10

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Socioeconomic inequality in Russia

19-04-2018

Russia has gone from Soviet-era egalitarianism to extremes of wealth and poverty. Economic growth since 2000 has slightly reduced the gap between rich and poor, but inequality is still higher than in most other developed countries. The income gap is exacerbated by such factors as corruption and low taxes for the rich, but it is also mitigated by a relatively inclusive education system.

Russia has gone from Soviet-era egalitarianism to extremes of wealth and poverty. Economic growth since 2000 has slightly reduced the gap between rich and poor, but inequality is still higher than in most other developed countries. The income gap is exacerbated by such factors as corruption and low taxes for the rich, but it is also mitigated by a relatively inclusive education system.

Nigeria: Social situation

28-01-2016

While Nigeria is Africa's largest nation and its biggest economy, in social indicators it often ranks below the Sub-Saharan Africa average. Oil wealth has brought only limited social progress, and with population growth set to continue unabated for many years to come, Nigeria needs to improve social services and labour market access for the young.

While Nigeria is Africa's largest nation and its biggest economy, in social indicators it often ranks below the Sub-Saharan Africa average. Oil wealth has brought only limited social progress, and with population growth set to continue unabated for many years to come, Nigeria needs to improve social services and labour market access for the young.

The European Year for Development: Health

26-03-2015

Although enjoying the highest possible standard of health is a human right, millions of people suffer from preventable and curable diseases. The Millennium Development Goals strongly emphasised health, leading to increased investment in the health sector. Major progress has been made in reducing child and maternal mortality, and in combatting communicable diseases, but several regions will not meet the health targets. The Ebola outbreak has drawn attention to the need for international cooperation ...

Although enjoying the highest possible standard of health is a human right, millions of people suffer from preventable and curable diseases. The Millennium Development Goals strongly emphasised health, leading to increased investment in the health sector. Major progress has been made in reducing child and maternal mortality, and in combatting communicable diseases, but several regions will not meet the health targets. The Ebola outbreak has drawn attention to the need for international cooperation in health matters. The European Parliament is very conscious of the lessons learnt from the Ebola crisis. The Sustainable Development Goals are likely to include new health considerations and to propose universal health coverage. Promoting and supporting equitable access to health care is a focus of EU development cooperation. EU aid in areas such as nutrition, water and sanitation and climate change also improves health. Parliament considers health a fundamental right and has called for clear financial thresholds to ensure that sufficient EU aid goes to health and education.

Ageing population: projections 2010 - 2060 for the EU27

30-01-2014

Ageing of the European Union (EU) population has a major impact on society and in terms of economics. A decreasing birth rate and an increase in life expectancy are expected to transform the shape of the EU’s age pyramid and also raise the median age. In the 50 years from 2010 to 2060, the population aged 65 or over as a proportion of the working age population (aged 15-64) will almost double, rising from one older person for every four workers to one for every two. Persons active in the labour force ...

Ageing of the European Union (EU) population has a major impact on society and in terms of economics. A decreasing birth rate and an increase in life expectancy are expected to transform the shape of the EU’s age pyramid and also raise the median age. In the 50 years from 2010 to 2060, the population aged 65 or over as a proportion of the working age population (aged 15-64) will almost double, rising from one older person for every four workers to one for every two. Persons active in the labour force will face an increasing tax burden and higher social contributions in order to support their elders. Alternatively, older citizens will need to accept lower levels of support and services or a higher pension age. This spotlight highlights the major changes projected to take place in the five decades from 2010. It looks at the age profile of the EU population and shows the expected evolution in life expectancy, median age and labour force in Member States. Finally it shows the implications of an ageing society on social expenditure on old-age pensions, healthcare and long-term care.

Ageing population: projections 2010 - 2060 for the EU27

11-12-2013

Ageing of the European Union (EU) population has a major impact on society and in terms of economics. A decreasing birth rate and an increase in life expectancy are expected to transform the shape of the EU’s age pyramid and also raise the median age. In the 50 years from 2010 to 2060, the population aged 65 or over as a proportion of the working age population (aged 15-64) will almost double, rising from one older person for every four workers to one for every two. Persons active in the labour force ...

Ageing of the European Union (EU) population has a major impact on society and in terms of economics. A decreasing birth rate and an increase in life expectancy are expected to transform the shape of the EU’s age pyramid and also raise the median age. In the 50 years from 2010 to 2060, the population aged 65 or over as a proportion of the working age population (aged 15-64) will almost double, rising from one older person for every four workers to one for every two. Persons active in the labour force will face an increasing tax burden and higher social contributions in order to support their elders. Alternatively, older citizens will need to accept lower levels of support and services or a higher pension age. This spotlight highlights the major changes projected to take place in the five decades from 2010. It looks at the age profile of the EU population and shows the expected evolution in life expectancy, median age and labour force in Member States. Finally it shows the implications of an ageing society on social expenditure on old-age pensions, healthcare and long-term care.

Kā ar reģionālo un kohēzijas politiku var risināt demogrāfiskās problēmas?

