23

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Riječ(i)
Vrsta publikacije
Područje politike
Autor
Ključna riječ
Datum

Digital Europe programme: Funding digital transformation beyond 2020

11-02-2019

In the framework of the next long-term EU budget for 2021-2027, the Commission is proposing a new, €9.2 billion programme to build up digital capacity and infrastructure and support a digital single market. It will operate mainly through coordinated and strategic co-investments with the Member States in the areas of advanced computing and data, artificial intelligence, and cybersecurity, their uptake and optimal use in the private and public sectors and boosting advanced digital skills. The programme ...

In the framework of the next long-term EU budget for 2021-2027, the Commission is proposing a new, €9.2 billion programme to build up digital capacity and infrastructure and support a digital single market. It will operate mainly through coordinated and strategic co-investments with the Member States in the areas of advanced computing and data, artificial intelligence, and cybersecurity, their uptake and optimal use in the private and public sectors and boosting advanced digital skills. The programme aims to help European societies and businesses to make the most of the ongoing digital transformation. The Commission sees the potential for efficiency gains in exploring complementarities and synergies with other planned programmes such as Horizon Europe, the Connecting Europe Facility and the European Regional Development and Cohesion Funds. The European Parliament adopted amendments on 13 December 2018 and referred the file back to the ITRE committee for interinstitutional negotiations. The Council reached a partial general approach, which excludes budgetary and horizontal issues, in December 2018. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Launching the Digital Europe Programme

08-10-2018

Despite its strong position in science, research and innovation, Europe lags behind when it comes to deploying digital capacities and taking up advanced digital technologies. That's why the European Commission proposed a new programme - the Digital Europe Programme - to support the deployment and optimal use of the digital capacities that underpin innovation in areas of public interest and business. This briefing provides you with an appraisal of the quality of the impact assessment, which accompanies ...

Despite its strong position in science, research and innovation, Europe lags behind when it comes to deploying digital capacities and taking up advanced digital technologies. That's why the European Commission proposed a new programme - the Digital Europe Programme - to support the deployment and optimal use of the digital capacities that underpin innovation in areas of public interest and business. This briefing provides you with an appraisal of the quality of the impact assessment, which accompanies the Commission's proposal.

Workshop on “Free Flow of Data - a Cornerstone of the Digital Single Market"

14-09-2018

This report summarises discussion which took place at the workshop “Free Flow of Data - A Cornerstone of the Digital Single Market”. The free flow of data is a complex issue with the potential to strongly influence the EU economy. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recently proposed draft regulation of the European Commission, the workshop was hosted by Ms Anna Maria CORAZZA BILDT (MEP), Vice-President of the IMCO Committee in the European Parliament. This ...

This report summarises discussion which took place at the workshop “Free Flow of Data - A Cornerstone of the Digital Single Market”. The free flow of data is a complex issue with the potential to strongly influence the EU economy. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recently proposed draft regulation of the European Commission, the workshop was hosted by Ms Anna Maria CORAZZA BILDT (MEP), Vice-President of the IMCO Committee in the European Parliament. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Vanjski autor

Dr Simon Forge, SCF Associates Dr Kristina Irion, University of Amsterdam Ms Zlatina Nikolova, Counsellor, Permanent Representation of the Republic of Bulgaria to the European Union Ms Agnes Courades Allebeck, Swedish National Board of Trade Mr Bertrand Deprez, Digital Europe Mr Christian Borggreen, CCIA Ms Danielle Jacobs, INTUG Mr Lenard Koschwitz, Allied for Startups Ms Gabriella Cattaneo, IDC - European Government Consulting

European app economy: State of play, challenges and EU policy

24-05-2018

Ten years have passed since the app economy was launched. Since then apps have evolved to play an increasingly important role in the life of citizens and became crucial to the success of many industries. Growing connectivity and availability of portable devices ensure that this trend will continue. The European app economy is rather successful and accounts for just under a third of revenues in the global market. Clusters of app developers exist in a few western European and Nordic Member States creating ...

