53

Rezultatas(-ai)

Žodis(-iai)
Publikacijos rūšis
Politikos sritis
Autorius
Raktinis žodis
Datą

Interlinks between migration and development

23-01-2019

The EU and its Member States have reshaped their external policies, including development cooperation, to place more focus on migration-related issues. Widely used in this context, political rhetoric on 'addressing root causes of migration' has been questioned by academics as creating unrealistic expectations. Indeed, a positive correlation between migration and narrowly understood economic development persists until countries reach middle-income country level. However, several key drivers of migration ...

The EU and its Member States have reshaped their external policies, including development cooperation, to place more focus on migration-related issues. Widely used in this context, political rhetoric on 'addressing root causes of migration' has been questioned by academics as creating unrealistic expectations. Indeed, a positive correlation between migration and narrowly understood economic development persists until countries reach middle-income country level. However, several key drivers of migration are related to discrepancies in levels of human development. Demographic pressures, youth unemployment, job opportunities in the country of destination, the growth of migrant networks and the desire to reunite families, all play roles in migration. A complex interaction between aid and migration also exists, which is far from a simple one-way causality. In general, poverty alleviation, the primary objective of development aid, tends to enhance rather than deter the realisation of the aspiration to migrate, in the short- and medium-term, by increasing household incomes. A more global approach to cooperation with third countries, such as the EU's already well-established assistance focusing on good governance, infrastructure, rural development and strengthening resilience, as well as going beyond development assistance to include trade and investment, appears promising in terms of deterring migration. On the other hand, studies confirm that international migration is an important path for development: remittances constitute a tool for poverty reduction, while diaspora skills and networks provide resources for economic and social progress. Nevertheless, EU policy integrating development aid as an instrument for curbing irregular migration is criticised by development stakeholders as undermining aid effectiveness, principles, and risks diverting aid from the most needy and indirectly prompting human rights violations. To avoid such outcomes, a contextual analysis must be the basis for identifying genuine synergies to be reinforced between development and migration management.

Research for REGI Committee - Externalities of Cohesion Policy

15-10-2018

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which ...

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which is distributed among EU countries. Around 20% of the CP expenditure can trigger sectoral spillover effects in the environment, transport and higher education sectors. The analysis demonstrates that externalities reinforce EU growth and competitiveness without CP deserting its convergence objective.

Išorės autorius

Andrea Naldini, Alessandro Daraio, Gessica Vella and Enrico Wolleb, Roman Römisch

How could the Stability and Growth Pact be simplified?

23-04-2018

Past reforms of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) have improved its economic rationale, but this progress has come at the expense of simplicity, transparency and, possibly, enforceability. This study surveys and evaluates reform models that could reduce complexity without compromising the SGP’s indispensable flexibility. From a holistic perspective, the greatest potential for simplification will result from a shift of discretionary power to an independent fiscal institution. Independence is a substitute ...

Past reforms of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) have improved its economic rationale, but this progress has come at the expense of simplicity, transparency and, possibly, enforceability. This study surveys and evaluates reform models that could reduce complexity without compromising the SGP’s indispensable flexibility. From a holistic perspective, the greatest potential for simplification will result from a shift of discretionary power to an independent fiscal institution. Independence is a substitute for complexity. With a narrower focus on the potential streamlining of the SGP and a reduction of excess complexity, first, the preventive and corrective arms could be integrated into one procedure. Second, this integrated procedure should be centred on a net expenditure rule that is combined with a debt feedback mechanism and a memory for expenditure overruns. Third, further fiscal indicators that are currently treated as parallel targets (headline deficit rule and structural balance) could be downgraded to non-binding reference values. And fourth, the planned transposition of the Fiscal Compact into European law should follow SGP reforms in order to promote consistency between European and national fiscal rules.

Išorės autorius

Friedrich Heinemann

How could the Stability and Growth Pact be simplified?

23-04-2018

An assessment of the present SGP fiscal rules reveals a significant deterioration in simplicity, undermining their effectiveness. In fact, in both design and process, they have become the most complex worldwide. Three options for future reform are offered to correct this deficiency. Under the first, the structural balance and the debt convergence targets are replaced with a debt-stabilizing or -reducing primary surplus target, while retaining the expenditure benchmark. The second consolidates all ...

An assessment of the present SGP fiscal rules reveals a significant deterioration in simplicity, undermining their effectiveness. In fact, in both design and process, they have become the most complex worldwide. Three options for future reform are offered to correct this deficiency. Under the first, the structural balance and the debt convergence targets are replaced with a debt-stabilizing or -reducing primary surplus target, while retaining the expenditure benchmark. The second consolidates all current rules into a single operational debt rule by setting a limit on the discretionary budget deficit, derived from the debt reduction target. The third option consists of a market-based approach, inspired by the oldest and most successful subnational fiscal frameworks.

