253

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

EU fertilising products

26-06-2019

Fertilising products are used to improve plant growth, mainly in agriculture, enabling higher crop yields. However, they are associated with some challenges as regards security of supply, the environment and health. Although the 2003 Fertilisers Regulation, which aimed at ensuring an internal market in fertilisers, has been effective, it mainly addresses mineral fertilisers and deters the introduction of new types of fertilisers. In March 2016, the Commission put forward a legislative proposal on ...

Fertilising products are used to improve plant growth, mainly in agriculture, enabling higher crop yields. However, they are associated with some challenges as regards security of supply, the environment and health. Although the 2003 Fertilisers Regulation, which aimed at ensuring an internal market in fertilisers, has been effective, it mainly addresses mineral fertilisers and deters the introduction of new types of fertilisers. In March 2016, the Commission put forward a legislative proposal on fertilising products, as announced in the circular economy action plan. The proposal modernises the conformity assessment and market surveillance in line with the ‘new legislative framework’ for product legislation, covers a wider range of fertilising products (including those manufactured from secondary raw materials), and sets limits for the presence of heavy metals and contaminants in fertilising products. After completion of the legislative procedure, the final act was signed on 5 June 2019. The regulation will apply in full from 16 July 2022. Fifth edition of a briefing originally drafted by Didier Bourguignon. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Révision du règlement (CE) n° 2003/2003 relatif aux engrais

04-05-2016

Si le règlement (CE) n° 2003/2003 a nettement contribué à la suppression des obstacles à la commercialisation des engrais CE et a un bon rapport coût-efficacité général, son efficacité en matière de protection de la santé et de l'environnement est plus mitigée. Des analyses récentes indiquent que l'une de ses faiblesses centrales est le fait qu'il est principalement utilisé pour les engrais minéraux inorganiques conventionnels. En conséquence, près de la moitié des engrais qui se trouvent actuellement ...

Si le règlement (CE) n° 2003/2003 a nettement contribué à la suppression des obstacles à la commercialisation des engrais CE et a un bon rapport coût-efficacité général, son efficacité en matière de protection de la santé et de l'environnement est plus mitigée. Des analyses récentes indiquent que l'une de ses faiblesses centrales est le fait qu'il est principalement utilisé pour les engrais minéraux inorganiques conventionnels. En conséquence, près de la moitié des engrais qui se trouvent actuellement sur le marché de l'Union ne sont pas couverts par le règlement, ce qui a des répercussions négatives sur l'utilisation d'alternatives potentiellement plus respectueuses de l'environnement et sur l'innovation. Par ailleurs, le règlement ne comporte pas de limitations sur la teneur en métaux lourds comme le cadmium et d'autres polluants. Il est donc justifié de conclure que, sous sa forme actuelle, le règlement (CE) n° 2003/2003 ne reflète pas pleinement la situation actuelle du marché des engrais et ne répond pas totalement aux objectifs politiques de l'Union. Une révision du règlement était déjà prévue au cours du mandat précédent de la Commission et est désormais liée à la stratégie sur l'économie circulaire. Une proposition de règlement visant à encourager le recours aux engrais organiques et à base de déchets, qui corrige certaines des lacunes du règlement actuel et introduit des limitations pour certains polluants, a été publiée par la Commission le 17 mars 2016

Scientific Aspects Underlying the Regulatory Framework in the Area of Fertilisers – State of Play and Future Reforms

15-12-2016

This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) on the proposed cadmium regulation for phosphate fertilisers. Cadmium is a metal that can have adverse health effects on the general population. The use of mineral phosphate fertilisers contributes to about 60% of current cadmium emissions to soil. The proposed regulation aims to reduce soil and crop cadmium concentrations on the long term in most European regions ...