16-09-2013

Šajā pētījumā sniegts pārskats par reģionālām demogrāfiskajām struktūrām un tendencēm Eiropas Savienībā, īpaši pievēršoties to iespējamai ietekmei uz sociālekonomisko un teritoriālo kohēziju, un kohēzijas politikas lomu demogrāfisko izmaiņu jautājuma risināšanā. Precīzāk, tajā analizēts, kā un kādā mērā ar 2007.– 2013. gada Eiropas kohēzijas politiku un struktūrfondiem ir risināts demogrāfisko izmaiņu jautājums reģionālā līmenī, lai gūtu lietderīgas norādes par to, kā kohēzijas politikas pasākumus ...

Šajā pētījumā sniegts pārskats par reģionālām demogrāfiskajām struktūrām un tendencēm Eiropas Savienībā, īpaši pievēršoties to iespējamai ietekmei uz sociālekonomisko un teritoriālo kohēziju, un kohēzijas politikas lomu demogrāfisko izmaiņu jautājuma risināšanā. Precīzāk, tajā analizēts, kā un kādā mērā ar 2007.– 2013. gada Eiropas kohēzijas politiku un struktūrfondiem ir risināts demogrāfisko izmaiņu jautājums reģionālā līmenī, lai gūtu lietderīgas norādes par to, kā kohēzijas politikas pasākumus varētu padarīt efektīvākus turpmākajā plānošanas periodā (2014–2020). Pētījumā ietverts literatūras un datu pārskats par demogrāfiskajām un telpiskās attīstības tendencēm ES reģionos un galvenajām politikas norisēm; pārskats par kohēzijas politikas plānošanas dokumentiem 2007.–2013. gadam; desmit reģionālo problēmsituācijas analīžu un labas prakses gadījumu padziļināta faktiskā analīze un, visbeidzot, galveno konstatējumu horizontālā analīze, lai izdarītu secinājumus un sagatavotu politikas ieteikumus 2014.–2020. gada plānošanas periodam.

Ārējais autors

Project Direction: Manuela Samek Lodovici (IRS) , Operative Coordinator: Monica Patrizio (IRS) , IRS, Institute for Social research (Milan): Manuela Samek Lodovici, Claudio Calvaresi, Davide Barbieri, Sandra Naaf (Thuringia-Germany ), Monica Patrizio, Flavia Pesce (Thuringia-Germany and Basilicata-Italy), Cristina Vasilescu (Centru-Romania), Giulia Rossi (Basilicata-Italy), Gabriele Solazzi, Maria Letizia Tanturri , CSIL, Centre for Industrial Studies (Milan): Silvia Vignetti, Gelsomina Catalano (Lincolnshire-United Kingdom), Julie Pellegrin, Davide Sartori (Castilla La Mancha-Spain), Emanuela Sirtori (Province de Liège, Walloon-Belgium, Malta). PPMI, Public Policy and Management Institute (Vilnius): Brozaitis Haroldas, Krystyna Iglicka (Loer Silesian-Poland), Lisa Hörnström (Östra Mellansverige-Sweden), Repeckaitė Dovilė Žvalionytė (Lithuania)

Neurodegenerative diseases in the workplace

03-07-2013

Hundreds of thousands of working-age Europeans suffer from neurodegenerative diseases (NDD) such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. With an increase in retirement age and in life expectancy, the number of both NDD patients and carers of working age is expected to increase in the coming decades.

Hundreds of thousands of working-age Europeans suffer from neurodegenerative diseases (NDD) such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. With an increase in retirement age and in life expectancy, the number of both NDD patients and carers of working age is expected to increase in the coming decades.

Food Safety and Public Health Situation in Cyprus

16-04-2012

This briefing note provides in two separate documents an overview of the Cyprus' situation respectively in the fields of Food Safety and Public Health.

This briefing note provides in two separate documents an overview of the Cyprus' situation respectively in the fields of Food Safety and Public Health.

Ārējais autors

Food Safety situation in Cyprus : S. Keenan and J. Hammond (Campden BRI) Public Health situation in Cyprus : Gerard Foley, Catherine Ganzleben, Styliani Kaltsouni and Tony Zamparutti (Milieu Ltd.)

The over 65 year olds in the EU

29-08-2011

Europe is the continent with the highest proportion of older people. Life expectancy has been rising by 2 years per decade. A new cross-cutting European Commission programme is aiming for fast development and deployment of products and services for older people.

Europe is the continent with the highest proportion of older people. Life expectancy has been rising by 2 years per decade. A new cross-cutting European Commission programme is aiming for fast development and deployment of products and services for older people.

On the European Commission's Green Paper "Healthy Diets and Physical Activities"

01-05-2006

Ārējais autors

Professor Berthold Koletzko, Munich, Germany

Gaidāmie notikumi

05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Cits pasākums -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for the global and European economies? The 2019 IMF Economic Outlook
Cits pasākums -
EPRS
06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
Cits pasākums -
EPRS

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