45

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Assistive technologies for people with disabilities

15-01-2018

Assistive technologies (ATs) are designed to improve the functional capabilities of people with disabilities. Some are relatively low-tech and very familiar, such as such as reading glasses, crutches and hearing aids. Others are more advanced, using cutting-edge science and technology, with future ATs under development that could have a huge impact on all our lives. This briefing provides an overview of a scientific foresight study of ATs for three specific types of disability: blindness and visual ...

Assistive technologies (ATs) are designed to improve the functional capabilities of people with disabilities. Some are relatively low-tech and very familiar, such as such as reading glasses, crutches and hearing aids. Others are more advanced, using cutting-edge science and technology, with future ATs under development that could have a huge impact on all our lives. This briefing provides an overview of a scientific foresight study of ATs for three specific types of disability: blindness and visual impairment, deafness and hearing impairment, and autism spectrum disorders.

Technologies d'assistance en soutien aux personnes handicapées

19-06-2015

"L'invalidité" est complexe et multidimensionnelle. Elle dénote des déficiences, des limitations au niveau des activités et des restrictions au niveau de la participation - une combinaison de facteurs médicaux et contextuels. Les personnes handicapées constituent un groupe diversifié. Certains sont nés avec un handicap, d'autres ont acquis un handicap par le biais d'une blessure ou d'une maladie chronique, d'autres encore développent un handicap en vieillissant. Les besoins de santé des personnes ...

"L'invalidité" est complexe et multidimensionnelle. Elle dénote des déficiences, des limitations au niveau des activités et des restrictions au niveau de la participation - une combinaison de facteurs médicaux et contextuels. Les personnes handicapées constituent un groupe diversifié. Certains sont nés avec un handicap, d'autres ont acquis un handicap par le biais d'une blessure ou d'une maladie chronique, d'autres encore développent un handicap en vieillissant. Les besoins de santé des personnes handicapées varient selon le type de limitation et selon l'état de santé primaire. Certains handicaps peuvent entraîner des besoins de santé élevés, d'autres pas. Dans l'ensemble toutefois, les personnes handicapées présentent un moins bon état de santé que la population en général. Plusieurs facteurs contribuent à ces disparités en matière de santé. La façon dont le handicap est abordé a changé d'une approche purement médicale vers une approche orientée vers un fonctionnement et un bien-être maximum. Les technologies d'assistance visant à aider les personnes handicapées ont également évolué. Elles couvrent désormais des applications informatiques complexes, des logiciels, des applications de cyberphysique et de cellules souches. Une série d'exemples sont fournis dans les cinq grandes catégories de handicaps moteurs, visuels, auditifs, cognitifs et de la communication. Ils comprennent des interfaces cerveau-ordinateur invasives et non invasives, des appareils portables, des applications de cellules souches, des neuroprothèses, des robots humanoïdes et des applications (apps). L'UE a financé plusieurs projets de recherche sur le développement des technologies d'assistance dans ses programmes-cadres de recherche et d'innovation.

What if technologies replaced humans in elderly care?

08-10-2019

Could technologies respond to the challenges associated with the ageing European population? While future assistive technologies for elderly care are promising, current technologies are not used to their full potential. Effective change should target all social groups, not only the elderly. ‘One-size-fits-all’ approaches for technology and policy are not well suited to elderly care because everyone has different abilities and individual circumstances. The establishment of a defined profession of ...

Could technologies respond to the challenges associated with the ageing European population? While future assistive technologies for elderly care are promising, current technologies are not used to their full potential. Effective change should target all social groups, not only the elderly. ‘One-size-fits-all’ approaches for technology and policy are not well suited to elderly care because everyone has different abilities and individual circumstances. The establishment of a defined profession of experts in the application of assistive technologies for elderly care could play an important role in supporting the development of the sector.

What if technology helped society become more inclusive?

