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Relations between the European Council and the European Parliament

23-11-2018

This study explores the development of relations between the European Council (of Heads of State or Government) and the European Parliament, two institutions that have become increasingly central to the operation of the European Union political system, especially since the 2009 Lisbon Treaty. It explains the Treaty framework for relations between the two institutions and traces their practical evolution over time, including an analysis of the roles of the presidents of each institution in such interaction ...

This study explores the development of relations between the European Council (of Heads of State or Government) and the European Parliament, two institutions that have become increasingly central to the operation of the European Union political system, especially since the 2009 Lisbon Treaty. It explains the Treaty framework for relations between the two institutions and traces their practical evolution over time, including an analysis of the roles of the presidents of each institution in such interaction. It also examines points of contention in the relationship to date, including in relation to 'legislative trespassing' by the European Council and the Spitzenkandidaten process

Autore esterno

EPRS, DG

From Rome to Sibiu

12-04-2018

The purpose of this paper is to assess the follow-up and delivery by the European Council on the priorities that were set in the declaration adopted in Rome on 25 March 2017 on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome. The analysis shows that in the year since Rome, and a year before the special summit on the Future of Europe debate, due to take place in the Romanian city of Sibiu on 9 May 2019, substantive progress has been made regarding the debate itself and implementation ...

The purpose of this paper is to assess the follow-up and delivery by the European Council on the priorities that were set in the declaration adopted in Rome on 25 March 2017 on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome. The analysis shows that in the year since Rome, and a year before the special summit on the Future of Europe debate, due to take place in the Romanian city of Sibiu on 9 May 2019, substantive progress has been made regarding the debate itself and implementation of the policy priorities identified in the Bratislava Declaration/Roadmap and the Rome Declaration. The evidence so far suggests that the European Council, as well as the other EU institutions, have followed up on the pledges made in Rome, in an effort to boost the legitimacy of the EU, connect with a disaffected public, and combat Euroscepticism. The Leaders' Agenda, adopted by October 2017, made an important contribution to the Future of Europe debate and, furthermore, was a potentially far-reaching institutional innovation for the European Council. Under the Leaders' Agenda, discussions among the Heads of State or Government now attempt to resolve seemingly intractable policy disputes by means of a new working method. Not only has this helped to operationalise the Rome Declaration, it also seems to have consolidated the European Council's position at the centre of the EU policy-making and agenda-setting framework.

Outcome of European Council meeting of 9 March 2017 and of informal meeting of the EU27 of 10 March 2017

14-03-2017

After re-electing Donald Tusk as its President, the European Council meeting of 9 March 2017 discussed the economic situation in Europe, progress on measures regarding migration, internal and external security, and external relations. In his first speech to the European Council, the recently- elected President of the European Parliament, Antonio Tajani, outlined his approach to appearing before European Council meetings, he will present the positions of the European Parliament, including minority ...

After re-electing Donald Tusk as its President, the European Council meeting of 9 March 2017 discussed the economic situation in Europe, progress on measures regarding migration, internal and external security, and external relations. In his first speech to the European Council, the recently- elected President of the European Parliament, Antonio Tajani, outlined his approach to appearing before European Council meetings, he will present the positions of the European Parliament, including minority views. He stressed his commitment to ‘fair and constructive cooperation’ between the two institutions, stating that ‘Parliament will be part of the solution, not part of the problem’. In the end, the meeting produced ‘Conclusions by the President of the European Council supported by 27 Member States, ’ due to a lack of consensus ‘for reasons unrelated to its [i.e. the documents] substance’. At the informal meeting of the 27 Heads of State or Government without the UK (EU27), held the following day, leaders discussed the procedural and content-related aspects of the forthcoming celebrations of the 60th anniversary of the Rome Treaties and the expected ‘Rome Declaration’.

Outlook for the 9 March 2017 European Council, and the Informal meeting of the 27 Heads of State or Government on 10 March 2017

10-03-2017

At their 9-10 March 2017 meeting, EU leaders will focus on the economic situation in Europe, including the economic and social priorities of the 2017 European Semester, trade policy and delivery of the different single market strategies. The European Council will also discuss migration, security and defence, and external relations and will (re-)elect its President. Following the European Council, the 27 Heads of State or Government – without the United Kingdom – will meet informally on 10 March 2017 ...

At their 9-10 March 2017 meeting, EU leaders will focus on the economic situation in Europe, including the economic and social priorities of the 2017 European Semester, trade policy and delivery of the different single market strategies. The European Council will also discuss migration, security and defence, and external relations and will (re-)elect its President. Following the European Council, the 27 Heads of State or Government – without the United Kingdom – will meet informally on 10 March 2017 to continue their discussions on the future of Europe and prepare the upcoming 60th anniversary of the Rome Treaties. The recently elected President of the European Parliament, Antonio Tajani, will address the European Council for the first time.

