sur les changements climatiques (COP 24) à Katowice

17-10-2018

La conférence sur les changements climatiques (COP 24) qui aura lieu à Katowice, en Pologne, du 3 au 14 décembre 2018, se concentrera sur la mise en œuvre complète de l’accord de Paris et sur la phase politique du dialogue de Talanoa, visant à soutenir la mise en œuvre des engagements nationaux. En préparation de la COP 24, le Parlement européen a adressé des questions à la Commission européenne et au Conseil. La commission de l’environnement, de la santé publique et de la sécurité alimentaire a ...

La conférence sur les changements climatiques (COP 24) qui aura lieu à Katowice, en Pologne, du 3 au 14 décembre 2018, se concentrera sur la mise en œuvre complète de l’accord de Paris et sur la phase politique du dialogue de Talanoa, visant à soutenir la mise en œuvre des engagements nationaux. En préparation de la COP 24, le Parlement européen a adressé des questions à la Commission européenne et au Conseil. La commission de l’environnement, de la santé publique et de la sécurité alimentaire a présenté une proposition de résolution sur la COP 24 qui doit être votée lors de la période de session d’octobre II.

Evénements à venir

21-11-2018
Public hearing on “Combatting Money-Laundering in the EU Banking system”
Audition -
TAX3
21-11-2018
Brain, New Approach to Brain Diseases
Atelier -
ENVI
21-11-2018
Children victims or witnesses of gender-based violence – Hearing – 21.11.2018
Audition -
FEMM

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