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Innovációs politika

01-02-2018

Az innováció egyre nagyobb szerepet játszik a gazdaságunkban. Előnyöket biztosít a polgárok – a fogyasztók és a dolgozók – számára. Feltétlenül szükséges a jobb munkahelyek teremtéséhez, a környezetbarátabb társadalom megvalósításához és életminőségünk javításához, de az EU versenyképességének a globális piacon való fenntartásához is. Az innovációs politika összeköti a kutatási és technológiafejlesztési politikát az ipari politikával, és célja, hogy kedvező keretet biztosítson az ötletek piacra jutásának ...

Az innováció egyre nagyobb szerepet játszik a gazdaságunkban. Előnyöket biztosít a polgárok – a fogyasztók és a dolgozók – számára. Feltétlenül szükséges a jobb munkahelyek teremtéséhez, a környezetbarátabb társadalom megvalósításához és életminőségünk javításához, de az EU versenyképességének a globális piacon való fenntartásához is. Az innovációs politika összeköti a kutatási és technológiafejlesztési politikát az ipari politikával, és célja, hogy kedvező keretet biztosítson az ötletek piacra jutásának.

European Accessibility Act

05-09-2017

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing their access to products and services, the Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This would provide a common EU definition of, and implementation framework for, accessibility requirements for certain products and services in the internal market. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal in the September ...

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing their access to products and services, the Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This would provide a common EU definition of, and implementation framework for, accessibility requirements for certain products and services in the internal market. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal in the September plenary.

Longer Lifetime for Products: Benefits for Consumers and Companies

28-06-2016

The report provides an evaluation of the potential impact of a longer lifetime for products in Europe on the economy, on society and on the environment. It provides case studies of existing businesses, the (non-)legal context for an initiative on longer product lifetimes, and a wide range of policy options to optimize benefits to society A minimal increase of 1% of value added by economic activities related to a longer lifetime for products would have an aggregated effect of 7.9 billion EUR per year ...

The report provides an evaluation of the potential impact of a longer lifetime for products in Europe on the economy, on society and on the environment. It provides case studies of existing businesses, the (non-)legal context for an initiative on longer product lifetimes, and a wide range of policy options to optimize benefits to society A minimal increase of 1% of value added by economic activities related to a longer lifetime for products would have an aggregated effect of 7.9 billion EUR per year across the European economy. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Külső szerző

Carlos Montalvo (TNO), David Peck (Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands) and Elmer Rietveld (TNO)

Planned obsolescence: Exploring the issue

02-05-2016

Although no overarching definition of planned obsolescence exists, the term 'planned obsolescence' (of products or technology) is described as the intentional production of goods and services with short economic lives, stimulating consumers to repeat purchases too frequently. The incandescent light bulb with an engineered shorter lifespan (the Phoebus cartel case) is one example from the past of proven planned obsolescence. Data suggest that the median lifespans of certain categories of product have ...

Although no overarching definition of planned obsolescence exists, the term 'planned obsolescence' (of products or technology) is described as the intentional production of goods and services with short economic lives, stimulating consumers to repeat purchases too frequently. The incandescent light bulb with an engineered shorter lifespan (the Phoebus cartel case) is one example from the past of proven planned obsolescence. Data suggest that the median lifespans of certain categories of product have been shortening, and consumer organisations have drawn attention to more recent suspected cases of planned obsolescence in connection with washing machines, inkjet cartridges, electronic devices, etc. One Member State – France – recently introduced a definition of planned obsolescence into its legislation, making it a punishable offence. No specific EU rules mention planned obsolescence, but the subject ties in with EU legislation on ecodesign, waste, use of natural resources, consumer information and the new package from the European Commission on the circular economy. The main consumer concerns and problematic strategies associated with the issue are: design features that do not allow repair, upgradability or interoperability with other devices; the unavailability of spare parts and high repair costs; and marketing strategies pushing consumers to buy new, fashionable products and replace existing ones very quickly. Various ways to curb the practice of planned obsolescence have been proposed, not least a shift towards a culture that values product durability and sustainability.

Open Innovation In Industry, Including 3D Printing

01-12-2015

TThe study Open Innovation in Industry, Including 3D Printing includes a number of examples on good practices developed in different Member States. The study looks at the broad concept of open innovation as such and also in relation with key enabling technologies like 3D printing which is on the peak of inflated expectations. They should be viewed as parallel and even reinforcing developments. Further the document makes policy recommendations for actions at EU, national and regional level This leaflet ...

TThe study Open Innovation in Industry, Including 3D Printing includes a number of examples on good practices developed in different Member States. The study looks at the broad concept of open innovation as such and also in relation with key enabling technologies like 3D printing which is on the peak of inflated expectations. They should be viewed as parallel and even reinforcing developments. Further the document makes policy recommendations for actions at EU, national and regional level This leaflet presents the key findings of the study. Link to the original publication: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/563445/IPOL_STU(2015)563445_EN.pdf

Framework for energy efficiency labelling

01-10-2015

On 15 July 2015 the Commission proposed a new regulation on energy efficiency labelling as part of its summer energy package. The new regulation would contribute towards meeting the target set by the October 2014 European Council of improving energy efficiency in the EU by 27% by 2030. The proposed regulation would restore the A-G scale for energy labelling; create a mechanism for rescaling products that can accommodate further improvements in energy efficiency; establish a product database on ...