This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) on the proposed cadmium regulation for phosphate fertilisers. Cadmium is a metal that can have adverse health effects on the general population. The use of mineral phosphate fertilisers contributes to about 60% of current cadmium emissions to soil. The proposed regulation aims to reduce soil and crop cadmium concentrations on the long term in most European regions.

Proceedings of the Workshop on Reforming Single Market for fertilising products

15-03-2017

The workshop organised by the Policy Department A for the IMCO Committee aimed at discussing the revision of the fertilisers’ regulation proposed by the European Commission and its possible implications for producers, farmers and other users. It allowed exchange of views on the new regulatory proposal. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

The workshop organised by the Policy Department A for the IMCO Committee aimed at discussing the revision of the fertilisers’ regulation proposed by the European Commission and its possible implications for producers, farmers and other users. It allowed exchange of views on the new regulatory proposal. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Auteur externe

Piotr KWIATKOWSKI, Osnabrück University and Aneta WIEWIÓROWSKA-DOMAGALSKA, Osnabrück University

Fertilisants porteurs du marquage CE

20-03-2019

En mars 2016, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition sur les fertilisants, qui élargirait le cadre de la législation existante, notamment pour inclure les engrais organiques et à base de déchets, et imposerait des limites de métaux lourds et de substances contaminantes dans les fertilisants. Lors de sa deuxième session plénière de mars, le Parlement européen doit voter sur l’accord atteint après les négociations en trilogue sur ce dossier.

En mars 2016, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition sur les fertilisants, qui élargirait le cadre de la législation existante, notamment pour inclure les engrais organiques et à base de déchets, et imposerait des limites de métaux lourds et de substances contaminantes dans les fertilisants. Lors de sa deuxième session plénière de mars, le Parlement européen doit voter sur l’accord atteint après les négociations en trilogue sur ce dossier.

Revision of the Explosives Precursors Regulation

10-07-2018

Explosives precursors can be found in various chemical products used by consumers, general professional users, and industrial users, for example, in detergents, fertilisers, special fuels, lubricants and greases, water treatment chemicals. They can be used by terrorists to produce home-made explosives (HME). In April 2018 the European Commission put forward a proposal for a new regulation, accompanied by an impact assessment (IA) and an evaluation, which have been performed at the same time. The ...

Explosives precursors can be found in various chemical products used by consumers, general professional users, and industrial users, for example, in detergents, fertilisers, special fuels, lubricants and greases, water treatment chemicals. They can be used by terrorists to produce home-made explosives (HME). In April 2018 the European Commission put forward a proposal for a new regulation, accompanied by an impact assessment (IA) and an evaluation, which have been performed at the same time. The IA has attempted to provide a rather detailed, albeit mainly qualitative, analysis of the various types of impacts, disregarding some limitations to obtain data, such as a risk of exposing vulnerabilities in Member States and of jeopardising ongoing investigations and prosecutions. The IA notes that many SMEs are not part of the EU level industry associations, which have been consulted while drafting the ex-post evaluation. A question arises if the SMEs have been targeted at the stakeholder consultation in any other way, which appears not to be the case. The public consultation took less than 12 weeks, which is not in line with the Better Regulation Guidelines.

Human health implications of organic food and organic agriculture

20-12-2016

This study reviews existing scientific evidence regarding the impact of organic food on human health from an EU perspective, with a focus on public health. The development of environmentally sustainable and healthy food systems is an international priority. The study examines how organic food and organic agriculture can contribute to this in relation to public health. Human and animal studies directly addressing the health effects of organic food are reviewed. Furthermore, evidence linking principles ...

This study reviews existing scientific evidence regarding the impact of organic food on human health from an EU perspective, with a focus on public health. The development of environmentally sustainable and healthy food systems is an international priority. The study examines how organic food and organic agriculture can contribute to this in relation to public health. Human and animal studies directly addressing the health effects of organic food are reviewed. Furthermore, evidence linking principles and rules of organic production to human health effects is discussed.

Towards food security in Africa: Are international private-public initiatives paving the way?

