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How the EU budget is financed: The "own resources" system and the debate on its reform

19-06-2014

This publication aims to provide a general overview of the system that ensures the financing of the EU budget as well as of the debate on its possible overhaul within the current legal framework. The document does not take into account possibilities which require modification of the EU Treaties.

This publication aims to provide a general overview of the system that ensures the financing of the EU budget as well as of the debate on its possible overhaul within the current legal framework. The document does not take into account possibilities which require modification of the EU Treaties.

Reducing the use of lightweight plastic carrier bags

10-04-2014

Europeans use about 100 billion plastic carrier bags every year. Some of these are dropped as litter, ending up in the environment, where long-lasting plastics accumulate and harm wildlife. Most EU Member States have initiatives to curb the use of plastic bags. A proposed EU Directive aims to encourage and enable action by all Member States to reduce the use of lightweight plastic carrier bags.

Europeans use about 100 billion plastic carrier bags every year. Some of these are dropped as litter, ending up in the environment, where long-lasting plastics accumulate and harm wildlife. Most EU Member States have initiatives to curb the use of plastic bags. A proposed EU Directive aims to encourage and enable action by all Member States to reduce the use of lightweight plastic carrier bags.

The Impact of Oil Price on EU Energy Prices

14-02-2014

Oil prices have increased considerably over the past years at global level, while natural gas and other energy prices have seen differing developments in each world region. The present report examines the level of impact of high oil prices on European energy prices and analyses the underlying mechanisms. Policy options to reduce this impact are discussed.

Oil prices have increased considerably over the past years at global level, while natural gas and other energy prices have seen differing developments in each world region. The present report examines the level of impact of high oil prices on European energy prices and analyses the underlying mechanisms. Policy options to reduce this impact are discussed.

Údar seachtarach

Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik - LBST: Uwe ALBRECHT, Matthias ALTMANN, Jan ZERHUSEN and Tetyana RAKSHA , HINICIO: Patrick MAIO, Alexandre BEAUDET and Paola TRUCCO , Centre for European Policy Studies - CEPS: Christian EGENHOFER, Arno BEHRENS, Jonas TEUSCH, Julian WIECZORKIEWICZ and Fabio GENOESE , IFPEN: Guy MAISONNIER

Reducing Railway Noise Pollution

15-03-2012

12 million EU inhabitants are affected by railway noise during the day and 9 million during the night. This study lists measures, funding and regulations to reduce it. The introduction of modern rolling stock will lower noise most significantly. In the short run, the replacement of cast iron by composite brake blocks on rail freight cars is most important. Developing a regulation scheme for a staged process towards low-noise rolling stock is the heart of a rail noise abatement strategy.

12 million EU inhabitants are affected by railway noise during the day and 9 million during the night. This study lists measures, funding and regulations to reduce it. The introduction of modern rolling stock will lower noise most significantly. In the short run, the replacement of cast iron by composite brake blocks on rail freight cars is most important. Developing a regulation scheme for a staged process towards low-noise rolling stock is the heart of a rail noise abatement strategy.

Údar seachtarach

Uwe CLAUSEN, Claus DOLL, Francis JAMES FRANKLIN, Gordana VASIC FRANKLIN, Hilmar HEINRICHMEYER, Joachim KOCHSIEK, Werner ROTHENGATTER and Niklas SIEBER

Workshop on the Proposal for a New Energy Tax Directive (ETD)

05-10-2011

This workshop aims to prepare the upcoming discussion on the European Commission's proposal for a new Energy Tax Directive (ETD; COM(2011)169) and the subsequent report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). It will explain background and aims of the proposal as well as possible economic and social impacts and implications for growth and competitiveness. Finally, in order to understand the practicalities of such a tax, the application of energy and CO2 taxes in Sweden are explained ...

This workshop aims to prepare the upcoming discussion on the European Commission's proposal for a new Energy Tax Directive (ETD; COM(2011)169) and the subsequent report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). It will explain background and aims of the proposal as well as possible economic and social impacts and implications for growth and competitiveness. Finally, in order to understand the practicalities of such a tax, the application of energy and CO2 taxes in Sweden are explained.

Údar seachtarach

Rolf DIEMER (European Commission, DG TAXUD) ; Nils-Axel BRAATHEN (OECD, Environment Directorate) ; Helge Sigurd NÆSS -SCHMIDT (Copenhagen Economics) and Susanne ÅKERFELDT (Swedish Ministry of Finance, Tax and Customs Dept.)

Environmental taxation in the EU

02-02-2011

Environmental taxes are seen as necessary to achieve the EU's goals of emission reduction. One day they may become a resource for the EU budget.

Environmental taxes are seen as necessary to achieve the EU's goals of emission reduction. One day they may become a resource for the EU budget.

Workshop C02 reductions from passenger cars

22-11-2007

Údar seachtarach

Mr. Harjan Bos/John Stans

External Costs of Maritime Transport

15-06-2007

This note assesses the total and specific external costs of maritime transport. Three main external factors are analysed: a) marine pollution (discharges into the sea); b) air quality (atmospheric emissions); c) climate change (greenhouse gases). In addition, physical impacts are quantified for a second group of factors for which monetary values are not available: d) resources consumption; e) solid (garbage) and liquid (sludge) waste. Illegal discharges are also assessed in this briefing paper. The ...

This note assesses the total and specific external costs of maritime transport. Three main external factors are analysed: a) marine pollution (discharges into the sea); b) air quality (atmospheric emissions); c) climate change (greenhouse gases). In addition, physical impacts are quantified for a second group of factors for which monetary values are not available: d) resources consumption; e) solid (garbage) and liquid (sludge) waste. Illegal discharges are also assessed in this briefing paper. The final chapter contains recommendations regarding cost-efficient and promising measures to reduce/internalise the external costs of maritime transport

Údar seachtarach

Silvia Maffii (project leader), Andrea Molocchi and Cosimo Chiffi (TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl)

Effluent Charging Systems in the EU Member States

01-09-2001

The main purpose of this study is to analyse and evaluate the effluent charging and enforcement systems of the 15 EU Member States, including the institutional responsibilities and the conditions related to the issuing of permits to discharge effluents directly into natural waters. The information on which this report is based was collected mainly from water authorities in the Member States, usually from the ministries responsible for environmental affairs.

The main purpose of this study is to analyse and evaluate the effluent charging and enforcement systems of the 15 EU Member States, including the institutional responsibilities and the conditions related to the issuing of permits to discharge effluents directly into natural waters. The information on which this report is based was collected mainly from water authorities in the Member States, usually from the ministries responsible for environmental affairs.

Údar seachtarach

Institute for International and European Environmental Policy, Berlin (D)

Imeachtaí atá ar na bacáin

21-01-2020
Outlook for the MENA Region: What future for stabilisation and reconstruction?
Imeacht eile -
EPRS

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