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Safeguarding competition in air transport

20-05-2019

The issue of fair competition between EU and third-country airlines and the importance of guaranteeing a level playing field has been recognised for some years by the various EU institutions as key for the future of European aviation. The 2015 Commission communication on the aviation strategy underlined the importance and legitimacy of EU action to deal with possible unfair commercial practices in international aviation, and announced the revision of existing rules in this field. On 8 June 2017, ...

The issue of fair competition between EU and third-country airlines and the importance of guaranteeing a level playing field has been recognised for some years by the various EU institutions as key for the future of European aviation. The 2015 Commission communication on the aviation strategy underlined the importance and legitimacy of EU action to deal with possible unfair commercial practices in international aviation, and announced the revision of existing rules in this field. On 8 June 2017, the Commission adopted a legislative proposal for a regulation on safeguarding competition in air transport. The objective of the proposal is to provide effective legislation in order ‘to maintain conditions conducive to a high level of Union connectivity and to ensure fair competition with third countries’ air carriers’. Parliament and Council reached agreement on the text in November 2018. The text was formally adopted by Parliament on 14 March 2019 and by Council on 9 April. Signed on 17 April, the new regulation comes into force on 30 May 2019. Fifth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Modernising trade defence instruments

03-07-2018

Trade defence instruments (TDIs) play a vital role in countering unfair trade practices from third countries and in levelling the playing field for EU companies, notably in times of mounting global overcapacity in a number of sectors. In April 2013, the Commission adopted a proposal to modernise the EU's basic Anti dumping and Anti-subsidy (AD/AS) Regulations. The reform was intended to enhance the transparency and predictability of investigations and increase the effectiveness and enforcement of ...

Trade defence instruments (TDIs) play a vital role in countering unfair trade practices from third countries and in levelling the playing field for EU companies, notably in times of mounting global overcapacity in a number of sectors. In April 2013, the Commission adopted a proposal to modernise the EU's basic Anti dumping and Anti-subsidy (AD/AS) Regulations. The reform was intended to enhance the transparency and predictability of investigations and increase the effectiveness and enforcement of AD/AS measures. Parliament adopted its position on the proposal in 2014, but the procedure was deadlocked in the Council until November 2016. Following interinstitutional negotiations, a political agreement was achieved in December 2017. After the Council’s adoption of its first-reading position in April 2018, the text was formally adopted by Parliament in May 2018. In 2016, the legislative procedure on the reform of the methodology for calculating AD duties was launched as a second pillar of the TDI reform. See also our 'EU Legislation in progress' briefing on that proposal: Protection from dumped and subsidised imports. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Competition in Air Transport

16-04-2018

Competition in the aviation sector pertains to different sets of rules, competition law on the one hand and, given the cross-border interdependencies of transport markets, international rules on the other hand. The workshop aimed to examine the current situation of competition in air transport using the proposed regulation on Safeguarding competition in air transport, repealing Regulation (EC) No 868/2004 as a practical example and starting point for the discussion. The Committee on Economic and ...

Competition in the aviation sector pertains to different sets of rules, competition law on the one hand and, given the cross-border interdependencies of transport markets, international rules on the other hand. The workshop aimed to examine the current situation of competition in air transport using the proposed regulation on Safeguarding competition in air transport, repealing Regulation (EC) No 868/2004 as a practical example and starting point for the discussion. The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) has prepared a legislative opinion to this dossier. This Workshop was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

Išorės autorius

Kay MITUSCH, Universit Karlsruhe, Pablo MENDES DE LEON, University Leiden and Internationa Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Outlook for the European Council meeting on 22-23 June 2017 and the European Council (Article 50) meeting on 22 June 2017

20-06-2017

At their meeting on 22-23 June 2017, EU leaders will focus on internal security, including, most probably, the fight against terrorism, as well as external security, when they will assess progress made in European defence cooperation. They will also review progress on deepening and modernising the Single Market, and endorse the country-specific recommendations under the European Semester process. In addition, migration, external relations and the Paris Agreement on climate change are to be discussed ...

At their meeting on 22-23 June 2017, EU leaders will focus on internal security, including, most probably, the fight against terrorism, as well as external security, when they will assess progress made in European defence cooperation. They will also review progress on deepening and modernising the Single Market, and endorse the country-specific recommendations under the European Semester process. In addition, migration, external relations and the Paris Agreement on climate change are to be discussed. Although not on the draft agenda, EU leaders will probably address current issues related to trade. Finally, EU-27 leaders will meet in a separate formal European Council (Article 50) without the United Kingdom, to discuss the latest developments following the UK’s formal notification of its withdrawal from the EU.

