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Mokslinių tyrimų ir technologinės plėtros politika

01-01-2018

Nuo pirmųjų Bendrijos Sutarčių Europos mokslinių tyrimų ir technologinės plėtros politikai Europos teisės aktuose tenka svarbi vieta. Ši politika buvo išplėsta praėjusio amžiaus devintojo dešimtmečio pradžioje sukūrus Europos mokslinių tyrimų bendrąją programą. Nuo 2014 m. ES mokslinių tyrimų finansavimas daugiausiai sutelktas 2014–2020 m. laikotarpiui skirtoje 8-ojoje Bendrojoje mokslinių tyrimų ir inovacijų programoje „Horizontas 2020“, kuria siekiama užtikrinti Europos konkurencingumą pasaulyje ...

Nuo pirmųjų Bendrijos Sutarčių Europos mokslinių tyrimų ir technologinės plėtros politikai Europos teisės aktuose tenka svarbi vieta. Ši politika buvo išplėsta praėjusio amžiaus devintojo dešimtmečio pradžioje sukūrus Europos mokslinių tyrimų bendrąją programą. Nuo 2014 m. ES mokslinių tyrimų finansavimas daugiausiai sutelktas 2014–2020 m. laikotarpiui skirtoje 8-ojoje Bendrojoje mokslinių tyrimų ir inovacijų programoje „Horizontas 2020“, kuria siekiama užtikrinti Europos konkurencingumą pasaulyje.

Mažosios ir vidutinės įmonės

01-01-2018

Mikroįmonės, mažosios ir vidutinės įmonės (MVĮ) sudaro 99 % visų ES įmonių. Jos sukuria du trečdalius privačiojo sektoriaus darbo vietų ir daugiau nei pusę visos ES įmonių sukurtos pridėtinės vertės. Buvo patvirtintos įvairios veiksmų programos MVĮ remti, pavyzdžiui, Smulkiojo verslo aktas (angl. „Small Business Act“), programa „Horizontas 2020“ ir Įmonių konkurencingumo ir MVĮ programa (COSME). Jų tikslas – mokslinių tyrimų ir inovacijų dėka padidinti MVĮ konkurencingumą ir sudaryti daugiau galimybių ...

Mikroįmonės, mažosios ir vidutinės įmonės (MVĮ) sudaro 99 % visų ES įmonių. Jos sukuria du trečdalius privačiojo sektoriaus darbo vietų ir daugiau nei pusę visos ES įmonių sukurtos pridėtinės vertės. Buvo patvirtintos įvairios veiksmų programos MVĮ remti, pavyzdžiui, Smulkiojo verslo aktas (angl. „Small Business Act“), programa „Horizontas 2020“ ir Įmonių konkurencingumo ir MVĮ programa (COSME). Jų tikslas – mokslinių tyrimų ir inovacijų dėka padidinti MVĮ konkurencingumą ir sudaryti daugiau galimybių MVĮ gauti finansavimą.

The European Cloud initiative

07-02-2017

The economic prospects of cloud computing and the data-driven economy are very promising. However, fragmentation, differences in data policies, scarce incentives, interoperability problems and lack of high-capacity data infrastructure, among other challenges, are slowing down its development in Europe. A European Parliament own-initiative report reflecting on the European Commission's European Cloud initiative is on the agenda of the February II plenary session.

The economic prospects of cloud computing and the data-driven economy are very promising. However, fragmentation, differences in data policies, scarce incentives, interoperability problems and lack of high-capacity data infrastructure, among other challenges, are slowing down its development in Europe. A European Parliament own-initiative report reflecting on the European Commission's European Cloud initiative is on the agenda of the February II plenary session.

Tourism and the sharing economy

23-01-2017

Tourism services have traditionally been provided by businesses such as hotels, taxis or tour operators. Recently, a growing number of individuals are proposing to share temporarily with tourists what they own (for example their house or car) or what they do (for example meals or excursions). This type of sharing is referred to as the 'sharing economy'. It is not limited to tourism and can be found in many areas of social and economic activity, although tourism has been one of the sectors most impacted ...

Tourism services have traditionally been provided by businesses such as hotels, taxis or tour operators. Recently, a growing number of individuals are proposing to share temporarily with tourists what they own (for example their house or car) or what they do (for example meals or excursions). This type of sharing is referred to as the 'sharing economy'. It is not limited to tourism and can be found in many areas of social and economic activity, although tourism has been one of the sectors most impacted. Sharing goods and services between individuals is nothing new in itself. However, the development of the internet and, as a consequence, the creation of online platforms have made sharing easier than ever. In the past decade, many companies managing such platforms have emerged on the market. A well-known example is a platform on which people can book accommodation (Airbnb). The sharing economy has had a positive impact on tourism as well as a negative one. Its advocates think that it provides easy access to a wide range of services that are often of higher quality and more affordable than those provided by traditional business counterparts. Critics, on the other hand, claim that the sharing economy provides unfair competition, reduces job security, avoids taxes and poses a threat to safety, health and disability compliance standards. The response to the sharing economy remains fragmented in the EU. Some activities or aspects have been regulated at national, regional or local level. In June 2016, the European Commission published a communication on a European agenda for the collaborative economy, to offer some clarification on relevant EU rules and provide public authorities with policy guidance. The European Parliament and advisory committees have also touched upon the issue in various resolutions and opinions. This is an updated edition of a briefing from September 2015.

