19

rezultat(a)

Riječ(i)
Vrsta publikacije
Područje politike
Autor
Ključna riječ
Datum

US-Russia relations: Reaching the point of no return?

03-10-2018

In August 2018, Russia's embassy in Washington claimed that US-Russia relations were moving towards irreversible breakdown. Long-standing bilateral tensions have been aggravated in recent years by Russia's aggression against Ukraine, sanctions, and accusations of Russian meddling in the 2016 US presidential elections. Initially, Donald Trump's electoral victory raised hopes in Russia that tensions could ease. But while Trump often appears to share Russian wishes to move from confrontation to a more ...

In August 2018, Russia's embassy in Washington claimed that US-Russia relations were moving towards irreversible breakdown. Long-standing bilateral tensions have been aggravated in recent years by Russia's aggression against Ukraine, sanctions, and accusations of Russian meddling in the 2016 US presidential elections. Initially, Donald Trump's electoral victory raised hopes in Russia that tensions could ease. But while Trump often appears to share Russian wishes to move from confrontation to a more transactional relationship, a rift has opened up between him and the rest of the US political establishment, which insists that the differences between the two countries are too fundamental to be easily set aside. Growing hostility towards Russia has led to harsher rhetoric and increasingly draconian sanctions. Alongside these more recent developments, US-Russia relations have been complicated for many years by fundamental foreign policy differences. The US sees itself as a global leader and champion of liberal values. For its part, Russia resents what it perceives as US hegemony and unwarranted interference in other countries' internal affairs. Russia is far from being a military equal to the US. Nevertheless, Moscow's nuclear arsenal makes it a potentially formidable adversary. A series of arms-control agreements aims to contain the threat of an arms race or even conflict between the two sides. However, deteriorating relations are making such arrangements look increasingly precarious. Compared to political and security issues, economic ties play only a minor role in US-Russia relations. Bilateral trade and investment have suffered from tensions and are likely to remain limited, not least due to sanctions.

European Commission guidelines on dual quality of branded food products

07-11-2017

On 26 September 2017, the European Commission published a notice laying out guidelines on the application of EU food and consumer protection law to issues of dual quality of food products. This legally non-binding notice follows tests in seven 'new' EU Member States that compared the composition and sensory qualities of branded products sold in those countries with some of the 'old' Member States. The tests showed that some of the products included less of the main ingredient, included ingredients ...

On 26 September 2017, the European Commission published a notice laying out guidelines on the application of EU food and consumer protection law to issues of dual quality of food products. This legally non-binding notice follows tests in seven 'new' EU Member States that compared the composition and sensory qualities of branded products sold in those countries with some of the 'old' Member States. The tests showed that some of the products included less of the main ingredient, included ingredients that were considered to be less healthy and of poorer quality, or had different taste, consistency, and other sensory characteristics. Manufacturers have questioned the reliability of the tests, claiming the differences were the result of adjusting their products to local tastes or using local ingredients and different places of manufacture. The Commission notice acknowledges that producers have a right to differentiate their products, but warns that consumers must not be misled. It clarifies the provisions of EU legislation which should enable the national authorities in Member States to act. It introduces the notion of a 'product of reference', against which consumer expectations are to be measured. Consumers need to be adequately informed if a product differs from their expectations, as when inadequate information leads them to buy a product they would not otherwise buy, such dual quality may be contrary to the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive. Members of the European Parliament have regularly spoken out against the practice of dual quality of food, with the European Parliament asking the Commission to verify the extent of the problem as early as 2013.

Russia and security [What Think Tanks are thinking]

07-07-2017

Relations between the European Union and Russia remain strained after, late in June, the EU extended its sanctions against the country until 31 January 2018, citing a lack of progress in the implementation of the Minsk agreements aimed at ending the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. Russia's annexation of Crimea and its conflict with Ukraine have challenged the post-Cold War security order in Europe. Russia's other assertive foreign policy moves, such as its role in the Syrian war and steps to extend its ...

Relations between the European Union and Russia remain strained after, late in June, the EU extended its sanctions against the country until 31 January 2018, citing a lack of progress in the implementation of the Minsk agreements aimed at ending the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. Russia's annexation of Crimea and its conflict with Ukraine have challenged the post-Cold War security order in Europe. Russia's other assertive foreign policy moves, such as its role in the Syrian war and steps to extend its sphere of influence in Europe, also worry many Western security analysts. This note offers links to commentaries, studies by major international think tanks, which discuss Russia's policies and how to respond to them.

Dual quality of branded food products: Addressing a possible east-west divide

20-06-2017

Recent tests on branded food in three 'new' EU Member States have shown that the taste and composition of these products, sold under the same name and in the same packaging, sometimes differ from the 'same' products sold in neighbouring 'old' Member States. While the ingredients were generally properly labelled and the products were considered safe for consumption, some of those in 'new' Member States were considered to be of inferior quality and less healthy, and were also more expensive. Similar ...

