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'Fake news' [What Think Tanks are thinking]

14-09-2018

Attempts at influencing or distorting elections in the United States and other countries, including some European Union Member States, have drawn attention to what is commonly referred to as ‘fake news’, or false news posing as factual stories. Although the phenomenon of generating misleading news stories is at least as old as the printing press, the growth of social media has led to a very significant proliferation of this phenomenon. Some outlets use deceitful headlines and content to boost readership ...

Attempts at influencing or distorting elections in the United States and other countries, including some European Union Member States, have drawn attention to what is commonly referred to as ‘fake news’, or false news posing as factual stories. Although the phenomenon of generating misleading news stories is at least as old as the printing press, the growth of social media has led to a very significant proliferation of this phenomenon. Some outlets use deceitful headlines and content to boost readership, in a search for higher advertising revenue. Other sources, often sponsored by certain state actors, are accused of spreading ‘fake news’ for entirely political ends. In March 2018, the European Commission published the Final Report of the High Level Expert Group on Fake News and Online Disinformation, which proposes ways to combat the phenomenon. In April a Commission communication followed, entitled ‘Tackling online disinformation: a European Approach.’

Rules for EU institutions' processing of personal data

12-09-2018

In the context of the comprehensive reform of the EU's legal framework for data protection, the Commission tabled a proposal in January 2017 for a 'regulation on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies and the free movement of such data' and repealing the existing one (Regulation No 45/2001). The aim is to align it to the 2016 General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that has been fully applicable since ...

In the context of the comprehensive reform of the EU's legal framework for data protection, the Commission tabled a proposal in January 2017 for a 'regulation on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies and the free movement of such data' and repealing the existing one (Regulation No 45/2001). The aim is to align it to the 2016 General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that has been fully applicable since 25 May 2018. Interinstitutional trilogue meetings, in which debate focused on also applying the regulation to operational data of EU bodies carrying out law enforcement activities, brought an agreement between the co-legislators in May. The compromise text is due to be voted by the Parliament in the September plenary session. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - September 2018

10-09-2018

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

What if technologies challenged our ethical norms?

06-09-2018

Exploring the relationship between ethics and technological innovation has always been a challenging task for policy-makers. Ethical considerations concerning the impact of research and innovation (R&I) are increasingly important owing to the quickening pace of technological innovation and the transformative potential and complexity of contemporary advances in science and technology. The multiplication of legal references to ethical principles and the mushrooming of ad hoc ethics committees indicate ...

Exploring the relationship between ethics and technological innovation has always been a challenging task for policy-makers. Ethical considerations concerning the impact of research and innovation (R&I) are increasingly important owing to the quickening pace of technological innovation and the transformative potential and complexity of contemporary advances in science and technology. The multiplication of legal references to ethical principles and the mushrooming of ad hoc ethics committees indicate the institutional embedding of ethics into the scientific research process as such, but also into an increasing array of technological trajectories. Yet the rapid development of disruptive technologies means that social and ethical norms often struggle to keep up with technological development. But what if disruptive technologies were to challenge traditional ethical norms and structures?

What if technologies had their own ethical standards?

06-09-2018

Technologies are often seen either as objects of ethical scrutiny or as challenging traditional ethical norms. The advent of autonomous machines, deep learning and big data techniques, blockchain applications and 'smart' technological products raises the need to introduce ethical norms into these devices. The very act of building new and emerging technologies has also become the act of creating specific moral systems within which human and artificial agents will interact through transactions with ...

Technologies are often seen either as objects of ethical scrutiny or as challenging traditional ethical norms. The advent of autonomous machines, deep learning and big data techniques, blockchain applications and 'smart' technological products raises the need to introduce ethical norms into these devices. The very act of building new and emerging technologies has also become the act of creating specific moral systems within which human and artificial agents will interact through transactions with moral implications. But what if technologies introduced and defined their own ethical standards?

Protection des données à caractère personnel traitées par les institutions et organes de l’Union

05-09-2018

Aux fins de la révision des règles existantes dans ce domaine et conformément au règlement général sur la protection des données (RGPD), la Commission européenne a présenté en 2016 une proposition régissant le traitement des données à caractère personnel par les institutions, organes et organismes de l’Union. Les négociations avec le Conseil ont abouti à un texte de compromis, qui devrait faire l’objet d’un vote en première lecture lors de la période de session de septembre.

Aux fins de la révision des règles existantes dans ce domaine et conformément au règlement général sur la protection des données (RGPD), la Commission européenne a présenté en 2016 une proposition régissant le traitement des données à caractère personnel par les institutions, organes et organismes de l’Union. Les négociations avec le Conseil ont abouti à un texte de compromis, qui devrait faire l’objet d’un vote en première lecture lors de la période de session de septembre.

