47

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Parole chiave
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Enabling sovereign bond-backed securities

05-12-2018

This briefing analyses the IA accompanying the legislative proposal of the Commission to enable market-led sovereign bond-backed securities (SBBS). The problem definition and the objectives of the IA do not follow entirely the better regulation guidelines. Nevertheless, the policy options, including the baseline scenario, seem logical and pertinent, lacking, however, necessary specification and precision. The assessment focusses on direct effects on the euro-area sovereign bonds market, expecting ...

This briefing analyses the IA accompanying the legislative proposal of the Commission to enable market-led sovereign bond-backed securities (SBBS). The problem definition and the objectives of the IA do not follow entirely the better regulation guidelines. Nevertheless, the policy options, including the baseline scenario, seem logical and pertinent, lacking, however, necessary specification and precision. The assessment focusses on direct effects on the euro-area sovereign bonds market, expecting no direct social or environmental impacts. The IA does not include the mandatory 12-week public consultation nor a comprehensive cost and benefit assessment of the initiative. It also omits, without explanation, a number of relevant issues, so that it seems like a missed opportunity to provide comprehensive and transparent support to evidence-based policy making.

Sovereign bond-backed securities: Risk diversification and reduction

13-09-2018

As a part of the European regulatory responses to the financial and sovereign debt crises, the European Commission has proposed a regulation on sovereign bond-backed securities (SBBS), a new class of low-risk securities backed by a diversified pool of national government bonds. The proposal seeks to provide an enabling framework for a market-led development of SBBS, thus encouraging banks and investors to diversify their holdings of euro area bonds. The proposal is meant to address a weakness that ...

As a part of the European regulatory responses to the financial and sovereign debt crises, the European Commission has proposed a regulation on sovereign bond-backed securities (SBBS), a new class of low-risk securities backed by a diversified pool of national government bonds. The proposal seeks to provide an enabling framework for a market-led development of SBBS, thus encouraging banks and investors to diversify their holdings of euro area bonds. The proposal is meant to address a weakness that appeared during the aforementioned crises, when banks' high exposure to their sovereigns' own debt, coupled with deteriorating creditworthiness of those sovereigns, led to balance sheet strains for banks. This in turn put pressure on government budgets, thus creating mutual contagion and financial instability. The procedure is currently at the initial stage in the European Parliament and the Council. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Are Sovereign Bond-Backed Securities (‘SBBS’) a ‘self-standing’ proposal to address the sovereign bank nexus?

13-09-2018

Further to the adoption by the Commission of a proposal for a Regulation on sovereign bond-backed securities (‘SBBS’) on 24 May 2018, this briefing outlines the main purposes of this “enabling regulatory framework” for the development of SBBS. SBBS have been presented by the Commission as a market-driven initiative. By removing regulatory obstacles that have hindered its development, this enabling framework would put SSBS to a market test. In that context, SBBS has been portrayed by Commission Vice ...

Further to the adoption by the Commission of a proposal for a Regulation on sovereign bond-backed securities (‘SBBS’) on 24 May 2018, this briefing outlines the main purposes of this “enabling regulatory framework” for the development of SBBS. SBBS have been presented by the Commission as a market-driven initiative. By removing regulatory obstacles that have hindered its development, this enabling framework would put SSBS to a market test. In that context, SBBS has been portrayed by Commission Vice President Dombrovskis at the May 2018 structural dialogue as “a proposal on its own”. This briefing focusses also on significant differences between the original ESRB proposal and the concept of SBBS, which no longer suggests institutional changes nor amendments to the existing regulatory treatment for sovereign debts. Absent such ‘flanking’ measures to SBBS, the question is raised as to whether SBBS as proposed by Commission would be met by sufficient demand.

Cash outflows in crisis scenarios: do liquidity requirements and reporting obligations give the SRB sufficient time to react?

19-04-2018

Bank failures have multiple causes though they are typically precipitated by a rapidly unfolding funding crisis. The European Union’s new prudential liquidity requirements offer some safeguards against risky funding models, but will not prevent such scenarios. The speed of events seen in the 2017 resolution of a Spanish bank offers a number of lessons for the further strengthening of the resolution framework within the euro area, in particular in terms of inter-agency coordination, the use of payments ...

Bank failures have multiple causes though they are typically precipitated by a rapidly unfolding funding crisis. The European Union’s new prudential liquidity requirements offer some safeguards against risky funding models, but will not prevent such scenarios. The speed of events seen in the 2017 resolution of a Spanish bank offers a number of lessons for the further strengthening of the resolution framework within the euro area, in particular in terms of inter-agency coordination, the use of payments moratoria and funding of the resolution process.

Autore esterno

Alexander Lehmann (Bruegel)

Cash outflows in crisis scenarios

16-03-2018

The large majority of the more than € 2.5 trillion of public and monetary support that euro area banks received between 2008 and 2016 was liquidity support. Liquidity has nevertheless been inadequately addressed in the legislative overhaul following the global financial crisis. This paper focuses on liquidity in resolution, the moment when the need for liquidity is most acute. Based on an assessment of the liquidity needs as well as the role and size of the central bank facilities and Single Resolution ...

The large majority of the more than € 2.5 trillion of public and monetary support that euro area banks received between 2008 and 2016 was liquidity support. Liquidity has nevertheless been inadequately addressed in the legislative overhaul following the global financial crisis. This paper focuses on liquidity in resolution, the moment when the need for liquidity is most acute. Based on an assessment of the liquidity needs as well as the role and size of the central bank facilities and Single Resolution Fund, it draws the conclusion that a back-stop for the resolution fund, prompter corrective action and better information exchange between the authorities involved appear to be required in order to improve the functioning of the resolution mechanism.

