8

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Efficienza delle risorse ed economia circolare

01-04-2018

I modelli presenti e passati di sfruttamento delle risorse hanno causato livelli elevati di inquinamento, degrado ambientale e impoverimento delle risorse naturali. La politica dell'UE in materia di rifiuti vanta una lunga storia ed è tradizionalmente incentrata su una gestione dei rifiuti più sostenibile per l'ambiente. La tabella di marcia verso un'Europa efficiente nell'impiego delle risorse e il pacchetto sull'economia circolare dovrebbero modificare tale tendenza, trasformando l'economia dell'UE ...

I modelli presenti e passati di sfruttamento delle risorse hanno causato livelli elevati di inquinamento, degrado ambientale e impoverimento delle risorse naturali. La politica dell'UE in materia di rifiuti vanta una lunga storia ed è tradizionalmente incentrata su una gestione dei rifiuti più sostenibile per l'ambiente. La tabella di marcia verso un'Europa efficiente nell'impiego delle risorse e il pacchetto sull'economia circolare dovrebbero modificare tale tendenza, trasformando l'economia dell'UE in un'economia sostenibile entro il 2050. Le quattro nuove direttive sui rifiuti contenute nel recente pacchetto sull'economia circolare introducono nuovi obiettivi di gestione dei rifiuti nell'ambito della prevenzione, del riutilizzo, del riciclaggio e del collocamento in discarica.

Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment

04-04-2017

The IA defines in a clear way the problems and the objectives of the proposed initiative, and is based on extensive research conducted by external contractors. However, it omits to explain the sequential process and the underlying assumptions leading to the identification of the four problems analysed, mentioning only the supporting studies. Also, it contains some discrepancies with respect to the supporting studies in terms of terminology and recommendations which are not explained in the IA. A ...

The IA defines in a clear way the problems and the objectives of the proposed initiative, and is based on extensive research conducted by external contractors. However, it omits to explain the sequential process and the underlying assumptions leading to the identification of the four problems analysed, mentioning only the supporting studies. Also, it contains some discrepancies with respect to the supporting studies in terms of terminology and recommendations which are not explained in the IA. A broad range of stakeholders provided valuable data and information that were used in the IA, even though only 40 (out of 300) provided comments and suggestions. The IA seems to make a reasonable case for the preferred options, which are reflected in the legislative proposal, intending to amend four articles of RoHS 2. However, one of these amendments has been proposed without a clear explanation being provided in the IA. The analysis of competitiveness of SMEs appears to be, in general, insufficiently developed or explained.

Circular economy package: Four legislative proposals on waste

14-06-2016

Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent decades, over a quarter of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse ...

Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent decades, over a quarter of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling, strengthening provisions on waste prevention and extended producer responsibility, and streamlining definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Planned obsolescence: Exploring the issue

02-05-2016

Although no overarching definition of planned obsolescence exists, the term 'planned obsolescence' (of products or technology) is described as the intentional production of goods and services with short economic lives, stimulating consumers to repeat purchases too frequently. The incandescent light bulb with an engineered shorter lifespan (the Phoebus cartel case) is one example from the past of proven planned obsolescence. Data suggest that the median lifespans of certain categories of product have ...

Although no overarching definition of planned obsolescence exists, the term 'planned obsolescence' (of products or technology) is described as the intentional production of goods and services with short economic lives, stimulating consumers to repeat purchases too frequently. The incandescent light bulb with an engineered shorter lifespan (the Phoebus cartel case) is one example from the past of proven planned obsolescence. Data suggest that the median lifespans of certain categories of product have been shortening, and consumer organisations have drawn attention to more recent suspected cases of planned obsolescence in connection with washing machines, inkjet cartridges, electronic devices, etc. One Member State – France – recently introduced a definition of planned obsolescence into its legislation, making it a punishable offence. No specific EU rules mention planned obsolescence, but the subject ties in with EU legislation on ecodesign, waste, use of natural resources, consumer information and the new package from the European Commission on the circular economy. The main consumer concerns and problematic strategies associated with the issue are: design features that do not allow repair, upgradability or interoperability with other devices; the unavailability of spare parts and high repair costs; and marketing strategies pushing consumers to buy new, fashionable products and replace existing ones very quickly. Various ways to curb the practice of planned obsolescence have been proposed, not least a shift towards a culture that values product durability and sustainability.

Circular economy package: Four legislative proposals on waste

22-01-2016

Although waste management in the European Union (EU) has improved considerably in the past decades, almost a third of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift in EU policy towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management ...

Although waste management in the European Union (EU) has improved considerably in the past decades, almost a third of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift in EU policy towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling. The proposals also strengthen provisions on waste prevention and extended producer responsibility, and streamline definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. As the Parliament and Council begin their consideration of the proposals, stakeholders are divided. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Recovery of Rare Earths from Electronic Wastes: An Opportunity for High-Tech SMEs

05-02-2015

This document was prepared on behalf of Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy. It reviews the current level of technology development for the recovery of rare earths from electronic waste and examines the parameters that affect its development at the industrial scale and the opportunities arising for high tech SMEs. It also reviews the existing policy framework and provides a set of recommendations for improved implementation of existing actions and ...

This document was prepared on behalf of Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy. It reviews the current level of technology development for the recovery of rare earths from electronic waste and examines the parameters that affect its development at the industrial scale and the opportunities arising for high tech SMEs. It also reviews the existing policy framework and provides a set of recommendations for improved implementation of existing actions and new policy measures.

Autore esterno

Achilleas TSAMIS and Mike COYNE (Centre for Strategy and Evaluation Services LLP)

Update on the European Commission's REFIT Programme

16-06-2014

In December 2012, the European Commission's Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme (REFIT) committed the institution to attempt to establish a simple, clear, stable and predictable regulatory framework for business, workers and citizens, as well as to ensure EU legislation brings benefits at the lowest cost and with the least bureaucracy. This short note, produced by the Ex-Post Impact Assessment Unit, analyses progress made in the implementation of the different measures covered by REFIT, ...

In December 2012, the European Commission's Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme (REFIT) committed the institution to attempt to establish a simple, clear, stable and predictable regulatory framework for business, workers and citizens, as well as to ensure EU legislation brings benefits at the lowest cost and with the least bureaucracy. This short note, produced by the Ex-Post Impact Assessment Unit, analyses progress made in the implementation of the different measures covered by REFIT, following the Commission's Communication of 18 June 2014 on its state of play and outlook.

Impact Assessment of Some of the European Parliament's Amendments on the Commission Recasting Proposal on RoHS (Restriction on the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment)

16-06-2010

This study analyses the feasibility of substitution to alternative halogenfree flame retardants and PVC-free products and assesses the likely impact of the European Parliament's amendments to the RoHS Directive. An assessment has been made of the foreseen environmental and economic impact of these proposed changes.

This study analyses the feasibility of substitution to alternative halogenfree flame retardants and PVC-free products and assesses the likely impact of the European Parliament's amendments to the RoHS Directive. An assessment has been made of the foreseen environmental and economic impact of these proposed changes.

Autore esterno

Andrew Lilico, Chiraag Darbar and Alexandra Farrow (Europe Economics, London, United Kingdom)

Prossimi eventi

13-11-2019
Understanding EU environment policy: State-of-play and future challenges
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