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The protection of fundamental rights in the EU: European Parliament achievements during the 2014-2019 legislative term and challenges for the future

17-04-2019

In the years between 2014 and 2019, the EU has faced serious challenges related to the protection of fundamental rights within its territory, notably in connection to the Rule of Law (RoL) and democracy in some EU Member States. The Commission and the European Parliament (EP), led by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), have addressed these challenges by activating - for the first time since its introduction in the Treaties - the procedure foreseen in art. 7.1 TEU, respectively ...

In the years between 2014 and 2019, the EU has faced serious challenges related to the protection of fundamental rights within its territory, notably in connection to the Rule of Law (RoL) and democracy in some EU Member States. The Commission and the European Parliament (EP), led by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), have addressed these challenges by activating - for the first time since its introduction in the Treaties - the procedure foreseen in art. 7.1 TEU, respectively against Poland and against Hungary. The EP has also consolidated its former requests under the proposal for an EU mechanism on Democracy, the Rule of Law and Fundamental rights (EU DRF Pact). Important legislative dossiers on procedural rights were approved (presumption of innocence, safeguards for children in criminal proceedings, legal aid). While the EP continued to report annually on the situation of fundamental rights in the EU and on traditional issues of interest (among which minorities, Roma, anti-Semitism, right-wing extremism, prisons, media freedom, as well as follow up activities on mass surveillance and CIA), it has also addressed new issues, such as protection of whistle-blowers (a Commission proposal was issued following insistence of the EP), islamophobia, afrophobia and fundamental rights of intersex persons. The EP has also adopted resolutions on the situation in specific Member States, such as Malta, Slovakia, Romania, expressing Rule of Law concerns. Among the challenges that remain open for the next term are the art. 7 TEU procedures against Hungary and Poland, the strengthening of the protection of art. 2 TEU values including through the promotion of the EU DRF Pact, the EU accession to the ECHR, the enhancement of the EU and EP monitoring mechanisms, the adoption of pending files, including the Rule of Law conditionality for EU funds, the Rights and Values and Justice programmes, the equal treatment directive, the reform of the transparency regulation and, in the longer term; the reform of the Treaties.

Laisvas asmenų judėjimas

01-03-2018

Asmenų laisvė judėti ir gyventi ES yra Sąjungos pilietybės pamatinis akmuo. Ši laisvė nustatyta 1992 m. Mastrichto sutartimi. Pagal Šengeno susitarimus laipsniškai panaikinus vidaus sienas, priimta Direktyva 2004/38/EB dėl ES piliečių ir jų šeimos narių teisės laisvai judėti ir gyventi valstybių narių teritorijoje. Nepaisant šios teisės svarbos, praėjus dešimčiai metų po šios direktyvos įgyvendinimo galutinio termino vis dar išlieka esminių įgyvendinimo kliūčių.

Asmenų laisvė judėti ir gyventi ES yra Sąjungos pilietybės pamatinis akmuo. Ši laisvė nustatyta 1992 m. Mastrichto sutartimi. Pagal Šengeno susitarimus laipsniškai panaikinus vidaus sienas, priimta Direktyva 2004/38/EB dėl ES piliečių ir jų šeimos narių teisės laisvai judėti ir gyventi valstybių narių teritorijoje. Nepaisant šios teisės svarbos, praėjus dešimčiai metų po šios direktyvos įgyvendinimo galutinio termino vis dar išlieka esminių įgyvendinimo kliūčių.

Pagrindinių teisių apsauga Europos Sąjungoje

01-03-2018

Europos Sąjunga grindžiama šiomis Europos Sąjungos sutarties 2 straipsnyje nurodytomis vertybėmis: pagarba žmogaus orumui, laisve, demokratija, lygybe, teisine valstybe ir pagarba žmogaus teisėms, įskaitant mažumoms priklausančių asmenų teises. Siekiant užtikrinti, kad paminėtos vertybės būtų gerbiamos, nustatytas ES mechanizmas, padedantis nustatyti šiurkščius pažeidimus ar aiškų šiurkštaus pažeidimo pavojų valstybėje narėje. Jis neseniai panaudotas pirmą kartą. ES taip pat privalo laikytis Pagrindinių ...

Europos Sąjunga grindžiama šiomis Europos Sąjungos sutarties 2 straipsnyje nurodytomis vertybėmis: pagarba žmogaus orumui, laisve, demokratija, lygybe, teisine valstybe ir pagarba žmogaus teisėms, įskaitant mažumoms priklausančių asmenų teises. Siekiant užtikrinti, kad paminėtos vertybės būtų gerbiamos, nustatytas ES mechanizmas, padedantis nustatyti šiurkščius pažeidimus ar aiškų šiurkštaus pažeidimo pavojų valstybėje narėje. Jis neseniai panaudotas pirmą kartą. ES taip pat privalo laikytis Pagrindinių teisių chartijos, kurioje išvardytos teisės, kurias Europos Sąjunga ir valstybės narės privalo gerbti įgyvendindamos ES teisę. ES taip pat įsipareigojo prisijungti prie Europos žmogaus teisių ir pagrindinių laisvių apsaugos konvencijos.

