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Data di pubblicazione: 24-05-2017

Connettività Internet per la crescita, la competitività e la coesione: la società europea dei gigabit e del 5G

24-05-2017

In risposta alla comunicazione della Commissione sulla società dei gigabit europea, la commissione per l'industria, la ricerca e l'energia (ITRE) del Parlamento europeo ha approvato una relazione di iniziativa, la cui discussione in Aula è prevista durante la tornata di maggio. In essa si chiede una leadership europea a livello mondiale nel campo del 5G, la prossima generazione di comunicazione senza fili. Si prevede che il 5G, che dovrebbe essere disponibile nel 2020, consentirà una serie di nuovi ...

In risposta alla comunicazione della Commissione sulla società dei gigabit europea, la commissione per l'industria, la ricerca e l'energia (ITRE) del Parlamento europeo ha approvato una relazione di iniziativa, la cui discussione in Aula è prevista durante la tornata di maggio. In essa si chiede una leadership europea a livello mondiale nel campo del 5G, la prossima generazione di comunicazione senza fili. Si prevede che il 5G, che dovrebbe essere disponibile nel 2020, consentirà una serie di nuovi servizi innovativi in grado di trasformare settori quali quello manifatturiero, dell'energia, automobilistico e sanitario, portandoli nell'era dell'Internet delle cose.

Ucraina: misure commerciali autonome e temporanee

24-05-2017

In considerazione della difficile situazione economica e del processo di riforma in corso in Ucraina, la Commissione europea propone di migliorare l’accesso del paese al mercato dell’UE, per quanto riguarda determinati prodotti industriali e agricoli. La votazione in seduta plenaria del Parlamento europeo (PE) è prevista per il mese di maggio.

In considerazione della difficile situazione economica e del processo di riforma in corso in Ucraina, la Commissione europea propone di migliorare l’accesso del paese al mercato dell’UE, per quanto riguarda determinati prodotti industriali e agricoli. La votazione in seduta plenaria del Parlamento europeo (PE) è prevista per il mese di maggio.

La stessa aliquota IVA per le pubblicazioni a stampa e le pubblicazioni elettroniche

24-05-2017

Il 1° dicembre 2016 la Commissione europea ha adottato una proposta in materia di imposta sul valore aggiunto (IVA) su libri, quotidiani e periodici, che modificherebbe la direttiva IVA e amplierebbe le possibilità di applicare aliquote ridotte a tutte le pubblicazioni, a stampa o digitali. Ai fini della procedura di consultazione, la relazione dovrebbe essere votata in Aula a maggio.

Il 1° dicembre 2016 la Commissione europea ha adottato una proposta in materia di imposta sul valore aggiunto (IVA) su libri, quotidiani e periodici, che modificherebbe la direttiva IVA e amplierebbe le possibilità di applicare aliquote ridotte a tutte le pubblicazioni, a stampa o digitali. Ai fini della procedura di consultazione, la relazione dovrebbe essere votata in Aula a maggio.

Digitalizzazione dell'industria europea

24-05-2017

In risposta ai recenti sforzi della Commissione europea volti a far progredire la digitalizzazione dell’industria dell’UE, la commissione del Parlamento europeo per l’industria, la ricerca e l’energia (ITRE) ha elaborato una relazione di iniziativa in materia, che sarà oggetto di dibattito nella sessione plenaria del mese di maggio. La relazione propone di sviluppare una strategia integrata volta a creare condizioni favorevoli alla reindustrializzazione dell’economia europea, in modo da poter beneficiare ...

In risposta ai recenti sforzi della Commissione europea volti a far progredire la digitalizzazione dell’industria dell’UE, la commissione del Parlamento europeo per l’industria, la ricerca e l’energia (ITRE) ha elaborato una relazione di iniziativa in materia, che sarà oggetto di dibattito nella sessione plenaria del mese di maggio. La relazione propone di sviluppare una strategia integrata volta a creare condizioni favorevoli alla reindustrializzazione dell’economia europea, in modo da poter beneficiare pienamente delle opportunità offerte dalla digitalizzazione.

Mercury: Aligning EU legislation with Minamata

24-05-2017

The United Nations' Minamata Convention on mercury was agreed in 2013 with a view to protecting human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. Although mercury use has declined significantly in recent decades, mercury released into the air, water and land remains a serious threat to human health and the environment. EU policy banned exports of mercury, provided for the storage of mercury waste, restricted the use of mercury in various products and sought to address pollution ...

The United Nations' Minamata Convention on mercury was agreed in 2013 with a view to protecting human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. Although mercury use has declined significantly in recent decades, mercury released into the air, water and land remains a serious threat to human health and the environment. EU policy banned exports of mercury, provided for the storage of mercury waste, restricted the use of mercury in various products and sought to address pollution caused by it. However, there were some regulatory gaps between EU legislation and the Minamata Convention. In February 2016, the European Commission submitted a legislative proposal aiming to align this legislation with the Convention in view of its ratification. After completion of the legislative procedure at first reading in the European Parliament and the Council, the presidents of the co-legislators signed the final act on 17 May 2017. The regulation will apply from 1 January 2018.

Limitations of scope for aviation activities in the EU ETS

24-05-2017

The IA defines the problems and objectives of the proposed initiative clearly, and relies on comprehensive, and updated, sources of information. Overall, most of the objectives seem to be relevant, sufficiently measurable, and achievable, though not always specific or time-bound. The selection of policy options regarding the 2017-2020 period is not entirely convincing, especially considering that those included in the initial selection were quickly discarded. The IA assesses, with a considerable ...

