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Reform of the Qualification Directive

26-06-2017

The current refugee and migrant crisis in Europe has called into question existing EU legislation on asylum, in particular the criteria according to which applicants for international protection can qualify for refugee or subsidiary protection status, as recognised in the Qualification Directive. Although national asylum rules are more closely aligned than they were, major differences in approach persist across the EU. This can lead asylum-seekers to claim refuge in Member States whose asylum systems ...

The current refugee and migrant crisis in Europe has called into question existing EU legislation on asylum, in particular the criteria according to which applicants for international protection can qualify for refugee or subsidiary protection status, as recognised in the Qualification Directive. Although national asylum rules are more closely aligned than they were, major differences in approach persist across the EU. This can lead asylum-seekers to claim refuge in Member States whose asylum systems appear to be more generous, rather than in the Member State officially responsible for their asylum applications. The Commission's proposal of 13 July 2016 proposes to replace the Qualification Directive with a regulation, setting uniform standards for the recognition of people in need of protection and for the rights granted to beneficiaries of international protection. First edition The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Towards a reform of the Common European Asylum System

02-05-2016

Europe is confronted with the worst refugee and migration crisis since World War II. Pushed by violence and poverty in the Middle East and North Africa, and pulled by prospects of refuge and a better life in Europe, more than 1.3 million asylum-seekers and economic migrants arrived irregularly in the EU in 2015. The unprecedented migratory pressure on Europe has exposed the need for reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), as well as for greater solidarity and fairer sharing of responsibility ...

Europe is confronted with the worst refugee and migration crisis since World War II. Pushed by violence and poverty in the Middle East and North Africa, and pulled by prospects of refuge and a better life in Europe, more than 1.3 million asylum-seekers and economic migrants arrived irregularly in the EU in 2015. The unprecedented migratory pressure on Europe has exposed the need for reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), as well as for greater solidarity and fairer sharing of responsibility between Member States.

Legislation on emergency relocation of asylum-seekers in the EU

14-10-2015

Europe is confronted with the most serious refugee crisis since World War II. Wars, conflicts and persecution worldwide have forced more than 59 million people to flee their homes and seek safety elsewhere, according to the UN Refugee Agency. The unprecedented migratory flows to Europe have put enormous pressure on the asylum systems of the frontline Member States. In response, the Commission has proposed, the Parliament has supported, and the Council has adopted a set of emergency measures for relocating ...

Europe is confronted with the most serious refugee crisis since World War II. Wars, conflicts and persecution worldwide have forced more than 59 million people to flee their homes and seek safety elsewhere, according to the UN Refugee Agency. The unprecedented migratory flows to Europe have put enormous pressure on the asylum systems of the frontline Member States. In response, the Commission has proposed, the Parliament has supported, and the Council has adopted a set of emergency measures for relocating 160 000 asylum-seekers from the frontline Member States to other Member States. To this end, the Council decided on 14 September 2015 to relocate 40 000 asylum-seekers from Italy and Greece to other Member States. In addition, the Council agreed on 22 September 2015 a further temporary relocation scheme for an additional 120 000 asylum-seekers from Greece and Italy. Furthermore, the Commission proposed on 9 September 2015 to create a permanent relocation mechanism for all Member States, as well as a number of other concrete measures to better manage the exceptional migratory flows to Europe.

EU migratory challenge: Possible responses to the refugee crisis

04-09-2015

With hundreds of thousands of people embarking on perilous journeys to reach the EU borders, the EU now faces an unprecedented migratory crisis. The following pages set out possible responses, some based on legislation already in force and others requiring a profound reform of the existing system. It is argued that the so-called Dublin system − defining the Member State responsible in individual cases for examining applications for international protection − has led to overburdening of Member States ...

With hundreds of thousands of people embarking on perilous journeys to reach the EU borders, the EU now faces an unprecedented migratory crisis. The following pages set out possible responses, some based on legislation already in force and others requiring a profound reform of the existing system. It is argued that the so-called Dublin system − defining the Member State responsible in individual cases for examining applications for international protection − has led to overburdening of Member States at the EU's southern external borders. Meanwhile diverging asylum standards across the EU have resulted in a great number of asylum-seekers travelling to Member States with higher reception standards. Therefore the solutions proposed centre, on the one hand, on harmonising national asylum standards and, on the other hand, on distributing asylum-seekers more evenly across the EU. With respect to illegal border crossings, recent EU policy documents have focused on addressing migrant smuggling through concerted action, including military operations. Moreover, in order to bring down the number of such crossings, legal entry channels to the EU could be proposed for persons in need of international protection. These include a possibility to trigger the so-called Temporary Protection Directive, as well as making use of 'humanitarian admissions' and 'humanitarian visas'. Any additional admissions create extra costs for Member States, however. One way to limit them is through private sponsorship of refugees as has been undertaken by Canada under the Refugee Sponsorship Program. On top of these concrete actions on EU territory, solutions are possible outside Europe through cooperation with third countries. The aim is to address the root causes of irregular migration, to counter and prevent migrant smuggling and trafficking, and to provide effective return, readmission and reintegration policies for those not qualifying for protection.

Provisional measures for relocating asylum-seekers arriving in Italy and Greece

02-09-2015

In response to the crisis situation in the Mediterranean and the unprecedented migratory flows to Italy and Greece, the European Commission put forward a set of concrete measures for solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility among Member States to assist those on the frontline.

In response to the crisis situation in the Mediterranean and the unprecedented migratory flows to Italy and Greece, the European Commission put forward a set of concrete measures for solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility among Member States to assist those on the frontline.

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