Europos ombudsmenas

01-10-2017

Europos ombudsmenas nagrinėja Europos Sąjungos institucijų, įstaigų, organų ir agentūrų netinkamo administravimo atvejus. Jis gali pradėti tyrimą savo iniciatyva arba gavęs ES piliečio skundą. Ombudsmeną renka Europos Parlamentas savo kadencijos laikotarpiui.

Europos ombudsmenas nagrinėja Europos Sąjungos institucijų, įstaigų, organų ir agentūrų netinkamo administravimo atvejus. Jis gali pradėti tyrimą savo iniciatyva arba gavęs ES piliečio skundą. Ombudsmeną renka Europos Parlamentas savo kadencijos laikotarpiui.

Teisė teikti peticiją

01-10-2017

Įsigaliojus Mastrichto sutarčiai kiekvienas Europos Sąjungos pilietis turi teisę pateikti Europos Parlamentui skundo ar prašymo forma peticiją dėl Europos Sąjungos veiklos srities klausimo. Peticijas nagrinėja Europos Parlamento Peticijų komitetas, kuris sprendžia, ar jos yra priimtinos, ir jas nagrinėja.

Įsigaliojus Mastrichto sutarčiai kiekvienas Europos Sąjungos pilietis turi teisę pateikti Europos Parlamentui skundo ar prašymo forma peticiją dėl Europos Sąjungos veiklos srities klausimo. Peticijas nagrinėja Europos Parlamento Peticijų komitetas, kuris sprendžia, ar jos yra priimtinos, ir jas nagrinėja.

The European Accessibility Act

15-08-2016

TThis paper, produced by the Policy Department on Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, looks into the Commission proposal for a European Accessibility Act. It briefly describes its contents, the Council discussions on the proposal, its Impact Assessment and the main points of contention, as well as the views of disability advocacy groups, as well as of the business and industry organisations, both on the act and on its articles. A series of suggestions and recommendations are proposed with ...

TThis paper, produced by the Policy Department on Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, looks into the Commission proposal for a European Accessibility Act. It briefly describes its contents, the Council discussions on the proposal, its Impact Assessment and the main points of contention, as well as the views of disability advocacy groups, as well as of the business and industry organisations, both on the act and on its articles. A series of suggestions and recommendations are proposed with the objective of ensuring that the Act can effectively achieve its declared aims: implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by fostering the integration of disabled persons in society and guaranteeing equal access to goods and services.

Empowering women on the Internet

30-10-2015

Upon request of the FEMM Committee, the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs examined the actions taken at the international and European level to empower women on the Internet. The research aims at exploring the opportunities, risks/threats and challenges for women in relation to the digital world and the Internet, notably in the areas of employment, entrepreneurship, cyber-activism, stereotyping, harassment, sexual violence and trafficking/modern ...

Upon request of the FEMM Committee, the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs examined the actions taken at the international and European level to empower women on the Internet. The research aims at exploring the opportunities, risks/threats and challenges for women in relation to the digital world and the Internet, notably in the areas of employment, entrepreneurship, cyber-activism, stereotyping, harassment, sexual violence and trafficking/modern slavery.

Privacy and Data Protection Implications of the Civil Use of Drones

10-06-2015

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this research addresses the implications of the integration of drones for civilian use into the European civil aviation system. It notably looks into the EU policy on drones and the potential impacts on citizens' right to privacy and data protection, as well as on security and safety. The research concludes that a series of important pre-conditions still need to be addressed and met in order to ensure that drones do not pose serious risks for citizens' fundamental ...

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this research addresses the implications of the integration of drones for civilian use into the European civil aviation system. It notably looks into the EU policy on drones and the potential impacts on citizens' right to privacy and data protection, as well as on security and safety. The research concludes that a series of important pre-conditions still need to be addressed and met in order to ensure that drones do not pose serious risks for citizens' fundamental rights to privacy and data protection, to security and to safety.

Routine Tail-Docking of Pigs

25-11-2014

Upon request of the PETI committee, the present In Depth Analysis examines the issues raised in Petition 0336/2012, the legal framework on the protection of pigs, the level of implementation of the Directive on the protection of pigs in relation to tail-docking on the basis of the available information, the actions being carried out, or that could be carried out, to ensure proper implementation by Member States of the Directive requirements.

Upon request of the PETI committee, the present In Depth Analysis examines the issues raised in Petition 0336/2012, the legal framework on the protection of pigs, the level of implementation of the Directive on the protection of pigs in relation to tail-docking on the basis of the available information, the actions being carried out, or that could be carried out, to ensure proper implementation by Member States of the Directive requirements.

Commitments Made at the Hearings of the Commissioners-Designate, Juncker Commission (November 2014 - October 2019)

14-11-2014

This compilation of briefings presents the most salient points and essential commitments made by the commissioners-designate during the hearings held in September/October 2014 before the parliamentary committees. These commitments concern the main on-going legislative procedures, the preparation of future legislative proposals as well as the scrutiny of the implementation of existing legislation. They also touch upon the crucial issue of inter-institutional cooperation.

This compilation of briefings presents the most salient points and essential commitments made by the commissioners-designate during the hearings held in September/October 2014 before the parliamentary committees. These commitments concern the main on-going legislative procedures, the preparation of future legislative proposals as well as the scrutiny of the implementation of existing legislation. They also touch upon the crucial issue of inter-institutional cooperation.

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