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General safety of vehicles and protection of vulnerable road users

11-04-2019

As part of the third 'Europe on the move' package of measures, on 27 May 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users. The regulation is part of the EU's efforts to halve the number of fatal and serious injuries in road crashes between 2020 and 2030. It would introduce a number of advanced vehicle safety features ...

As part of the third 'Europe on the move' package of measures, on 27 May 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users. The regulation is part of the EU's efforts to halve the number of fatal and serious injuries in road crashes between 2020 and 2030. It would introduce a number of advanced vehicle safety features that passenger cars, vans, buses and trucks would have to have as standard equipment in order to be sold on the internal market. It would replace three current type-approval regulations: the General Vehicle Safety Regulation, the Pedestrian Protection Regulation and the Hydrogen-Powered Motor Vehicles Regulation. In March 2019, the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the proposal, that clarifies exact requirements for different safety features and brings forward the deadlines for their mandatory instalment in vehicles. Parliament is expected to vote on it during the April II plenary session.

The future of sustainable development chapters in EU free trade agreements

23-07-2018

Sustainable development is an important part of the EU trade policy since it gets on meeting the needs of the present whilst ensuring future generations can meet their own needs. All EU FTAs include a Trade and Sustainable Development (TSD) chapter, which seeks to ensure that partners follow international requirements in the three pillars that compose sustainable development: economic, environmental and social. The adoption of the UN Agenda 2030 in 2015, which sets 17 Sustainable Development Goals ...

Sustainable development is an important part of the EU trade policy since it gets on meeting the needs of the present whilst ensuring future generations can meet their own needs. All EU FTAs include a Trade and Sustainable Development (TSD) chapter, which seeks to ensure that partners follow international requirements in the three pillars that compose sustainable development: economic, environmental and social. The adoption of the UN Agenda 2030 in 2015, which sets 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets, and the 2015 Paris agreement on climate change, have pushed the Commission to review its TSD chapter and to table a new proposal, identifying 15 action points drawn from the large debate with member states, the European Parliament as well as the civil society launched eight months before. In order to feed the forthcoming debates within the European Union institutions, academic experts in the three dimensions of the sustainable development as well as representatives of the European Union institutions have been invited to the workshop to share their views, not only on the binding aspect of TSD provisions, but also on how various European Union policies can be worked together to achieve the best results.

Išorės autorius

Mr Damian RAESS Ms Evita SCHMIEG Mr Tancrède VOITURIEZ

Protection from dumped and subsidised imports

08-11-2017

Dumping and subsidising of exports by third countries are unfair trade practices, which may cause injury to the importing country. WTO law allows countering such injury by introducing specific duties called trade defence instruments (TDI). To enable EU TDIs to address current circumstances, notably overcapacity, in the international trading environment, the European Commission has proposed to amend the Anti-Dumping (AD) Regulation and Anti-Subsidy (AS) Regulation. The European Parliament is due to ...

Dumping and subsidising of exports by third countries are unfair trade practices, which may cause injury to the importing country. WTO law allows countering such injury by introducing specific duties called trade defence instruments (TDI). To enable EU TDIs to address current circumstances, notably overcapacity, in the international trading environment, the European Commission has proposed to amend the Anti-Dumping (AD) Regulation and Anti-Subsidy (AS) Regulation. The European Parliament is due to vote on the provisional agreement reached in trilogue during its November plenary session.

CE-marked fertilising products

23-10-2017

In March 2016, the European Commission put forward a proposal on fertilising products, which would extend the scope of existing legislation and set limits on contaminants in fertilising products. The European Parliament is expected to adopt its position on the proposal at its October II part-session.

In March 2016, the European Commission put forward a proposal on fertilising products, which would extend the scope of existing legislation and set limits on contaminants in fertilising products. The European Parliament is expected to adopt its position on the proposal at its October II part-session.

Emission performance standards for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles

12-04-2017

According to the various reports and assessments presented in this briefing, the existing cars and vans regulations appear to be well implemented, with the majority of car and van manufacturers meeting their CO2 specific emission targets in 2015, and some well on their way to reaching the 2020/2021 targets. However, the ultimate aim of the regulations is to deliver a significant reduction in real-world CO2 emissions. While CO2 emissions as measured on the test cycle is one element of this, there ...

