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EU policies – Delivering for citizens: The fight against unemployment

28-06-2019

By promoting a high level of employment, the European Union (EU) has been involved in the fight against unemployment since as long ago as the early 1950s. The issue was brought to the top of the European agenda with the onset of the 2008 economic and financial crisis, and the consequent rise in unemployment rates in all European Union (EU) Member States. In its Europe 2020 strategy, the European Commission set a target to get 75 % of 20 to 64 year-olds into employment by 2020. EU labour market conditions ...

By promoting a high level of employment, the European Union (EU) has been involved in the fight against unemployment since as long ago as the early 1950s. The issue was brought to the top of the European agenda with the onset of the 2008 economic and financial crisis, and the consequent rise in unemployment rates in all European Union (EU) Member States. In its Europe 2020 strategy, the European Commission set a target to get 75 % of 20 to 64 year-olds into employment by 2020. EU labour market conditions have significantly improved in recent years, and most labour market indicators have strengthened steadily. Since mid-2013, the unemployment rate has continued to decline, and the EU is back to its pre-crisis level (6.5 % in February 2019). Despite the recovery in economic growth and its positive impact on the labour market, the EU still has to face unemployment challenges, particularly concerning differences between Member States, youth unemployment and long-term unemployment. Since 2014, efforts have been made in a number of areas, including to help young people enter the labour market, to combat long-term unemployment, upgrade skills, and facilitate workers' mobility in the European Union. The improvement in labour market indicators has been reflected in citizens' improved evaluation of the EU's involvement in the fight against unemployment, but there is still a very high demand for even more EU intervention in this policy area (76 % of EU citizens). In the future, new or updated legislation relating to employment could modernise work to help in adjustment to a digital world, support sustainable transitions from unemployment into employment and between jobs, increase labour mobility and create closer coordination between economic and social policies. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD)

10-04-2019

Created in 2014, the €3.8 billion Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD) supplements EU Member States' own aid. Member States can choose between food and/or other basic material assistance or social inclusion activities. Partner organisations selected by the Member States manage FEAD support. The FEAD complements other EU instruments that seek to promote social cohesion, the European Social Fund in particular.

Created in 2014, the €3.8 billion Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD) supplements EU Member States' own aid. Member States can choose between food and/or other basic material assistance or social inclusion activities. Partner organisations selected by the Member States manage FEAD support. The FEAD complements other EU instruments that seek to promote social cohesion, the European Social Fund in particular.

European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) 2021-2027

29-03-2019

In preparation for the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) on 30 May 2018. In the same spirit as the current European Social Fund 2014-2020, the ESF+ will provide the main EU financial instrument for improving workers' mobility and employment opportunities and strengthening social cohesion, improving social fairness and increasing competitiveness across Europe for the 2021-2027 ...

In preparation for the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) on 30 May 2018. In the same spirit as the current European Social Fund 2014-2020, the ESF+ will provide the main EU financial instrument for improving workers' mobility and employment opportunities and strengthening social cohesion, improving social fairness and increasing competitiveness across Europe for the 2021-2027 period. With a provisional budget of €101.2 billion (current prices), the ESF+ should merge the existing European Social Fund (ESF), the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), and the Fund for European Aid to the most Deprived (FEAD), the Employment and Social Innovation Programme (EaSI) and the EU Health Programme. The new fund will concentrate its investment in three main areas: education, employment and social inclusion. At the European Parliament, the file was assigned to the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL), which adopted its report on 3 December, 2018. On 16 January 2019, the committee’s amendments to increase the funding and make youth and children the main beneficiaries were approved by plenary. No trilogue meetings have taken place, and so Parliament is now due to conclude the first reading during the April I plenary session. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Atto europeo sull'accessibilità

06-03-2019

Al fine di garantire la piena partecipazione delle persone con disabilità nella società e di ridurre la frammentazione delle norme che disciplinano il loro accesso a prodotti e servizi, la Commissione europea ha adottato una proposta di direttiva, nota come Atto europeo sull'accessibilità. L'atto proposto offrirebbe una definizione e un quadro attuativo comuni a livello di UE dei requisiti di accessibilità di determinati prodotti e servizi nel mercato interno. A seguito del completamento dei negoziati ...

Al fine di garantire la piena partecipazione delle persone con disabilità nella società e di ridurre la frammentazione delle norme che disciplinano il loro accesso a prodotti e servizi, la Commissione europea ha adottato una proposta di direttiva, nota come Atto europeo sull'accessibilità. L'atto proposto offrirebbe una definizione e un quadro attuativo comuni a livello di UE dei requisiti di accessibilità di determinati prodotti e servizi nel mercato interno. A seguito del completamento dei negoziati di trilogo, che hanno condotto a un accordo provvisorio nel dicembre 2018, il Parlamento europeo dovrebbe votare la proposta in Aula nel mese di marzo.

EYE event - Youth unemployment: The race to zero

16-05-2018

Young people in Europe are eager to move up, to work and to participate in society, but more than 3.6 million of them are in a precarious position. How can we reduce youth unemployment to close to zero within the coming years? Has Europe taken decisive action for a real crackdown?

Young people in Europe are eager to move up, to work and to participate in society, but more than 3.6 million of them are in a precarious position. How can we reduce youth unemployment to close to zero within the coming years? Has Europe taken decisive action for a real crackdown?

