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Single Resolution Mechanism - Main Features, Oversight and Accountability

16-07-2019

One of the key lessons learned from the financial crisis in 2007-2008 is that in order to reduce the direct and indirect costs of bank failures for national governments, one has to have a credible framework in place to deal with banks’ failures, including clear rules as to the allocation of losses and the conditions attached to the use of common resources, to provide strong incentives for taking measures of precaution in good times and minimise losses in times of crisis. To that end, Europe has put ...

One of the key lessons learned from the financial crisis in 2007-2008 is that in order to reduce the direct and indirect costs of bank failures for national governments, one has to have a credible framework in place to deal with banks’ failures, including clear rules as to the allocation of losses and the conditions attached to the use of common resources, to provide strong incentives for taking measures of precaution in good times and minimise losses in times of crisis. To that end, Europe has put together a framework for resolving banks in difficulties. That framework is the Single Resolution Mechanism, headed by an European agency, the Single Resolution Board (SRB), based on Regulation 806/2014 and comprising all national resolution authorities of the Member States participating in the Banking Union.

Banking Union: Towards new arrangements for the provision of liquidity in resolution?

16-07-2019

The recent case of Banco Popular has shown the importance of liquidity funding in the context of bank resolution. The Eurogroup report endorsed by the December 2018 Euro Summit noted the “broad support for the assessment of the institutions [i.e. ECB, SRB and Commission] that there are limitations in the current framework [for liquidity provision in resolution] which may hamper its effectiveness. The June 2019 Euro summit has not yet reached any conclusions on the design of that liquidity facility ...

The recent case of Banco Popular has shown the importance of liquidity funding in the context of bank resolution. The Eurogroup report endorsed by the December 2018 Euro Summit noted the “broad support for the assessment of the institutions [i.e. ECB, SRB and Commission] that there are limitations in the current framework [for liquidity provision in resolution] which may hamper its effectiveness. The June 2019 Euro summit has not yet reached any conclusions on the design of that liquidity facility, as planned. The Eurogroup is expected to report back to the Euro-Summit in December 2019. This briefing (1) describes the existing arrangements in the Banking Union, (2) compares those arrangements with the US and the UK regimes and (3) echoes ongoing reflections on possible new arrangements with a view to completing the Banking Union. This briefing is an updated version of a briefing initially drafted in July 2018.

Recent measures for Banca Carige from a BRRD and State Aid perspective

15-02-2019

On 8 January 2019, Banca Carige’s temporary administrators issued a press statement setting out some initiatives they have taken to secure the future of the bank. This briefing contains background information on the case of Banca Carige and links the initiatives taken to respective legal requirements stemming from the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive (BRRD) and the rules for State Aid (SA).

On 8 January 2019, Banca Carige’s temporary administrators issued a press statement setting out some initiatives they have taken to secure the future of the bank. This briefing contains background information on the case of Banca Carige and links the initiatives taken to respective legal requirements stemming from the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive (BRRD) and the rules for State Aid (SA).

European Stability Mechanism – Main Features, Instruments and Accountability

14-02-2019

This document presents the main features of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), including governance, capital structure and funding sources, main lending instruments, as well as its oversight and accountability framework. It also reviews recent proposals and contributions on the possible evolution of the ESM. This note is regularly updated.

This document presents the main features of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), including governance, capital structure and funding sources, main lending instruments, as well as its oversight and accountability framework. It also reviews recent proposals and contributions on the possible evolution of the ESM. This note is regularly updated.

Money laundering - Recent cases from a EU banking supervisory perspective

11-02-2019

This briefing (1) provides some insight into recent cases of breaches or alleged breaches of anti-money laundering (AML) rules by SSM supervised banks and (2) identifies some common prudential features. The briefing also outlines (3) the respective roles of European and national authorities in applying AML legislation that have been further specified in the 5th AML Directive adopted by the EP Plenary on 19 April, and (4) ways that have been proposed to further improve the AML supervisory framework ...

This briefing (1) provides some insight into recent cases of breaches or alleged breaches of anti-money laundering (AML) rules by SSM supervised banks and (2) identifies some common prudential features. The briefing also outlines (3) the respective roles of European and national authorities in applying AML legislation that have been further specified in the 5th AML Directive adopted by the EP Plenary on 19 April, and (4) ways that have been proposed to further improve the AML supervisory framework, including the 12 September Commission’s communication and the changes to the European Supervisory Authority (ESA) Regulation proposed by the Commission. The Commission suggests a three-pronged approach to reinforce AML supervision: (i) further guidelines and best practices developed by EBA; (ii) stronger powers - including an obligation to act - for the European Banking Authority (‘EBA’) as part of the ESA review being negotiated at Council and Parliament; (iii) establishing, where appropriate, an EU body, at a later stage, as part of the review clause of the 5th AML Directive in 2022. This briefing is an updated version of the April 2018 EGOV briefing.

