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Unfair trading practices in the food supply chain

06-05-2019

The food supply chain ensures that food and drink products are delivered to the public. It affects all consumers in the EU. The final price paid by the consumer is impacted by the number of participants in the food supply chain. While the single market has brought benefits to operators in the supply chain through more market opportunities and a larger customer base, it has also brought challenges. Structural changes have occurred, leading to different levels of bargaining power and imbalances between ...

The food supply chain ensures that food and drink products are delivered to the public. It affects all consumers in the EU. The final price paid by the consumer is impacted by the number of participants in the food supply chain. While the single market has brought benefits to operators in the supply chain through more market opportunities and a larger customer base, it has also brought challenges. Structural changes have occurred, leading to different levels of bargaining power and imbalances between actors in the chain. The abuse of such differences may lead to unfair trading practices. To strengthen the position of smaller operators (farmers) in the food supply chain, in April 2018 the European Commission proposed a new directive on unfair trading practices. Trilogue discussions began in October 2018 after a successful vote in plenary. The final agreed text was adopted by both Parliament and Council at first reading, and signed on 17 April. Member States must now incorporate its provisions into national law, and apply them by 1 November 2021.

Fairness and transparency for business users of online services

12-04-2019

The European Parliament and the Council reached an agreement on the proposed regulation on promoting fairness and transparency for business users of online intermediation services in February 2019. Providers of online intermediation services (e.g. Amazon and eBay) and online search engines (e.g. Google search) will be required to implement a set of measures to ensure transparency and fairness in the contractual relations they have with online businesses (e.g. online retailers, hotels and restaurants ...

The European Parliament and the Council reached an agreement on the proposed regulation on promoting fairness and transparency for business users of online intermediation services in February 2019. Providers of online intermediation services (e.g. Amazon and eBay) and online search engines (e.g. Google search) will be required to implement a set of measures to ensure transparency and fairness in the contractual relations they have with online businesses (e.g. online retailers, hotels and restaurants businesses, app stores), which use such online platforms to sell and provide their services to customers in the EU. The regulation, which, inter alia, harmonises transparency rules applicable to contractual terms and conditions, ranking of goods and services and access to data, is considered to be the first regulatory attempt in the world to establish a fair, trusted and innovation-driven ecosystem in the online platform economy. Now that Member States' and Parliament's negotiators have endorsed the compromise text, the political agreement must be voted in plenary by the European Parliament and formally adopted by the Council to complete the legislative procedure.

Promoting fairness and transparency in the online platform environment

21-09-2018

How to promote fairness and transparency in the online platform environment? The Commission's answer to this question can be found in its recent legislative proposal. It stipulates that providers of online intermediation services (e.g. Amazon) and online search engines (e.g. Google search) have to implement certain measures to ensure transparency and fairness in the contractual relations they have with online businesses which use such platforms to provide their services to customers in the EU. This ...

How to promote fairness and transparency in the online platform environment? The Commission's answer to this question can be found in its recent legislative proposal. It stipulates that providers of online intermediation services (e.g. Amazon) and online search engines (e.g. Google search) have to implement certain measures to ensure transparency and fairness in the contractual relations they have with online businesses which use such platforms to provide their services to customers in the EU. This briefing provides you with an appraisal of the quality of the impact assessment, which accompanies the Commission's proposal.

Directive 2011/7/EU on late payments in commercial transactions

11-07-2018

Directive 2011/7/EU on late payments in commercial transactions (Late Payment Directive, (LPD)) strengthened European regulations first introduced in 2000 in favour of creditors. In addition to statutory interest, the application of which is still not automatic, maximum periods were established for payments in business-to-business transactions and those with public authorities, limiting contractual freedom, which is often abused by stronger companies. Following the largely correct transposition into ...

Directive 2011/7/EU on late payments in commercial transactions (Late Payment Directive, (LPD)) strengthened European regulations first introduced in 2000 in favour of creditors. In addition to statutory interest, the application of which is still not automatic, maximum periods were established for payments in business-to-business transactions and those with public authorities, limiting contractual freedom, which is often abused by stronger companies. Following the largely correct transposition into national law, the situation continues to vary between Member States with regard to average payment periods (especially from public authorities), and the level of implementation of additional voluntary measures (such as prompt payment codes). In the absence of harmonised measurement methods, business surveys and consultations indicate improving practices, but the attribution of this development to the LPD cannot be separated from broader economic contexts and cultural aspects easily. Further exchange of best practices and better monitoring of their effectiveness might facilitate future developments in the area of late payments, including legislative action.

Unfair trading practices in the food supply chain

05-07-2018

The Commission proposal aims to strengthen the resilience of weaker operators in the food supply chain and improve its functioning. The supporting impact assessment appears to be substantially constrained by the limited evidence base. The data on the scale of the problem seems limited and precise quantifications of costs and benefits of the option packages was not feasible. The stakeholder consultation activities, on the other hand, have largely followed the requirements of the Better Regulation ...

