140

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

What if blockchain were to be truly decentralised?

27-09-2018

Technological systems, once introduced in a particular socio-economic context, often evolve in unforeseen ways and may fall prey to unexpected power relations. Blockchain, as a technology that relies on decentralisation to enable storing and securing data-based transactions without central administration, is currently facing significant centralisation pressures that may undermine the purpose of operating a decentralised blockchain network. But what if blockchain fulfilled its promise to be truly ...

Technological systems, once introduced in a particular socio-economic context, often evolve in unforeseen ways and may fall prey to unexpected power relations. Blockchain, as a technology that relies on decentralisation to enable storing and securing data-based transactions without central administration, is currently facing significant centralisation pressures that may undermine the purpose of operating a decentralised blockchain network. But what if blockchain fulfilled its promise to be truly decentralised?

What if blockchain offered a way to reconcile privacy with transparency?

27-09-2018

One of the most appealing aspects of blockchain technology is the degree of transparency that it can provide. Blockchain has the potential to improve supply chains and clinical trials, enforce the law, enable responsible consumption and enhance democratic governance through a traceability of information as a means of ensuring that nothing is unduly modified. The level of transparency that blockchain brings forward adds a degree of accountability that has not existed to date. At the same time, one ...

One of the most appealing aspects of blockchain technology is the degree of transparency that it can provide. Blockchain has the potential to improve supply chains and clinical trials, enforce the law, enable responsible consumption and enhance democratic governance through a traceability of information as a means of ensuring that nothing is unduly modified. The level of transparency that blockchain brings forward adds a degree of accountability that has not existed to date. At the same time, one of the most appealing aspects of blockchain technology is the degree of privacy that it can provide. How could blockchain safeguard the rights to privacy and control over one’s data, whilst promoting data transparency?

Le droit d’auteur dans le marché unique numérique

05-09-2018

Une proposition de la Commission européenne visant à adapter la législation de l’Union relative au droit d’auteur à l’environnement numérique a suscité de vifs débats parmi les acteurs concernés, les universitaires et les députés européens. Le Parlement s’apprête à examiner et à voter le rapport de la commission JURI concernant le projet de directive révisée sur le droit d’auteur à la session plénière de septembre.

Une proposition de la Commission européenne visant à adapter la législation de l’Union relative au droit d’auteur à l’environnement numérique a suscité de vifs débats parmi les acteurs concernés, les universitaires et les députés européens. Le Parlement s’apprête à examiner et à voter le rapport de la commission JURI concernant le projet de directive révisée sur le droit d’auteur à la session plénière de septembre.

Copyright Law in the EU: Salient features of copyright law across the EU Member States

13-07-2018

As part of the mission to provide the Members and Committees of the European Parliament with new research tools in the area of comparative law, this document presents salient features of copyright law across the EU Member States and, more in particular, the prima facie corresponding provisions in national law relating to the exceptions and limitations contained in Directives 2001/29/EC and 2012/28/EU. The document will be updated regularly, especially in its electronic version, to take account of ...

As part of the mission to provide the Members and Committees of the European Parliament with new research tools in the area of comparative law, this document presents salient features of copyright law across the EU Member States and, more in particular, the prima facie corresponding provisions in national law relating to the exceptions and limitations contained in Directives 2001/29/EC and 2012/28/EU. The document will be updated regularly, especially in its electronic version, to take account of new or modified provisions of national law in relation to – mandatory or optional – exceptions and limitations deriving from existing or future EU legislation.

Copyright in the digital single market

02-07-2018

The European Commission presented a legislative package for the modernisation of the EU copyright rules, including a new directive on copyright in the digital single market on 14 September 2016. Stakeholders and academics are strongly divided on the proposal. Much of the debate focuses on (i) the creation of a new right that would allow press publishers to claim remuneration for the online use of their publications; (ii) the imposition of content monitoring measures on online platforms such as YouTube ...

The European Commission presented a legislative package for the modernisation of the EU copyright rules, including a new directive on copyright in the digital single market on 14 September 2016. Stakeholders and academics are strongly divided on the proposal. Much of the debate focuses on (i) the creation of a new right that would allow press publishers to claim remuneration for the online use of their publications; (ii) the imposition of content monitoring measures on online platforms such as YouTube, which seeks to resolve the 'value gap' and help right holders to better monetise and control the distribution of their content online; and (iii) the creation of a new copyright exception for the use of 'text-and data-mining' techniques in the EU. While some argue that the measures will ensure fair remuneration for journalists, publishers and right holders for the online use of their works, others criticise, inter alia, a perceived 'link tax', and highlight the risk of filtering and control of the internet. The Council adopted its common position in May 2018. Following protracted discussions, the Legal Affairs Committee of the European Parliament voted compromise amendments in June 2018, as well as a mandate for trilogue negotiations. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Review Clauses in EU Legislation: A Rolling Check-List (6th edition)

29-06-2018

This study provides an overview of review clauses (reviews, evaluations, implementation reports) contained in EU legislation during the sixth, seventh and the current, eighth parliamentary term. Drawing on information publicly available across several sources, it provides in a single, comprehensive repository an analytical overview of acts that contain a review clause. The study puts a special focus on (and the analysis of) review clauses in EU legislative acts adopted during the current parliamentary ...