TTIP: Customs and Trade Facilitation - Study in Focus

16-11-2015

The study TTIP: Opportunities and Challenges in the Area of Customs and Trade Facilitation assess how TTIP can help to reduce these costs whilst at the same time ensure that consumers are protected from the import of unsafe or dangerous products and EU commercial policy instruments can be properly implemented. This is a short overview of this study. Link to the original document: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/IDAN/2015/563441/IPOL_IDA(2015)563441_EN.pdf

The study TTIP: Opportunities and Challenges in the Area of Customs and Trade Facilitation assess how TTIP can help to reduce these costs whilst at the same time ensure that consumers are protected from the import of unsafe or dangerous products and EU commercial policy instruments can be properly implemented. This is a short overview of this study. Link to the original document: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/IDAN/2015/563441/IPOL_IDA(2015)563441_EN.pdf

Trade and Economic Relations with China 2014

15-05-2014

Although China managed to sustain its previous year’s level of economic growth in 2013, its economy is headed towards further change and possible upheaval. Beijing has accordingly widened its focus, and is no longer concentrating solely on economic growth. Inflation remained stable in the country. However, falling producer prices present challenges for Chinese production. The real estate bubble and growing debt are threatening the country’s economic stability. Beijing has liberalised a number of ...

Although China managed to sustain its previous year’s level of economic growth in 2013, its economy is headed towards further change and possible upheaval. Beijing has accordingly widened its focus, and is no longer concentrating solely on economic growth. Inflation remained stable in the country. However, falling producer prices present challenges for Chinese production. The real estate bubble and growing debt are threatening the country’s economic stability. Beijing has liberalised a number of areas, reinforcing perceptions that the country is moving towards a market economy. The EU's trade and economic relations with China, the largest trading nation in the world, are generally good, and the number of disputes reasonable. However, the EU is dissatisfied with China's reluctance to fully implement its WTO commitments and, more generally, with its protectionist measures, which hurt EU interests. For its part, Beijing is still dissatisfied with the EU's refusal to grant the country 'market economy' status. The two parties recently settled three majors trade defence cases (solar panels, wine and polysilicon), which poisoned bilateral trade relations during the last year. Negotiations for an EU-China partnership and cooperation agreement, initiated in 2007, have yet to be concluded. In January 2014, China and the EU held the first round of negotiations for a bilateral investment agreement. Beijing has also recently offered to open talks for an EUChina FTA, but Europe’s reaction has been lukewarm.

Controversial issues in EU-India trade: Disputes at WTO level

25-04-2014

Despite long-running negotiations, there appears little prospect that the EU-India Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement will be signed in 2014. Pending such an agreement, EU-India trade relations are regulated under their WTO commitments. Several recent disputes between India and the EU at WTO level illustrate the difficulties faced in the trading relationship.

Despite long-running negotiations, there appears little prospect that the EU-India Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement will be signed in 2014. Pending such an agreement, EU-India trade relations are regulated under their WTO commitments. Several recent disputes between India and the EU at WTO level illustrate the difficulties faced in the trading relationship.

Modernisation of Trade Defence Instruments: Initial Appraisal of the Commission's Impact Assessment

14-10-2013

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying its Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Regulation (EC) n° 1225/2009 on protection against dumped imports from countries not members of the European Community and Council Regulation (EC) n° 597/2009 on protection against subsidised imports from countries not members of the European Community (COM (2013) 192 ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying its Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Regulation (EC) n° 1225/2009 on protection against dumped imports from countries not members of the European Community and Council Regulation (EC) n° 597/2009 on protection against subsidised imports from countries not members of the European Community (COM (2013) 192 final), which was submitted on 10 April 2013 and which aims at modernising the EU’s trade defence policy in order to respond to the new challenges in the international trade environment.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Towards a Reform of the EU's Trade Defence Instruments (TDI)?"

08-08-2013

Proceedings of the workshop on "Towards a Reform of the EU's Trade Defence Instruments (TDI)?", held on 18 December 2012 in Brussels.

Proceedings of the workshop on "Towards a Reform of the EU's Trade Defence Instruments (TDI)?", held on 18 December 2012 in Brussels.

Išorės autorius

Edwin VERMULST (World Trade Institute, Bern, Switzerland , IELPO, Barcelona, Spain) and Jacques BOURGEOIS (College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium)

Escalating EU-China trade row over solar panels

15-11-2012

On 5 November 2012, China filed a WTO complaint against the EU, alleging that certain feed-in tariff programmes adopted to promote solar power generation are inconsistent with WTO rules. The EU lodged a similar WTO complaint against Canada which has been partly upheld according to a leaked interim report.

On 5 November 2012, China filed a WTO complaint against the EU, alleging that certain feed-in tariff programmes adopted to promote solar power generation are inconsistent with WTO rules. The EU lodged a similar WTO complaint against Canada which has been partly upheld according to a leaked interim report.

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