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Fighting trade in tools for torture and executions

13-02-2017

The EU is committed to fighting torture and use of the death penalty throughout the world. Both phenomena continue to afflict a significant number of countries, and trade in torture tools is booming. One of the most important measures taken by the EU has been its 2005 Regulation imposing restrictions in trade in torture tools. Despite some visible effects, it has been repeatedly criticised for loopholes which allow trade in goods that could be used for torture, executions and other ill-treatment, ...

The EU is committed to fighting torture and use of the death penalty throughout the world. Both phenomena continue to afflict a significant number of countries, and trade in torture tools is booming. One of the most important measures taken by the EU has been its 2005 Regulation imposing restrictions in trade in torture tools. Despite some visible effects, it has been repeatedly criticised for loopholes which allow trade in goods that could be used for torture, executions and other ill-treatment, as well as related activities like brokering or advertising such goods to continue. Responding to a 2010 European Parliament resolution, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal to amend the Regulation in 2014. The proposal was criticised by civil society organisations fighting torture since it did not address all potential loopholes. The EP's International Trade Committee proposed several amendments aiming to further restrict the trade in torture tools and the provision of related services. The final compromise text, agreed after three trilogue meetings, reflected most of INTA’s proposals, albeit with certain modifications. It was adopted by the EP and the Council as such, entering into force in December 2016. This updates a previous edition, of September 2016: PE 586.659.

Re-Communicating the EU's IPR Strategy for Third Countries

25-03-2015

The European Commission's most recent initiative in the field of intellectual property rights (IPR), a 2014 communication, returns to an issue that has been largely side-lined since the European Parliament rejected the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) in 2014. While not a landmark, 'Trade, growth and intellectual property – Strategy for the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights in third countries' (COM(2014)0389) serves as a good basis for constructive debate on securing ...

The European Commission's most recent initiative in the field of intellectual property rights (IPR), a 2014 communication, returns to an issue that has been largely side-lined since the European Parliament rejected the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) in 2014. While not a landmark, 'Trade, growth and intellectual property – Strategy for the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights in third countries' (COM(2014)0389) serves as a good basis for constructive debate on securing better IPR protection in foreign markets, in cooperation with third countries and without infringing on civil liberties. The new document builds on a 2004 communication with a nearly identical title ('Strategy for the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights in third countries'), which introduced a broad framework of initiatives aimed at combatting IPR violations outside the EU.

The Economic Significance of Russia's Accession to the WTO

13-06-2012

This report considers Russia’s recent accession to the WTO, assessing the implications that accession is likely to have on Russia’s domestic economy and on its economic relations with the EU. The first section argues that despite the fact that Russia has experienced a fundamental transformation over the past two decades it faces a number of serious challenges. Overcoming these challenges successfully is likely to require the implementation of a significant economic reform package, with WTO accession ...

This report considers Russia’s recent accession to the WTO, assessing the implications that accession is likely to have on Russia’s domestic economy and on its economic relations with the EU. The first section argues that despite the fact that Russia has experienced a fundamental transformation over the past two decades it faces a number of serious challenges. Overcoming these challenges successfully is likely to require the implementation of a significant economic reform package, with WTO accession representing only a small part of what is required. The second section outlines the most important commitments made by Russia as part of the accession agreement. A third section describes the likely effects on the Russian economy of accession. It is argued that the most important effects will be felt through increased flows of foreign direct investment in business services sectors. However, serious benefits will only accrue to Russia if it improves its investment climate. A fourth section argues that the nature of EURussia relations is unlikely to change dramatically unless the Russian economy experiences significant structural transformation. The conclusion suggests that WTO accession should be part of broader economic reform package if it is to result in any serious improvement in Russia’s investment climate.

Údar seachtarach

CONNOLLY Richard (Centre for Russian and East European Studies, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom)

Information Requirements in the Consumer Rights Directive Proposal and in Other Directives

02-02-2011

The information obligations of the proposed Consumer Rights Directive and Directives 2000/31/EC on electronic commerce, 2006/123/EC on services in the internal market, and 2005/29/EC on unfair commercial practices partly overlap without being identical. One information obligation that features in both the E-Commerce Directive and the Services Directive could be integrated into Article 5 of the proposed Consumer Rights Directive: Information concerning details enabling the trader to be contacted rapidly ...

The information obligations of the proposed Consumer Rights Directive and Directives 2000/31/EC on electronic commerce, 2006/123/EC on services in the internal market, and 2005/29/EC on unfair commercial practices partly overlap without being identical. One information obligation that features in both the E-Commerce Directive and the Services Directive could be integrated into Article 5 of the proposed Consumer Rights Directive: Information concerning details enabling the trader to be contacted rapidly and communicated with directly and, as the case may be, by electronic means. The E-Commerce Directive and the Services Directive contain some information requirements specific to the objectives of these directives that are not necessary in the context of general consumer contract law. The Services Directive 2006/123/EC deals with a number of issues in a less comprehensive way than Article 5 of the proposed Consumer Rights Directive. It could be amended accordingly in order to avoid inconsistency. The Unfair Commercial Practices Directive 2005/29/EC and the proposed Consumer Rights Directive would work hand in hand. They complement each other.

Údar seachtarach

Frank Alleweldt (Project director), Peter Rott (Lead author), Christian Twigg-Flesner (Second reader) and Senda Kara

Trade Facilitation and import-export Procedures in the EU: Striking the Right Balance for International Trade

11-03-2008

Údar seachtarach

Dr Andrew Grainger Trade Facilitation Consulting Ltd

Imeachtaí atá ar na bacáin

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
Imeacht eile -
EPRS

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