Išorės autorius

George Kopits

Europos kaimynystės politika

01-01-2018

Europos kaimynystės politika (EKP) taikoma Alžyrui, Armėnijai, Azerbaidžanui, Baltarusijai, Egiptui, Gruzijai, Izraeliui, Jordanijai, Libanui, Libijai, Moldovai, Marokui, Palestinai, Sirijai, Tunisui ir Ukrainai. EKP tikslas – didinti visų kaimyninių šalių gerovę, stabilumą ir saugumą. Jos pagrindą sudaro demokratija, teisinė valstybė ir pagarba žmogaus teisėms. EKP iš esmės yra dvišalė ES ir kiekvienos šalies partnerės politika, pagal kurią taip pat vykdomos regioninio bendradarbiavimo iniciatyvos ...

Europos kaimynystės politika (EKP) taikoma Alžyrui, Armėnijai, Azerbaidžanui, Baltarusijai, Egiptui, Gruzijai, Izraeliui, Jordanijai, Libanui, Libijai, Moldovai, Marokui, Palestinai, Sirijai, Tunisui ir Ukrainai. EKP tikslas – didinti visų kaimyninių šalių gerovę, stabilumą ir saugumą. Jos pagrindą sudaro demokratija, teisinė valstybė ir pagarba žmogaus teisėms. EKP iš esmės yra dvišalė ES ir kiekvienos šalies partnerės politika, pagal kurią taip pat vykdomos regioninio bendradarbiavimo iniciatyvos – Rytų partnerystė ir Viduržemio jūros sąjunga[1].

Afrika

01-01-2018

ES ir Afrikos santykiai reglamentuojami Kotonu susitarimu ir bendra Afrikos ir ES strategija, – abu šie dokumentai apima politinius, ekonominius ir vystymosi aspektus. ES aktyviai siekia skatinti taiką ir saugumą Afrikoje ir su Afrikos Sąjunga (AS) vysto įvairius politinius dialogus, įskaitant dialogą demokratijos ir žmogaus teisių klausimais. Migracija tapo vienu pagrindinių Afrikos ir ES santykių aspektu. Europos plėtros fondas tebėra pagrindinė ES vystomojo bendradarbiavimo su Afrika priemonė. ...

ES ir Afrikos santykiai reglamentuojami Kotonu susitarimu ir bendra Afrikos ir ES strategija, – abu šie dokumentai apima politinius, ekonominius ir vystymosi aspektus. ES aktyviai siekia skatinti taiką ir saugumą Afrikoje ir su Afrikos Sąjunga (AS) vysto įvairius politinius dialogus, įskaitant dialogą demokratijos ir žmogaus teisių klausimais. Migracija tapo vienu pagrindinių Afrikos ir ES santykių aspektu. Europos plėtros fondas tebėra pagrindinė ES vystomojo bendradarbiavimo su Afrika priemonė.

Šiaurės Airijos programa PEACE

01-11-2017

ES PEACE programos tikslas – remti taiką ir susitaikymą ir skatinti ekonominę bei socialinę pažangą Šiaurės Airijoje ir Airijos pasienio regione.

ES PEACE programos tikslas – remti taiką ir susitaikymą ir skatinti ekonominę bei socialinę pažangą Šiaurės Airijoje ir Airijos pasienio regione.

Rural poverty in the European Union

13-03-2017

In 2015, 119 million European citizens, representing almost a quarter of the EU population, were at risk of poverty and social exclusion. Statistics show that the average poverty rate is slightly higher in rural areas, with very contrasting situations across the Union as some countries display a huge poverty gap between rural and urban areas. Rural poverty, which appears to be less documented than urban poverty, is linked to the specific disadvantages of rural areas. These include an unfavourable ...

In 2015, 119 million European citizens, representing almost a quarter of the EU population, were at risk of poverty and social exclusion. Statistics show that the average poverty rate is slightly higher in rural areas, with very contrasting situations across the Union as some countries display a huge poverty gap between rural and urban areas. Rural poverty, which appears to be less documented than urban poverty, is linked to the specific disadvantages of rural areas. These include an unfavourable demographic situation, a weaker labour market, limited access to education and also remoteness and rural isolation. The latter is associated with a lack of basic services such as healthcare and social services, and with increased costs for inhabitants on account of travel distances. These factors are considered to be the main drivers of rural poverty. Through their interaction, they can generate a spiral of decline in which poverty can become entrenched. While the fight against poverty and social exclusion lies primarily within the remit of the Member States and their regions, this issue is at the heart of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Several EU funds and policies can contribute to alleviating poverty, in particular the current EU rural development policy which, for the first time, includes a priority relating to the promotion of social inclusion, poverty reduction and economic development in rural areas. Within this policy, Member States and regions can use EU funding to implement measures that, although not directly targeting poverty reduction, may help tackle those drivers of poverty in many ways, such as fostering job creation, improving services, developing infrastructure for information and communications technologies (ICT), and enhancing access to education. In this regard, local strategies such as the Leader method are particularly suited to supporting disadvantaged groups.