Ten years have passed since the app economy was launched. Since then apps have evolved to play an increasingly important role in the life of citizens and became crucial to the success of many industries. Growing connectivity and availability of portable devices ensure that this trend will continue. The European app economy is rather successful and accounts for just under a third of revenues in the global market. Clusters of app developers exist in a few western European and Nordic Member States creating well-paid jobs, value and innovation in the digital economy. However, some bottlenecks still exist and hamper the growth of the sector. These include limited availability of finance, shortage of digital skills, the need to constantly upgrade infrastructure, and improving access to data. The EU strives to address these issues by creating an environment conducive to growth of the app economy. The main policy actions include strengthening the digital single market, funding research and innovation, creating fair taxation rules, developing standards and interoperability, fostering consumer protection and confidence, reforming training and education systems and supporting the development of a data economy and the internet of things.

The Exception for Text and Data Mining (TDM) in the Proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market - Technical Aspects

15-02-2018

In an increasingly data-driven and information-rich socio-economic context, the potential of predictive text and data mining (TDM, sometimes also referred to as text and data analysis) lies in particular in facilitating the processing, recombining, and extraction of further knowledge from large amounts of data and text, thus allowing the identification of patterns and associations between seemingly unrelated pieces of information. To place things in context, according to an IBM marketing study, ...

In an increasingly data-driven and information-rich socio-economic context, the potential of predictive text and data mining (TDM, sometimes also referred to as text and data analysis) lies in particular in facilitating the processing, recombining, and extraction of further knowledge from large amounts of data and text, thus allowing the identification of patterns and associations between seemingly unrelated pieces of information. To place things in context, according to an IBM marketing study, 90 percent of the data in the world today has been created in the last two years alone. Every day, 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are created, and it is expected that such growth rate will continue at an even faster pace in the future. In this sense, the analogy made with the physical universe appears apt: it is expected that by 2020 the digital universe – which consists of data created and copied annually and is doubling in size every two years – will contain nearly as many digital bits as there are stars in the universe.

Vanjski autor

Rosati Eleonora

Intelektualno, industrijsko i trgovačko vlasništvo

01-02-2018

Intelektualno vlasništvo obuhvaća sva ekskluzivna prava na proizvode intelektualnog stvaralaštva. Dijeli se na dvije kategorije: industrijsko vlasništvo, koje obuhvaća izume (patente), žigove, industrijski dizajn i modele te oznake zemljopisnog podrijetla, i autorsko pravo, koje obuhvaća umjetnička i književna djela. Od stupanja na snagu Ugovora o funkcioniranju Europske unije 2009. prava intelektualnog vlasništva izrijekom su u nadležnosti Europske unije (članak 118.).

Intelektualno vlasništvo obuhvaća sva ekskluzivna prava na proizvode intelektualnog stvaralaštva. Dijeli se na dvije kategorije: industrijsko vlasništvo, koje obuhvaća izume (patente), žigove, industrijski dizajn i modele te oznake zemljopisnog podrijetla, i autorsko pravo, koje obuhvaća umjetnička i književna djela. Od stupanja na snagu Ugovora o funkcioniranju Europske unije 2009. prava intelektualnog vlasništva izrijekom su u nadležnosti Europske unije (članak 118.).

Understanding artificial intelligence

11-01-2018

Artificial intelligence (AI) systems already permeate daily life: they drive cars, decide on mortgage applications, translate texts, recognise faces on social networks, identify spam emails, create artworks, play games, and intervene in conflict zones. The AI revolution that began in the 2000s emerged from the combination of machine learning techniques and 'big data'. The algorithms behind these systems work by identifying statistical correlation in the data they analyse, enabling them to perform ...