Les travailleurs pauvres au sein de l’Union européenne

30-11-2017

Si les personnes au chômage sont particulièrement exposées au risque de pauvreté, le travail ne constitue pas nécessairement une barrière contre la pauvreté. En 2015, 9,5 % des travailleurs pouvaient être qualifiés de pauvres. Le « risque de pauvreté au travail » varie en fonction non seulement des caractéristiques professionnelles mais aussi des spécificités personnelles et familiales des individus. En dépit d'une stabilisation globale du taux de pauvreté au travail depuis 2014, les niveaux de pauvreté ...

Si les personnes au chômage sont particulièrement exposées au risque de pauvreté, le travail ne constitue pas nécessairement une barrière contre la pauvreté. En 2015, 9,5 % des travailleurs pouvaient être qualifiés de pauvres. Le « risque de pauvreté au travail » varie en fonction non seulement des caractéristiques professionnelles mais aussi des spécificités personnelles et familiales des individus. En dépit d'une stabilisation globale du taux de pauvreté au travail depuis 2014, les niveaux de pauvreté au travail et les évolutions sont très différents selon les États membres, reflétant les caractéristiques de leur marché du travail et de leurs politiques sociales. Compte tenu de la nature multidimensionnelle du phénomène de pauvreté au travail, combinant situation professionnelle et familiale, les États membres ont rarement mis en place une seule et unique politique. La lutte contre la pauvreté au travail fait partie de l’objectif global de la Stratégie Europe 2020. Suivant cette ligne, la recommandation de la Commission européenne sur le socle européen des droits sociaux d'avril 2017 rappelle la nécessité de mettre en place des politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté au travail, tout comme le Conseil de l’Union européenne en octobre 2017. Le Parlement a adopté, à de nombreuses reprises, des résolutions en ce sens.

Poverty, gender and life cycle: Portraits of poverty in the European Union

30-11-2017

Nearly a quarter of the population in the European Union (23.8 %) were at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2015. Living conditions, the degree of insecurity and the routes into and out of poverty vary according to age and gender, as well as varying over the course of a lifetime. Children are the most affected population in Europe today, while young people aged between 18 and 24 now represent 10% of those at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU. There is little difference between the ...

Nearly a quarter of the population in the European Union (23.8 %) were at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2015. Living conditions, the degree of insecurity and the routes into and out of poverty vary according to age and gender, as well as varying over the course of a lifetime. Children are the most affected population in Europe today, while young people aged between 18 and 24 now represent 10% of those at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU. There is little difference between the sexes at this age, but it is a key difference among older people. The mid-life period is characterised by substantial variations based on gender, family circumstances and/or professional status. Women, single-parent families, large families or low-income workers are, at this point in their lives, more at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Lastly, older people are now simultaneously the least affected by poverty on average, and also among the most vulnerable, in the case of women.

European Accessibility Act

10-11-2017

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing access to products and services, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This proposal provides for a common EU definition of, and implementation framework for, accessibility requirements for certain products and services. It also aims to use the same accessibility requirements to provide a clear ...

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing access to products and services, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This proposal provides for a common EU definition of, and implementation framework for, accessibility requirements for certain products and services. It also aims to use the same accessibility requirements to provide a clear definition of the existing general accessibility obligation laid down in European law. Many stakeholders welcome the European Union’s wish to honour its responsibilities under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, but they have been divided on the means to reach this objective. In the European Parliament, the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) adopted its report on 25 April 2017. The report was then discussed in plenary on 15 September. The amended text was approved by 537 votes to 12, with 89 abstentions. At the same time, Parliament gave a mandate to start negotiations with Council. Although the Council has published three progress reports, in June and December 2016 and in June 2017, it has yet to agree on its position.

Atto europeo sull'accessibilita

05-09-2017

Al fine di garantire la piena partecipazione delle persone con disabilità nella società e di ridurre la frammentazione delle norme che disciplinano il loro accesso a prodotti e servizi, la Commissione ha adottato una proposta di direttiva, nota come Atto europeo sull'accessibilità. L'atto proposto offrirebbe una definizione e un quadro attuativo comuni a livello di UE dei requisiti di accessibilità di determinati prodotti e servizi nel mercato interno. Il voto del Parlamento sulla proposta è previsto ...

Al fine di garantire la piena partecipazione delle persone con disabilità nella società e di ridurre la frammentazione delle norme che disciplinano il loro accesso a prodotti e servizi, la Commissione ha adottato una proposta di direttiva, nota come Atto europeo sull'accessibilità. L'atto proposto offrirebbe una definizione e un quadro attuativo comuni a livello di UE dei requisiti di accessibilità di determinati prodotti e servizi nel mercato interno. Il voto del Parlamento sulla proposta è previsto per la tornata di settembre.

European disability policy: From defining disability to adopting a strategy

12-06-2017

More than 70 million people in the EU, close to one in six, have a disability. Many of them encounter difficulties performing simple daily tasks, pursuing studies and getting a job. That is why, alongside and in support of Member State policies, the EU has committed to combating all forms of discrimination to which disabled people are particularly vulnerable.

More than 70 million people in the EU, close to one in six, have a disability. Many of them encounter difficulties performing simple daily tasks, pursuing studies and getting a job. That is why, alongside and in support of Member State policies, the EU has committed to combating all forms of discrimination to which disabled people are particularly vulnerable.

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