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Područje politike
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New plant-breeding techniques: Applicability of GM rules

10-05-2016

New plant genetic modification (GM) techniques have evolved rapidly in recent years, allowing much faster and more precise results than conventional plant-breeding techniques. They are seen as a promising new field for the agri-food industry, offering great technical potential. There is, however, considerable debate as to how these new techniques should be regulated and whether some or all of them should fall within the scope of EU legislation on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). There are two ...

New plant genetic modification (GM) techniques have evolved rapidly in recent years, allowing much faster and more precise results than conventional plant-breeding techniques. They are seen as a promising new field for the agri-food industry, offering great technical potential. There is, however, considerable debate as to how these new techniques should be regulated and whether some or all of them should fall within the scope of EU legislation on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). There are two sides to the discussion. Those who take the view that the new techniques should be exempt from GMO legislation generally argue that the end product is very similar to products generated using conventional breeding techniques. Those who consider that the new techniques should fall within the scope of GMO legislation contend that the processes used mean that plants bred using the new techniques are in fact genetically modified. The Commission is currently working on a legal interpretation of the regulatory status of products generated by new plant-breeding techniques, which should be published in the course of 2016. The Commission has highlighted that its legal interpretation is intended to give guidance to national authorities on the scope of GMO legislation, but that it is the sole prerogative of the European Court of Justice to render a final and binding opinion on the interpretation of EU law. The scientific community remains divided over the issue, and various published legal analyses differ, as do the opinions of other stakeholders.

The Community Plant Variety Office

27-11-2015

The Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO), located in Angers (France), is a decentralised agency of the EU. Operational since 1995, it is responsible for the management of a specific intellectual property rights protection system covering the entire EU. It grants Community plant variety rights and maintains databases on plant varieties. Unlike most other EU agencies, it is fully self-financed and therefore not subject to budgetary discharge by the European Parliament.

The Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO), located in Angers (France), is a decentralised agency of the EU. Operational since 1995, it is responsible for the management of a specific intellectual property rights protection system covering the entire EU. It grants Community plant variety rights and maintains databases on plant varieties. Unlike most other EU agencies, it is fully self-financed and therefore not subject to budgetary discharge by the European Parliament.

Seeds and other plant reproductive material: Towards new EU rules

10-06-2013

The European Commission (EC) has proposed a Regulation aimed at simplifying and updating the existing body of EU legislation on the production and marketing of plant reproductive material (PRM), including seeds. It forms part of a wider legislative package on controls of plant and animal health.

The European Commission (EC) has proposed a Regulation aimed at simplifying and updating the existing body of EU legislation on the production and marketing of plant reproductive material (PRM), including seeds. It forms part of a wider legislative package on controls of plant and animal health.

Seed use by farmers in the European Union

28-10-2011

A complex legislative framework for the marketing of seeds and for the protection of plant variety rights has been in place for decades in the EU. It relies on both European and national rules, with the EU legislation currently under review.

A complex legislative framework for the marketing of seeds and for the protection of plant variety rights has been in place for decades in the EU. It relies on both European and national rules, with the EU legislation currently under review.

Buduća događanja

10-12-2019
EU institutional dynamics: Ten years after the Lisbon Treaty
Drugo događanje -
EPRS
11-12-2019
Take-aways from 2019 and outlook for 2020: What Think Tanks are Thinking
Drugo događanje -
EPRS

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