This study provides an overview of review clauses (reviews, evaluations, implementation reports) contained in EU legislation during the sixth, seventh and the current, eighth parliamentary term. Drawing on information publicly available across several sources, it provides in a single, comprehensive repository an analytical overview of acts that contain a review clause. The study puts a special focus on (and the analysis of) review clauses in EU legislative acts adopted during the current parliamentary term (with a total of 147 legislative acts with a review clause adopted through the ordinary legislative procedure up until end of December 2017).

An EU intellectual property policy to boost innovation

03-04-2018

Intellectual property (IP) lies at the heart of innovation and competitiveness around the world as well as in the European Union, and intellectual property rights (IPRs) are protected mainly through patents, trade marks and copyright. IPRs enable individuals and companies to earn recognition and/or financial benefit from what they invent or create. By striking the right balance between innovators and public interest, IP aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish ...

Intellectual property (IP) lies at the heart of innovation and competitiveness around the world as well as in the European Union, and intellectual property rights (IPRs) are protected mainly through patents, trade marks and copyright. IPRs enable individuals and companies to earn recognition and/or financial benefit from what they invent or create. By striking the right balance between innovators and public interest, IP aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish. The EU has shaped a framework that defines and protects innovations and creations through IP. This framework mainly comprises of directives and regulations protecting copyright, trade marks, patents, designs and geographical indications.

Mise en œuvre de la directive 2011/77/UE: durée de protection du droit d’auteur

15-03-2018

L’objectif de la présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission JURI, est d’analyser la situation actuelle de l’application de la directive 2011/77/UE (ci-après «la directive») et d’effectuer un examen approfondi des pratiques y afférentes dans certains États membres. Cette étude fournit un bref aperçu du cadre international relatif à la durée de protection des droits des artistes ...

L’objectif de la présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission JURI, est d’analyser la situation actuelle de l’application de la directive 2011/77/UE (ci-après «la directive») et d’effectuer un examen approfondi des pratiques y afférentes dans certains États membres. Cette étude fournit un bref aperçu du cadre international relatif à la durée de protection des droits des artistes interprètes ou exécutants et des producteurs de phonogrammes, et analyse les principaux objectifs et les dispositions de la directive sur la prolongation de la durée de protection du droit d’auteur. Elle étudie en profondeur la mise en œuvre et les pratiques déployées dans sept États membres sélectionnés, et recense les meilleures pratiques qui peuvent servir de modèle pour d’autres États membres de l’Union. En outre, elle examine les effets à long terme de la directive, à la fois au sein de l’Union (vis-à-vis des politiques européennes concernées) et en dehors de l’Union (par rapport à ses principaux partenaires commerciaux).

Auteur externe

Dr. Ana RAMALHO, Assistant Professor of Intellectual Property Law at Maastricht University (Netherlands); Dr. Aurelio LOPEZ-TARRUELLA, is Senior Lecturer of Private International Law at University of Alicante (Spain); coordinated by ARCA Consortium, S.A.

Contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services

19-02-2018

On 21 November 2017, the European Parliament's Internal Market and Consumer Committee (IMCO) and Legal Affairs Committee (JURI) adopted their joint report on the European Commission's proposal for a directive regulating the private-law aspects of contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services in the internal market. The Council of the EU agreed on a general approach in June 2017. Trilogue meetings began on 5 December 2017 and are still on-going. The main changes proposed by the ...

On 21 November 2017, the European Parliament's Internal Market and Consumer Committee (IMCO) and Legal Affairs Committee (JURI) adopted their joint report on the European Commission's proposal for a directive regulating the private-law aspects of contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services in the internal market. The Council of the EU agreed on a general approach in June 2017. Trilogue meetings began on 5 December 2017 and are still on-going. The main changes proposed by the joint report of the two Parliament committees are concerned with the duration of legal guarantees for digital content and services, liability for hidden defects and the short-term right to reject defective digital content. An issue which is still being discussed is the relationship between the directive and EU public law rules on the protection of personal data. Fourth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view previous editions of this briefing, please see: PE 608.748 (October 2017).

The Exception for Text and Data Mining (TDM) in the Proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market - Technical Aspects

15-02-2018

In an increasingly data-driven and information-rich socio-economic context, the potential of predictive text and data mining (TDM, sometimes also referred to as text and data analysis) lies in particular in facilitating the processing, recombining, and extraction of further knowledge from large amounts of data and text, thus allowing the identification of patterns and associations between seemingly unrelated pieces of information. To place things in context, according to an IBM marketing study, ...

In an increasingly data-driven and information-rich socio-economic context, the potential of predictive text and data mining (TDM, sometimes also referred to as text and data analysis) lies in particular in facilitating the processing, recombining, and extraction of further knowledge from large amounts of data and text, thus allowing the identification of patterns and associations between seemingly unrelated pieces of information. To place things in context, according to an IBM marketing study, 90 percent of the data in the world today has been created in the last two years alone. Every day, 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are created, and it is expected that such growth rate will continue at an even faster pace in the future. In this sense, the analogy made with the physical universe appears apt: it is expected that by 2020 the digital universe – which consists of data created and copied annually and is doubling in size every two years – will contain nearly as many digital bits as there are stars in the universe.

Auteur externe

Rosati Eleonora

Evénements à venir

19-11-2018
Workshop "EU preparedness against CBRN weapons"
Atelier -
SEDE
19-11-2018
European Cultural Heritage
Autre événement -
CULT
19-11-2018
Hearing: Cross-border family disputes: safeguarding children’s rights
Audition -
JURI

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