17

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Parole chiave
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Road infrastructure and tunnel safety

25-01-2018

In 2010, the European Commission adopted the road safety programme, aimed at reducing road deaths in Europe by half in the following decade. Through its strategic objectives, the programme focuses on three main issues: vehicle safety, the infrastructure safety, and road users' behaviour. The initiatives undertaken within the road safety programme refer to both EU and national level. In its efforts to improve road safety, the European Union is considering new measures and activities, as well as reviewing ...

In 2010, the European Commission adopted the road safety programme, aimed at reducing road deaths in Europe by half in the following decade. Through its strategic objectives, the programme focuses on three main issues: vehicle safety, the infrastructure safety, and road users' behaviour. The initiatives undertaken within the road safety programme refer to both EU and national level. In its efforts to improve road safety, the European Union is considering new measures and activities, as well as reviewing existing legislation. In this context, the European Commission decided to assess two pieces of legislation dealing with road infrastructure and tunnel safety issues: Directive 2008/96/EC and Directive 2004/54/EC, with a view to analysing whether they are still fit for current realities and needs. Directive 2008/96/EC requests Member States to put in place and implement 'procedures relating to road safety impact assessments, road safety audits, the management of road network safety and safety inspections' (Article 1), while Directive 2004/54/EC aims at ensuring 'a minimum level of safety for road users in tunnels in the trans-European road network' (Article 1). This implementation appraisal focuses on the evaluation of the two directives, a process that precedes the European Commission's new proposal, expected early this year.

Evaluation in the European Commission - Rolling Check-List and State of Play

29-11-2017

This paper aims to provide an overview of planned and ongoing evaluations of EU legislation and spending programmes carried out by each European Commission directorate-general (DG). The general overview and state of play on the public availability of evaluations is completed by a rolling check-list comprising on-going and planned evaluations on the basis of information disclosed by the Commission in various sources (DGs' management plans and annual activity reports, the Single Evaluation Plans for ...

This paper aims to provide an overview of planned and ongoing evaluations of EU legislation and spending programmes carried out by each European Commission directorate-general (DG). The general overview and state of play on the public availability of evaluations is completed by a rolling check-list comprising on-going and planned evaluations on the basis of information disclosed by the Commission in various sources (DGs' management plans and annual activity reports, the Single Evaluation Plans for 2016 and 2017, roadmaps published since July 2015) and the information available in individual DGs. The annexes to this paper contain an overview of, and links to, the DGs' management plans for 2017 (Annex I); and a list of, and direct links to, the evaluations published between 2015 and 20 October 2017 in various sources (Annexes II and III). Finally, Annex IV covers the Commission staff working documents related to evaluation published on EUR-Lex and in the Register of Commission Documents up to October 2017.

Access to the occupation of road transport operator and to the international road haulage market

15-03-2017

Regulation (EC) No 1071/2009 and Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 set out a common legal framework to access road transport operator business and the road haulage market. The different analyses and studies carried out at European level show that the two regulations had positive effects on the internal market (such as harmonisation, introduction of quantitative criteria, clarification of terms, linking of the international cabotage to international carriage operations) and are an appropriate tool to deal ...

Regulation (EC) No 1071/2009 and Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 set out a common legal framework to access road transport operator business and the road haulage market. The different analyses and studies carried out at European level show that the two regulations had positive effects on the internal market (such as harmonisation, introduction of quantitative criteria, clarification of terms, linking of the international cabotage to international carriage operations) and are an appropriate tool to deal with this issue. Nevertheless, several shortcomings were identified, considerably limiting the efficiency of the two legislative acts. Improvements are therefore needed, in particular regarding cabotage performance, rules enforcement, clarifying problematic terms, letterbox companies, and infringements. At the same time, harmonising the issues interpreted differently by Member States will benefit the market as a whole. The situations experienced by stakeholders, as well as best practices, could provide useful input for future approaches in this field. Beyond specific provisions and particular issues to be clarified and/or improved, the existing evaluations show that the most appropriate approach for the future would be a progressive opening of the haulage market and a deeper harmonisation at economic, legal and social level across the European Union.

Review of the ePrivacy Directive

03-02-2017

The technological, economic and social landscape has significantly changed since the adoption of Directive 2002/58 on privacy in electronic communications. In spite of targeted amendments adopted in 2009, the current text of the directive does not entirely reflect recent evolutions in the sector and in consumers' habits. Some of the most notable changes in this respect include the entry of new types of players on the market and the widespread usage of internet-based services, such as instant messaging ...