Recent tests on branded food in three 'new' EU Member States have shown that the taste and composition of these products, sold under the same name and in the same packaging, sometimes differ from the 'same' products sold in neighbouring 'old' Member States. While the ingredients were generally properly labelled and the products were considered safe for consumption, some of those in 'new' Member States were considered to be of inferior quality and less healthy, and were also more expensive. Similar claims have previously been made concerning cosmetics and laundry detergents. Companies are known to change the composition of their branded products to adjust to local taste, local ingredients, divergent purchasing power, etc. EU legislation does not consider this to be misleading, as long as the products are safe, properly labelled and not falsely advertised as being identical to those sold in another Member State. At the same time, trademark law, while protecting the right of the trademark owner to communicate the origin and quality of products by using a mark, does not offer the consumer a legally enforceable guarantee. In 2013 the European Parliament asked the Commission to look into the matter, and in 2017 a group of MEPs issued a major interpellation asking the Commission to make proposals to amend EU legislation in connection with the 'dual quality' of products. The Commission has so far been reluctant to take this path, preferring to address the issue in the High-Level Forum for a better functioning food supply chain.

EU-Russia people-to-people contacts

08-12-2016

With EU-Russia relations at a post-Cold War low, people-to-people contacts are an important means of overcoming mutual hostility. Individuals and organisations from the EU are continuing to cooperate with Russian counterparts, despite difficulties. On the other hand, there has been a significant downturn in personal travel, and public opinion mirrors frosty diplomatic relations.

With EU-Russia relations at a post-Cold War low, people-to-people contacts are an important means of overcoming mutual hostility. Individuals and organisations from the EU are continuing to cooperate with Russian counterparts, despite difficulties. On the other hand, there has been a significant downturn in personal travel, and public opinion mirrors frosty diplomatic relations.

Workshop Proceedings on the "EU-Eastern European Partners Cooperation in Energy Security : Achievements, Barriers and Prospects"

26-10-2012

The workshop ‘EU-Eastern European Partners cooperation in energy security: achievements, barriers and prospects’, organised under the patronage of the EURONEST Assembly’s Committee on Energy Security and the AFET Committee, took place on 19 September 2012 in the European Parliament. The workshop aimed at facilitating exchanges of views on policies and initiatives for energy cooperation within the Eastern Partnership. Four sets of issues were discussed: the current landscape of the EU-Eastern partners ...

The workshop ‘EU-Eastern European Partners cooperation in energy security: achievements, barriers and prospects’, organised under the patronage of the EURONEST Assembly’s Committee on Energy Security and the AFET Committee, took place on 19 September 2012 in the European Parliament. The workshop aimed at facilitating exchanges of views on policies and initiatives for energy cooperation within the Eastern Partnership. Four sets of issues were discussed: the current landscape of the EU-Eastern partners’ energy cooperation and the potential for development; the integration and interconnection of energy markets; the development of infrastructures and the diversification of routes; and the prospects of energy cooperation under the Eastern Partnership. Energy is an area of strategic importance in the context of the Eastern Partnership (EaP). Energy cooperation between the EU and its Eastern partners has inter alia developed under Platform 3 of the EaP’s multilateral track. Although energy situations, needs and policies are diverse, including amongst the six Eastern partners, there is substantial complementarity between the EU and its partners and therefore scope for enhanced cooperation. In particular, energy security is a key challenge both to the Union and partner countries. As underlined in the discussion, the response to this challenge is multifaceted. Participants stressed that the EU and Eastern partners share the objective of ensuring a sustainable, secure and affordable energy. Building up a pan-European, well-regulated and transparent energy market is critical in light of this objective. The EU has engaged in developing a well-functioning internal energy market. At the same time, energy challenges call for both increased cooperation with, and a coherent approach vis-à-vis Eastern partners. As emphasised by participants, domestic and external energy policies are therefore tightly interconnected. The Energy Community Treaty is the core reference to int

Vanjski autor

Laure DELCOUR (IRIS, France)

Justice and home affairs and the EU's eastern partners

21-06-2012

The EU has cooperated with the Eastern Partners in various areas pertaining to JHA, including managing migration flows and combating organised crime, drug trafficking and corruption. The high profile given to these problems in the EaP illustrates not only the EU's perception of our eastern neighbours, but also the place occupied by security-related concerns in EU policies, both internal and external.

The EU has cooperated with the Eastern Partners in various areas pertaining to JHA, including managing migration flows and combating organised crime, drug trafficking and corruption. The high profile given to these problems in the EaP illustrates not only the EU's perception of our eastern neighbours, but also the place occupied by security-related concerns in EU policies, both internal and external.

