6

risultato/i

Parola(e)
Tipo di pubblicazione
Settore di intervento
Autore
Parole chiave
Data

Waste Management in Europe: Main Problems Identified in EU Petitions and Best Practices (updated version)

13-03-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee examines the application and proper transposition of European environmental law on waste by Member States, that is one of the recurrent topics addressed by the Committee on Petitions, which collects complaints from citizens in this matter and call for respect of the rule of law. Waste management concerns all activities and actions that are required ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee examines the application and proper transposition of European environmental law on waste by Member States, that is one of the recurrent topics addressed by the Committee on Petitions, which collects complaints from citizens in this matter and call for respect of the rule of law. Waste management concerns all activities and actions that are required to manage waste, from its generation to its final disposal. This includes the collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste, together with monitoring and regulation. This study is an updated version of the previous research from 2011. Based on the results from 2011, new petitions from 2013 to 2016 were analysed with the aim to update the main findings and recommendations on the crucial areas of complaints. The results of the recently carried out assessment show that most of the analysed petitions still relate to deficits in the waste management system, the operating of existing installations (mainly landfills) and the permitting procedure for new facilities. In addition, two petitions address the improper management of radioactive waste which constitutes a new area of complaint (EURATOM Treaty) compared to the analysis in 2011. For all the main areas covered, best practice examples and recommendations for better approaches in future were updated and reviewed.

Autore esterno

Martin GIERSCH; Francesca MONTEVECCHI; Christian NEUBAUER; Umweltbundesamt GmbH

Energia nucleare

01-02-2018

L'energia nucleare prodotta attualmente viene liberata attraverso un processo detto di fissione nucleare, che comporta la scissione di atomi utilizzando uranio per rilasciare energia. L'energia nucleare è un'alternativa a bassa emissione di carbonio ai combustibili fossili e rappresenta una componente essenziale dell'articolazione energetica di 14 dei 28 Stati membri e rappresenta quasi il 30 % dell'energia elettrica prodotta nell'UE. Tuttavia, in seguito al disastro di Chernobyl del 1986 e alla ...

L'energia nucleare prodotta attualmente viene liberata attraverso un processo detto di fissione nucleare, che comporta la scissione di atomi utilizzando uranio per rilasciare energia. L'energia nucleare è un'alternativa a bassa emissione di carbonio ai combustibili fossili e rappresenta una componente essenziale dell'articolazione energetica di 14 dei 28 Stati membri e rappresenta quasi il 30 % dell'energia elettrica prodotta nell'UE. Tuttavia, in seguito al disastro di Chernobyl del 1986 e alla catastrofe nucleare del 2011 a Fukushima, in Giappone, quello dell'energia nucleare è divenuto un tema molto controverso. La decisione della Germania di eliminare gradualmente l'energia nucleare entro il 2020 nonché la chiusura temporanea di due reattori belgi dopo la scoperta di crepe nei loro recipienti, hanno incrementato la pressione a favore dell'abbandono dell'energia nucleare in Europa. Mentre spetta agli Stati membri scegliere se includere o meno l'energia nucleare nel loro mix energetico, la legislazione dell'UE è intesa a migliorare gli standard di sicurezza delle centrali nucleari e a garantire che i rifiuti nucleari siano eliminati e trattati in modo sicuro.

European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) - Structures and tools

08-09-2017

Euratom was created in 1957 to further European integration and tackle energy shortages through the peaceful use of nuclear power. It has the same members as the European Union and is governed by the Commission and Council, operating under the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice. Euratom regulates the European civil nuclear industry, which produces almost 30 % of energy in the EU. Euratom's work safeguards nuclear materials and technology, facilitates investment, research and development ...

Euratom was created in 1957 to further European integration and tackle energy shortages through the peaceful use of nuclear power. It has the same members as the European Union and is governed by the Commission and Council, operating under the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice. Euratom regulates the European civil nuclear industry, which produces almost 30 % of energy in the EU. Euratom's work safeguards nuclear materials and technology, facilitates investment, research and development, and ensures equal access to nuclear supplies, as well as the correct disposal of nuclear waste and the safety of operations. Its main instruments are the Euratom Supply Agency, and its research and nuclear safeguard activities. Notably, Euratom is involved in developing atomic fusion technology which has the potential of delivering abundant sustainable energy in the future. In March 2017, the United Kingdom officially notified the EU of its intention to withdraw from the Union and the Euratom Community. In the context of the negotiations which commenced in June 2017, the Commission has published a position paper outlining the main principles of the EU position concerning Euratom. Possible impacts on both Euratom and the UK nuclear industry are yet to be determined.