The technological, economic and social landscape has significantly changed since the adoption of Directive 2002/58 on privacy in electronic communications. In spite of targeted amendments adopted in 2009, the current text of the directive does not entirely reflect recent evolutions in the sector and in consumers' habits. Some of the most notable changes in this respect include the entry of new types of players on the market and the widespread usage of internet-based services, such as instant messaging, with a potential impact on the effectiveness of existing ePrivacy rules. In addition, the adoption of the General Data Protection Regulation in 2016 has altered the legislative framework on data protection, possibly calling into question the relevance and continued coherence of the ePrivacy Directive with the new legislation. Evidence collected to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency, coherence, relevance and EU added value of Directive 2002/58, as well as the feedback gathered by the European Commission through targeted workshops, an online public consultation and a Eurobarometer survey, have confirmed the existence of various challenges. These were also raised during a dedicated conference organised by the European Parliament in 2015. In particular, some of the key provisions of the directive have not been fully effective in delivering the intended levels of confidentiality and protection envisaged by the legislator. This is the case of Article 5(3), for instance, on cookies and other techniques to store and access information on users' equipment, a point that was raised on various occasions also by the Members of the European Parliament. Moreover, it appears that some parts of Directive 2002/58 have become technologically obsolete or that better legal approaches have been adopted in the meantime. Finally, an analysis of the implementation of EU ePrivacy rules in the Member States pointed to various degrees of legal fragmentation, the coexistence of different levels of protection across the EU, and a complex governance structure with responsibilities for implementation and enforcement allocated to different types of authorities, at times even within the same country. Overall, this has contributed to a lack of legal certainty and clarity, and the absence of a level playing field across Europe. On the other hand, the EU added value and the overall relevance of having dedicated provisions protecting privacy and ensuring the practical application of Article 7 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, was repeatedly confirmed. Indeed, a modernisation of the current rules is a central component of the EU's digital single market strategy, and is expected to restore and increase citizens' and businesses' trust in the digital environment. On 10 January 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to repeal Directive 2002/58 and replace it with a regulation to address several of the issues outlined above, to simplify existing rules and to make them future-proof. The co-legislators will now have the task of finding a balance between the various conflicting positions and expectations that have emerged throughout the process leading to the directive's review.

Evaluation in the European Commission (2nd edition)

16-12-2016

This research paper aims to provide an overview of planned and ongoing evaluations of EU legislation and spending programmes carried out by each European Commission directorate-general (DG). The general overview and state of play on the public availability of evaluations is completed by a rolling check-list comprising on-going and planned evaluations on the basis of information disclosed by the Commission in various sources (DGs' management plans and annual activity reports, the Single Evaluation ...

This research paper aims to provide an overview of planned and ongoing evaluations of EU legislation and spending programmes carried out by each European Commission directorate-general (DG). The general overview and state of play on the public availability of evaluations is completed by a rolling check-list comprising on-going and planned evaluations on the basis of information disclosed by the Commission in various sources (DGs' management plans and annual activity reports, the Single Evaluation Plans for 2015 and 2016, roadmaps published since July 2015) and the information available in individual DGs. The annexes to this research paper contain an overview of and links to the DGs' management plans for 2016 (Annex I) and the contact details for the evaluation function in each DG (Annex II). Annexes III to V provide a list of and direct links to the evaluations published in 2015 and until 20 October 2016 in various sources. Finally, Annex VI covers the Commission evaluation staff working documents published on EUR-Lex and in the Register of Commission Documents.

Revision of the Regulation on the European Fund for Strategic Investments – towards an EFSI 2.0?

26-09-2016

After a year of implementation and in the absence of the comprehensive and independent evaluations of EFSI and its impacts determined by Regulation 2015/1017, it would be premature to draw firm conclusions based on the information currently available. On 14 September 2016, the European Commission published a proposal to double EFSI’s financial capacity and duration, together with a Communication on the second phase of the EFSI. The proposal indicates that an independent evaluation is ongoing and ...

