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Agriculture in the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

26-07-2016

The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is a preferential trade and investment agreement, negotiated between the European Union (EU) and Canada but not yet in force, which aims at increasing the bilateral flow of goods, services and investments. CETA includes several elements which are directly related to agriculture, notably tariff cuts, tariff rate quotas and Geographical Indications, while the sections on subsidies, rules of origin and sanitary and phytosanitary rules also have implications ...

The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is a preferential trade and investment agreement, negotiated between the European Union (EU) and Canada but not yet in force, which aims at increasing the bilateral flow of goods, services and investments. CETA includes several elements which are directly related to agriculture, notably tariff cuts, tariff rate quotas and Geographical Indications, while the sections on subsidies, rules of origin and sanitary and phytosanitary rules also have implications for the sector.

The G20 summit in Antalya: Seeking global growth through collective action

10-11-2015

The Group of Twenty (G20) was established in 1999 after a series of crises in emerging economies, as a forum of finance ministers and central bank governors. It comprises 'systemically important' developed and emerging economies (including the European Union) and its purpose is to improve coordination of global economic policies. Since 2008, the G20 has also met at the level of leaders, who hold annual summits organised by the rotating presidency. These gatherings are the culmination of a year-long ...

The Group of Twenty (G20) was established in 1999 after a series of crises in emerging economies, as a forum of finance ministers and central bank governors. It comprises 'systemically important' developed and emerging economies (including the European Union) and its purpose is to improve coordination of global economic policies. Since 2008, the G20 has also met at the level of leaders, who hold annual summits organised by the rotating presidency. These gatherings are the culmination of a year-long preparatory process during which the G20 agenda is formulated. The next summit takes place on 15 and 16 November 2015 in Antalya, Turkey. Traditionally occupied with economic issues and financial regulation, the G20 programme now also includes topics like development, trade, tax cooperation, measures to fight corruption, climate change and energy. The Turkish presidency's focus is on 'enabling inclusive and robust growth' through the three I's: inclusiveness, implementation and investment. Turkey has also sought to increase integration of low income developing countries and SMEs into the global economy, to bridge the gender gap in employment and reduce inequalities. This programme has been generally welcomed by observers who nevertheless point out that accountability is crucial to the efficiency of the G20 process. Numerous preparatory meetings at levels ranging from ministerial to stakeholder groups have resulted in a vast array of recommendations to leaders which are to be taken into account in their discussions during the upcoming summit.

Selected International Third-Country Tax-Governance Issues

13-10-2015

This paper forms part of a series of analytical pieces on various key tax issues, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the TAXE Special Committee of the European Parliament. It examines some of the pressures that European countries will face over the coming decade as they move towards a more transparent tax environment and continue to push for better tax compliance and the impact on promoting good governance in third countries. The first part of this paper provides a brief overview of ...

This paper forms part of a series of analytical pieces on various key tax issues, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the TAXE Special Committee of the European Parliament. It examines some of the pressures that European countries will face over the coming decade as they move towards a more transparent tax environment and continue to push for better tax compliance and the impact on promoting good governance in third countries. The first part of this paper provides a brief overview of some of the megatrends that will affect tax systems and then looks at some of the trends in tax levels and structures. This is followed by an examination of some of the challenges that EU tax policy makers facing and how EU governments are responding to these challenges.

The tax policy debate

20-03-2015

Tax policy has been placed top of the European Union (EU) agenda. Annual tax reports take stock of progress made, and still to be made, to tackle tax avoidance, evasion and fraud. Journalistic investigations of certain controversial tax practices used by multinational corporations (the so-called 'LuxLeaks' affair) have created fresh impetus for the introduction of new rules. The Commission's 18 March 'Tax transparency package' provides a first set of answers.

Tax policy has been placed top of the European Union (EU) agenda. Annual tax reports take stock of progress made, and still to be made, to tackle tax avoidance, evasion and fraud. Journalistic investigations of certain controversial tax practices used by multinational corporations (the so-called 'LuxLeaks' affair) have created fresh impetus for the introduction of new rules. The Commission's 18 March 'Tax transparency package' provides a first set of answers.

G20 Summit in Brisbane: Low Expectations, Limited Progress?

21-11-2014

The recent Group of 20 (G20) summit in Brisbane aimed to coordinate global action to support a transition from containing the financial crisis to supporting economic recovery. The Australian presidency’s agenda privileged discussions on concrete steps to facilitate growth and build resilience by completing financial reforms and taking action on tax issues and corruption. The programme also sought to strengthen the G20 partners' cooperation on trade and energy. While the meeting, held on 15-16 November ...

The recent Group of 20 (G20) summit in Brisbane aimed to coordinate global action to support a transition from containing the financial crisis to supporting economic recovery. The Australian presidency’s agenda privileged discussions on concrete steps to facilitate growth and build resilience by completing financial reforms and taking action on tax issues and corruption. The programme also sought to strengthen the G20 partners' cooperation on trade and energy. While the meeting, held on 15-16 November 2014, did deliver some concrete economic commitments, the accomplishments were overshadowed by underlying geopolitical concerns. In bilateral discussions with Russian President Vladimir Putin, some G20 leaders – including from the EU, a full member of the Group – criticised Russia's actions in eastern Ukraine and its failure to ensure a proper investigation into the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17. With other areas of focus including climate change (thanks in part to the efforts of the EU), energy cooperation and fighting Ebola, the summit's middling score sheet – with modest progress at best – looked rather similar to those of recent G20 summits.

Tax Revenue Mobilistation in Developing Countries: Issues and Challenges

11-04-2014

In recent years, domestic revenue mobilisation in developing countries gained increasing prominence in the policy debate. Several factors explain this, including the potential benefits of taxation for statebuilding; independence from foreign aid; the fiscal effects of trade liberalisation; the financial and debt crisis in the “West”; and the acute financial needs of developing countries. Governments in developing countries face great challenges in mobilising tax revenues, which result in a gap between ...

In recent years, domestic revenue mobilisation in developing countries gained increasing prominence in the policy debate. Several factors explain this, including the potential benefits of taxation for statebuilding; independence from foreign aid; the fiscal effects of trade liberalisation; the financial and debt crisis in the “West”; and the acute financial needs of developing countries. Governments in developing countries face great challenges in mobilising tax revenues, which result in a gap between what they could collect and what they actually collect. Tax gaps are hard to quantify for reasons that are discussed in the report. However we know that significant contributors to tax gaps include tax evasion and avoidance, tax exemptions, and inequitable rent-sharing in the extractive sector, amongst others. The report discussed European and international actions to improve revenue mobilisation in developing countries and it suggests some recommendations for future.

Išorės autorius

Giulia MASCAGNI (Institute of Development Studies - IDS , International Centre for Tax and Development - ICTD, the UK), Mick MOORE (Institute of Development Studies - IDS) , International Centre for Tax and Development - ICTD, the UK) and Rhiannon MCCLUSKEY (Institute of Development Studies - IDS, the UK)

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