Autore esterno

W.P.de Groen, CEPS

Common rules and new framework for securitisation

25-01-2018

In autumn 2015, the European Commission proposed a regulation on securitisation, in the context of the Capital Markets Union initiative. The proposal followed a consultation with stakeholders and took into account initiatives at international (BCBS-IOSCO) and European levels (EBA). The proposal replaces existing rules relating to due diligence, risk retention, transparency and supervision with a uniform regime. It provides a framework to identify simple, transparent and standardised (STS) securitisations ...

In autumn 2015, the European Commission proposed a regulation on securitisation, in the context of the Capital Markets Union initiative. The proposal followed a consultation with stakeholders and took into account initiatives at international (BCBS-IOSCO) and European levels (EBA). The proposal replaces existing rules relating to due diligence, risk retention, transparency and supervision with a uniform regime. It provides a framework to identify simple, transparent and standardised (STS) securitisations and to allow investors to analyse associated risks. The proposal came as a package with a second proposal, to amend the Capital Requirements Regulation applicable to credit institutions and investment firms in respect of securitisation. During the October II plenary session, the European Parliament is due to vote on the compromise agreement struck with the Council in May 2017. This briefing further updates an earlier edition, of July 2016: PE 586.624. See also our updated briefing on the related proposal: PE 608.778.

Exchange of views with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the Single Resolution Board - ECON on 4 December 2017

01-12-2017

This briefing presents selected issues regarding the work of the Single Resolution Board (SRB) in advance of the exchange of views with Mrs Elke König, current Chair of the SRB, and proposed by the Commission for a renewed appointment in the same position, in ECON on 4 December 2017. The briefing covers thematically events since the last hearing, an update on SRB resolution decisions, a risk outlook for the Eurpean banking system, and summaries of external expert briefing papers on the issue of ...

This briefing presents selected issues regarding the work of the Single Resolution Board (SRB) in advance of the exchange of views with Mrs Elke König, current Chair of the SRB, and proposed by the Commission for a renewed appointment in the same position, in ECON on 4 December 2017. The briefing covers thematically events since the last hearing, an update on SRB resolution decisions, a risk outlook for the Eurpean banking system, and summaries of external expert briefing papers on the issue of “critical functions” in banking services.

Feasibility check: transition to a new regime for banks’ sovereign exposure

30-11-2017

This note presents the summaries of two papers requested in June 2017 by the ECON Committee to external authors on “Feasibility check: transition to a new regime for banks’ sovereign exposure”. It also presents some relevant EU institutions’ position on the subject.

This note presents the summaries of two papers requested in June 2017 by the ECON Committee to external authors on “Feasibility check: transition to a new regime for banks’ sovereign exposure”. It also presents some relevant EU institutions’ position on the subject.

Feasibility Check: Transition to a New Regime for Bank Sovereign Exposure?

20-11-2017

Excessive sovereign debt exposures of banks contributed to the gravity of the financial and sovereign debt crisis in 2011 and 2012, as well as to the slow and asymmetric recovery of European countries. Various policies that improve banks’ resilience were introduced in recent years, however the regulatory regime for the sovereign debt exposure of banks has not changed. We identify four criteria that a new regime for bank sovereign exposures should fulfil: (1) attenuate the home bias to the domestic ...

Excessive sovereign debt exposures of banks contributed to the gravity of the financial and sovereign debt crisis in 2011 and 2012, as well as to the slow and asymmetric recovery of European countries. Various policies that improve banks’ resilience were introduced in recent years, however the regulatory regime for the sovereign debt exposure of banks has not changed. We identify four criteria that a new regime for bank sovereign exposures should fulfil: (1) attenuate the home bias to the domestic sovereign, (2) break the doom loop, (3) avoid a flight-to-quality of assets, and (4) mitigate risk spillovers. We assess the implications for banks’ balance sheets for five policy proposals, based on simulations on a sample of European banks. We show that none of the proposals would fulfil all four criteria in the absence of a safe asset. We conclude that a new regime for bank sovereign exposure should be conditional on restoring the value of sovereign bonds as a safe asset.

Autore esterno

Yannik M. Schneider, Sascha Steffen

What should the ECB “new normal” look like?

15-11-2017

We review the set of arguments in favour of adding permanently balance sheet policies to the central bank toolkit. Balance sheet policies could support financial stability and complement the role of the standard – pre-crisis – policy to enhance macroeconomic stability. There are two major challenges though. The first one refers to the trade-off between effectiveness and distortions. Conventional interest rate policy aims at market neutrality whereas balance sheet policies target specific securities ...

We review the set of arguments in favour of adding permanently balance sheet policies to the central bank toolkit. Balance sheet policies could support financial stability and complement the role of the standard – pre-crisis – policy to enhance macroeconomic stability. There are two major challenges though. The first one refers to the trade-off between effectiveness and distortions. Conventional interest rate policy aims at market neutrality whereas balance sheet policies target specific securities or markets by construction. We argue however that under inefficient financial markets, balance sheet policies would be helpful at mitigating market imperfections. The second challenge relates to communication. If central banks have two instruments at hands – interest rate and balance sheet policies – they must make clear how they use them and for what purpose in order to avoid sending a confusing signal on the monetary policy stance.

Autore esterno

Christophe BLOT, Jérôme CREEL, Paul HUBERT (Sciences Po, OFCE)

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