The Commission proposal aims to strengthen the resilience of weaker operators in the food supply chain and improve its functioning. The supporting impact assessment appears to be substantially constrained by the limited evidence base. The data on the scale of the problem seems limited and precise quantifications of costs and benefits of the option packages was not feasible. The stakeholder consultation activities, on the other hand, have largely followed the requirements of the Better Regulation Guidelines.

Prava putnika

01-02-2018

Cilj je zajedničkih pravila zajamčiti barem minimalnu pomoć putnicima u svim vrstama prijevoza u slučaju znatnog kašnjenja ili otkazivanja te posebice zaštititi osjetljivije skupine putnika. Tim su pravilima također utvrđeni mehanizmi za odštete. Međutim, za željeznički i cestovni prijevoz još su uvijek moguća brojna izuzeća, a sudski postupci kojima se osporava primjena pravila i dalje su česti.

Cilj je zajedničkih pravila zajamčiti barem minimalnu pomoć putnicima u svim vrstama prijevoza u slučaju znatnog kašnjenja ili otkazivanja te posebice zaštititi osjetljivije skupine putnika. Tim su pravilima također utvrđeni mehanizmi za odštete. Međutim, za željeznički i cestovni prijevoz još su uvijek moguća brojna izuzeća, a sudski postupci kojima se osporava primjena pravila i dalje su česti.

Application of the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive: Overview of the Commission's May 2016 guidance document

18-01-2017

Consumers may find it difficult to identify potentially harmful or unfair practices when entering into a transactional relationship with traders. Similarly, businesses and enforcement authorities may sometimes have problems applying and interpreting EU legislation in relation to commercial practices. While it is the Court of Justice that has competence to interpret EU legislation, the European Commission published legally non-binding guidance on the implementation/application of the Directive on ...

Consumers may find it difficult to identify potentially harmful or unfair practices when entering into a transactional relationship with traders. Similarly, businesses and enforcement authorities may sometimes have problems applying and interpreting EU legislation in relation to commercial practices. While it is the Court of Justice that has competence to interpret EU legislation, the European Commission published legally non-binding guidance on the implementation/application of the Directive on Unfair Commercial Practices in May 2016, which aims to clarify some of the issues that have arisen since the adoption of the directive.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Relations between Franchisors and Franchisees: Regulatory Framework and Current Challenges"

15-11-2016

The workshop organised by the Policy Department A for the IMCO Committee aimed at discussing problems in the area of franchising and the impact of the EU rules on functioning of the franchising contract. It allowed exchange of views on market conditions in the EU as well as corrective legislative and regulatory actions.

The workshop organised by the Policy Department A for the IMCO Committee aimed at discussing problems in the area of franchising and the impact of the EU rules on functioning of the franchising contract. It allowed exchange of views on market conditions in the EU as well as corrective legislative and regulatory actions.

Insurance Distribution Directive: Strengthening transparency and consumer protection

18-11-2015

The European Parliament (EP), the Council and the Commission have reached an agreement on the revised Insurance Distribution Directive (IDD). The compromise text is due to be voted by the EP in plenary in November 2015, with the new rules to apply two years after adoption. The aim of the IDD is to curb further fragmentation of the EU market for insurance intermediaries and products. It will establish conditions for fair competition and strengthen consumer rights.

The European Parliament (EP), the Council and the Commission have reached an agreement on the revised Insurance Distribution Directive (IDD). The compromise text is due to be voted by the EP in plenary in November 2015, with the new rules to apply two years after adoption. The aim of the IDD is to curb further fragmentation of the EU market for insurance intermediaries and products. It will establish conditions for fair competition and strengthen consumer rights.

Business Marketing Directive: Implementation Appraisal

01-10-2015

Although there has not been yet any specific legislative proposal to amend Directive 2006/114 concerning misleading and comparative advertising, the intention of the European Commission to simplify and consolidate this Directive may tackle some of the problems connected with the current legislation. Parliament repeatedly called for changes and further actions in this field, in particular with regard to prevention of misleading marketing practices and urging the EU Member States to enhance their mutual ...

Although there has not been yet any specific legislative proposal to amend Directive 2006/114 concerning misleading and comparative advertising, the intention of the European Commission to simplify and consolidate this Directive may tackle some of the problems connected with the current legislation. Parliament repeatedly called for changes and further actions in this field, in particular with regard to prevention of misleading marketing practices and urging the EU Member States to enhance their mutual and cross-border cooperation. In this context, Parliament also often expressed its worries about the current misleading marketing practice of misleading directory companies. Furthermore, Parliament pointed to various inconsistencies with regard to implementation and enforcement of the directive and called for its better implementation and better monitoring. The studies and reports suggested that a revision of the rules prohibiting certain marketing practices strengthening the enforcement of these rules in cross-border cases is needed. Such potential changes can have an impact on legal certainty and improve the prevention of misleading marketing practices. These inconsistencies and implementation and enforcement of the directive present challenges for the legislative proposal which the Commission intends to adopt by the end of 2015.

Buduća događanja

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The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
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06-11-2019
Where next for Europe’s economy? The latest IMF European Regional Economic Outlook[.]
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06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
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EPRS

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