On 15 July 2015 the Commission proposed a new regulation on energy efficiency labelling as part of its summer energy package. The new regulation would contribute towards meeting the target set by the October 2014 European Council of improving energy efficiency in the EU by 27% by 2030. The proposed regulation would restore the A-G scale for energy labelling; create a mechanism for rescaling products that can accommodate further improvements in energy efficiency; establish a product database on energy efficiency; and introduce a safeguard procedure to improve national market surveillance. Detailed legislation on energy labelling of household appliances would be adopted as delegated acts. While the proposal is supported by consumer and environmental groups, industry groups are concerned that a major change in energy labelling could have a negative impact on producers and consumers and act as a disincentive to energy efficiency. The Parliament has in the past supported a closed A-G scale on energy labelling as a way to provide a stronger incentive for consumers to buy more efficient products. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Understanding energy efficiency

01-10-2015

The European Commission considers energy efficiency as a strategic priority for the Energy Union, and promotes 'energy efficiency first' as a principle. It proposes to rethink energy efficiency fundamentally, and treat it as an energy source in its own right. By using energy more efficiently, energy demand can be reduced, leading to lower energy bills for consumers, lower emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, reduced need for energy infrastructure, and increased energy security through ...

The European Commission considers energy efficiency as a strategic priority for the Energy Union, and promotes 'energy efficiency first' as a principle. It proposes to rethink energy efficiency fundamentally, and treat it as an energy source in its own right. By using energy more efficiently, energy demand can be reduced, leading to lower energy bills for consumers, lower emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, reduced need for energy infrastructure, and increased energy security through a reduction of imports. Worldwide, energy efficiency has contributed to substantial savings in energy consumption. The implementation of energy efficiency policies is challenging, and the full potential of energy efficiency is far from realised, for financial, behavioural and regulatory reasons. Obstacles include high upfront investment costs, access to finance, lack of information, split incentives and rebound effects. The EU has set energy efficiency targets and a set of regulations to promote energy efficiency across the economy. As part of the Energy Union strategy, the European Commission plans to propose specific strategies for heating and cooling, and for the transport sector. Key pieces of energy efficiency legislation are to be reviewed in the coming two years, and implementation of the existing framework enforced. Finance for energy efficiency will be given special attention. The European Parliament has repeatedly called for stronger EU energy efficiency targets and policies, and is current preparing own-initiative reports on the Energy Efficiency Directive and the Energy Union strategy.

Energy efficiency labelling: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

17-09-2015

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal for a Regulation setting a framework for energy efficiency labelling, adopted on 15 July 2015, and referred to Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy. The proposal repeals Directive 2010/30/EU on the indication by labelling and standard product information of the consumption of energy and other resources by energy-related products ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal for a Regulation setting a framework for energy efficiency labelling, adopted on 15 July 2015, and referred to Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy. The proposal repeals Directive 2010/30/EU on the indication by labelling and standard product information of the consumption of energy and other resources by energy-related products. The proposal for a revision of the rules regulating energy efficiency labelling forms part of the energy package and aims to ensure that consumers make better informed purchase decisions of energy efficient products, and thereby reduce energy consumption and associated energy bills (as well as other major environmental impacts of products).  

Open Innovation in Industry, Including 3D Printing

15-09-2015

New technologies and innovation concepts are important pathways for growth and competitiveness. Open innovation can strengthen innovation ecosystems. 3D printing has the potential to significantly impact the way production and innovation takes place. It is still hard to predict where and how exactly 3D printing will transform our economy and society. This study, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE committee, describes the mutual reinforcement of open innovation and additive ...

New technologies and innovation concepts are important pathways for growth and competitiveness. Open innovation can strengthen innovation ecosystems. 3D printing has the potential to significantly impact the way production and innovation takes place. It is still hard to predict where and how exactly 3D printing will transform our economy and society. This study, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE committee, describes the mutual reinforcement of open innovation and additive manufacturing and addresses recommendations for different policy levels.

Külső szerző

Frans van der Zee (TNO), Dieter Rehfeld (IAT) and Christine Hamza (METIS)

Moving towards a circular economy

29-06-2015

A shift towards a circular economy could deliver environmental and economic benefits. However, it faces a number of barriers and challenges. As the European Commission prepares its new proposal on the circular economy, due to be put forward by the end of 2015, Parliament is scheduled to vote on a strategic report on the topic during the July part-session.

A shift towards a circular economy could deliver environmental and economic benefits. However, it faces a number of barriers and challenges. As the European Commission prepares its new proposal on the circular economy, due to be put forward by the end of 2015, Parliament is scheduled to vote on a strategic report on the topic during the July part-session.

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