16-10-2017

The rise in global hunger in recent years undermines the perspective of 'zero hunger by 2030' set out in the United Nations Agenda 2030. Africa is particularly affected, with more than a quarter of its population living in a situation of severe food insecurity, and its agriculture suffering from major hindrances to production. Launched in 2012, the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition (NAFSN) is one of the international initiatives that have both raised high expectations and opened up controversy ...

The rise in global hunger in recent years undermines the perspective of 'zero hunger by 2030' set out in the United Nations Agenda 2030. Africa is particularly affected, with more than a quarter of its population living in a situation of severe food insecurity, and its agriculture suffering from major hindrances to production. Launched in 2012, the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition (NAFSN) is one of the international initiatives that have both raised high expectations and opened up controversy. Bringing together governments from both the North and the South, multinational firms and international agencies, it aims to boost investment in African agriculture so as to increase food security. Improved commercial seeds, use of inorganic fertilisers, infrastructure development and land-administration reforms are among the key elements of the project, underpinned by the use of public-private partnerships. After its first years of implementation, NAFSN proponents praise its market-oriented reforms and investments in the African countries involved. By contrast, its critics say that while paying lip service to smallholders, it serves the interests of corporate farming with no proven impact on food security. In 2016, the European Parliament voiced its concerns, pointing at a number of negative repercussions mainly on small-holders, and calling for a deep revamp of the NAFSN and the European Union (EU) support for agro-ecology based on small-scale farming. This briefing is a follow-up of an EP Library Briefing from October 2013.

Nouvelles règles sur les fertilisants porteurs du marquage CE

18-07-2016

Globalement, l'analyse d'impact donne une bonne représentation du problème et des options stratégiques d'un domaine d'action complexe. La nécessité de modifier le règlement en vigueur est claire, de même que les choix envisageables. Toutefois, ni le contenu ni la structure des deux parties du rapport d'analyse d'impact n'indiquent clairement à quel point cette proposition est intégrée dans le programme en faveur de l'économie circulaire, qu'elle est censée aider à mettre en œuvre. En outre, l'analyse ...

Globalement, l'analyse d'impact donne une bonne représentation du problème et des options stratégiques d'un domaine d'action complexe. La nécessité de modifier le règlement en vigueur est claire, de même que les choix envisageables. Toutefois, ni le contenu ni la structure des deux parties du rapport d'analyse d'impact n'indiquent clairement à quel point cette proposition est intégrée dans le programme en faveur de l'économie circulaire, qu'elle est censée aider à mettre en œuvre. En outre, l'analyse d'impact n'indique pas toujours clairement les effets sur les PME, et le faible taux de réponse au test PME pose la question de sa représentativité. Enfin, les deux parties de l'analyse d'impact ne comportent aucune échéance concrète et se bornent à répéter "à long terme". Ce calendrier assez vague tout au long de l'analyse nuit donc à la présentation.

What if intensification of farming could enhance biodiversity?

06-03-2017

Could introducing more precision agriculture in Europe allow us to obtain food resilience, while ensuring sustainability and jobs, and taking into account the EU’s wide agricultural diversity? Precision agriculture (PA), or precision farming, involves using technology to improve the ratio between agricultural output (usually food) and agricultural input (land, energy, water, fertilisers, pesticides, etc.). PA consists of using sensors to identify crop or livestock needs precisely (in space or time ...

Could introducing more precision agriculture in Europe allow us to obtain food resilience, while ensuring sustainability and jobs, and taking into account the EU’s wide agricultural diversity? Precision agriculture (PA), or precision farming, involves using technology to improve the ratio between agricultural output (usually food) and agricultural input (land, energy, water, fertilisers, pesticides, etc.). PA consists of using sensors to identify crop or livestock needs precisely (in space or time), and then intervening in a targeted way to maximise the productivity of each plant and animal, whilst minimising any waste of resources.

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