According to the various reports and assessments presented in this briefing, the existing cars and vans regulations appear to be well implemented, with the majority of car and van manufacturers meeting their CO2 specific emission targets in 2015, and some well on their way to reaching the 2020/2021 targets. However, the ultimate aim of the regulations is to deliver a significant reduction in real-world CO2 emissions. While CO2 emissions as measured on the test cycle is one element of this, there are other external trends that influence CO2 emissions from cars and vans, including the total number of cars and vans and the distance covered, and the level and composition of fuels. The effectiveness of the legislation should be considered in conjunction with other policy instruments, including laboratory test cycles, embedded emissions or the use of CO2-linked vehicle taxation. In addition, any future evaluation of the regulations and the setting of new effective emission limits should take into account the introduction of the new worldwide harmonised light vehicles test procedure (WLTP) in September 2017, and the entry into force of the new type approval regulation. To significantly reduce transport emissions, the setting out of new CO2 emission targets could include the adoption of a number of measures that would allow for better monitoring of real driving emissions. In order to achieve lasting and sustainable emission reductions in the transport sector, and rebuild the trust of consumers in the regulatory system and the car industry, a much broader and holistic approach appears necessary. This could consist of a systemic and integrated approach combining various policy instruments, accommodating the use of alternative energies in transport, increased vehicle energy efficiency and intelligent management of transport demand and infrastructure.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - January 2017

16-01-2017

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Differences between the EU and US Legislation on Emissions in the Automotive Sector

24-11-2016

This study was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the committee of inquiry into emission measurements in the automotive sector (EMIS). It provides a comparative study on the differences between the EU and US legislation on emissions in the automotive sector, covering the emissions standards themselves; the systems for their implementation and enforcement, including approval systems for vehicles; and the respective regimes for prohibiting the use of defeat devices.

This study was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the committee of inquiry into emission measurements in the automotive sector (EMIS). It provides a comparative study on the differences between the EU and US legislation on emissions in the automotive sector, covering the emissions standards themselves; the systems for their implementation and enforcement, including approval systems for vehicles; and the respective regimes for prohibiting the use of defeat devices.

Išorės autorius

Martin NESBIT, Malcolm FERGUSSON, Alejandro COLSA, Jana OHLENDORF, Christina HAYES, Kamila PAQUEL and Jean-Pierre SCHWEITZER

Boosting Building Renovation: What Potential and Value for Europe?

14-10-2016

Renovation of buildings is key to meet the EU’s energy efficiency targets. This paper reviews the literature on the state of the building stock and assesses various policy options and their potential for boosting the energy efficient renovation of buildings in Europe. This document has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) of the European Parliament.

Renovation of buildings is key to meet the EU’s energy efficiency targets. This paper reviews the literature on the state of the building stock and assesses various policy options and their potential for boosting the energy efficient renovation of buildings in Europe. This document has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) of the European Parliament.

Išorės autorius

Irati ARTOLA, Koen RADEMAEKERS, Rob WILLIAMS and Jessica YEARWOOD

Air pollution from non-road mobile machinery

30-06-2016

Despite improvements in recent decades, air pollution in Europe remains a concern. In September 2014, the Commission put forward a proposal to review the type-approval and emission limits for 'non-road mobile machinery', covering a variety of machines powered by combustion engines which contribute to air pollution in the European Union. First reading negotiations with the Council have delivered a compromise which now awaits a vote in plenary.

Despite improvements in recent decades, air pollution in Europe remains a concern. In September 2014, the Commission put forward a proposal to review the type-approval and emission limits for 'non-road mobile machinery', covering a variety of machines powered by combustion engines which contribute to air pollution in the European Union. First reading negotiations with the Council have delivered a compromise which now awaits a vote in plenary.

European statistics on natural gas and electricity prices

27-06-2016

Member States would have to collect statistics on the prices charged to industrial consumers and households for natural gas and electricity. Price data would be reported every six months for different consumption volumes, and cover energy prices, network charges, taxes and levies, and their sub-components. The proposed regulation would replace Directive 2008/92/EC that requires Member States to collect such statistics for industrial consumers. Data on gas and electricity prices for households are ...

Member States would have to collect statistics on the prices charged to industrial consumers and households for natural gas and electricity. Price data would be reported every six months for different consumption volumes, and cover energy prices, network charges, taxes and levies, and their sub-components. The proposed regulation would replace Directive 2008/92/EC that requires Member States to collect such statistics for industrial consumers. Data on gas and electricity prices for households are currently collected on a voluntary basis. Statistical data on gas and electricity prices are needed for monitoring the internal market for energy, and the impacts of various policies in the field of energy, such as support for renewable energy sources. In the context of the Energy Union strategy, the Commission has committed to preparing reports about energy costs and prices every two years, starting in 2016. The agreement reached in trilogue in June 2016 has now to be approved in plenary. This briefing updates an earlier edition, of February 2016: PE 577.981. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

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