The EU and its Eastern Partners : Energy Needs and Future Prospects

27-02-2012

This study contains an overview of the energy sectors of the countries of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) and an analysis of current and potential energy cooperation with the EU and within the region. In order to strengthen security of supply and foster competition, the infrastructure priorities should be the completion of a network of gas and electricity interconnectors with and within the EaP region, and the extension of the Odessa-Brody oil pipeline. In parallel, one should revive the goal of achieving ...

This study contains an overview of the energy sectors of the countries of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) and an analysis of current and potential energy cooperation with the EU and within the region. In order to strengthen security of supply and foster competition, the infrastructure priorities should be the completion of a network of gas and electricity interconnectors with and within the EaP region, and the extension of the Odessa-Brody oil pipeline. In parallel, one should revive the goal of achieving a binding legal framework for the secure transit of energy in the region involving all relevant parties, including Russia. Existing horizontal areas of cooperation, in particular energy efficiency, lowering import dependence, and renewable energy, are clearly justified. Two new areas should be added, namely the production of unconventional fossil fuels, and the adoption of alternative fuels in transport. In terms of framework conditions, convergence towards the EU Acquis faces strong challenges from both domestic and foreign interest groups in several EaP countries. The main focus should be on those measures most likely to enhance security of supply in each country. Also, the coherence between the various existing EU instruments for regional cooperation should be strengthened.

Vanjski autor

HUNTER CHRISTIE Edward (PAN-EUROPEAN NETWORK, TURKU SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS, FINLAND), LUSSAC Samuel (CENTRE EMILE DURKHEIM, UNIVERSITY OF BORDEAUX, FRANCE) and WOLCZUK Kataryna (CENTRE FOR EASTERN EUROPEAN STUDIES, UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM, UK)

EU Macro-Financial Assistance : A Critical Assessment

23-02-2012

This study analyses the ongoing experience of the Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) instrument of the European Union since 2006, and reviews the Commission proposal for a new Framework Regulation to govern its future operations. This leads to conclusions under three headings: i/ The substantive results for operations since 2006 are mixed, most operations showing at best only marginal economic or political impacts. The MFA is secondary in size and conditions to IMF operations which it is supplementing ...

This study analyses the ongoing experience of the Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) instrument of the European Union since 2006, and reviews the Commission proposal for a new Framework Regulation to govern its future operations. This leads to conclusions under three headings: i/ The substantive results for operations since 2006 are mixed, most operations showing at best only marginal economic or political impacts. The MFA is secondary in size and conditions to IMF operations which it is supplementing, while the additional conditions specific to the MFA are modest in scope and impact. ii/ The proposed Framework Regulation would be an advance in the interests of greater speed of operations and transparency, but member states in the Council are apparently seeking to block this potential progress with burdensome procedures that would amount to micro-managing the Commission’s executive role. iii/ The present context is one of ominous macroecononomic prospects for the EU and its close neighbours as a result of the eurozone crisis, compounded for the South Mediterranean states by the economic consequences of the Arab Spring. While it is implausible that the MFA be massively expanded, this is not the time to dismantle it, and options for its possible improvement are discussed.

Vanjski autor

Michael EMERSON (Centre for European Policy Studies - CEPS, Belgium)

Trade aspects of the Eastern Partnership: European Neighbourhood Policy review

26-01-2012

For the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership (EaP), trade is considered an end in itself, but also a means to improve relations and create incentives for reform.

For the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership (EaP), trade is considered an end in itself, but also a means to improve relations and create incentives for reform.

Buduća događanja

05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Drugo događanje -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for Europe’s economy? The latest IMF European Regional Economic Outlook[.]
Drugo događanje -
EPRS
06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
Drugo događanje -
EPRS

Partneri

Ostanite povezani

email update imageSustav primanja novosti elektroničkom poštom

Zahvaljujući sustavu slanja obavijesti e-poštom koji izravno šalje najnovije informacije na vašu adresu elektroničke pošte možete pratiti novosti o svim osobama i događajima u vezi s Parlamentom. To uključuje novosti u vezi sa zastupnicima, usluge informiranja ili rubriku Think Tank.

Sustav je dostupan na bilo kojoj stranici internetskog portala Parlamenta. Kako biste se predbilježili i počeli dobivati obavijesti iz rubrike Think Tank, dovoljno je upisati svoju adresu e-pošte, odabrati temu koja vas zanima, naznačiti učestalost kojom ih želite dobivati (svakodnevno, tjedno ili mjesečno) i potvrditi registraciju pritiskom na poveznicu koju ćete dobiti na adresu e-pošte.

RSS imageIzvori vijesti

Ne propustite informacije ili novosti s internetskog portala Europskog parlamenta zahvaljujući RSS prijenosu.

Odaberite dolje naznačenu poveznicu kako biste konfigurirali RSS prijenos.