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Publicēšanas datums 13-12-2017

Euro Summits: Role and expectations ahead of the meeting of 15 December 2017

13-12-2017

Since 2008, Euro Summits have brought together the Heads of State or Government of those countries whose currency is the euro, providing policy guidance to assure the smooth functioning of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the euro area. Donald Tusk, who chairs the Euro Summit as well as being President of the European Council, has convened a Euro Summit for 15 December 2017. This will be the first such meeting since those dedicated to the Greek crises in 2015.

Since 2008, Euro Summits have brought together the Heads of State or Government of those countries whose currency is the euro, providing policy guidance to assure the smooth functioning of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the euro area. Donald Tusk, who chairs the Euro Summit as well as being President of the European Council, has convened a Euro Summit for 15 December 2017. This will be the first such meeting since those dedicated to the Greek crises in 2015.

Resettlement of refugees: EU framework

13-12-2017

Resettlement is one tool to help displaced persons in need of protection reach Europe safely and legally, and receive protection for as long as necessary. It is a durable solution which includes selection and transfer of refugees from a country where they seek protection to another country. Apart from providing international protection to refugees, its aim is also to strengthen solidarity and responsibility-sharing between countries. For a resettlement to take place, the United Nations Refugee Agency ...

Resettlement is one tool to help displaced persons in need of protection reach Europe safely and legally, and receive protection for as long as necessary. It is a durable solution which includes selection and transfer of refugees from a country where they seek protection to another country. Apart from providing international protection to refugees, its aim is also to strengthen solidarity and responsibility-sharing between countries. For a resettlement to take place, the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has to determine an applicant is a refugee according to the 1951 Geneva Convention, and has to identify resettlement as the most appropriate solution. On 13 July 2016, as part of the reform of the Common European Asylum System and the long-term policy on better migration management, the Commission presented a proposal which aims to provide for a permanent framework with standard common procedures for resettlement across the EU, and will complement current national and multilateral resettlement initiatives.

Revised framework for investment firms

13-12-2017

The EU framework for investment firms consists of several legislative acts: the Directive on markets in financial instruments (MiFID), the Capital Requirements Regulation 575/2013 (CRR) and the Capital Requirements Directive 2013/36/EU (CRD). Together with various international rules, these legislative acts lay down rules on the activity of credit institutions and their prudential supervision. In 2016, the European Commission submitted two legislative proposals amending the CRR and the CRD and it ...

The EU framework for investment firms consists of several legislative acts: the Directive on markets in financial instruments (MiFID), the Capital Requirements Regulation 575/2013 (CRR) and the Capital Requirements Directive 2013/36/EU (CRD). Together with various international rules, these legislative acts lay down rules on the activity of credit institutions and their prudential supervision. In 2016, the European Commission submitted two legislative proposals amending the CRR and the CRD and it now intends to further revise the existing framework for investment firms. Research shows that there are several challenges influencing the current system, especially a plethora of investment firms with different prudential requirements, leading to legislative complexity and decreasing legislative clarity. Parliament and the European Economic and Social Committee have, on several occasions, called for improvements to the existing framework. The European Commission itself has expressed a willingness to revise the CRR/CRD framework and it is expected that it will publish a legislative proposal (with its impact assessment) on a revised framework for investment firms on 20 December 2017.

RESEARCH FOR CULT COMMITTEE - PROMOTING MEDIA AND INFORMATION LITERACY IN LIBRARIES

15-06-2017

Librarians and (public) libraries are active in promoting information literacy and (more recently) media literacy. After a brief historical sketch, this document describes how public libraries assist patrons and educational institutions in enhancing knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to critically engage with media and information. It sketches international organizations' endeavours to put media and information literacy (MIL) on the policy agenda, describes what is (not yet) known about the effectiveness ...

Librarians and (public) libraries are active in promoting information literacy and (more recently) media literacy. After a brief historical sketch, this document describes how public libraries assist patrons and educational institutions in enhancing knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to critically engage with media and information. It sketches international organizations' endeavours to put media and information literacy (MIL) on the policy agenda, describes what is (not yet) known about the effectiveness of MIL programs, and offers recommendations for EU and public library policy.

Ārējais autors

Frank HUYSMANS

RESEARCH FOR CULT COMMITTEE - E-LENDING: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

15-06-2017

This briefing identifies key challenges and opportunities in the evolving field of e-lending via public libraries based on an analysis of 18 different e-lending models in Europe and North America. It concludes that on-going dialogue between libraries and publishers, alongside better comparative data on e-lending and e-book purchasing across all EU Member States, will be among the key enabling factors for e-lending in the future.

This briefing identifies key challenges and opportunities in the evolving field of e-lending via public libraries based on an analysis of 18 different e-lending models in Europe and North America. It concludes that on-going dialogue between libraries and publishers, alongside better comparative data on e-lending and e-book purchasing across all EU Member States, will be among the key enabling factors for e-lending in the future.

Ārējais autors

Dan MOUNT

RESEARCH FOR CULT COMMITTEE - THE NEW ROLE OF PUBLIC LIBRARIES IN LOCAL COMMUNITIES

15-06-2017

Especially in the last years, public libraries (and local authorities) have to meet new challenges caused by on-going social, technical and economic changes. This briefing paper provides a short analysis of the impact that public libraries can have on the intellectual and cultural development of citizens with a particular focus on their vital role in providing an open public space for learning, culture and social communication. Following from the analysis, respective recommendations for policy ...