After a year of implementation and in the absence of the comprehensive and independent evaluations of EFSI and its impacts determined by Regulation 2015/1017, it would be premature to draw firm conclusions based on the information currently available. On 14 September 2016, the European Commission published a proposal to double EFSI’s financial capacity and duration, together with a Communication on the second phase of the EFSI. The proposal indicates that an independent evaluation is ongoing and will be published in November 2016. In the meantime, some preliminary elements have emerged in the first reports on EFSI’s functioning to date. In terms of mobilisation of additional investments, EFSI appears to be a success, particularly as regards the SME-window, which has seen an uptake beyond initial expectations. On the other hand, EFSI’s current leverage effect appears slightly below the initial target (i.e. 13.3 instead of 15). Other specific issues still need to be addressed, such as the sectoral and geographical concentration of the first group of approved projects, the perceived limited additionality (in terms of risk) of EFSI projects when compared to traditional EIB funded initiatives, and how to best exploit synergies with other EU Funds. The text of the new proposal and the accompanying communication contain specific measures to tackle some of these questions.

Notifications of new restrictions on services Reforming the existing procedure under the Services Directive

20-09-2016

The EU Services Directive provides for a series of tools to facilitate intra-EU trade in services and eliminate or prevent barriers in the internal market. The notification procedure outlined in Articles 15 and 39 of the directive requires Member States to notify any new or modified requirement adopted at the national level, so that the European Commission and other Member States can evaluate and comment on its potential impact on cross-border trade in services. Various assessments of the existing ...

The EU Services Directive provides for a series of tools to facilitate intra-EU trade in services and eliminate or prevent barriers in the internal market. The notification procedure outlined in Articles 15 and 39 of the directive requires Member States to notify any new or modified requirement adopted at the national level, so that the European Commission and other Member States can evaluate and comment on its potential impact on cross-border trade in services. Various assessments of the existing notification procedure have shown that it has been ineffective in fully monitoring the emergence of new barriers in EU services markets. Suffice it to say that the overall number of services notifications communicated through the IMI system pales in comparison with the number of notified measures in the market for products and information society services. In addition, the services notification procedure does not always ensure that new national requirements are proportionate, non-discriminatory and justified by public interest objectives. Some institutional actors have reported that the proportionality assessments provided by Member States to justify the adoption of a given restriction in the services sector are not always thorough. Some of the shortcomings of the current notification procedure derive from its less stringent nature when compared with its equivalent for products and information society services. Indeed, the lack of an obligation to notify draft measures and the absence of clarity on sanction mechanisms for non-notification, for instance, contribute to legal uncertainty and ineffective implementation of this particular aspect of the EU Services Directive. In addition, the inability for non-institutional stakeholders to consult and comment on notified measures reduces the possibilities to address potential new barriers in a timely manner. At the time of writing this briefing, the Commission was still exploring potential ways to improve the existing procedure, with a view to adopting a proposal for reform in November 2016.

Reforming the regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services: Implementation Appraisal

25-08-2016

A set of legislative and non-legislative proposals to reform the regulatory framework for eCommunications is expected in September 2016. At the time of writing this briefing, the REFIT evaluation of the current framework was still ongoing and is likely to be published only together with the proposals. In the meantime, the results of the dedicated public consultation held by the European Commission in 2015 confirmed the framework's overall effectiveness in fostering competition and, to a certain extent ...

A set of legislative and non-legislative proposals to reform the regulatory framework for eCommunications is expected in September 2016. At the time of writing this briefing, the REFIT evaluation of the current framework was still ongoing and is likely to be published only together with the proposals. In the meantime, the results of the dedicated public consultation held by the European Commission in 2015 confirmed the framework's overall effectiveness in fostering competition and, to a certain extent, citizens' interests. The relevance and EU added value of the framework were also confirmed, as stakeholders agreed that some form of ex ante regulation of the sector would still be needed in the future to maintain competition. Conversely, the consultation together with other studies and publications analysing the framework's implementation indicated that results in terms of creating a true internal market for eCommunications remain mixed. In particular, market fragmentation can still be observed and a certain degree of inconsistency in the regulatory approaches followed by NRAs has been highlighted. Efficiency is another dimension where areas for improvement have been identified.

Riesame dei mercati nazionali del roaming all'ingrosso e del regolamento sul roaming

31-05-2016

Il regolamento sul roaming ha contribuito agli sforzi in atto volti a realizzare un continente connesso e a garantire il buon funzionamento del mercato unico digitale nell'UE. Per mezzo di una serie di modifiche apportate al primo regolamento sul roaming del 2007, la Commissione e i colegislatori hanno progressivamente ridotto i sovrapprezzi applicati per effettuare e ricevere chiamate vocali, per inviare e ricevere messaggi SMS e per utilizzare i dati da un telefono mobile mentre ci si trova in ...