EMU Reform and the New Normal for Monetary Policy: Challenges and Perspectives

29-11-2018

This paper assesses the scope for monetary policy in the euro area as it returns to normal financial conditions without support from easy money but with a financial stability objective (whether legislated or not). We find that both financial stability and traditional monetary objectives can be achieved without one limiting the achievement of the other because, in the new normal, the ECB can use new policy tools derived from the regulatory metrics required under the post-crisis macro-prudential framework ...

This paper assesses the scope for monetary policy in the euro area as it returns to normal financial conditions without support from easy money but with a financial stability objective (whether legislated or not). We find that both financial stability and traditional monetary objectives can be achieved without one limiting the achievement of the other because, in the new normal, the ECB can use new policy tools derived from the regulatory metrics required under the post-crisis macro-prudential framework. Whether they offer large improvements depends on how a clear mandate for financial stability is defined and whether coordination with traditional monetary or fiscal policies is needed. Risks to monetary policy in the new normal are mainly external and depend on the transmission of monetary policies not aligned with ECB policies. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee.

Údar seachtarach

Andrew HUGHES HALLETT

Banking Union Indicators

15-11-2018

This briefing provides an overview on the key risk indicators that have been selected so far by the Euro-group to assess progress in risk reduction in the Banking Union. Those indicators form part of the ongoing discussions to find an overall agreement ahead of the Euro Summit planned for December 2018. This briefing will be updated regularly, based on publically available information, with a view to highlighting trends in risk reduction.

This briefing provides an overview on the key risk indicators that have been selected so far by the Euro-group to assess progress in risk reduction in the Banking Union. Those indicators form part of the ongoing discussions to find an overall agreement ahead of the Euro Summit planned for December 2018. This briefing will be updated regularly, based on publically available information, with a view to highlighting trends in risk reduction.

Post-crisis Excess Liquidity and Bank Lending

14-09-2018

With the Asset Purchase Program, the European Central Bank has supplied significant amounts of liquidity into the financial system starting from 2015, resulting yet into a new upswing in excess liquidity. The expanded asset purchase programme (APP) program broadly coincided with further cuts in the ECB’s deposit facility rate, which currently stands at -0.4%. Against this background, this note assesses the ECB policy of negative rate on the deposit facility and discusses the associated risks in the ...

With the Asset Purchase Program, the European Central Bank has supplied significant amounts of liquidity into the financial system starting from 2015, resulting yet into a new upswing in excess liquidity. The expanded asset purchase programme (APP) program broadly coincided with further cuts in the ECB’s deposit facility rate, which currently stands at -0.4%. Against this background, this note assesses the ECB policy of negative rate on the deposit facility and discusses the associated risks in the context of an excess liquidity overhang for the euro area, including risk-appetite for banks. This document was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Údar seachtarach

Corrado MACCHIARELLI

Public hearing with Elke König, Chair of the SRM Supervisory Board, presenting the SRB Annual Report 2017

06-07-2018

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Mrs Elke König, who will inter alia present the SRB Annual Report 2017. The EP received a copy of that report on a confidential basis, under embargo until the presentation of that report. In view of that restriction, this briefing does not refer to the Annual Report in any way. The following issues are addressed in this briefing: (i) resolution financing, including ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Mrs Elke König, who will inter alia present the SRB Annual Report 2017. The EP received a copy of that report on a confidential basis, under embargo until the presentation of that report. In view of that restriction, this briefing does not refer to the Annual Report in any way. The following issues are addressed in this briefing: (i) resolution financing, including the recently agreed backstop to the Single Resolution Fund (SRF) and considerations by the Eurogroup on further “work on a possible framework for liquidity in resolution, including on the possible institutional framework”; (ii) whether further harmonisation of insolvency law is necessary to complete the Banking Union ; (iii) an update on resolution cases (Banco Popular, ABLV, and Cyprus Cooperative Bank); (iv) current achievements in terms of the SRB’s work programm; (v) recent events concerning the SRB, and (vi) external briefing papers on the topic of “valuation reports”.

Minimum loss coverage for non-performing exposures

03-07-2018

In March 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal to introduce statutory backstops for 'non-performing exposures'. These concern loans, debt securities or certain overdue off-balance-sheet items. Since the financial crisis, the EU has aimed to address the high numbers of these non-performing exposures, including in particular non-performing loans, as they risk destabilising the financial sector and thereby the EU economy. This briefing provides an initial appraisal of the quality of the ...

In March 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal to introduce statutory backstops for 'non-performing exposures'. These concern loans, debt securities or certain overdue off-balance-sheet items. Since the financial crisis, the EU has aimed to address the high numbers of these non-performing exposures, including in particular non-performing loans, as they risk destabilising the financial sector and thereby the EU economy. This briefing provides an initial appraisal of the quality of the impact assessment accompanying the Commission proposal

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