Developing EU waterborne passenger transport

15-11-2016

The waterborne transport sector offers many opportunities, in terms of greening and economic development, for the transport of passengers in the European Union. A European Parliament own-initiative report on unleashing the potential of ferries in coastal areas and inland waterways aims at raising the focus on waterborne passenger transport (WPT) on the transport policy agenda.

The waterborne transport sector offers many opportunities, in terms of greening and economic development, for the transport of passengers in the European Union. A European Parliament own-initiative report on unleashing the potential of ferries in coastal areas and inland waterways aims at raising the focus on waterborne passenger transport (WPT) on the transport policy agenda.

Does the EU Have the Right Instruments to Finance Assistance in Protracted Crises and the Needs of Upper Middle Income Countries?

14-11-2016

This study pays critical attention to two specific issue areas, which the financing instruments ought to be concerned with: First, the EU has developed tools and instruments to react to and prevent ‘protracted crises’. The results of this study show that the current set of instruments forms a good basis to the challenges associated with protracted crisis. In fact, no new instrument is needed to specifically address protracted crises. However, the operationalisation of instruments should be optimised ...

This study pays critical attention to two specific issue areas, which the financing instruments ought to be concerned with: First, the EU has developed tools and instruments to react to and prevent ‘protracted crises’. The results of this study show that the current set of instruments forms a good basis to the challenges associated with protracted crisis. In fact, no new instrument is needed to specifically address protracted crises. However, the operationalisation of instruments should be optimised. There is a clear need to find more sophisticated approaches that can establish a more holistic response to the various dimensions of protracted crises throughout the conflict cycle. In light of this, substantial improvements should be made to the responsiveness, flexibility, coherence and complementarity of the EU response in support of resilience. A critical point is that better incentives should be provided for long-term instruments to flexibly engage in protracted crises, including through support to peacebuilding, conflict prevention, post-crisis reconstruction and resilience. Second, the study focuses on the specific case of Upper Middle Income Countries (UMICs). The study acknowledges the importance and relevance of the ‘differentiated approach’ while also identifying some of the many problems which concern UMICs: first, the study shows that the Partnership Instrument has so far mainly targeted EU Strategic Partners, while thematic and regional programmes of the DCI hardly fill in the gap left following the graduation of some countries from bilateral aid programmes. The analysis also notes that exceptions which have been granted to some UMICs are strongly problematic. The analysis, however, also points to the fact that the question remains whether these exceptions will be extended to the period 2017-2020. While there is a clear need for a better coherence and coordination, the study argues that there is currently no need for the creation of a new instrument which would exclusively target UMICs.

Išorės autorius

Matthieu BURNAY (University of Leuven, Belgium), Matthias DENECKERE (European Centre for Development Policy Management, Maastricht, the Netherlands), Kolja RAUBE (University of Leuven, Belgium) and Volker HAUCK (European Centre for Development Policy Management, Maastricht, the Netherlands)

Būsimi renginiai

05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Kitas renginys -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for the global and European economies? The 2019 IMF Economic Outlook
Kitas renginys -
EPRS
06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
Kitas renginys -
EPRS

Partneriai

Likite prisijungę

email update imageElektroninio pašto pranešimų apie naujienas sistema

Pranešimų e. paštu sistema, pagal kurią į jūsų e. pašto dėžutę tiesiogiai siunčiama naujausia informacija, jums suteikia galimybę gauti informaciją apie visus su Parlamentu susijusius asmenis ir įvykius. Ši informacija taip pat apima paskutines naujienas apie EP narius, informacinės tarnybos ir ekspertų grupės Think Tank pranešimus.

Šia sistema galima naudotis iš bet kurio Parlamento interneto svetainės puslapio. Kad užsisakytumėte ir gautumėte ekspertų grupės Think Tank pranešimus, jums tereikia nurodyti savo e. pašto adresą, pasirinkti dominančią temą, nurodyti dažnumą (kasdien, kas savaitę ar kas mėnesį) ir patvirtinti registraciją paspaudžiant ant e. paštu gautos nuorodos.

RSS imageSklaidos kanalai

Nepraleskite jokios Europos Parlamento svetainės informacijos ar naujienų naudodamiesi sklaidos kanalu.

Norėdami pakeisti savo sklaidos kanalo nustatymus, spauskite ant šios nuorodos.