28-06-2017

There are already many ‘assistive technologies’ available, which can help people with disabilities participate more fully in society. More advanced assistive technologies are under development, but is technology the key to a more inclusive society?

There are already many ‘assistive technologies’ available, which can help people with disabilities participate more fully in society. More advanced assistive technologies are under development, but is technology the key to a more inclusive society?

Health and safety in the workplace of the future

16-09-2019

The note identifies future risks to the physical and mental health and safety of workers that are attributable to technology-driven changes in the workplace and looks at possible legislative responses and further action.

The note identifies future risks to the physical and mental health and safety of workers that are attributable to technology-driven changes in the workplace and looks at possible legislative responses and further action.

Auteur externe

David Cabrelli, Richard Graveling

Robots in healthcare: a solution or a problem?

15-03-2019

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of a workshop on the use of robots and AI in healthcare, held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Tuesday 19 February 2019. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information and advice for Members of the ENVI Committee on the status and prospects of applying robotic and artificial intelligence (AI) based technologies in healthcare. The first part of the workshop focused on the practical application of AI and robots in healthcare ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of a workshop on the use of robots and AI in healthcare, held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Tuesday 19 February 2019. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information and advice for Members of the ENVI Committee on the status and prospects of applying robotic and artificial intelligence (AI) based technologies in healthcare. The first part of the workshop focused on the practical application of AI and robots in healthcare, while the second part examined the ethical implications and responsibilities of AI and robotic based technologies in healthcare.

Auteur externe

Zrinjka DOLIC, Milieu Consulting Rosa CASTRO, Milieu Consulting Andrei MOARCAS, Milieu Consulting

Need for action on dementia recalled

12-02-2016

Dementia is one of Europe's biggest challenges in the context of demographic change. It has wide-ranging social and economic consequences for those living with the condition, their families and carers, and society as a whole. The Council's conclusions of December 2015 acknowledge the importance of this challenge. Dementia is not one specific disease, but an overall term for a syndrome that affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language and judgement ...

Dementia is one of Europe's biggest challenges in the context of demographic change. It has wide-ranging social and economic consequences for those living with the condition, their families and carers, and society as a whole. The Council's conclusions of December 2015 acknowledge the importance of this challenge. Dementia is not one specific disease, but an overall term for a syndrome that affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language and judgement. There are many different causes and forms of dementia. The condition remains little understood, and there is currently no cure. Action to tackle dementia is centred on its prevention, early detection and timely diagnosis, and on improving the quality of life of those living with it through care and support. Research focuses on the causes and possible treatments, on better care and prevention, as well as on developing assistive technologies. The European Commission has published a communication on dementia, undertaken various activities and funded research. A European Parliament resolution from 2011 called for dementia to be made a health priority. Major global dementia initiatives include a G8 declaration, the creation of the World Dementia Council, and the first Ministerial Conference on 'Global Action Against Dementia', hosted by the World Health Organization. Civil society is also actively involved.

Research for TRAN Committee - Transport and tourism for persons with disabilities and persons with reduced mobility

08-05-2018

This study has undertaken literature reviews, user and experts’ questionnaires, interviews and workshop surveys, analysis of EU legislation, SWOT and Multi-Criteria Analysis, identification of best practices and analyses of case studies. This has led to a mapping of accessibility across the EU Member States (identifying relevant state clusters) for three different sectors: local transport, long-distance transport, and tourism. Specific policies, research priorities and recommendations are made per ...

This study has undertaken literature reviews, user and experts’ questionnaires, interviews and workshop surveys, analysis of EU legislation, SWOT and Multi-Criteria Analysis, identification of best practices and analyses of case studies. This has led to a mapping of accessibility across the EU Member States (identifying relevant state clusters) for three different sectors: local transport, long-distance transport, and tourism. Specific policies, research priorities and recommendations are made per state clusters and for the EU, which can enhance accessibility in each of the three sectors.