Artificial intelligence (AI) systems already permeate daily life: they drive cars, decide on mortgage applications, translate texts, recognise faces on social networks, identify spam emails, create artworks, play games, and intervene in conflict zones. The AI revolution that began in the 2000s emerged from the combination of machine learning techniques and 'big data'. The algorithms behind these systems work by identifying statistical correlation in the data they analyse, enabling them to perform tasks for which intelligence is required if a human were to perform them. Nevertheless, data-driven AI can only perform one task at a time, and cannot transfer its knowledge. 'Strong AI', able to display human-like intelligence and common sense, and which might be able to set its own goals, is not yet within reach. Despite the fears portrayed in film and TV entertainment, the idea of a 'superintelligence' able to self-improve and dominate humans remains an esoteric possibility, as development of strong AI systems is not predicted for a few decades or more, if indeed development ever reaches this stage. Nevertheless, the development of data-driven AI systems implies adaptation of legal frameworks on the collection, use and storage of data, due to privacy and other issues. Bias in data supplied to AI systems can also reproduce or amplify bias in the decisions they make. However, the key issue remains the level of autonomy given to AI systems to make decisions that could be life-changing, keeping in mind that they only provide recommendations, that they do not understand the tasks they perform, and that there is no way to know how they reach their conclusions. AI systems are expected to impact society, especially the job market, and could increase inequalities. To counter the abuse of probabilistic prediction and the risks to privacy, in April 2016 the European Parliament and the Council of the EU adopted the General Data Protection Regulation. The European Parliament also requested an update of the Union legal framework on robotics and AI in February 2017.

Smart borders: EU Entry/Exit System

23-10-2017

The Commission has envisaged integrated border management for several years, in response to increased traveller flows and the new security context. The Entry/Exit System proposed aims to set up a database where entry and exit information of third-country travellers is recorded. Following a political agreement with the Council, the Parliament is expected to vote on the texts in October.

The Commission has envisaged integrated border management for several years, in response to increased traveller flows and the new security context. The Entry/Exit System proposed aims to set up a database where entry and exit information of third-country travellers is recorded. Following a political agreement with the Council, the Parliament is expected to vote on the texts in October.

Current and Emerging Trends in Disruptive Technologies: Implications for the Present and Future of EU’s Trade Policy

20-09-2017

Digital technologies, taken as a broad generic category of technological inventions and applications, fall under a rare kind of ‘disruptive technologies’ that can radically change existing economic sectors, enable new modes of work, production and consumption and trigger broader societal transformations. To make apt policy decisions, there is a distinct need to understand what these technologies and their effects actually are and how they may develop over time. This study attends to this need in ...

Digital technologies, taken as a broad generic category of technological inventions and applications, fall under a rare kind of ‘disruptive technologies’ that can radically change existing economic sectors, enable new modes of work, production and consumption and trigger broader societal transformations. To make apt policy decisions, there is a distinct need to understand what these technologies and their effects actually are and how they may develop over time. This study attends to this need in particular with regard to the implications of digital technologies for EU’s external trade policies. It accentuates the critical importance of data and cross-border data flows for the emergent digital economy and underscores the need to appropriately address them with a calibrated and more proactive positioning of the EU in international trade venues.

Providers Liability: From the eCommerce Directive to the future

15-09-2017

The study addresses the secondary liability of Internet intermediaries, namely, the issue of whether and to what extent, intermediaries —who bring together or facilitate transactions between third parties on the Internet— should be liable for, or in dependence of, illegal activities by their users. The report discusses the main issues related to the application of the Directive, and makes some suggestions for future improvements. It argues that the exemption should be maintained, since it is needed ...

The study addresses the secondary liability of Internet intermediaries, namely, the issue of whether and to what extent, intermediaries —who bring together or facilitate transactions between third parties on the Internet— should be liable for, or in dependence of, illegal activities by their users. The report discusses the main issues related to the application of the Directive, and makes some suggestions for future improvements. It argues that the exemption should be maintained, since it is needed to ensure the diverse provision of intermediation services and the freedoms of the users of such services. Some updates to the current regulation may provide better guidance to Internet intermediaries, their users, and legal professionals.

Vanjski autor

Prof. Dr Giovanni Sartor

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16-10-2019
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