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Access to the international market for coach and bus services

16-04-2019

The European Union aims to ensure that road transport rules are applied effectively and without discrimination. The current rules governing the access to the international market for coach and bus services appear to have been only partly effective in promoting this mode of transport. There are still differences in rules on access to national markets, differences in openness of national markets, diverse national access arrangements and discrimination in access to terminals in some EU countries. In ...

The European Union aims to ensure that road transport rules are applied effectively and without discrimination. The current rules governing the access to the international market for coach and bus services appear to have been only partly effective in promoting this mode of transport. There are still differences in rules on access to national markets, differences in openness of national markets, diverse national access arrangements and discrimination in access to terminals in some EU countries. In an attempt to address the issue, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal on 8 November 2017 to amend the EU rules for access to the international market for coach and bus services. The proposal is part of its 'Europe on the Move' package, which aims to modernise European mobility and transport. The European Parliament adopted its position on the proposal on 14 February 2019. However, interinstitutional negotiations cannot yet begin, as the Council has not reached a common position on the file. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Access to the international market for coach and bus services

01-02-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above mentioned proposal, submitted on 8 November 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism. Bus and coach transport is an economical, efficient and sustainable mode of transport that can contribute to reducing emissions and to improving accessibility for citizens with low income or living in isolated and low population density ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above mentioned proposal, submitted on 8 November 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism. Bus and coach transport is an economical, efficient and sustainable mode of transport that can contribute to reducing emissions and to improving accessibility for citizens with low income or living in isolated and low population density regions with no rail services (IA, p. 4). The current legal framework that lays down the rules applicable to access to the international market for coach and bus services is Regulation (EC) 1073/2009. This regulation simplified and developed conditions for the international carriage of passengers by coach and bus across the European Union. Provisions of the regulation apply to regular service, special regular service and occasional service. Furthermore, the regulation applies to cabotage operations and also occasionally to own-account transport. The regulation aimed at the completion of the internal market for coach and bus services and at increasing the efficiency and competitiveness to generate a shift in the use of private passenger cars to coach and bus services. However, the evaluation outcomes suggest that the sector has failed to compete effectively with other modes of transport, in particular the private car, as a means of making longer distance journeys, and there are various challenges to the present system that limit harmonisation in this particular field. In this context, the European Parliament pointed in its 2017 resolution to a need to ensure, among other things, the completion and improved operation of the internal market for the transport by road of passengers and freight. The Commission promised to take actions allowing further development of domestic bus and coach services in the 2016 European strategy for low-emission mobility and confirmed its plans to review the EU rules on buses and coaches in the 2017 communication Europe on the move. It included the revision of Regulation (EC) 1073/2009 in its 2017 work programme (CWP) under the regulatory fitness (REFIT) initiatives, following up on an evaluation, which was concluded in 2017 with the publication of the ex-post evaluation report.

Employment Conditions in the International Road Haulage Sector

16-03-2015

This document, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affaffairs Committee, analyses trends in the employment conditions of drivers in this sector. In particular, it aims to review whether the current regulatory framework including the Posting of Workers Directive is achieving the desired balance between market integration and social protection of workers, and what steps can be taken to ensure this balance in the future.

This document, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affaffairs Committee, analyses trends in the employment conditions of drivers in this sector. In particular, it aims to review whether the current regulatory framework including the Posting of Workers Directive is achieving the desired balance between market integration and social protection of workers, and what steps can be taken to ensure this balance in the future.

Išorės autorius

Andrea BROUGHTON (Institute for Employment Studies), Maurizio CURTARELLI (ECORYS), Christine BERTRAM (ECORYS), Anna FOHRBECK (Institute for Employment Studies), Robin HINKS (Institute for Employment Studies) and Arianna TASSINARI (Institute for Employment Studies)

Kelių transporto vežėjų socialinės ir darbo sąlygos

15-04-2013

Šiame tyrime pateikiama krovininio kelių transporto sektoriuje dirbančių profesionalių vairuotojų socialinių ir darbo sąlygų analizė. Jame daugiausia dėmesio skiriama svarbiausioms šiame transporto sektoriuje kylančioms socialinėms problemoms, įskaitant susijusias su vairavimo trukmės ir poilsio laikotarpiais, taip pat praktiniams aspektams, kurie daro tiesioginę įtaką vairuotojų gyvenimo kokybei, pvz., įdarbinimo programoms ir pajamų lygiui. Atlikus bendrą teisinės sistemos, kuri apima su krovininio ...

Šiame tyrime pateikiama krovininio kelių transporto sektoriuje dirbančių profesionalių vairuotojų socialinių ir darbo sąlygų analizė. Jame daugiausia dėmesio skiriama svarbiausioms šiame transporto sektoriuje kylančioms socialinėms problemoms, įskaitant susijusias su vairavimo trukmės ir poilsio laikotarpiais, taip pat praktiniams aspektams, kurie daro tiesioginę įtaką vairuotojų gyvenimo kokybei, pvz., įdarbinimo programoms ir pajamų lygiui. Atlikus bendrą teisinės sistemos, kuri apima su krovininio kelių transporto socialiniu aspektu susijusius ES teisės aktus, analizę, pateikiamos konsultacijų su suinteresuotaisiais subjektais ir vairuotojais išvados.

Išorės autorius

TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl - Alessio Sitran, Enrico Pastori

ES kelių kabotažo plėtra ir įgyvendinimas

15-03-2013

Šiame tyrime pateikiama Europos krovininio transporto kabotažo Europos Sąjungoje analizė ir aptariami pagrindiniai šios rinkos reglamentavimo pokyčiai pastaraisiais metais. Reglamento (EB) Nr. 1072/2009 įsigaliojimas ir laipsniškas rinkos atvėrimas valstybėms narėms buvo du pagrindiniai pokyčius skatinantys veiksniai per pastaruosius dešimt metų. Tyrime nagrinėjami reglamento daliniai pakeitimai ir apžvelgiamos valstybėse narėse galiojančios įgyvendinimo nuostatos. Tyrime naudojami naujausi turimi ...

Šiame tyrime pateikiama Europos krovininio transporto kabotažo Europos Sąjungoje analizė ir aptariami pagrindiniai šios rinkos reglamentavimo pokyčiai pastaraisiais metais. Reglamento (EB) Nr. 1072/2009 įsigaliojimas ir laipsniškas rinkos atvėrimas valstybėms narėms buvo du pagrindiniai pokyčius skatinantys veiksniai per pastaruosius dešimt metų. Tyrime nagrinėjami reglamento daliniai pakeitimai ir apžvelgiamos valstybėse narėse galiojančios įgyvendinimo nuostatos. Tyrime naudojami naujausi turimi statistiniai duomenys apie kabotažą. Be to, atliekamas socialinio ir ekonominio poveikio įgyvendinant galiojantį ir ankstesnį reglamentą valstybėse narėse vertinimas ir aptariama, kaip šiuos pokyčius lėmė įsigaliojęs Reglamentas (EB) Nr. 1072/2009 ar kiti veiksniai.

Išorės autorius

Roberta Frisoni (Steer Davies Gleave), Francesco Dionori (Steer Davies Gleave), Christoph Vollath (Steer Davies Gleave), Karol Tyszka, Lorenzo Casullo, Clemence Routaboul, Andrius Jarzemskis and Katalin Tánczos

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