G7 Summit in Schloss Elmau: A Tighter Agenda, with Wider Impact?

10-06-2015

The 7-8 June 2015 Group of Seven (G7) summit in Schloss Elmau (Germany) marked the second meeting of seven leading industrialised nations without Russia since the disbanding of the Group of Eight (G8). The group's smaller configuration – a response to Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea – appears here to stay. The summit provided an opportunity for G7 leaders to discuss a number of topics pertaining to foreign policy, economy, health, energy, climate and sustainable development. Ukraine and the ...

The 7-8 June 2015 Group of Seven (G7) summit in Schloss Elmau (Germany) marked the second meeting of seven leading industrialised nations without Russia since the disbanding of the Group of Eight (G8). The group's smaller configuration – a response to Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea – appears here to stay. The summit provided an opportunity for G7 leaders to discuss a number of topics pertaining to foreign policy, economy, health, energy, climate and sustainable development. Ukraine and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) featured prominently on the meeting’s agenda, as did discussions on to the post-2015 development and climate agendas. The revival of the G7 has served to ensure its members' unity on key policy files, shape joint policy responses and influence EU policies and global governance, particularly through its nexus with the Group of 20 (G20), the United Nations and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The German presidency of G7 has been praised its inclusive approach ahead of the summit, with consultations conducted with non-governmental stakeholders.

Outcome of the European Council meeting of 18 December 2014

13-01-2015

This briefing note forms part of a new series of analytical notes in advance and following each European Council meeting. The first European Council meeting chaired by Donald Tusk was noteworthy for its relative focus and brevity. EU leaders discussed on how to foster investment in Europe and, in particular, the urgent establishment of a European Fund for Strategic Investments coupled with Member States' commitment to intensifying structural reforms and pursuing growth-friendly fiscal consolidation ...

This briefing note forms part of a new series of analytical notes in advance and following each European Council meeting. The first European Council meeting chaired by Donald Tusk was noteworthy for its relative focus and brevity. EU leaders discussed on how to foster investment in Europe and, in particular, the urgent establishment of a European Fund for Strategic Investments coupled with Member States' commitment to intensifying structural reforms and pursuing growth-friendly fiscal consolidation. They also discussed the situation in Ukraine. Link:European Council Conclusions

The European Council and its President

09-01-2015

The European Council has brought together EU Heads of State or Government in regular summit meetings since March 1975. An initiative of the then French President, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, who sought to convert the periodic holding of occasional Community summit meetings into a more formalised system, the existence of the European Council was first recognised in law in the Single European Act (1986) and its role was reinforced by the Maastricht Treaty (1992). Since the entry into force of the Lisbon ...

The European Council has brought together EU Heads of State or Government in regular summit meetings since March 1975. An initiative of the then French President, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, who sought to convert the periodic holding of occasional Community summit meetings into a more formalised system, the existence of the European Council was first recognised in law in the Single European Act (1986) and its role was reinforced by the Maastricht Treaty (1992). Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2009, the European Council has enjoyed the status of an EU institution in its own right, with a full-time or 'permanent' (non-rotating) President, appointed for a 30-month term, which is renewable once. The President is elected on the basis of qualified majority voting in the European Council; he or she can be dismissed on the same basis (Article 15(5) TEU). The Treaties establish no eligibility conditions for the President (such as nationality, residence or age), stipulating only that the President cannot hold any national office at the same time (Article 15(6) TEU). Herman Van Rompuy was the first President of the European Council, serving two 30- month terms, from 1 December 2009 to 30 November 2014. On 30 August 2014, the European Council elected the serving Polish Prime Minister, Donald Tusk, as his successor; Mr Tusk’s mandate began on 1 December 2014. In addition to its President, the members of the institution are the Heads of State or Government of the 28 EU Member States and the President of the European Commission. The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy also 'takes part' in its work, but is not a member in his or her own right.

Outlook for the European Council Meeting of 18-19 December 2014: pre-European Council briefing

12-12-2014

This briefing gives a preliminary insight into the topics the European Council is expected to address in its next meeting on 18 and 19 December 2014. It is based on the draft annotated agenda available on the European Council website and on previous European Council Conclusions. The annotated draft agenda is drawn up by the President of the European Council, in close operation with the Member of the European Council representing the country holding the six-monthly Presidency of the Council, now Italy ...

This briefing gives a preliminary insight into the topics the European Council is expected to address in its next meeting on 18 and 19 December 2014. It is based on the draft annotated agenda available on the European Council website and on previous European Council Conclusions. The annotated draft agenda is drawn up by the President of the European Council, in close operation with the Member of the European Council representing the country holding the six-monthly Presidency of the Council, now Italy, and the President of the European Commission. A provisional agenda will be published after discussions on 16 December in the General Affairs Council.

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