Auteur externe

Dr. Evangelos BEKIARIS, Matina LOUKEA, Pavlos SPANIDIS, Saskia EWING, Marie DENNINGHAUS, Ivor AMBROSE, Katerina PAPAMICHAIL, Roberto CASTIGLIONI, Chris VEITCH

Ethical Aspects of Cyber-Physical Systems

28-06-2016

Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are intelligent robotics systems, linked with the Internet of Things, or technical systems of networked computers, robots and artificial intelligence that interact with the physical world.The project 'Ethical aspects of CPS' aims to provide insights into the potential ethical concerns and related unintended impacts of the possible evolution of CPS technology by 2050. The overarching purpose is to support the European Parliament, the parliamentary bodies, and the individual ...

Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are intelligent robotics systems, linked with the Internet of Things, or technical systems of networked computers, robots and artificial intelligence that interact with the physical world.The project 'Ethical aspects of CPS' aims to provide insights into the potential ethical concerns and related unintended impacts of the possible evolution of CPS technology by 2050. The overarching purpose is to support the European Parliament, the parliamentary bodies, and the individual Members in their anticipation of possible future concerns regarding developments in CPS, robotics and artificial intelligence.The Scientific Foresight study was conducted in three phases:1. A 'technical horizon scan', in the form of briefing papers describing the technical trends and their possible societal, ethical, economic, environmental, political/legal and demographic impacts, and this in seven application domains. 2. The 'soft impact and scenario phase', which analysed soft impacts of CPS, on the basis of the technical horizon scan, for pointing out possible future public concerns via an envisioning exercise and using exploratory scenarios.3. The 'legal backcasting' phase, which resulted in a briefing for the European Parliament identifying the legal instruments that may need to be modified or reviewed, including — where appropriate — areas identified for anticipatory parliamentary work, in accordance with the conclusions reached within the project.The outcome of the study is a policy briefing for MEPs describing legal instruments to anticipate impacts of future developments in the area of cyber-physical systems, such as intelligent robotics systems, linked with the Internet of Things. It is important to note that not all impacts of CPS are easily translated into legislation, as it is often contested whether they are in effect harmful, who is to be held accountable, and to what extent these impacts constitute a public rather than a private concern.

Bridging the digital divide in the EU

10-12-2015

Digital technologies play an important role in the everyday life of most Europeans; the internet allows people, businesses and governments to transform the ways they communicate and engage with one another. Yet some parts of the population are still excluded from using these new methods. Improving the EU fast broadband internet infrastructure is as important as upgrading the digital skills of citizens: 10% increase in broadband penetration may raise gross domestic product (GDP) by 1-1.5%, and by ...

Digital technologies play an important role in the everyday life of most Europeans; the internet allows people, businesses and governments to transform the ways they communicate and engage with one another. Yet some parts of the population are still excluded from using these new methods. Improving the EU fast broadband internet infrastructure is as important as upgrading the digital skills of citizens: 10% increase in broadband penetration may raise gross domestic product (GDP) by 1-1.5%, and by 2020, 90% of jobs will require some digital skills. The digital divide has been substantially reduced over the last decade in Europe, but the gap remains far from closed: according to the 2015 European Commission's Digital Agenda Scoreboard, two related targets have already been met (all EU households can access basic broadband and 75% of all Europeans are regular internet users). However, there is a danger that targets related to fast and ultra-fast speed broadband will be missed, especially in rural areas. Furthermore, important challenges on internet use remain, as about half of the less-educated and the elderly in the population do not use it regularly, and about 58 million EU citizens (aged 16-74 years old) have never used it at all. The digital divide also varies across Member States. The European Commission is working to improve the situation under the Digital Agenda for Europe and the Digital Single Market (DSM) strategy. Among the main EU support actions in place are proposals for legislation, different broadband funding mechanisms and support for multi-stakeholder partnerships and research projects to improve digital inclusion and assistive technologies.

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