Economic impact of Big Data

28-09-2016

An EP resolution of 10 March 2016 quotes the benefits of a data driven economy and its expected impact on GDP growth and on job creation according to different worldwide studies. While the volume and the variety of big data is increasing exponentially, its value for the European economy has been highlighted by the creation of the Big Data Public and Private Partnership, which was set up to support both technical and non-technical priority areas in the value chain. A number of indicators covering ...

An EP resolution of 10 March 2016 quotes the benefits of a data driven economy and its expected impact on GDP growth and on job creation according to different worldwide studies. While the volume and the variety of big data is increasing exponentially, its value for the European economy has been highlighted by the creation of the Big Data Public and Private Partnership, which was set up to support both technical and non-technical priority areas in the value chain. A number of indicators covering the European data market are presented in this infographic, in particular regarding its size and expected developments in terms of companies, employment and revenues with a 2020 horizon.

EYE 2016 – Sharing economy: They come in like a wrecking ball

28-04-2016

The sharing economy (also referred to as the collaborative economy, peer-to-peer economy or collaborative consumption), is based on the sharing of human and physical resources like creation, production, distribution, trade and consumption of goods and services. For consumers, it stresses the shift from ownership towards accessibility. The sharing economy seems to be bringing about an alternative business model to the traditional corporate one. It is taking advantage of new technologies, by using ...

The sharing economy (also referred to as the collaborative economy, peer-to-peer economy or collaborative consumption), is based on the sharing of human and physical resources like creation, production, distribution, trade and consumption of goods and services. For consumers, it stresses the shift from ownership towards accessibility. The sharing economy seems to be bringing about an alternative business model to the traditional corporate one. It is taking advantage of new technologies, by using internet platforms as well as information and communications technology applications, and leveraging communities or crowds to rent, share, swap, barter, trade, or sell access to products or services. This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

EYE 2016 – Young connectors: Stairways to the cloud

28-04-2016

The development of information and communications technologies offers the possibility to establish faster connections and on a larger scale than ever before. This opens up the possibility to establish businesses offering new services to companies and/or communities. A new generation of entrepreneurs is on the rise, mastering the opportunities offered by the connected world. However, while ideas flourish easily, they often prove to be harder to implement in practice. This note has been prepared for ...

The development of information and communications technologies offers the possibility to establish faster connections and on a larger scale than ever before. This opens up the possibility to establish businesses offering new services to companies and/or communities. A new generation of entrepreneurs is on the rise, mastering the opportunities offered by the connected world. However, while ideas flourish easily, they often prove to be harder to implement in practice. This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Broadband infrastructure: Supporting the digital economy in the European Union

01-09-2015

Broadband refers to internet connections capable of delivering information at fast speeds, using a variety of different wireline or wireless technologies. Fast access is important to the development of a digital economy in the European Union: economists believe that broadband deployment increases employment and spurs economic growth. Basic broadband is available to virtually all citizens in the European Union, but progress still needs to be made in coverage and take-up of fast and ultra-fast broadband ...

Broadband refers to internet connections capable of delivering information at fast speeds, using a variety of different wireline or wireless technologies. Fast access is important to the development of a digital economy in the European Union: economists believe that broadband deployment increases employment and spurs economic growth. Basic broadband is available to virtually all citizens in the European Union, but progress still needs to be made in coverage and take-up of fast and ultra-fast broadband if the EU's targets are to be met by 2020. Policy-makers can influence broadband deployment through a wide range of policies, including targets and digital policies, telecommunications regulations and state aid rules. Alongside efforts of authorities in Member States, EU public funding can also be provided to support building broadband infrastructure in areas, such as rural communities, where the population density may not be great enough to justify private investment alone.

Presentation: Challenges for Competition Policy in a Digitalised Economy

05-08-2015

The study presented in this event describes the challenges for competition policy in relation to the digital economy. It explores the specific characteristics of digital economy markets and how these characteristics impact competition policy. The study focusses on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector specific regulation and State aid. Neighbouring policy fields such as copyright and data protection are outlined where important. This presentation ...

The study presented in this event describes the challenges for competition policy in relation to the digital economy. It explores the specific characteristics of digital economy markets and how these characteristics impact competition policy. The study focusses on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector specific regulation and State aid. Neighbouring policy fields such as copyright and data protection are outlined where important. This presentation was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Išorės autorius

Nicolai VAN GORP and Olga BATURA

Cross Competition among Information (Digital) Platforms

09-06-2015

The workshop, prepared by Policy Department A for the ITRE committee, addressed the questions “should we avoid global information monopolies, and what place for European platforms?” It concludes that it is unclear how dominant large digital platforms actually are. Markets are often contestable due to dynamic competition for the market. Policy should focus on paving the way for European champions and there is a need for revising non-digital policies governing traditional industries in order to remove ...

The workshop, prepared by Policy Department A for the ITRE committee, addressed the questions “should we avoid global information monopolies, and what place for European platforms?” It concludes that it is unclear how dominant large digital platforms actually are. Markets are often contestable due to dynamic competition for the market. Policy should focus on paving the way for European champions and there is a need for revising non-digital policies governing traditional industries in order to remove barriers for enterprises to adapt to new realities.

Išorės autorius

Nicolai VAN GORP

Būsimi renginiai

28-01-2020
Western Balkans: A rocky road to enlargement
Kitas renginys -
EPRS
29-01-2020
Where all students can succeed: Analysing the latest OECD PISA results
Kitas renginys -
EPRS
29-01-2020
The Future of Artificial Intelligence for Europe
Seminaras -
STOA

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