Il regolamento sul roaming ha contribuito agli sforzi in atto volti a realizzare un continente connesso e a garantire il buon funzionamento del mercato unico digitale nell'UE. Per mezzo di una serie di modifiche apportate al primo regolamento sul roaming del 2007, la Commissione e i colegislatori hanno progressivamente ridotto i sovrapprezzi applicati per effettuare e ricevere chiamate vocali, per inviare e ricevere messaggi SMS e per utilizzare i dati da un telefono mobile mentre ci si trova in un altro Stato membro dell'UE. Secondo le stime della Commissione, i consumatori europei hanno potuto risparmiare un totale di 9,6 miliardi di euro dal 2009 al 2013. L'ultima riduzione delle tariffe roaming ha avuto effetto il 30 aprile 2016 in tutta l'Unione europea. Il passaggio successivo di questo processo è l'abolizione di tutti i sovrapprezzi del roaming al dettaglio, programmata per il 15 giugno 2017. Tuttavia, sono ancora diverse le questioni aperte prima di raggiungere questo obiettivo, in particolare rispetto allo stato dei mercati del roaming all'ingrosso. In effetti, nonostante le varie modifiche al regolamento sul roaming, il mercato delle telecomunicazioni nell'UE resta tuttora frammentato e saranno necessari vari interventi di adeguamento prima di poter attuare in toto una politica di roaming gratuito. Se da un lato l'abolizione dei sovrapprezzi al dettaglio entro il limite ritenuto di corretto utilizzo permetterebbe ai clienti di utilizzare il proprio telefono in tutta l'UE come se fossero nel proprio paese di origine, restano ancora da individuare i massimali adeguati per il roaming all'ingrosso e, probabilmente, sarà necessario adottare delle misure di attenuazione affinché gli operatori mobili possano, tra le varie cose, recuperare i costi. Come dimostrato anche dalla recente consultazione pubblica sui mercati nazionali del roaming all'ingrosso, trovare una soluzione equilibrata è compito complesso. Esistono vari conflitti di interessi tra i clienti dei mercati di origine, i clienti dei mercati ospitanti, gli operatori mobili, le ANR e le parti interessate. In particolare, c'è una spaccatura tra i grandi e i piccoli operatori e anche tra gli Stati membri, a seconda che essi abbiano maggiori volumi di traffico roaming in entrata o in uscita. Da ultimo, ma non per questo meno importante, c'è bisogno di conciliare la tutela degli interessi dei consumatori, da un lato, con le capacità degli operatori di mantenere la propria competitività e sostenibilità, dall'altro.

Revision of the Fertilisers Regulation 2003/2003

04-05-2016

While Regulation 2003/2003 has clearly contributed to the removal of trade barriers for EC fertilisers and is generally cost-efficient, its effectiveness in terms of health and environmental protection appears mixed. Recent analyses indicate that one of its central weaknesses lies in the fact that it is mainly being used for conventional inorganic mineral fertilisers. As a result, nearly half of the fertilisers currently on the EU market are not covered by the Regulation, with negative impacts on ...

While Regulation 2003/2003 has clearly contributed to the removal of trade barriers for EC fertilisers and is generally cost-efficient, its effectiveness in terms of health and environmental protection appears mixed. Recent analyses indicate that one of its central weaknesses lies in the fact that it is mainly being used for conventional inorganic mineral fertilisers. As a result, nearly half of the fertilisers currently on the EU market are not covered by the Regulation, with negative impacts on the use of potentially more environmentally-friendly alternatives and on innovation. In addition, the Regulation does not include limits to the content of heavy metals such as cadmium and other contaminants. It is thus fair to conclude that, in its present form, Regulation 2003/2003 does not entirely reflect the current fertilising materials market situation and is not fully aligned with EU policy goals. A revision of the Regulation was already planned during the previous Commission term and has now been linked to the Circular Economy Strategy. A proposal for a Regulation to foster the use of organic and waste-based fertilisers, addressing some of the shortcomings of the existing Regulation and introducing limits for certain contaminants was published by the European Commission on 17 March 2016.

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