148

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CAP horizontal regulation: Financing, management and monitoring of the common agricultural policy for 2021-2027

25-06-2019

As part of the preparation of the EU budget for 2021-2027, the European Commission put forward a new set of regulations to shape the future EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. The proposal for a regulation on the financing, management and monitoring of the CAP provides the legislative framework for adapting the financing, management and monitoring rules to a new CAP delivery model. This seeks to achieve more subsidiarity and simplification, with greater responsibility given to Member ...

As part of the preparation of the EU budget for 2021-2027, the European Commission put forward a new set of regulations to shape the future EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. The proposal for a regulation on the financing, management and monitoring of the CAP provides the legislative framework for adapting the financing, management and monitoring rules to a new CAP delivery model. This seeks to achieve more subsidiarity and simplification, with greater responsibility given to Member States, a shift from ensuring single transaction compliance to monitoring system performance in each Member State, and reduced 'red tape', among other things. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Understanding farmer income

11-04-2019

Farmer income is a key element in EU agricultural policy, aiming at ensuring a fair standard of living for the agricultural community and helping farmers face the risks inherent to their business. Measurement relies on two EU wide data sources. Understanding what agricultural receipts these data measure, and how, is key to evaluating farm policy in EU Member States and important in light of the proposed performance based policy framework.

Farmer income is a key element in EU agricultural policy, aiming at ensuring a fair standard of living for the agricultural community and helping farmers face the risks inherent to their business. Measurement relies on two EU wide data sources. Understanding what agricultural receipts these data measure, and how, is key to evaluating farm policy in EU Member States and important in light of the proposed performance based policy framework.

US duties on imports of Spanish ripe olives

06-03-2019

In January 2019, the European Union (EU) launched a case before the World Trade Organization (WTO) against the United States (US) challenging duties on imports of Spanish ripe olives, definitively in place since July 2018. US authorities have concluded that certain EU support measures for Spanish olive producers under the common agricultural policy (CAP) are contrary to WTO rules and can be countervailed. Given the importance of such support for EU farmers, the US measures could have far-reaching ...

In January 2019, the European Union (EU) launched a case before the World Trade Organization (WTO) against the United States (US) challenging duties on imports of Spanish ripe olives, definitively in place since July 2018. US authorities have concluded that certain EU support measures for Spanish olive producers under the common agricultural policy (CAP) are contrary to WTO rules and can be countervailed. Given the importance of such support for EU farmers, the US measures could have far-reaching consequences for the EU's agricultural model and set precedents in the WTO.

Modernising and simplifying the common agricultural policy

25-01-2019

The Commission proposed to modernise and simplify the CAP in the 2021-2027 budget period. The supporting impact assessment is in line with the requirements of the Better Regulation Guidelines when it comes to the set of objectives, the wide stakeholder consultation, the combined use of qualitative and quantitative methods and tools, the assessments of efficiency and effectiveness of the various options. However, the choice of the new delivery model, the availability of mid-term evaluation studies ...

The Commission proposed to modernise and simplify the CAP in the 2021-2027 budget period. The supporting impact assessment is in line with the requirements of the Better Regulation Guidelines when it comes to the set of objectives, the wide stakeholder consultation, the combined use of qualitative and quantitative methods and tools, the assessments of efficiency and effectiveness of the various options. However, the choice of the new delivery model, the availability of mid-term evaluation studies, coherence and proportionality assessment of the options, consultation on the IA contents or options fall short of the Better Regulation Guidelines.

EU agricultural research and innovation

09-01-2019

The European Union's long-term strategy for agricultural research and innovation was published in January 2016 following a year-long process of development, which included targeted consultations. Based on five priority areas, the strategy guides the programming of its main research and innovation programme – Horizon 2020 – not only for 2018 to 2020 but also for the period beyond 2020, to be covered by Horizon Europe. In light of discussions on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP), the ...

The European Union's long-term strategy for agricultural research and innovation was published in January 2016 following a year-long process of development, which included targeted consultations. Based on five priority areas, the strategy guides the programming of its main research and innovation programme – Horizon 2020 – not only for 2018 to 2020 but also for the period beyond 2020, to be covered by Horizon Europe. In light of discussions on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP), the role of innovation in agriculture is examined, including the potential contribution that research and innovation can make to agriculture, the agri-food sector, rural areas and the challenges they face. These are set against changing global trends in public expenditure on agricultural research and development. These trends point to a relatively flat pattern of expenditure over the years 2012 to 2016 for the EU. In global terms, the structure of public agricultural expenditure is changing, with historically richer countries ceding ground to those with rapidly rising per capita incomes. In considering the EU's long-term strategy for agricultural research and innovation, the links between the CAP and the EU's research and innovation policies are identified. Evaluation evidence from a range of sources on the actual or potential impact of investment in agricultural research and innovation point to a link between such investment and productivity growth in agriculture, the potential for multi-dimensional impacts, and the potential offered by the Commission's current approach to agricultural research and innovation through the European innovation partnership operational groups for agriculture (EIP-AGRI).

The EU dairy sector: Main features, challenges and prospects

17-12-2018

The EU dairy sector is the second biggest agricultural sector in the EU, representing more than 12 % of total agricultural output. While milk is produced in all Member States, farm and herd sizes, yields and types of farming vary widely across Europe, from free-range farming in Alpine areas to large specialised dairy farms in the north-west and centre of Europe. In 2016, 157 million tonnes of milk were delivered to dairies, where raw milk is processed into fresh products such as cheese or butter. ...