Nuclear decommissioning assistance

05-04-2017

Following the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, the EU launched several nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes (NDAP) to help Bulgaria, Lithuania, and Slovakia safely close and dismantle their early Soviet-designed reactors while acceding to the EU. The NDAPs provide financial assistance for decommissioning, dismantling and waste management projects; energy-sector projects aimed at mitigating the consequences of reactor shutdowns; and projects addressing the socio-economic consequences of decommissioning ...

Following the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, the EU launched several nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes (NDAP) to help Bulgaria, Lithuania, and Slovakia safely close and dismantle their early Soviet-designed reactors while acceding to the EU. The NDAPs provide financial assistance for decommissioning, dismantling and waste management projects; energy-sector projects aimed at mitigating the consequences of reactor shutdowns; and projects addressing the socio-economic consequences of decommissioning. The European Commission estimates that between 1999 and 2020, financial support for the NDAP programmes will total approximately €3.8 billion.

Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems - Their Possible Safety and Proliferation Risks

15-11-1999

This study aims at identifying and assessing the safety and proliferation risks that new nuclear energy systems might pose, and making policy recommendations based on this assessment. The basic physical ideas within relevant nuclear research areas are outlined and their major research goals described, with special emphasis on projects within the Specific Programmes 'Nuclear Fission' and 'Thermonuclear Fission' of the Euroatom Fifth Framework Programme Criteria for the assessment of safety risks are ...

This study aims at identifying and assessing the safety and proliferation risks that new nuclear energy systems might pose, and making policy recommendations based on this assessment. The basic physical ideas within relevant nuclear research areas are outlined and their major research goals described, with special emphasis on projects within the Specific Programmes 'Nuclear Fission' and 'Thermonuclear Fission' of the Euroatom Fifth Framework Programme Criteria for the assessment of safety risks are described, and criteria for the assessment of proliferation risks are presented. The implications for EU policy making are then outlined.

Autore esterno

Annette Schaper (PRIF), Gerhard Schmidt (Öko-Institut) and Roland Bähr (Öko-Institut)

A Nuclear Amplifier for Energy for Electricity Production

01-06-1999

The nuclear Energy Amplifier (EA) proposed in 1993 by Professor Carlo Rubbia, Nobel prize, is an original hybrid nuclear reactor made of a fast subcritical nuclear reactor driven by a high energetic and intense proton accelerator which could be at the same time basically a safe electricity producer and could also bum almost completely its own nuclear waste as well as other reactors ones. It found a number of echoes in Europe, in particular in Spain, Italy and France, as well as in the European Commission ...

The nuclear Energy Amplifier (EA) proposed in 1993 by Professor Carlo Rubbia, Nobel prize, is an original hybrid nuclear reactor made of a fast subcritical nuclear reactor driven by a high energetic and intense proton accelerator which could be at the same time basically a safe electricity producer and could also bum almost completely its own nuclear waste as well as other reactors ones. It found a number of echoes in Europe, in particular in Spain, Italy and France, as well as in the European Commission, in the European Parliament and in the World. The whole technology of the EA includes several components which are separately well mastered by the nuclear energy industry and the nuclear research community but with a number of innovative improvements which may present implementation and reliability difficulties. Many technological options are still open, and there is a need for more R&D. Experts largely agree that the EA could not produce electricity at a competitive price, and that the EA technology should not be aimed mainly to electricity production. EA could be an option for buming Actinides and other nuclear fission products, electricity being an interesting by-product of the reactor. In Europe, Italy, France and Spain have taken a first tripartite- initiative and are open to larger cooperation. Should Europe invest in this domain, and how? Should a research demonstrator be launched in short or medium term? This report addresses these points and propose orientation options to the European Parliament.

Autore esterno

Jean-Pierre Husson and Philippe de Montgolfier (Essor Europe, Paris, France)

Prossimi eventi

05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Altro evento -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for the global and European economies? The 2019 IMF Economic Outlook
Altro evento -
EPRS
06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
Altro evento -
EPRS

Partner

Restare connessi

email update imageSistema di aggiornamento per e-mail

Il sistema di aggiornamento per e-mail, che invia le ultime informazioni direttamente al tuo indirizzo di posta elettronica, ti permetterà di seguire tutte le persone e gli eventi legati al Parlamento, tra cui le ultime notizie riguardanti i deputati, i servizi di informazione o il Think Tank.

Potrai accedere al sistema da qualsiasi pagina del sito web del Parlamento. Per iscriverti e ricevere le notifiche relative al Think Tank, sarà sufficiente fornire l'indirizzo di posta elettronica, selezionare il tema che ti interessa, indicare con quale frequenza desideri ricevere le informazioni (quotidiana, settimanale o mensile) e confermare l'iscrizione facendo clic sul link che riceverai via mail.

RSS imageFlussi RSS

Segui tutte le notizie e gli aggiornamenti del sito del Parlamento grazie ai flussi RSS.

Per configurare il tuo flusso RSS, fai clic sul link qui sotto.