ThinkTank logo Dokumenti koji pomažu u oblikovanju novog zakonodavstva EU-a
Objavljeno 16-07-2018

The advent of blockchain in trade

16-07-2018

Blockchain is a fairly new technology that is still evolving. Initially used for digital currencies, most research into this technology has been carried out for the finance industry. In recent years, however, research and development on supply chains and trade-related business processes have also gained ground. Start-ups and large companies have already exploited a wide range of blockchain-based applications in these areas, but the opportunities generated by this technology in international trade ...

Blockchain is a fairly new technology that is still evolving. Initially used for digital currencies, most research into this technology has been carried out for the finance industry. In recent years, however, research and development on supply chains and trade-related business processes have also gained ground. Start-ups and large companies have already exploited a wide range of blockchain-based applications in these areas, but the opportunities generated by this technology in international trade have yet to be fully exploited.

Human Rights in Cambodia

16-07-2018

Ravaged by genocide and armed conflict in the 1970s and 1980s, since 1985 Cambodia has been under the stable but repressive rule of Prime Minister Hun Sen. Nominally a multi-party democracy, the country has long been in effect a one-party state. Repression has intensified since the results of the 2013 election showed growing support for the opposition. With the next parliamentary election scheduled for July 2018, the government decided to ban the country's main opposition party, a move which drew ...

Ravaged by genocide and armed conflict in the 1970s and 1980s, since 1985 Cambodia has been under the stable but repressive rule of Prime Minister Hun Sen. Nominally a multi-party democracy, the country has long been in effect a one-party state. Repression has intensified since the results of the 2013 election showed growing support for the opposition. With the next parliamentary election scheduled for July 2018, the government decided to ban the country's main opposition party, a move which drew international condemnation.

Revision of the Community Code on Visas

16-07-2018

The European Union Code on Visas is one of the core elements of the EU's visa policy. It lays down the procedures and conditions for issuing short-stay visas for third-country nationals. On 14 March 2018, the Commission adopted a proposal to revise the Community Code on Visas (visa code). The main objective of the proposal is to strengthen the common visa policy while taking into account migration and security concerns, by increasing the role of visa policy in the EU's cooperation with third-countries ...

The European Union Code on Visas is one of the core elements of the EU's visa policy. It lays down the procedures and conditions for issuing short-stay visas for third-country nationals. On 14 March 2018, the Commission adopted a proposal to revise the Community Code on Visas (visa code). The main objective of the proposal is to strengthen the common visa policy while taking into account migration and security concerns, by increasing the role of visa policy in the EU's cooperation with third-countries, as well as economic considerations, by facilitating processing of visas for legitimate travellers who contribute to the EU's economy and its cultural and social development. Currently, the proposal is still at the early stage of discussions in committee.

Interim digital services tax on revenues from certain digital services

16-07-2018

There is a consensus that the digital economy is relatively undertaxed when compared with traditional businesses. Certain inherent characteristics such as reliance on cross-border provision of services without physical presence, easy transfers of intangible assets, and novel ways to create value make it particularly easy for enterprises to limit their tax liabilities. In order to provide a solution to this problem, in March 2018 the Commission adopted the 'fair taxation of the digital economy' package ...

There is a consensus that the digital economy is relatively undertaxed when compared with traditional businesses. Certain inherent characteristics such as reliance on cross-border provision of services without physical presence, easy transfers of intangible assets, and novel ways to create value make it particularly easy for enterprises to limit their tax liabilities. In order to provide a solution to this problem, in March 2018 the Commission adopted the 'fair taxation of the digital economy' package, comprised of two proposals. One concerns a permanent reform of corporate tax regime while the second is a proposal for a directive on the common system of a digital services tax on revenues resulting from the provision of certain digital services, which would apply as an interim measure until the permanent reform has been implemented. The tax is to cover businesses above two thresholds: total annual worldwide revenues exceeding €750 million and annual revenues in the EU exceeding €50 million. The proposed single rate is at 3 %, levied on gross revenues resulting from the provision of certain digital services where user value creation is essential. The stakeholders and the Member States seem to be divided on the issue.

Vanjska politika: ciljevi, instrumenti i postignuća

01-01-2018

Zajednička vanjska i sigurnosna politika (ZVSP) Europske unije uspostavljena je 1993. i otad je osnažena Ugovorima koji su uslijedili. Danas Parlament nadzire tu politiku i doprinosi njezinu razvoju, osobito pružanjem potpore Europskoj službi za vanjsko djelovanje (ESVD), posebnim predstavnicima EU-a (PPEU-i) i izaslanstvima EU-a u inozemstvu. Proračunske ovlasti Parlamenta služe oblikovanju razmjera i raspona ZVSP-a, kao i financijskih instrumenata EU-a kojima se održavaju aktivnosti EU-a u inozemstvu ...

Zajednička vanjska i sigurnosna politika (ZVSP) Europske unije uspostavljena je 1993. i otad je osnažena Ugovorima koji su uslijedili. Danas Parlament nadzire tu politiku i doprinosi njezinu razvoju, osobito pružanjem potpore Europskoj službi za vanjsko djelovanje (ESVD), posebnim predstavnicima EU-a (PPEU-i) i izaslanstvima EU-a u inozemstvu. Proračunske ovlasti Parlamenta služe oblikovanju razmjera i raspona ZVSP-a, kao i financijskih instrumenata EU-a kojima se održavaju aktivnosti EU-a u inozemstvu.