The EU dairy sector is the second biggest agricultural sector in the EU, representing more than 12 % of total agricultural output. While milk is produced in all Member States, farm and herd sizes, yields and types of farming vary widely across Europe, from free-range farming in Alpine areas to large specialised dairy farms in the north-west and centre of Europe. In 2016, 157 million tonnes of milk were delivered to dairies, where raw milk is processed into fresh products such as cheese or butter. Part of the common agricultural policy, the EU's dairy policy consists of a range of instruments designed to support farmers and address market imbalances. In particular, it includes common market organisation, public intervention and private storage provisions, direct payments and rural development measures. The policy has been constantly updated over time, one recent development being the suppression of milk quotas in 2015. The 2014 to 2016 crisis, during which raw milk prices dropped dramatically from around 40 to 25.7 cents per litre, triggered a reaction by the Commission based on public intervention-buying, private storage and a range of exceptional measures. Two aid packages were adopted, including incentives for farmers to reduce production. Recovery was in sight by 2017. In the coming years, growing EU and global demand is expected to support world dairy markets, without hindering price fluctuations and market imbalances. Resilience and sustainability are key words for the future of the sector. This can be achieved with innovation, as a way to reconcile the need for farmers to earn a decent living, consumer demand for affordable and quality dairy products, and environmental/animal health requirements.

CAP strategic plans

04-12-2018

The Commission's legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) were published on 1 June 2018. They comprise three proposals: a regulation setting out rules on support for CAP strategic plans; a regulation on the single common market organisation (CMO) and a horizontal regulation on financing, managing and monitoring the CAP. The proposal for a regulation on CAP strategic plans introduces a new delivery model, described by the Commission as a fundamental shift in the ...

The Commission's legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) were published on 1 June 2018. They comprise three proposals: a regulation setting out rules on support for CAP strategic plans; a regulation on the single common market organisation (CMO) and a horizontal regulation on financing, managing and monitoring the CAP. The proposal for a regulation on CAP strategic plans introduces a new delivery model, described by the Commission as a fundamental shift in the CAP, involving a shift from compliance towards results and performance. It includes a new distribution of responsibilities between the EU and Member States. A new planning process is proposed which will cover both Pillar I (direct payments) and Pillar II (rural development) of the CAP. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Research for AGRI Committee - The sectoral approach in the CAP beyond 2020 and possible options to improve the EU food value chain

15-10-2018

This study addresses the current rules both the current European rules applicable to the Common Agricultural Market Organisation and the recent proposal of the Commission in the CAP beyond 2020. It also suggests possible improvements of the proposal. It was presented to the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development on 15 October 2018.

This study addresses the current rules both the current European rules applicable to the Common Agricultural Market Organisation and the recent proposal of the Commission in the CAP beyond 2020. It also suggests possible improvements of the proposal. It was presented to the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development on 15 October 2018.

Külső szerző

Tomás García Azcárate, Institute of Economics, Geography and Demography, (Spanish Research Council - CSIC)

Research for AGRI Committee - The CAP beyond 2020: appraisal of the EC legislative proposals

08-10-2018

On the basis of the European Commission's proposals on the CAP after 2020 published on 1st June, the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development and Policy Department B of the European Parliament have organise a Workshop on the "The Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020: appraisal of the EC legislative proposals" in October 2018. This Workshop was structured in three parts: 1. The CAP Strategic Plans beyond 2020 : assessing the architecture and governance issues in order to achieve the EU-wide ...

On the basis of the European Commission's proposals on the CAP after 2020 published on 1st June, the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development and Policy Department B of the European Parliament have organise a Workshop on the "The Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020: appraisal of the EC legislative proposals" in October 2018. This Workshop was structured in three parts: 1. The CAP Strategic Plans beyond 2020 : assessing the architecture and governance issues in order to achieve the EU-wide objectives; 2. The CAP support beyond 2020: assessing the future structure of direct payments and the rural development interventions in the light of the EU agricultural and environmental challenges; and 3. The sectoral approach in the CAP beyond 2020 and possible options to improve the EU food value chain.

Külső szerző

E. Erjavec; M. Lovec; L. Juvancic; T. Sumrada; I. Rac; R.A. Jongeneel; H. Silvis; K. Poppe; T. Garcia Azcarate

Research for AGRI Committee - Towards the Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020: comparing the reform package with the current regulations

19-09-2018

This briefing note is written by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies for the European Parliament’s Agricultural and Rural Development committee (AGRI Committee). The main purpose of the paper is to facilitate the legislative work of MEPs relating to the next reform of the CAP. The paper could additionally serve to explore and discuss the CAP proposals put forward by academics and stakeholders. Six dashboards set out how the CAP reform package (2021/2027) proposed by the European ...

This briefing note is written by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies for the European Parliament’s Agricultural and Rural Development committee (AGRI Committee). The main purpose of the paper is to facilitate the legislative work of MEPs relating to the next reform of the CAP. The paper could additionally serve to explore and discuss the CAP proposals put forward by academics and stakeholders. Six dashboards set out how the CAP reform package (2021/2027) proposed by the European Commission on 1st June 2018 compares with the current CAP (2014/2020) regulations on a topic-by topic basis. The briefing note also offers some comments on the main elements of the legislative proposals in order to help the MEPs with their response to the Commission’s package. These comments are substantially based on the resolutions previously adopted by the Plenary of the European Parliament. Additional comments are also provided of a technical and explanatory nature. The opinions expressed in this document are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament.

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