Contrôles d’argent liquide entrant dans l’Union ou sortant de l’Union

05-09-2018

En 2016, dans ses conclusions sur la lutte contre le financement du terrorisme, le Conseil soulignait combien il importe de prendre des mesures contre les mouvements d’argent liquide illicites et demandait instamment à la Commission de réviser le règlement relatif aux contrôles de l’argent liquide. La proposition de la Commission de 2017 visait à combler les lacunes de la législation en place, notamment en ce qui concerne la définition de l’argent liquide et les différents mouvements transfrontaliers ...

En 2016, dans ses conclusions sur la lutte contre le financement du terrorisme, le Conseil soulignait combien il importe de prendre des mesures contre les mouvements d’argent liquide illicites et demandait instamment à la Commission de réviser le règlement relatif aux contrôles de l’argent liquide. La proposition de la Commission de 2017 visait à combler les lacunes de la législation en place, notamment en ce qui concerne la définition de l’argent liquide et les différents mouvements transfrontaliers. L’accord provisoire conclu par le Conseil et le Parlement sur le projet de règlement en mai 2018 doit être mis aux voix par le Parlement en première lecture lors de sa session plénière de septembre.

Combattre le blanchiment de capitaux grâce au droit pénal

05-09-2018

Le blanchiment de capitaux constitue certes une infraction pénale dans tous les États membres de l’Union, mais sa définition et les sanctions encourues varient d’un pays à l’autre. Ceux qui enfreignent la loi peuvent tirer parti de ces différences, en effectuant leurs transactions financières dans les pays où les règles sont les moins sévères. Durant la session de septembre, le Parlement européen doit voter sur une proposition de nouvelle directive destinée à harmoniser les règles et les sanctions ...

Le blanchiment de capitaux constitue certes une infraction pénale dans tous les États membres de l’Union, mais sa définition et les sanctions encourues varient d’un pays à l’autre. Ceux qui enfreignent la loi peuvent tirer parti de ces différences, en effectuant leurs transactions financières dans les pays où les règles sont les moins sévères. Durant la session de septembre, le Parlement européen doit voter sur une proposition de nouvelle directive destinée à harmoniser les règles et les sanctions au sein de l’Union et à favoriser la coopération transfrontière afin de combattre le blanchiment de capitaux et le financement du terrorisme.

Criminal procedural laws across the European Union – A comparative analysis of selected main differences and the impact they have over the development of EU legislation

30-08-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines to what extent differences between national procedural criminal laws hinder the negotiations and the operation of cross-border cooperation instruments. It is based on a comparative analysis of a representative sample of nine Member States. It identifies several forms of “hindrances” to cross-border cooperation, ranging from mere delays ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines to what extent differences between national procedural criminal laws hinder the negotiations and the operation of cross-border cooperation instruments. It is based on a comparative analysis of a representative sample of nine Member States. It identifies several forms of “hindrances” to cross-border cooperation, ranging from mere delays to the suspension and the non-execution of assistance requests, alongside the striking underuse of some of the existing instruments. There is no simple or single answer to these challenges. Therefore, several non-legislative and legislative recommendations are put forward for the short- and long-term horizon.

Auteur externe

Elodie SELLIER, Université Libre de Bruxelles Anne WEYEMBERGH, Université Libre de Bruxelles Thomas Wahl, Alexander Oppers (Reports on Germany); Gerard Conway (Reports on Ireland); Marta Muñoz de Morales Romero (Reports on Spain); Perrine Simon (Reports on France); Silvia Allegrezza (Reports on Italy); Petra Bard (Reports on Hungary); Aart de Vries, Joske Graat, Tony Marguery (Reports on the Netherlands); Daniel Nitu (Reports on Romania); Samuli Miettinen, Petri Freundlich (Reports on Finland)

The future EU-UK relationship: options in the field of the protection of personal data for general processing activities and for processing for law enforcement purposes

24-08-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the available mechanisms for personal data transfers between the EU and the UK after Brexit. The study shows that an adequacy finding for the UK would be beneficial, but insufficient. Notably, and to the extent that there is a consensus on these points, there is a need for a bespoke instrument that establishes a standstill period, and ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the available mechanisms for personal data transfers between the EU and the UK after Brexit. The study shows that an adequacy finding for the UK would be beneficial, but insufficient. Notably, and to the extent that there is a consensus on these points, there is a need for a bespoke instrument that establishes a standstill period, and which allows the UK to participate in (i) the development of EU data protection policy, (ii) internal market data transfers, and (iii) security and law enforcement initiatives.

Auteur externe

Hans GRAUX, Time.lex Alessandra INNESTI, Spark Legal Network Inês DE MATOS PINTO, Spark Legal Network Peter MCNALLY, Spark Legal Network Patricia YPMA, Spark Legal Network Rianne SIEBENGA, PwC Wim WENSINK, PwC

Evénements à venir

24-09-2018
Brexit and industry and space policy
Atelier -
ITRE
24-09-2018
Third meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group (JPSG) on Europol
Autre événement -
LIBE
25-09-2018
The impact of automation: Identifying jobs at risk
Autre événement -
EPRS

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