The IA defines the problems and objectives of the proposed initiative clearly, and relies on comprehensive, and updated, sources of information. Overall, most of the objectives seem to be relevant, sufficiently measurable, and achievable, though not always specific or time-bound. The selection of policy options regarding the 2017-2020 period is not entirely convincing, especially considering that those included in the initial selection were quickly discarded. The IA assesses, with a considerable level of depth, the environmental, economic, and social impacts of the options retained. The analysis is, in general, balanced, clear and comprehensive, and is supported by two quantitative models (AERO-MS, and PRIMES) previously used by the Commission. However, the choice of these models is not entirely convincing, for reasons highlighted in this briefing. The analysis of the competitiveness of small emitters (SMEs) is sufficiently broad, and includes specific sections dealing with competition between direct city-pair routes, between one-stop services, and between tourist destinations. However, it is not always easy to read and, at least in the case when the IA describes the impact of an increase in fuel prices, is sometimes not very clear. The Commission consulted a broad range of stakeholders, whose views are described and analysed extensively. The IA seems to have addressed most of the RSB's recommendations. However, it keeps the full scope of the EU ETS as the baseline, whereas the RSB recommended the continuation of the current policy as a more realistic choice. In addition, sufficient information about EU and ICAO policies on aircraft technologies, operational measures and sustainable alternative fuels, as recommended by the RSB, still seems to be missing.

Preventive restructuring, second chance and efficient restructuring, insolvency and discharge procedures

24-05-2017

This Commission impact assessment is based on a wealth of information drawing from both research and consultation. Research quoted spans the last decade and encompasses international organisation, academic and think tank work. The consultation performed by the Commission has been essential to prioritising the issues to be further harmonised and in choosing the detailed sub-options. Among the strengths of the IA, there is a genuine attempt to comply as much as possible with the Commission Better Regulation ...

This Commission impact assessment is based on a wealth of information drawing from both research and consultation. Research quoted spans the last decade and encompasses international organisation, academic and think tank work. The consultation performed by the Commission has been essential to prioritising the issues to be further harmonised and in choosing the detailed sub-options. Among the strengths of the IA, there is a genuine attempt to comply as much as possible with the Commission Better Regulation Guidelines and transparency in providing information. This is particularly evident in the broad range of options presented and in the presentation of the territorial impacts of the initiative. In this regard, for instance, the IA provides a useful legal analysis of the most important issues for most Member States. Nevertheless, economic impacts appear to be analysed more in depth than social and employment outcomes. Among the additional weaknesses, the numerous objectives identified are not time-bound and may be difficult to measure. Finally, although the IA states that Member States should not incur significant monitoring costs, the requirements in the IA appear to be shorter and less detailed than the ones in the Commission proposal.

From TPP to new trade arrangements in the Asia-Pacific region

24-05-2017

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), signed in February 2016 by the representatives of its 12 member countries, is a comprehensive regional agreement dealing with a wide range of trade and trade-related issues. In January 2017, President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the TPP, making it impossible for the agreement, as it is currently drafted, to take effect. Despite the US withdrawal, the remaining TPP participating countries are determined to salvage the benefits of the agreement, ...

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), signed in February 2016 by the representatives of its 12 member countries, is a comprehensive regional agreement dealing with a wide range of trade and trade-related issues. In January 2017, President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the TPP, making it impossible for the agreement, as it is currently drafted, to take effect. Despite the US withdrawal, the remaining TPP participating countries are determined to salvage the benefits of the agreement, and are working to develop alternative approaches to bring the trade deal into force. The failure of the TPP is likely to influence the way that other economic and trade cooperation initiatives, including the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), will develop in the Asia-Pacific region. The US withdrawal also represents an opportunity for the EU, which is strongly committed to a robust trade policy and an open trading system, to advance its interests in the region. The EU is currently working on or has already concluded bilateral trade agreements with almost all TPP member countries.

Circular economy package: Four legislative proposals on waste

24-05-2017

Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent decades, over a quarter of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse ...

Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent decades, over a quarter of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling, strengthening provisions on waste prevention and extended producer responsibility, and streamlining definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. This updates an earlier edition, of September 2016; PE 589.797.

Research for AGRI Committee - Preserving agricultural soils in the EU

15-03-2017

This study explains how threats to soils and soil services are linked to agricultural soil management, how threats can be mitigated, and which barriers complicate this. It highlights trade-offs and synergies that exist between different interests affected by soil management, such as climate change mitigation, water and air quality, biodiversity, food security and farm income. Conservation of peatland and extensive agro-forestry systems, and protecting soils against sealing, erosion and compaction ...

This study explains how threats to soils and soil services are linked to agricultural soil management, how threats can be mitigated, and which barriers complicate this. It highlights trade-offs and synergies that exist between different interests affected by soil management, such as climate change mitigation, water and air quality, biodiversity, food security and farm income. Conservation of peatland and extensive agro-forestry systems, and protecting soils against sealing, erosion and compaction are ranked as highest priorities. Potential policy elements are suggested.

Autore esterno

H.F.M. ten Berge, J.J. Schröder, J.E. Olesen, J.-V. Giraldez Cervera

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Infografiche

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