Especially in the last years, public libraries (and local authorities) have to meet new challenges caused by on-going social, technical and economic changes. This briefing paper provides a short analysis of the impact that public libraries can have on the intellectual and cultural development of citizens with a particular focus on their vital role in providing an open public space for learning, culture and social communication. Following from the analysis, respective recommendations for policy action at EU level are outlined.

Ārējais autors

Barbara LISON, German Library Association Natascha REIP (Co-Author), German Library Association

Effective access to justice

15-11-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by PETI Committee, aims to identify and understand the issues affecting effective access to justice raised by the EU citizens and residents in some Member States with the main aim to frame the analysis and obtain a fair representation of recurring issues pertaining to access to justice across the EU. It seeks to understand why citizens have turned to the EU institutions ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by PETI Committee, aims to identify and understand the issues affecting effective access to justice raised by the EU citizens and residents in some Member States with the main aim to frame the analysis and obtain a fair representation of recurring issues pertaining to access to justice across the EU. It seeks to understand why citizens have turned to the EU institutions to seek access to justice, and looks at a large range of factors, including legal and procedural issues as well as practical, social, historical and political factors that underpin the issues raised in these petitions. More broadly, the study intends to assess the relevance of the petitions system to address access to justice issues experienced by citizens at national level.

Ārējais autors

Ms Nathy Rass-Masson, Ms Virginie Rouas (Milieu)

Eiropas komunikāciju tīkli – vadlīnijas

01-11-2017

Līgumā par Eiropas Savienības darbību (LESD) ir saglabāti pirmoreiz Māstrihtas līgumā minētie Eiropas komunikāciju tīkli (TEN) transporta, enerģētikas un telekomunikāciju jomā, ar kuriem paredzēts savienot visus ES reģionus. Šie tīkli ir līdzekļi, kas ir ieviesti, lai veicinātu iekšējā tirgus izaugsmi un nodarbinātību, vienlaikus sekmējot vides un ilgtspējīgas attīstības mērķu īstenošanu. 2013. gada beigās tika pabeigta būtiska Eiropas komunikāciju tīkla reforma.

Līgumā par Eiropas Savienības darbību (LESD) ir saglabāti pirmoreiz Māstrihtas līgumā minētie Eiropas komunikāciju tīkli (TEN) transporta, enerģētikas un telekomunikāciju jomā, ar kuriem paredzēts savienot visus ES reģionus. Šie tīkli ir līdzekļi, kas ir ieviesti, lai veicinātu iekšējā tirgus izaugsmi un nodarbinātību, vienlaikus sekmējot vides un ilgtspējīgas attīstības mērķu īstenošanu. 2013. gada beigās tika pabeigta būtiska Eiropas komunikāciju tīkla reforma.

Eiropas komunikāciju tīklu finansēšana

01-11-2017

Eiropas komunikāciju tīklus (TEN) daļēji finansē Eiropas Savienība un daļēji dalībvalstis. Savienības finansiālais atbalsts ir uzskatāms par katalizatoru, tomēr dalībvalstīm jānodrošina lielākā atbalsta daļa. TEN finansējumu var papildināt arī struktūrfondu un Eiropas Investīciju bankas (EIB) atbalsts vai privātā sektora ieguldījumi. 2013. gadā izveidojot Eiropas infrastruktūras savienošanas instrumentu, visos TEN tika veikta vērienīga reforma.

Eiropas komunikāciju tīklus (TEN) daļēji finansē Eiropas Savienība un daļēji dalībvalstis. Savienības finansiālais atbalsts ir uzskatāms par katalizatoru, tomēr dalībvalstīm jānodrošina lielākā atbalsta daļa. TEN finansējumu var papildināt arī struktūrfondu un Eiropas Investīciju bankas (EIB) atbalsts vai privātā sektora ieguldījumi. 2013. gadā izveidojot Eiropas infrastruktūras savienošanas instrumentu, visos TEN tika veikta vērienīga reforma.

Sociālais dialogs

01-12-2017

Sociālais dialogs ir Eiropas sociālā modeļa būtiska sastāvdaļa, kas līdz ar Amsterdamas reformu ir pilnībā atzīts Līgumā. Tātad sociālie partneri (darba devēju un darba ņēmēju pārstāvji) var aktīvi līdzdarboties Eiropas sociālās politikas veidošanā.

Sociālais dialogs ir Eiropas sociālā modeļa būtiska sastāvdaļa, kas līdz ar Amsterdamas reformu ir pilnībā atzīts Līgumā. Tātad sociālie partneri (darba devēju un darba ņēmēju pārstāvji) var aktīvi līdzdarboties Eiropas sociālās politikas veidošanā.

Gaidāmie notikumi

10-01-2018
EPRS Book Talks | Architects of the Euro: Intellectuals in the Making of EMU
Cits pasākums -
EPRS
11-01-2018
2018: Navigating currents and winds. Ten issues to watch
Cits pasākums -
EPRS
23-01-2018
Investments in the EU: where are we? EFSI, ESIF and Financial Instruments
Darbseminārs -
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