Transatlantski odnosi: SAD i Kanada

01-02-2018

EU, SAD i Kanada imaju zajedničke vrijednosti poput demokracije, ljudskih prava te ekonomskih i političkih sloboda, a njihovi se interesi u području sigurnosti i vanjske politike velikim dijelom podudaraju. Sveobuhvatni gospodarski i trgovinski sporazum te Sporazum o strateškom partnerstvu između EU-a i Kanade potpisani su 30. listopada 2016. godine, a Europski parlament svoju je suglasnost za te sporazume dao 15. veljače 2017. Pregovori o Transatlantskom partnerstvu za trgovinu i ulaganja između ...

EU, SAD i Kanada imaju zajedničke vrijednosti poput demokracije, ljudskih prava te ekonomskih i političkih sloboda, a njihovi se interesi u području sigurnosti i vanjske politike velikim dijelom podudaraju. Sveobuhvatni gospodarski i trgovinski sporazum te Sporazum o strateškom partnerstvu između EU-a i Kanade potpisani su 30. listopada 2016. godine, a Europski parlament svoju je suglasnost za te sporazume dao 15. veljače 2017. Pregovori o Transatlantskom partnerstvu za trgovinu i ulaganja između EU-a i SAD-a, koji su započeli 8. srpnja 2013., zaustavljeni su otkad je na mjesto predsjednika SAD-a izabran Donald Trump.

Zdravlje i sigurnost na radu

01-05-2018

Unapređenje zdravlja i sigurnosti na radu važno je pitanje za EU od 80-ih godina prošloga stoljeća. Uvođenjem zakonodavstva na europskoj razini postavljeni su minimalni standardi zaštite radnika, a istovremeno se državama članicama omogućava da zadrže ili uvedu strože mjere. Stupanjem Ugovora iz Lisabona na snagu Povelja Europske unije o temeljnim pravima postala je pravno obvezujuća, a politika o zdravlju i sigurnosti zauzela je još važnije mjesto u zakonodavstvu EU-a.

Unapređenje zdravlja i sigurnosti na radu važno je pitanje za EU od 80-ih godina prošloga stoljeća. Uvođenjem zakonodavstva na europskoj razini postavljeni su minimalni standardi zaštite radnika, a istovremeno se državama članicama omogućava da zadrže ili uvedu strože mjere. Stupanjem Ugovora iz Lisabona na snagu Povelja Europske unije o temeljnim pravima postala je pravno obvezujuća, a politika o zdravlju i sigurnosti zauzela je još važnije mjesto u zakonodavstvu EU-a.

Europski socijalni fond

01-02-2018

Europski socijalni fond (ESF) osnovan je Ugovorom iz Rima s namjerom povećanja mobilnosti radnika i mogućnosti zapošljavanja na zajedničkom tržištu. Naknadno su njegove zadaće i operativna pravila prilagođeni promjenama u gospodarskoj situaciji i situaciji u pogledu zapošljavanja u državama članicama, kao i razvoju političkih prioriteta određenih na razini EU-a.

Europski socijalni fond (ESF) osnovan je Ugovorom iz Rima s namjerom povećanja mobilnosti radnika i mogućnosti zapošljavanja na zajedničkom tržištu. Naknadno su njegove zadaće i operativna pravila prilagođeni promjenama u gospodarskoj situaciji i situaciji u pogledu zapošljavanja u državama članicama, kao i razvoju političkih prioriteta određenih na razini EU-a.

Objavljeno 13-07-2018

Improving road infrastructure safety management

13-07-2018

In order to improve the EU road safety and substantially reduce road deaths, several measures were taken at the EU level. A general policy document was adopted in 2010, when the European Commission published the Road Safety Programme 2011-2020. The current revision of the road safety management procedures was triggered by the fact that the progress in the reduction of road fatalities stalled and that the existing road security measures needed to be adapted to changes in mobility resulting from societal ...

In order to improve the EU road safety and substantially reduce road deaths, several measures were taken at the EU level. A general policy document was adopted in 2010, when the European Commission published the Road Safety Programme 2011-2020. The current revision of the road safety management procedures was triggered by the fact that the progress in the reduction of road fatalities stalled and that the existing road security measures needed to be adapted to changes in mobility resulting from societal trends and technological developments. The impact assessment accompanying this proposal clearly explains the problems currently encountered, and proposes adequate solutions. The Commission used different sources to substantiate the impact assessment and also undertook several stakeholder consultation activities. However, some parts of the IA do not entirely follow the requirements of the Better Regulation Guidelines in that it does not set sufficiently specific and time-bound objectives. More detailed information on proportionality and publication of the support study would have also been desirable.

European production and preservation orders and the appointment of legal representatives for gathering electronic evidence

13-07-2018

The IA provides a comprehensive description of the problem and the options are clearly linked to the objectives and the problem definition. It would have benefited the analysis if coherence and complementarity between this initiative and other proposed EU legislation would have been further explained. Moreover, stakeholders’ views are mentioned in a rather general way throughout the IA report and also, the problem drivers are not evenly discussed. It is to be noted that the proposed Regulation does ...

The IA provides a comprehensive description of the problem and the options are clearly linked to the objectives and the problem definition. It would have benefited the analysis if coherence and complementarity between this initiative and other proposed EU legislation would have been further explained. Moreover, stakeholders’ views are mentioned in a rather general way throughout the IA report and also, the problem drivers are not evenly discussed. It is to be noted that the proposed Regulation does not entirely follow the IA as it does not include legislative measures on direct access and access to databases, and on the other hand, it includes additional conditions for issuing a European Production Order.

Buduća događanja

16-07-2018
TAX3 Committee Delegation to Washington D.C.
Drugo događanje -
TAX3
18-07-2018
Tables rondes à Niamey : Numérique, eau et agriculture, et énergies renouvelables
Drugo događanje -
BURO EPRS
04-09-2018
Fiscal stabilization capacity for the Euro area: IMF proposals and political reality
Drugo događanje -
EPRS

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